MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Workbook Solutions Unit 2 Grammar
See Workbook Page- 15-20
(a) Kumar’s house is full of mice. Write exactly where each mouse is:
Use the expressions below:
in front of, in the middle of,
next to, beside, at the back of,
on the edge of, in the comer of,
on top of, below,
behind, to the left of,
to the right of, in between etc.
The mouse is in front of the sofa
(b) Write a complete sentence below each picture using an appropriate preposition—
1. What do you need a jug for?
2. We need a jug to pour water from.
- I need a jug to pour water from.
- I need a bucket to store water in.
- I need an envelope to put a letter in.
- I need a pair of scissors to cut clothes with.
- I need a suitcase to put clothes in.
- I need a broom to clean the floor with.
(c) Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
- I go to the hospital on my way to school.
- The temple is at the top of the hill, we’ll start climbing at six of clock in the morning and reach there in the afternoon.
- The batsman hit the ball to the fence and scored six runs.
- He was not allowed to enter the theater as he was below eighteen years of age.
- Go straight to the square and then turn to the corner.
- You can reach the station in taxi in ten minutes.
- The girl with blue eyes has just gone to the door.
- You can cut the apple in two with his knife.
(d) Preposition have not been used correctly in the sentences below, correct them and rewrite the sentences.
- She entered into the room and began talking.
She entered the room and began talking.
- You can cut this mango by this knife.
You can cut this mango with this knife.
- The river is flowing below the bridge.
The river in flowing across the bridge.
- He died from cancer.
He died of cancer.
- I have been waiting for you since four hours.
I have been waiting for you for four hours.
- She is suffering with malaria.
She is suffering from malaria.
- I prefer tea for coffee.
I prefer tea to coffee.
- Water freezes when temperature falls under 0°Celsius.
Water freezes when temperature falls below 0°Celsius.
- He went to the sea side from a car.
He went to the sea side in a car.
- She spoke with me rudely.
She spoke to me-rudely.
Verb with Prepositions
See Workbook Page-23-24
(a) Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions:
- You must concentrate on your studies.
- The teacher said. “Boys, listen to me”
- I was marveled at his sense of humour.
- The hakim cured him of his disease.
- The workers are protesting against the cut in their wages.
- I am waiting for your reply.
- She invited me to dinner.
- Don’t compare me with my brother.
- Refrain him from taking any rash action.
- We take pride of our heritage.
(b) Fill in the blanks in this story :
Shravan is an orphan who came to Delhi from His village in Bihar in search of work. His father kept a shop, but was tricked of it by a deceitful uncle. Despair drove him to alcohol and gambling, and he died of a stroke soon after.
Shravan worked in a tea shop in his village for a while. He moved for the more lucrative environs in Delhi, where his elder brother Gopal had preceded him. Following a brief spell of unemployment and a short spell as an assistant in a car park, he joined a tea shop.
(c) Put an appropriate preposition after the verb in each sentence. Then use your own ideas to complete each sentence. One is done for you.
- I broke her glasses and she made me pay
- I am excited because I am going to play
- He was not paying attention and crashed
- I have to stay home tonight and prepare
- All the furniture in the room belongs
- Whether or not we go out depends
- There was so much noise that I could not concentrate rm
- In my opinion, an ideal breakfast consists of
- It was an aweful hotel and we complained
- We only had one sandwich, so it was divided
See WorkBook Page-26-28
Replace the underlined words with phrasai verbs:
- The Child wrote something and then erased it.
The Child wrote something and then erased out it.
- He the theatre to book seats for tonight. rang up
- I could not what you had written. take in view
- Please your shoes before you enter the room. takeoff
- He speaking for an hour. went on
- The old man lbmlcb smoking. gave up
- The children playing inspite of asking them not to carried out.
- He the light and went to bed. turned off
- The air-conditioner is not working. Will you please the mechanic? send for
- He ugrfbpcu bis resignation after much persuasion. took back
- We r prcb our journey in the morning. set off
- The meeting was because of the lack of quorum. put off
- He umpc his shirt and went out. put on
- The boys from school to play. got away
- My boss my application for leave. turned down
See Workbook Page-30-32
(a) Tell before which of the following nouns can an indefinite article be used:
(b) Insert a or an where necessary.
- Rama is a good cook.
- He said, “I shall be back in an hour.”
- There is an hourly train from Bhopal to Indore.
- She is a paying guest.
- We have recently bought a scooter.
- He is an extraordinary man.
- My neighbour is a farmer.
- He has recently purchased a cow and a buffalo.
- He is a magician.
- Here is a pen and a piece of paper for you to write a letter.
(c) Complete the following sentences by using the words given in brackets:
- She was thirsty. She needed a glass of water, (glass, water)
- I want to write a letter. Give me a piece, of paper, (piece, paper)
- I am confused. I want a word of advice, (word, advice)
- He has difficulty in reading. He needs to buy a pair, of spectacles, (pair, spectacles)
- They are all hungry. They all need a glass of milk each, (glass,milk)
- They are tired. They want a bit of rest, (bit, rest)
- The country has made a lot of progress, (lot, progress)
- A lot of people (lot, people) are coming to attend the meeting.
- I am thankful to you. You have given me a lot of advice. (lot, advice)
- Recently they have grown rich. They have bought a lot of diamonds, (lot, diamonds)
(d) Make the following sentences singular. Remember to add ‘a or an’ and change the verb from plural to singular, if required.
- Children love to play.
A Child loves to play.
- Architects make plans of buildings.
An architect makes plans of buildings.
- Cows are useful animals.
A cow is a useful animal.
- Teachers are men of women.
A teacher is a man or a woman.
- Doctors cure patients.
A doctor cures patients
- Teachers teach students.
A teacher teaches students.
- They are anarchists.
He is an anarchist.
- Nationalists are hard to find.
A nationalist is hard to find.
- Tables are made of wood.
A table is made of wood.
- Ministers have become gods today.
A minister has become a god today.
Definite Article ‘The’: It is used:
See Workbook Page-34-37
(a) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words provided in brackets. Use ‘the’ where necessary.
- The box is made of wood, (wood)
- In India the coins (coins) are made of copper, (copper)
- Gold, (gold) mined in India is of poor (poor) quality.
- The dinner, (dinner) they gave yesterday was excellent.
- Do you have tea (tea) daily?
- He is the only teacher (teacher) of English known all over the state.
- Is the beauty (beauty) really skin deep?
- He read all the morning, (morning).
- They are really poor. They cannot make body (body) and soul (soul) meet together.
- This letter was delivered to me by hand (hand).
(b) Use the following nouns in two-ways; (a) with ‘the’ (b) without ‘the in your own sentences:
We breathe air to live.
The air that blows around the sea is cool.
Copper is not so precious.
The Copper that I have kept is pure
Water is precious for us.
The water of the sea is salty.
Paper .is made of bamboo.
The paper on which I am writing is yellow.
Gold is cheaper than diamond.
The gold of Singapore is very costly.
Kindness is the essence of humanity.
The kindness of the old man saved me from many problems.
(c) Rewrite the following sentences using the nouns given in brackets with ‘the’ where necessary:
- He had severe pain in the stomach and was admitted to hospital, (hospital)
- Today I would go to the hospital, (hospital) to ask about his health.
- He was found guilty of theft and sent to prison, (prison)
- I want to go to the prison (prison) to see him if I am given permission.
- My granddaughter is old enough to be admitted to school (school).
- I would go to the school (school) next Monday to collect the admission form.
- Muslims go to mosque (mosque) for prayer every Friday.
- I stood outside the mosque (mosque) awaiting his return.
- People do not usually go to the office (office) on Sunday.
- I have not been to cinema (cinema) for several months now.
(d) Write a, an or the where required. In some cases the sentence may already be correct Simply write them as they are.
- Have you ever eaten cheese?
Have you ever eaten cheese!
- I am too tired to go home. I will take bus.
I am too tired to go home. I will take a bus.
- I wish I knew how to play harmonium.
I wish I knew how to play harmonium.
- I used to play cricket while at school.
I used to play cricket while at school.
- He would not get job, even if he applied for it.
He would not get a job, even if he applied for it.
- Have you read book I gave you yesterday.
Have you read the book I gave you yesterday.
- Earth goes round sun.
The earth goes round the sun.
- Is elephant longest living animal in world?
Is elephant the longest living animal in world?
- Ganga flows into Bay of Bengal.
The Ganga flows into the Bay of Bengal.
- Your new house is beauty.
Your new house is beautiful.
(e) Fill in the blanks with a, an or the where necessary.
Bhola was a rustic and a big fool. He was about eighteen years old, but he had never seen a lamp. The people of the village were very poor and they went to bed quite early. They never used lamps in their houses. Once Bhola went to his father-in-law’s house. The people there gave him a warm welcome. His mother-in-law gave him delicious food to eat. Bhola was very happy. After about a month Bhola wanted to return to his village. He went to his father-in-law and pointing towards the lighted lamp he said. “I want this . baby moon. I will give him sweets to eat and milk to drink every day. I promise to look after him well.” Everybody laughed at him. At last, his father-in-law gave the lamp to him.
At night Bhola heard a noise. He thought there were x thieves in the house. He said to himself. “They have come to take away the baby moon from me.” “So he went out and put the lamp tinder the straw roof of the veranda. The house was soon on fire. Everybody woke up and shouted, “Get out. The house is on fire. Take boxes out of it”. And Bhola also started shouting. “Where is the baby moon? I put him under the starw roof. He is burning. Please save him”.The neighbors ran to the place and they soon put out the fire. Poor Bhola went away next morning without the baby moon!
See Workbook Page-39-42
Fill in the blanks with some or any:
- I have read it in some book or other.
- Karan has hidden the money in some place.
- We do not know if there are any survivors of the plane crash.
- Does Raina have some talent for painting?
- I am very hungry. Will you give me some food?
- I know you enjoy coffee. Would you like some more?
- These boys earn some money by selling fruits.
- They receive some new books every month.
- Karan left home without any luggage.
- Some boys came to see you, when you had gone to school.
2. Few, a few, and the few
See Workbook Page-43
Fill in the blanks with few, a few or the few whichever is proper
- Mr. Saxena is a man of a few words.
- Very few students learn Persian these days.
- A few shirts he has are all torn.
- They have been to our place quite a few times.
- We have had the few replies to our queries.
3. Little, a little and the little
See Workbook Page-43-44
Fill in the blanks will little, a little of the little as necessary:
- Poor people can receive little medical assistance.
- I have the little choice in this matter.
- Is there any doubt in your mind? I have a little doubt.
- He has little mind full of useless things.
- You can do the job if you have a little patience.
4. Much and Many
See Workbook Page-44
In the following sentences use much, many or a lot of as required.
- Karan has many problems to solve.
- He always takes much sugar in his tea.
- There are many temples in this town.
- We haven’t had much rain in Bhopal this year.
- We do not have much money to spend.
- Are there many books on Grammar in this library?
- He is very popular. He has many friends.
- I am very busy today. I have much work to do.
5. All Both, Every, Each
See Workbook Page-45-46
Fill in the blanks with one of the .words given in brackets (In some cases two answers may be possible).
- These books are all Karan’s, (all, both)
- Not all the people who were invited were present, (all, both)
- He can write with both his hands, (all, both)
- He has two sons. Both are in America, (all, both)
- These mangoes are rupees five each (each, every)
- The Olympic Games are held every four year, (each, every)
- Karan plays cricket every Sunday, (each, every)
- He enjoyed every minute of his stay in Houston. (each, every)
- Each book on grammar has been bought in the library. (each, every)
- Each boy was presented with a dictionary, (each, every)
6. No, Not
See Workbook Page-46
Complete the following sentences by using no or not:
- No shops were open today.
- I have got no money in my purse.
- No student is expected to leave the room.
- It is not easy to beg the first prize.
- You must not go.
7. Either, Neither
See Workbook Page-47
Complete the following sentences with either or neither.
- Neither of my sons is a doctor.
- Can either of you speak English?
- I was invited to two marriage receptions but I did not attend either.
- There were a few messages received this morning but neither of them was for me.
- We could not open the room because neither of us had a key.
It is the month of July. Schools have opened and students are busy in buying books, stationery and other items used in studies. Karan asks his father for the purchase of books. This is the conversation that ensues. But the determiners are missing. Fill in the blanks from the following determiners. Sometimes the same determiner can be used more than once: a, an, the, one, several, these, some
Karan: Dad, please take me to the market so that I could buy books and stationery I need.
Dad: Please make a list of the items you want to buy.
Karan: I have already made the list.
Dad: Read the list out.
Karan: one dozen exercise books; a packet of pencils, a book of grammar, some loose paper, an eraser.
Dad: There are several bookshops in the town, where can we get all these things under one roof?
Karan: The bookshop opposite the Government School of Excellence sells all items.
Dad: Well, let’s go there.
2.3 Modal Auxiliaries
See Workbook Page-49-52
(a) Fill in the blanks a modal for the modalities shown in brackets after each sentence.
- People from India can travel to Nepal without a passport (permission)
- Due to drought, the prices may go up. (possibility)
- The principal might be coming. It is time he generally comes, (doubtful possibility)
- A little boy like him could not climb up the hill, (capability in negative)
- People could go about freely before the blast, (permission in the past)
- Could you dine with me tonight? (request)
- His friends deceived him, otherwise he might have won the’ election, (unfulfilled possibility in the past)
- They can take possession of the house tomorrow, (permission)
- Can you speak French? She wants a translator, (ability)
- He is blind. He cannot see (power in negative)
- Buy the tickets in advance so that you may avoid standing in the queue, (purpose)
- How can a man be so damned to kill so many innocent animals? (disbelief)
(b) Use the correct modal. Choose from can, could, may and might.
- Keep all the items ready so that the programme may not be delayed.
- Can you define a modal? Yes, I can.
- The flights may be delayed for there is a snag in the wheel.
- He could run halfway before he collapsed.
- My son could walk ten miles at a stretch before the accident.
- No one can beat him in chess.
- Could you permit me to have some rest?
- The inspection team may cancel the visit, I fear.
- Take a raincoat with you. It may rain.
- You left the door open. The birds might have flown.
- The officer might have taken strong objection against your behaviour.
- May you live to see a hundred summers!
(c) Choose the right option to fill in the blank.
Our friend must he coming. It is time for him to arrive,
(a) might have come
(b) can come
(c) must be coming
(d) might be coming
Have some extra money with you. You might need it in the journey.
(a) can need
(b) cannot need
(c) may not need
(d) might need
He is only a little boy. He can not ride a horse.
(a) can ride
(b) cannot ride
(c) could ride
(d) may not ride
Whenever you were in need, you should have borrowed some money from me.
(a) can have
(b) should have
(c) could have
(d) might have
Things could have gone in our favour, only our planning failed.
(a) would have gone
(b) should have gone
(c) could have gone
(d) might have gone
She is working hard so that she may be selected.
(a) might be
(b) could be
(d) can be
The wind was cold. I would have caught cold
(a) should have caught
(b) would have caught
(c) might caught
(d) might have caught
If he called upon me. I would give him a warm welcome,
(a) would have given
(b) would give
(c) should give
(d) should have given
She would rather fail than take to copying.
(a) should rather fail
(b) could rather fail
(c) would fail
(d) would rather fail.
If you had demanded, I would have given you all I had.
(a) might have given you
(b) should have given you
(c) would not have given you
(d) would have given you
7. Must, should ought to, needn’t
See Workbook Page-54-65
(a) Use suitable modal from amongst ‘must, should, ought to, needn’t as required.
- Attendance in the school is obligatory. The students should take note of it. (external obligation)
- Your behaviour must be above suspicion, (necessity)
- Non-Violence should be practiced in letter and Spirit, (advisability as a matter of conscience)
- Demand for dowry is a crime. People ought to shun it. (obligation of law)
- If you wish to learn English, you should read an English newspaper every day, (advice)
- I need to pay the bill. Somebody has already paid it. (lack of obligation)
- We ought to keep the public toilets clean after use. (moral obligation)
- People should use their franchise, (general advice)
- If You see the thief, please inform the police, (chance happening, replacement of ‘if”)
- You needn’t go on foot. You can take my scooter, (absence of obligation)
- She has failed. She mightn’t have worked hard, (unfulfilled obligation)
- She needn’t come every day. She can come on alternate days, (lack of compulsion)
(b) Use must; should, ought to, needn’t as required.
- An enemy must be treated as enemy.
- A good citizens needn’t not accept undue advantages.
- He said to his grandfather, “You need not work anymore”.
- Bill Gates ought to be a happy man, I suppose.
- Some books ought to be read-only in parts; but some must be read wholly, diligently and attentively.
- If a man writes a little, he must have a good memory.
- You needn’t buy books if you have access to the Internet.
- A child’s birthday should be celebrated solemnly.
- Every child born into the world is a gift of god. We should be very gentle with it.
- If India has to avoid disgrace, they must win this match.
- Truth must be told.
- The match should have been finished by now.
- A government servant should dispose of his work regularly.
- The office ought to have rejected the bribe.
- Run fast lest you should get late.
- If the rains deceive, the farmers shall die.
- People must be welt educated in the matters of social sense.
- India should have played to win. It is a pity, they didn’t
- A judge ought to be above suspicion.
- It is high time. You must prepare well for your exams.
(c) Fill the right alternative in the blank.
An upright man like him must have been ashamed of his guilt
a. ought to be ashamed
b. ought to ashamed
c. must have been ashamed
d. ought not to be ashamed
You don’t mean it. You must be joking
a. should be joking
b. ought to joke
c. ought to be joking
d. must be joking
You should take your father to hospital at once. He is ill.
a. should take
b. ought to take
c. must take
d. needn’t take
You must have fixed your priorities. Now there is no time left.
a. must have fixed
b. should fix
c. must fix
d. should be fixing
I needn’t cook my meals. They have been served by my host,
a. must have fixed
b. should fix
c. needn’t cook
d. didn’t need to cook
People could have common sense.
a. should have
b. ought to have
c. must have
d. could have
It is bad that you are late again. You ought to come before time.
a. could have come
b. ought to come
c. sould becoming
d. should have come
Must you go to the railway station, bring a timetable for me.
The boys should not shout like that. They are in the college, they must know.
a. should not shout
b. must not shout
c. needn’t shout
d. ought not to shout
Mr. Singh ought to take care of his dress.
a. ought to take care of
b. must take care of
c. should take care of
d. need to take care of
9. Have to(have to, has to, will have to, shall have to)
See Workbook Page-59-60
(a) Use a suitable modal as required.
- Before his illness, his father used to walk six miles every day, (discontinued habit in the past)
- She has to go on foot as her bicycle had a flat tyre, (act under compulsion)
- These days’ I need to work overtime to meet my expenses, (force of circumstances in the present)
- How dare you abuse me like this? (courage)
- My teacher used to shout at the students when they made mistakes; (habitual action in the past)
- Most of the poor have to live on a single meal a day. (under force of circumstances in the present)
- It might be very cold here. Now the climate has changed, (contrasting the past with the present.)
- You may not challenge him. He is so stout, (lack of courage)
(b) Fill in the blanks with ‘used to’, ‘have to’, ‘has to’.
- Many people in India have to go to bed with empty stomach.
- She used to live in a small room before joining service.
- All his money was spent. He has to sell his house.
- Being poor, he has to walk on foot to his office.
- My neighbour used to drink heavily before his death.
- They have to face such heavy odds.
- As a student, Mr. Verma used to live in hostel.
- These days I have to work under a hard taskmaster.
- Those days have to work under a hard taskmaster
(c) Fill in the blanks with the right alternatives:
They poor boys have to undertake menial tasks to support their families.
a. have had to
b. has to
c. have to
d. had to
My father used to work hard when he was young,
a. used to work
b. did use to work
c. had worked to
d. uses to work
My father had to sell his house for the marriage of my sister ten years ago.
a. has to
b. will have to
c. had to
d. has not to
A constable didn’t dare to challenge the S.P. as he is very strict.
a. didn’t dare to
b. hardly dared to
c. hardly dared
I used to wear a long coat when I was a child
a. use to
b. did use to
c. need to
d. used to
My wife doesn’t have to cook in the morning. The maid does it.
a. doesn’t have to
b. is not to
c. have not to
d. don’t have to
She used to be a pilot. Now she is a housewife,
a. used to be
b. had to be
c. had better be
d. didn’t use to be
The gardener had to dig the garden by himself. Now he has fallen ill.
a. have to dig
b. will have do dig
c. has to dig
d. had to dig
I am not to do it all alone whatever you may say.
a. have not to
b. have to
c. am not to
d. am to
(d) What would you say in these situations:
Use the expressions given below to make sentences. There can be more than one sentence for one situation. One example has been done to help you.
would you mind …………………?
May I …………………?
Would you mind if I …………………?
Situation-You can’t do your homework
Would you mind doing my homework?
May I use your car if your allow …………………?
Could you help me if I need it …………………?
Would you mind if I take your book …………………?
(e) Write down the names of the places where you can find these instruction and reframe these instructions using modal auxiliary verbs, as given in the first sentence.
See Workbook Page-65 & 66
(a) Use the proper from of the verbs given in brackets to form Simple Present Tense sentences :
- Good students always work hard, (work)
- Good students seldom miss their classes, (miss)
- I read a novel every weekend, (read)
- Doctors cure patients, (cure)
- All living things need oxygen, (need)
- Water boils at 100 degree Celsius, (boil)
- She cries when she is hungry, (cry)
- They are vegetarians. They never eat meat, (eat)
- Do you always have milk before going to bed? (have)
- The District Education officer always inspects this school on a Monday, (inspect)
- Fish swim in the water, (swim)
- The Shatabdi Express seldom comes late, (come)
- Karan does his homework every evening, (do)
- Empty vessels always make much noise, (make)
- Barking dogs seldom bite, (bite)
(b) Given below are two boxes with and when Shishir does something.
Make meaningful sentences with the help of the ‘actions’ and time expressions. Use appropriate phrases also on your own to complete the sentences.
Shishir washes his father’s ear once a week.
His father goes to office every day.
Shishir studies every day.
He invites a letter to his friend once a month.
He invites his pen friend once a year.
He reads English every day.
He decorates his house once a year on his birthday.
The Present Continuous Tense:
See Workbook Page-68
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences using either Present Simple or Present Continuous forms of the verbs provided in brackets. (In some cases two answers can be possible).
- Ask the boy what he wants? (want).
- Prachi reads books during spare time, (read)
- It was very cloudy this morning It is raining now. (rain)
- Parchi is tired. She is haring rest now. (rest)
- My grandchildren usually spends their vacations in Bhopal (spend)
- My cousin is arriving tomorrow, (arrive)
- They never drink water during meals, (drink)
- Karan is workings on his school project at this moment (work)
- Rana sleeps often (sleep) on the sofa while watching T.V. (watch)
- The Himalaya divides India and Tibet, (divide)
- Raina cannot come to see you. She is writing a letter now. (write)
- Rama is having a .party today as it is her birthday, (have)
- My mother is preparing a special dish now. (prepare)
- What examination are you and your sister is studying for at the moment? (study)
- They never have coffee, (have)
The Present Perfect Tense:
See Workbook Page-69-70
a) It was Sunday and Vipul was Planing to do something. Given below is the list of things that he was planning to do. Write about the things and the things
✓ finish my homework
✓ wash the scooter
✗ buy a birthday card for my friend
✓ arrange my bookshelf
✓ see my friend who is ill
✗ help my younger brother in his studies
✗ join ‘Guitar Classes’
✗ watch my favourite movie
✗ means: He hasn’t done work yet.
- Vipul has already finished his homework.
- Vipul has already washed the scooter.
- Vipul has not bought a birthday card for his friend
- Vipul has already arranged his bookshelf.
- Vioul has already seen his’ friend who is ill.
- Vipul has not helped his younger brother is his studies.
- Vipul has not joined ‘guitar classes’.
- Vipul hasn’t watched his favourite movie.
(b) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences using the approprite time expressions.
His English has improved considerably since I saw him last.
(i) I saw him last
(ii) he has started taking lessons.
(iii) May 1999
He has not read a newspaper for as long as I can remember.
(i) as long as I can remember
(iii) more than a year.
My father has not come home for four years.
(i) my birth
(ii) I went to school
(iii) four years
I have not caught a cold for many years.
(i) my childhood
(ii) many years
(iii) last year
They have not been to a school since their birth.
(i) their birth
(ii) a long time
(iii) two months now.
(c) Rewrite the following sentences using the verbs provided in brackets in the Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous form as required.
- Karan has been attending the Cricket Academy for the last four years. Now he can play cricket well, (attend)
- Nidhi has already taken the Linguaphone course, (take)
- She has been living here for two years now. (live)
- Professor Saxena has adopted several different methods of teaching verbs, (adopt)
- He has been teaching foreign students for about six years. (teach)
(d) Read the situations and write one complete sentence for each as given in the example.
Roma started working on computer at 7o’ clock.
She is still working on it.
Roma has been working on computer since 7 o’clock.
We started living in Bhopal in 1990.
We are still living in Bhopal.
We have been living in Bhopal since 1990.
The gardener started mowing the grass two hours ago.
He is still mowing it.
The gardener has been mowing the grass for two hours.
My mother started decorating the house in the morning.
She is still decorating it.
My mother has been decorating the house since morning
I started reading Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’ three hours ago
I am still reading it.
I have been reading Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’ for three hours.
They began their tour three months ago.
They are travelling round Singapore at the moment.
They have been travelling round Singapore for three moment.
Abbas and Aditi started making films when they left college.
They are still making films.
Abbas and Aditi have been making films since they left college.
My brother began playing chess when he was only three. He still plays it
My brother have been playing chess since he was only three.
Puran started painting the walls four hours ago.
He is still painting them.
Puran has been painting the walls for four hours.
The Simple Past Tense:
See Workbook Page-73-74
Use the verbs provided in brackets in Simple Past Tense:
- Reema went to the market after school, (go)
- My sister saw a beggar an hour ago. (see)
- Karan visited his grandparents yesterday, (visit)
- Raina did not do her homework because she was ill. (do, be),
- Rohini never went to school, (go)
- I took the entrance examination in 2005. (take)
- We studied English verbs last month, (study)
- Rohan asked for some more money from his father, (ask)
- What did you eat for lunch yesterday? (eat)
- Karan sent a telegram to his father last month (send)
b. Rewrite the following sentences into the Simple Past Tense. Also, add an appropriate adverbial in each case from the list provided here: yesterday, last month, last year, sometimes ago, this morning.
- It suddenly becomes hot.
It suddenly became hot this morning.
- We are in a difficult situation.
We were in a difficult situation last year.
- My sister teaches me.
My sister taught me yesterday.
- The doctor looks after patients.
The doctor looked after patients sometimes ago.
- Rohan get’s up early.
Rohan get up early this morning.
- She speaks French.
She spoke French sometimes ago.
- They play cricket well.
They played cricket well last month.
- We have lunch at one o’clock
We had lunch at one o’clock yesterday.
- He speaks English well.
He spokes English well this morning.
- The porter carries luggage.
The porter carries luggage yesterday.
The Pat Continuous Tense
See Workbook Page-75-76
Fill in the blanks in the following sentence with the Past Continuous form of the verb given in brackets:
- What were you doing when the accident occurred? (do)
- I was changing the bulb that had burnt out. (change)
- At 5 o’clock it was raining, (rain)
- When Kiran called I was sleeping, (sleep)
- The postman came when I was sleeping, (sleep)
- When I was eating lunch Soha was reading, (read)
- When they were waiting for the train, they saw Prachi. (wait)
- While mother was cooking lunch, father was watching the T.V. (cook, Watch)
- When I went to her house she was not there. She was studying at the library, (study)
- While I was watching a horror film on the T.V. the power went out. (watch)
The Past Perfect Tense
See Workbook Page-76-77
(a) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with Fast Simple or Past Perfect form of the verbs provided in brackets :
- By the time the ambulance arrived the patient had died (arrive, die)
- Several hours before the cricket match started the spectators had filled the stadium, (start, fill)
- We came to this house in 2001 and had lived here ever since, (come, live)
- When I was a boy, we had lived on a farm, (be, live)
- Mother was very tired as she had worked the whole day. (be, work)
(b) Combine the following pairs of sentences using the Past Perfect
Tense to express the earlier action :
He joined his father’s trade.
He was then fifteen years of age.
When he was fifteen years of age he had joined his father’s trade.
Mother laid the table for lunch.
We came to the table a little later.
Mother had laid the table for lunch before we came.
Nidhi went to sleep.
The telephone rang a little later.
Nidhi had gone to sleep before the telephone rang.
The bell rang.
We entered the class a little later.
The bell had rung before we entered the class.
The fire devastated the whole village.
The fire brigade arrived later.
The fire had devastated the whole village before the fire brigade arrived.
The Past Perfect Continuous Tense
See Workbook Page 78-80
Prachi does the following things every day. Tell what she is going to do tomorrow.
(Use be going to form) :
- Prachi gets up at 7 o’clock.
Prachi is going to get up at 7 o’clock.
- She has a bath.
She is going to have a bath.
- She puts on her school uniform.
She is going to put on her school uniform.
- She puts on shoes.
She is putting on shoes.
- She has breakfast.
She is going to have breakfast.
- She waits for the school bus.
She is waiting for the school bus.
- She arrives at school at 9 o’clock.
She is going to arrive at school at 9 o’clock.
- She attends her school.
She is going to attend her school.
- In the interval, she eats her lunch.
In the interval, she is going to eat her lunch.
- At 2 o’clock she goes to the library.
At 2 o’clock she is going to the library.
- At 4 o’clock she returns home.
At 4 o’clock she is going to return home.
- Then she goes to play.
Then she is going to play.
- She returns from play at 7 o’clock.
She is going to return from play at 7 o’ clock.
- She has her dinner.
She is going to have her dinner.
- At nine she goes to bed.
At nine she is going to bed.
See Workbook Page-83
(a) (i) Say whether the underlined verb-forms in each of the given sentences are finite or non-finite.
- I him rm qcc the teacher.
asked-finite; to see-non-finite.
- The bus a ppwgle the passengers late.
- We have emr the cvncarcb results.
- about, I lmrgacb a snake.
- his homework he jcdr for the market.
Having done-Non-finite; left-finite.
- The Prime Minister uclr to kccr the President.
Went-finite; to meet- Non-finite.
- My brother urafcb us j sefgle from the doorway.
- We ucpc pcjgctcb to ecr our belonging back.
Were relived-finite; to get-Non-finite.
- is good for health.
- He ulrq an glrcpcqrgle company.
(ii) Also, choose infinitive/gerund/present participle/past participle from each of the sentences given in the previous exercise.
(b) Given below are certain rules of a school. Write complete sentences about the school rules using any of the two phrases below-
- We aren’t allowed ………….
- We are asked ………….
- Don’t bring mobile phones.
- Always write in ink.
- Help one another.
- Don’t leave the class again and again.
- Have lunch only during lunch break.
- Speak English.
- Don’t play in the classroom.
- Keep silence.
- Don’t talk in the library.
- Come to school on time.
1. We aren’t allowed to bring mobile phones.
2. We are always asked to write in ink.
3. We are asked to help one another.
4. We aren’t allowed to leave the class again and again.
.5 We are asked to have lunch only during lunch break.
6. We are asked to speak English.
7. We aren’t allowed to play in the classroom.
8. We are asked to keep silence.
9. We aren’t allowed to talk in the library.
10. We are asked to come to school on time.
(c) Combine the following pairs of sentences using a suitable verb in its-ing form.
(a) Don’t eat stale food.
(b) It is harmful to health.
Eating stale food is harmful to health.
- She talks too much. Nobody likes it.
Nobody likes her talking too much.
- Don’t break the rules of the road. It is harmful to all.
Breaking the rules of the road is harmful to all.
- We must appreciate our friends’ achievements. It promotes, goodwill.
Appreciating our’s friends’ achievements promotes goodwill.
- One should do one’s work in time. It brings success in life.
Doing work in time brings success in life.
- The team did well in the match. All appreciated them.
All appreciated the team for doing well in the match.
- He tells lies. It has made him unpopular.
Telling lies made him unpopular.
- We should always help others. It gives happiness and satisfaction.
Helping others gives happiness and satisfaction.
- She got first position in the examination. I congratulated her.
I congratulated her for getting first position in the examination.
(d) Use the Gerund or Infinitive form of the words given in brackets and complete the sentences.
- I dislike getting up early, (get)
- Would you mind opening the window, please? (open)
- My little daughter likes to play with dolls, (play)
- They were surprised to hear the news, (hear)
- All the students were prevented from attending the party, (attend)
- He promised to finish it in time, (finish)
- Most children enjoy building sandcastles. (build)
- My friend is certain to find fault with my work, (find)
- The chair was not /very comfortable to sit (sit)
- It was brave of him to rescue the child from drowning. (rescue)
(e) Fill in with the correct non-finite verb-forms.
- Smoking is harmful. (Smoke)
- My landlord is a deadening fellow, (dread)
- Your performance was entertaining. (entertain)
- He loves to walk. (walk)
- We are generally afraid of dieing .(die)
- Your comments are disheartening. (dishearten)
- Fighting for the country is an honour, (fight)
- Poverty presents a depressing sight, (depress)
- Swimming is the best exercise, (swim)
- I have a writing test of the speech, (write)
(f) Rewrite the following sentences, using the participle construction, as shown in the example :
- The thief saw the policemen and ran away
- Seeing the policemen, the thief ran away.
I saw him weeping and went to see what was wrong.
Seeing him weeping, I went to see what was wrong.
As the weather was fine, we went for a picnic.
Having a fine weather, we went for a picnic.
She walked up to the front door and rang the bell.
Having walked up to the front door the rang the bell.
My little on heard the noise and woke up.
Having heard the noise my little son woke up.
When I returned home, I found my kids playing outside.
Having returned home I found my kids playing outside.
The policemen ran with all his might and caught the thief.
Having ran with all his might the policemen caught the thief.
As he was defeated in the match, he decided not to play cricket again.
Having been defeated in the match, he decided not to play cricket again.
My father put on his overcoat and went for a walk.
Having put on his overcoat my father went for a walk.
2.6 Passive Voice
See Workbook Page-87
(a) Make meaningful sentences in passive voice from the table given below. Use proper forms of verbs
given in B.
- All the students were called for interview.
- Badminton is played in an indoor stadium.
- The notice was displayed on the notice board.
- Patients were treated in the hospitals.
- Wheat is grown in fields.
- Grammar is taught in schools.
- Shirts are stitched by tailors.
- Cameras are manufactured in the USA and Japan.
(b) Use the information is given below and frame sentences by matching them.
- America was discovered by Columbus.
- The Discovery of India was written by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.
- The Geetanjali was written by R.N. Tagore.
- Television was invented by J.L. Baird.
- Penicillin was discovery by Alexander Fleming.
- Monalisa was painted by leonardo de vinci.
- Vande Matram was written by Bankim Chandra Chaterjee.
- The Tajmahal was built by Shahjehan.
(c) Use the verbs given below in passive form and complete the passage :
Make, grow, grind, harvest, send, by, knead, sell, keep, pack, use
In our country bread (chapati) gq kbc from Wheat. Wheat seeds are grown in fields. When the wheat is ripe, it /s harvested , then it is sent to the flour mill. At the mill it is griunded into flour. Now, this flour is packed and sent to different cities. For this purpose, big vans are used it is then sold by the shopkeeper. It is bought by the customers and kept in dry cans at home, then it is kneaded and chapatis are made from it.
(d) Look at the pictures give below and frame complete sentences using the verbs-repair, plough, milk, water, harvest, build. One example has been given to help you.
- The wall is being built.
- The Field is being ploughed.
- The crop is being harvested.
- The car is being repaired.
- The plant is being watered.
- The cow is being milked.
(e) Given below is the procedure to find the pH of lemon juice, vinegar, apple juice, orange juice, and tomato juice. Rewrite ‘ the whole procedure by using passive construction :
- Take five strips of PH paper and place them on a glazed tile. Mark them 1 to 5.
- Take the test solutions in separate test tubes. Dissolve the solid substances by adding distilled water to it. Label the test tubes.
- Now place a drop of the pH solution on one of the strips of pH paper with the help of a dropper.
- Observe the colour and match it with the different colour shades of the standard colour pH chart.
- Note down the pH from the colour chart of the colour which matches the most with the colour produced on the pH paper.
- Similarly find out the pH values of remaining samples using fresh strips of pH paper and a separate dropper for each.
Start Like This
Five strips of pH paper are taken and placed on a glazed tile. They are mared 1 to 5. The test solutions and taken in separate test tubes and the solid substances are dissolved by adding distilled water to it. Test tubes are labellad then. Then a drop of the pH solution is placed on one of the strips of pH shades of the standard colour pH chart. Then the pH is noted down from the colour chart of the colour which matches the most with the colour produced on the pH paper. Simplify the pH values of remaining samples are found out using fresh strips of pH paper and a separate dropper for each.
(f) Shahida read the following “News Headlines” in Yesterday’s ” newspaper. Now she wants to write these headlines in complete sentences. Help her to write sentences in Passive voice
|Delhi-terrorist arrested Yesterday||centre allots Rs. 15 crore for flood victims|
|Painting competition held at Bal Bhawan||youths asked to meditate for success|
|Twenty people arrested after demonstration||Delhi welcomes 25th trade fair|
|Wonder medicine cured ulcer||Indonesia confirms two bird flue cases|
|India tightening security at airports||Indian hockey team wins the finals|
- A terrorist was arrested yesterday in Delhi.
- Rs. 15 crore was allotted for the flood victims by centre.
- Painting competition was held at Bal Bhawan.
- youths have been asked to meditate for success.
- Twenty people were arrested after demonstration.
- 25th trade fair was welcomed at New Delhi.
- Ulcer was cured by wonder medicine.
- Two bird Flue cases were confirmed by Indonesia
- Security at airports is being tightened in India.
- The finals here won by Indian hockey team.
(g) What improvements have been made in your village/town/ city/country over the last ten years? You can write about the areas given in box A with the help of the verbs given in box B as given in the example.
- Compulsory education has introduced in our country.
- Roads have been repaired.
- Schools have been set up.
- Hospitals have been modernized.
- Industries have been set up.
- Agricultures have been modernized.
- Medical services have been improved.
- Public transport has been improved.
- Housing and living conditions have been developed.
- Social system has been improved.
(h) Given below are instructions to minimize eye strain while using computers. Rewrite them using passive construction.
- keep the screen clean and free from dust.
- Use glasses if possible.
- Position the computer screen about 10-15 degrees below eye level.
- Avoid glare.
- Don’t work continuously, take frequent breaks.
Start Like This :
While using a computer Screen is kept clean and free from dust. It possible glasses should be used. The computer screen should be positioned about 10-15 degrees below eye level glare should be avoided, continuous work should be avoided and frequent breaks are suggested.
(i) Given below are certain problems. Do you think that these problems will have been solved by year 2020?
world’s terrorist problem
a cure for AIDS
the population problem of India
the unemployment problem
new energy sources
settlements on sea
international traffic laws
drug problem among youths
passenger transport to the moon
the problem of global warming
Begin your sentences with I think/I don’t think
And use the verbs accordingly like find, introduce invent, solve, etc.
Example : Noise pollution in India
I think the problem of noise pollution in India will have been solved by the year 2020.
- I don’t think world’s terrorist problem will have been solved by the year 2020.
- I think a cure for AIDS will have been discovered by the year 2020.
- I think the population problem of India will have been controlled by the year 2020.
- I don’t think the unemployment problem will have overcome by the year 2020.
- I think new energy sources will have been explored by 2020
- I think settlements on sea will have been done by 2020.
- I don’t think international traffic laws will have been forced by 2020.
- I think drug problems among youths will have been controlled by 2020.
- I don’t think passenger transport to the moon will have been started by 2020.
- I think the problem of global warming will have been controlled by 2020.
(J) Put the following sentences into the passive form :
- The king gave him a reward.
A reward was given to him by the king.
- They were plucking flowers in the park.
Flowers were being plucked by them in the park.
- One should keep one’s promise.
One’s promise should be kept.
- Who told you the truth?
By when were you told the truth.
- All trust an honest man.
An honest man is trusted.
- Somebody has cleaned the room.
The room has been cleaned.
- We shall play the match tomorrow.
The match will be played by us tomorrow.
- Why did the teacher punish the students?
Why the students were punished by the teacher?
- Someone has already switched off the light.
The light has already been switched off.
- We should not waste our time in gossiping.
Our time should not be wasted in gossiping.
- My grandmother tells me amusing stories about Birbal.
I am told amusing stories about Birbal by my grandmother.
- The manager dismissed him from service for his rude behaviour.
He was dismissed by the manager for his rude behaviour.
2. 7 Narration
See Workbook Page-97-98
Pick up and write the sentences of three kinds in the space provided and in case of Direct and Indirect narration also mention the Reporting verb.
|1. We are going to the doctor this afternoon.||said|
|2. Why do you cry?||asked|
|3. Don’t play in the sun||prohibited|
|4. What a fine picture?||exclaimed|
|1. My mother said that she thought I had adenoids.||said|
|2. She asked me if I was going to’ the market.||asked|
|3. The commander ordered the trump to halt.||ordered|
See Workbook Page-99-100
Change the following sentences into the Indirect Narration:
- He said to me, “I have asked you not to tell lies.”
He told me that he has asked me not to tell lies.
- He said, “It is time we depart.”
He told that it was time they depart.
- She said, “I am waiting and watching and longing for my son’s return.”
She told that she was waiting and watching and longing for her
- She said to her sister, “I want to show you something.”
She told her sister, “I want to show you something.”
- My mother said to me, “I am cooking your favourite dish today.”
My mother told me that she was cooking my favourite dish that day.
- The shopkeeper said, “Here is your packet.”
The shopkeeper told me that there was my packet.
- She said to her brother, “I have washed your clothes in the morning.”
She told her brother that she had washed his clothes in the morning.
- They said to the teacher, “We want to play football.”
They told the teacher that they wanted to play football.
2. Reporting Questions
See Workbook Page-101
Change the following sentences into Indirect Narration:
- She said to me, “Where do you live?”
She asked me where did I live.
- He said to me, “Will you show me your homework?”
He asked me if I would show him my homework.
- She said to her brother, “What do you want?”
She asked her brother what did he want.
- He said, “When will you return?”
He asked when would he return.
- I said to him, “Which book do you like most?”
I asked him which book did he like most.
- Raina said to him, “Which way did the man go?”
Raina asked him which way had the man go.
- He said to us, “Why are you all sitting about there doing nothing?”
He asked us why were we all sitting there doing nothing.
- The teacher said to me, “What kind of help do you need from me.?”
The teacher asked me what kind of help did I need from him.
- Roma said to her, “Will you play with me?”
Roma asked her if she would play with her.
- Rohit said to his mother, “Have you seen my pencil box?”
Rohit asked him, mother if she had seen his pencil box.
3. Reporting Commands,
Requests And Advice
See Workbook Page-102
Change the following sentences into Indirect Narration.
- The old man said to the villager, “Bring me a glass of milk.”
The old man asked the villager to bring him a glass of water.
- The king said to the hatter, “Take off your hat.”
The King ordered the hatter to take off his hat.
- The teacher said, “Sit down, boys.”
The teacher asked the boys to sit down.
- He said to his servant, “Go to the bazaar and bring me some oil.”
He ordered his servant to go to the Bazaar and bring him some oil.
- The teacher said to her, “Don’t read so fast.”
The teacher prohibited her to read so fast.
- He said, “Rina, go to the well and fetch me some water.”
He asked Rina to go to the well and fetch him some water.
(4) Reporting Exclamations
See Workbook Page-103
Change the following sentences into Indirect Narration.
- He said angrily, “What a stupid fellow you are!”
He exclaimed with anger that he was a great stupid fellow.
- She looked at the Taj and said, “What a beautiful building!”
She looked the Taj and exclaimed with wonder that it was a very beautiful building.
- He said, “My God! I am ruined!”
He exclaimed with regret that he was ruined.
- She said to me, “How smart you are!”
She exclaimed with praised that I was very smart.
- He said to the soldier, “Alas! Our foes are too strong!”
He exclaimed with sorrow that his foes are very strong.
- He said to me, “May God bless you!”
He wished me that God might bless me.
(a) (i) Say/write what he/she wants to know
- The girl/She wants to know where does the rainbow come from.
- She wants know why does it thunder.
- She wants to know how do trees grow.
- The boy wants to know why does it rain.
- He wants to know why do birds fly in the sky.
- He wants to know why do stars shine at night.
(ii) Now write what he/she wanted to know.
- The girl/she wanted to know where did the rainbow come from
- She wanted to know why did it thunder.
- She wanted to know how did trees grow.
- The boy wanted to know why did it rain.
- He wanted to know why did birds fly in the sky.
- He wanted to know why did stars shine at night.
(b) Given below are some situations. What would you advise these people in these situations? Use advise, tell, ask, suggest. One example has been done to help you.
|Your father looks tired.||Your mother is worried about your future.|
|Your younger brother has a terrible cough.||Your neighbour is playing loud music.|
|Your friend has found a bag full of money.||Your aunt lives in a house where she does not get fresh air.|
|Your servant has brought vegetables that are not fresh.||Children are making noise outside your room.|
|Your friend always has trouble with his scooter.|
Your friend looks ill-I would suggest him to go to this doctor
Your mother is worried about your future-I would tell her to be assured-
Your younger brother has a terrible cough-I would advise him to get it treated properly.
Your neighbour is playing loud music-I would tell him to stop it.
Your friend has found a bag full of money-I would suggest him to hand it over to the police.
Your servant has brought vegetables that are not fresh-I would ask him to return them.
Children are making noise outside your room-I would tell them to stop it.
Your friend always has trouble with his scooter-I would suggest him to replace it.
(c) You have just come back from an educational tour. Your neighbour Anil comes to meet you. He wants, to know about your trip and asks you the questions given below:
Now you report to another friend what Anil asked you.
- Anil asked me how I was.
- He asked me where was my sister.
- He asked me why hadn’t I reply to his phone calls.
- He asked me when had I come back.
- He asked if I had enjoyed the trip.
- He asked me how may friend had been with me.
- He asked me which places had I visited.
- He asked me if I had been give a warm welcome there
(d) Work in pairs. Interview each other under the headings given below and note down the answer :
Now write two continuous paragraphs reporting the details:
(i) Veena said that she usually had bjgw lb qrsddcb n p rf fcp pc id qr.
Veena said that her favourite dish was malai kofta but she didn’t like noodles. Then she said that her favorite place was Andman Nicobar Islands. She added that her favourite book was Ignited Minds by APJ Abdul Kalam.
(ii) Ruchika told me that she usually had sprorted grains and fruits for breakfast. She added that she preferred milk for her breakfast. She said that her favourite dish was Palak paneer while the hated food was berger for her. Then she said that her favourite places are Agra and Jaipur. She added that her favourite film was mother India by Mahboob Khan.
See Workbook Page-108
Mark the clauses in the following sentences and identify the types of sentences :
- He went to market/but did not buy anything/
Main clause Compound clause
- She knows/what you want.
Main clause Subordinate clause
- The boy finished his homework/and went to play.
Main clause Compound clause
- I can not say/when I will return.
Main clause Subordinate clause
- The book you gave me yesterday is very interesting.
The book is very interesting Main clause/(Which) you gave me yesterday-Subordinate clause.
- We have no room for you.-Sentence
- We read/whatever books they find in the library
Main clause Subordinate clause
- I do not know his name. -Sentence
- I do not know/what his name is.
Main clause Subordinate clause
- He is poor/but he is honest.
Main clause Subordinate clause
See Workbook Page-109
Make complex sentences adding Noun clauses.
- He was convinced that he had made mistakes.
- Let us see which team plays better.
- It is said that India is the largest democracy.
- Pay attention to what your parents say.
- The message said the Prime Minister is going to china.
- I was told that my ancestors belonged to Kashmir.
- I feel that this city doesn’t suit me.
- She is hopeful that she would get a good result.
- The question is that whether it is true or not.
- The rumour that the terrorists have entered the city is confirmed.
(a) Complete the questions given below :
- What is the name of the teacher who teaches us English?
- What is the name of the place where your father is posted?
- What is the name of the object which shows direction?
- What is the name of the film that you saw last weeks?
- What is the name of the singer who sang this song?
- What is the name of the stadium where the third test match will be held?
- What is the name of the book which you are reading now?
- What is the name of the author whose book was awarded last year?
- What is the name of the place where you are going to take admission?
- What is the name of the game which you like most?
(b) Complete the following sentences by adding suitable adjective clauses :
- No one can tell the reason how did it happen.
- The place where I was born is now in Jodhpur.
- Mr. Sharma Who is a renowned leader lives near my house.
- The pen which I gifted him is very expensive.
- A person who acts in a film is called an actor.
- He has a brother who sings very fine.
- The flowers which 1 bought yesterday have faded.
- I have spent the money that you gave me yesterday.
- This is the place where we lived for four years.
- Youth is the time that everyone enjoys.
(c) Rewrite the following sentences by changing the underlined
phrases/clauses to Relative Clauses as given in the example.
The boy is my cousin,
The boy who is sitting in the last row is my cousin.
- People jgtgle gl ej qq fmsqcq should not throw stones at others. People who live glass houses should not throw stones at others.
- A man md qgknjc I rspc is liked by all.
A man who has simple nature is liked by all.
- Men ugrf emmb k I eckclr qigjjq are needed everywhere. Men who knows good management skills are needed everywhere.
- I don’t know the reason dmp fgq d gjspc.
I don’t know the reason why he failed.
- Do you know the time
Do you know the time when she would return?
- Can you tell me fgq bucjjgle nj ac Can you tell me where he lives?
- A science book ugrf amjmspdsj bg ep kq lb dgespcq is useful for all the learners.
A science book which has colourful diagrams and figures is useful for all the learners.
- The man ugrfmsr ksqga gl fgq qmsj can’t live life in full. The man who is without music in his soul can’t live life in full.
(d) Given below are the people whom you met in a party. They told you something about them.
Later you tell of your friends about the people you met. Write your sentences using ‘who’ or ‘whose’
- I met a girl whose brother is a chess champion.
- I met a boy whose ambition is to be a great musician.
- I met a lady whose daughter wants to fly in the sky.
- I met a boy who never misses a hockey match.
- I met a girl whose neighbour has come back from Australia.
- I met a boy whose father has retired from service.
See Workbook Page-113-115
(a) Make complex sentences by adding adverb clauses :
- Be careful lest you will fail.
- Let us stay here till are get reservation ticket Confirmed.
- The doctor had arrived before the patient died.
- She came to school though she had sereze cough and cold.
- The accident took place where road was badly damaged.
- They will go out to play when the days become bright.
- He is wearing a coat as it is cold outside.
- The grapes were so expensive that we couldn’t buy.
- He ran very fast so that he could catch the train.
- It was a much better entertainment than we had last time.
(b) Replace the underlined phrase by an Adverb Clause, as given in the example.
Example-On his return, we asked about his journey.
When he returned, we asked about his journey.
- I shall wait for you rgjj rfc clb md rfc ucci.
I shall wait for you as long as the week ends.
- The weather is rmm amjb rm go out.
The weather is so cold that we cannot go out.
- He talked jgic kb.
He talked as he was mad.
- he ran away.
As he saw the snake he ran away.
- F tgle bmlc fgq umpi he switched off the light.
As soon as did his work he switched off the light.
- They behave jgic dmmjq.
The behave as they were fools.
- He ran ugrf jj fgq kgefr.
He ran as much as he could.
- I am grateful to her dmp bmgle kw umpi gl rgkc.
I am grateful to her as he had done my work in time,
(c) Read what Rohan did Yesterday :
Now he is sitting thinking of what might have happened if:
Write complete sentences. Start like this :
If I hadn’t watched T.V. late at night, I would have got up early.
If I could have gat up early I would have time to be ready.
If I could have gat up early I would not have missed the school bus.
If I could have gat up early I would not have been cate for school.
If I could have gat up early I would not have been punished by the feather.
(d) Combine the following pairs of sentences by turning one of them into an Adverb/Adjective/Noun clause as shown in the example.
I reached the hall late.
The examination had started.
The examination had started before I reached the hall.
You are the royal priest.
You must be very wise.
As you are the royal priest you must be very wise.
A balloon filled with hot air always goes up. Do you know it?
Do you know that a balloon filled with hot air always goes up.
I want to score high marks.
I am working hard for it.
As I want to score high marks so I am working hard.
My bag is missing.
I had kept all my money in it.
I had kept all my money in the bag where is missing.
I have just met a man in the party.
He is a magician.
In the party I have just met a man who is a magician.
He will be cured.
The doctor is hopeful.
The doctor is hopeful that he will be cured.
The time given was short.
I couldn’t answer all the questions.
The time given was so short that I couldn’t answer all the questions.
You were absent yesterday.
Can you tell me the reason?
Can you tell me the reason why were absent yesterday?
He was not doing his homework regularly.
This was the complaint.
This was the complaint that he was not doing homework regularly.
She worked in a factory.
It was caught in a fire yesterday.
She worked in a factory which caught fire yesterday.