MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Chapter 25 Our Judicial System
MP Board Class 7th Social Science Chapter 25 Text Book Questions
Choose the correct alternatives:
The Judge of the Supreme Court remains in the office till the age of:
(a) 65 years
(b) 62 years
(c) 67 years
(d) 60 years
(a) 65 years
The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed by the President in consultation with the:
(a) Chief Minister
(c) Education Minister
(d) None of these
Fill in the blanks
- The Supreme Court of India is situated at ……………
- To become a Judge one must be a citizen of ……………
- The ………….. appoints die Chief Justice.
- The High Court of Madhya Pradesh is situated at ………….
MP Board Class 7th Social Science Chapter 25 Short Answer Type Questions
How many Judges are there in Supreme Court?
There is one Chief Justice and 25 other judges in the Supreme Court.
What qualifications are required for the post of the Judge of a High Court?
The following qualifications are essential for a person to be a judge of a High Court:
- He must be a citizen of India.
- He must have worked as a Judge in any court of the state for 10 years or practiced law for 10 years.
Write any two important functions of the High Court.
1. The High Court has original and appellate jurisdiction. It has the power to hear for the first time civil and criminal cases and cases regarding the fundamental rights.
2. The High Court takes necessary action regarding the protection of fundamental rights granted in the Indian Constitution. It is binding on all the subordinate courts to obey the orders of the High Court regarding the protection of fundamental rights.
MP Board Class 7th Social Science Chapter 25 Long Answer Type Questions
Describe in detail the jurisdiction and function of the Supreme Court.
Jurisdiction and functions of the Supreme Court –
1. Original Jurisdiction -Cases which come directly to the Supreme Court are under its original jurisdiction.
These are –
- Disputes between central and state government
- Disputes between two or more states.
- Disputes between the central government and one or more states on one side and one or more states on the other side.
- Those matters, which are related to the violation of Fundamental Rights of a person.
2. Appellate Jurisdiction:
Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal in the country. It hears appeals against decision of the High Courts in three types of cases:
- Cases involving interpretation of the Constitution.
- Guardian of Fundamental Rights.
- Guardian of the Constitution.
- Court of Record.
3. Protection of the Constitution and the Fundamental Rights:
If any law enacted by the Government is against the spirit of the Constitution, the Supreme Court can declare it null and void. The Supreme Court also protects the Fundamental Rights of a person if they are violated.