MP Board Class 12th English A Voyage Workbook Solutions Unit 2 Knowing about Words
2.1 Word Formation
See Workbook Pages 22-26
I. Form two new words with a prefix and a suffix from the following, taking them as root words:
II. Notice in the above exercise whether conversion (change of part of speech) is taking place in the
new words. For example
im — (prefix) + pure (adj.) = impure (adj.)
pure (adj.) + Ify (suffix) = purify (verb)
Use all the newly formed words in the above exercise in sentences of your own. For example,
impure (adj.)— Don’t drink impure water.
purify (verb)—We can purify water with potassium permanganate.
III. Frame new; sentences with the underlined words in the given sentences, using them as different parts of speech.
Why don’t ‘you visit Pachmarhi?
My visit to Kashmir is a memorable experience.
Nobody can doubt his integrity.
Don’t have any doubt about my integrity.
The children were quarreling in the street.
Quarreling of children caused a great uproar in society
The apple tasted sour.
The taste of this fruit is not good.
My friend wanted a favour.
Robert is now a wanted criminal.
IV. Examine and detail the processes involved in the formation of the following words:
V. Using proper nouns in a generic sense (as common nouns) as well as adjectives makes the language effective and impressive. For example:
Bohemian: (a native of Bohemia in erstwhile Czechoslovakia typified by nomadic and informal qualities) My friend is a Bohemian in outlook.
Shylock: (the ruthless usurer in William Shakespeare’s play, “The Merchant of Venice” Modem multinational banks are Shylocks for the common man. Given below is a list of some proper nouns used either as common nouns or adjectives.
Look up a dictionary for their generic sense and use them in sentences of your own.
- El Dorado
- Santa Claus
- Uncle Sam
- Don Juan
- Achilles’ heel
- Sphinx riddle
- Aladdin’s lamp
2.2 British And American English
See Workbook Pages 31 – 36
I. Give the American variants for the following words used in British English:
- trade centre
II. Give the English spelling of the following American words:
III. Give the American English variants of the following British English sentences:
Have you seen him?
Did you see him?
Rina has done a good job.
Riña did a good job.
Hasn’t he just finished?
Didn’t he just finish?
We have already eaten.
We already ate.
Have you got a mobile phone?
Did you get a mobile phone?
No, we haven’t got one.
No, we didn’t get one.
I have got a new car.
I got a new car.
He has bought a new tie.
He bought a new tie.
I got just home.
I get just house.
I already ate.
I already eat.
2.3 What’S The Right Word?
See Workbook Pages 38 – 39
I. Select words from brackets fo fill in the blanks:
1. She is a woman with habits. (lovely/lovable)
2 people are not very to praise or blame. (sensitive/sensible)
3. All efforts of the doctor to find the went in (vain/vein)
4. Revising this will my burden. (lessen/lesson)
5. We should not our vote in favour of a candidate who believes in the system. (cast/caste)
6. The wound in the took a long time to (heel/heal)
7. It was difficult for her to remain even for a few minutes. (quiet/quite)
8. A is a man of (principle/principal)
9. The boy creates problems. (knotty/naughty)
10. Please till I have noted down the …… of the first child. (weight/wait)
- lovely, lovable
- sensible, sensitive
- vein, vain
- lesson, lessen
- cast, caste
- heel, heal
- quite, quiet
- principal, principle
- naughty, knotty
- wait, weight.
II. Fill in the blanks with the suitable Words:
I. I felt insulted when she did not my invitation. (accept/except)
2. The eagle can spot it’s from a great height. (pray/prey)
3. When he reached the hospital he found the baby (all rightfaLright)
4. His conduct did not show that he belonged to a family. (respectable! respectful)
5. Giving dowry is a bad (habit/custom)
6. Indore is an important city of Madhya Pradesh. (industrious/industrial)
7. Sincerity and hard work can make any respectable.(vacation / vocation)
8. 1 the success of your plan. (doubt/suspect)
9. Mother Teresa won many International (awards/rewards)
10. The story has no (moral/morale)
- all right