MP Board Class 11th Special English Vocabulary Exercises Important Questions
(a) State whether the following statements are ‘True’ or ‘False’:
(i) The poet praises his native land.
(ii) A person is happy in a foreign land.
(iii) A person who loves his country loses all his wealth.
(iv) There is no one on earth who does not love his motherland.
(v) A person who does not love his motherland dies unhonoured.
(b) Match the words in list ‘A’ with their antonyms in ‘B’:
(c) The shortest route to Kanyakumari with the following details :
(a) Means of transport available,
(b) Total number of days required,
(c) Places he should visit during the tour.
Plan advertisement for a travel agency offering a tour package for a person living in Delhi. On the basis of the points mentioned above :
|New Age Tours and Travels
Package tour to Kanyakumari
Ten days Nine Nights
Rs. 14,000/ – Only
Includes Travel, Lodging and Food (vegetarian)
Contact Mr. Chandrakant
Complete each of following sentences given below with a word from the passage which is equivalent to the word or given the brackets :
(i) Tanmay.louting his thoughts on his school nicely. (described)
(ii) The boy opened the ………and looked outside. Casement (window)
(iii) There was a babydoll stretch of land behind his house. (covering a large area)
(iv) He sat at the window in a d………. mood. He Domain (in low spirit)
(v) The hen spread its wings over the …………. (young ones of a hen)
(vi) They ………………… into all the corners for the missing ring. (look with difficulty)
(vii) The moonlight had to ………… to get through the thick bushes. (make great efforts)
(viii) He……….. admired his motherland. (very passionately)
(ix) The desert …………… Out of the thick bushes impen (walk with quick steps)
(x) There was nothing in the field except a…..tree in the middle. (single, alone)
(b) Explain the meanings of the following phrases and idiomatic expressions, and use them in sentences of your own :
(i) Over and over again,
(ii) After all,
(iii) Look in,
(iv) To and fro,
(v) Glide away,
(vi) At random,
(i) Over and over again : repeatedly : He attempted to meet the Prime Minister over and over again but failed.
(ii) After all : finally: After all he is my guardian.
(iii) Look in search : He is trying to look in the matter deeply to find the truth.
(iv). To and fro: backwards and forwards : The lady is rocking the baby to and fro.
(v) Glide away : feeling excited : As he got his mission easily, he is gliding away.
(vi) At random : without a particular aim or purposes : I happened to meet my old friend at random.
(vii) In sight : in view : There is nothing so remarkable in sight.
(c) In the followings each the word that does not mean the same thing as the basic word :
3. Quench (M.P. 2012)
1. (c) opening,
2. (d) expel,
3. (b) shake.
(d) Say whether the following statements are true or false :
(i) The moon describes the evenings to a painter.
(ii) On the first evening the moon was in the Indian sky.
(iii) A novelist is narrating the story.
(iv) The betrothed of the maid held a lamp in his hand.
(v) The maid shouted, “He lives!”
(vi) The maid did not pay attention to the snake.
(vii) The hon had ten chicks.
(viii) The hen was frightened by the girl’s father.
(ix) The moon looked through a hole in the hen – house.
(x) The moon kissed the little girl on the mouth and eyes.
(e) Fill in the blanks with the correct prepositions :
(i) Ramesh was lying on… the sofa reading a book.
(ii) There was a big crowd …………… the railway crossing.
(iii) There is a temple ……… the top of the mountain.
(iv) The man standing.win the courtyard.
(v) I read about the rocket launchers….a magazine.
(vi) We saw the train arriving……….the platform.
(vii) His coat came down well…bebihis kness.
(viii) I am going ……………. Bhopal next week,
(ix) The mechanic is standing..neaul…the car.
(x) The bird is ……the cage.
(a) Name the phrases :
1. someone who gets angry very easily short – tempered.
2. a very tolerant person broad – minded.
3. an intolerant person narrow – minded.
4. a person with a pleasant generous character good – natured.
5. a person treated with special favour blue – eyed.
6. a person who is confused muddle – headed.
7. someone who is willing to listen open – minded.
8. beliefs/feelings difficult to change deep – rooted.’ .
9. someone who does not behave well or politely ill – natured.
10. someone/something not modern old – fashioned.
11. someone full of strength and energy red – blooded.
12. a person who does not easily get upset by criticism thick – skinned.
(b) Choose the correct answer:
1. In temperament and outlook the writer’s parents were :
(iii) alomost common.
(iv) alomost opposite.
2. How does the author describe his mother’s chin: ..
(i) as being attractive.
(ii) as being repulsive.
(iii) as being regular and prominent.
(iv) as being proportionatic to the upper part.
3. The author’s mother was intolerant of demonstrativeness :
(i) more than his father was.
(ii) as much as his father was.
(iii) as much as the writer was.
(iv) not even in the least.
4. The writer’s mother was :
(i) like all Indian mothers.
(ii) like a few Indian mothers.
(iii) like most Indian mothers.
(iv) unlike Indian mothers.
5. ‘Bad manners’s, according to the author’s mother, were:
(i) acceptable in children
(ii) against social behaviour and charity
(iii) tolerable to some extent.
(iv) not acceptable in high society.
1. (ii) reverse
2. (iv) as being proportionate to the upper part
3. (iv) not even in the least.
4. (ii) like a few Indian mothers.
5. (ii) against social behaviour and charity.
(c) Given below are sentences with can, could, may and might. Find the modality expressed in each case and write it in your notebook :
1. He could fly an aeroplane when he was young.
2. I cannot speak Marathi fluently.
3. Take a shorter route so that we may be in time.
4. may you have a happy journey!
5. It is chilling cold, you may catch cold.
6. Look ! She might be your friend Rita.
7. The patient might have collapsed. Thank God, he survived the operation.
8. You can have all my books. Now I don’t need them.”
9. Can he be such a liar! I don’t believe.
10. I could have passed the exam. Last year. Unfortunately I fell ill.
1. Past ability, not existing now.
2. Expressing impossibility.
3. Future possibility.
4. Expressing goodwill, blessing.
5. Future possibility.
6. Doubtful possibility.
7. Expressing goodwill blessing.
8. Permission to the subject.
9. Expressing disbelief.
10. Unreal past (non – fulfilment of an action)
(d) Given below are some idiomatic expressions with their meanings. Learn their meanings and use them in sentences of your own. (The first one is from the text of the lesson) :
1. wearing one’s heart on one’s sleeve – making known one’s feelings easily.
2. to have no heart – to have no capacity for feeling emotions.
3. To take heart – to have courage or enthusiasm.
4. change of heart – change o attitude towards something making more friendly.
5. heart of the matter – essence, innermost part of something.
6. at heart – in one’s innermost feeling.
7. to break a person’s heart – overwhelm à person with sorrow.
8. by heart – from memory.
9. give one’s heart to/lose one’s heart to – to fall in love.
10. not to have the heart to – to be insensitive.
11. take to hearts’ – be much affected by.
12. to one’s heart – content – as much as one wishes to have.
13. with all one’s heart – sincerely, with all goodwill.
14. heart – to – heart – intimate conversation, etc.
15. after one’s own heart – according to one’s desire or feeling.
16. heart burning – jealousy.
1. It is not a good sing to wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve.
2. He had no heart to console the death of his friend’s mother.
3. Netaji took heart to challenge the great British Empire.
4. A sudden change of heart transformed the situation.
5. The heart of the matter is that today everything has turned to be a busi ness.
6. My mother is a high devotional at heart.
7. The student broken a teacher’s heart with bad performance.
8. I learnt my lessons by heart.
9. Don’t lose your heart to an undeserving person.
10. I have always suggested him not to have the heart to anyone.
11. I was taken to heart by my neighbour.
12. Everyone wants his son to be achieve the height of success of his heart’s content.
13. I have prepared for this exam. with all my heart.
14. Vajpayee held a heart to heart discussion with Mussaraf.
15. One can get success after one’s own heart by working hard.
16. My rise has always been a cause of heart burning for my neighbour.
(a) For each of the words given below, find a word from the text that has the opposite meaning :
admirable, aggressor, construction, enemies, happiness, notice, overt, peace, permissible, repair.
(b) Combine the following sentences using ‘therefore’:
1. The attendance in the class is poor.
It is raining.
2. Sweta is down with fever.
She has not come to school.
3. The captain has broken his finger while practicing:
He is not playing today.
4. Her father died and she had to take a job.
She could not complete her studies.
5. Mother is unwell today.
Sumer is cooking food in the kitchen.
6. Someone has broken the toy.
The child is crying.
7. She passed the examination.
She is very happy.
8. The teacher is on leave.
The children are making a lot of noice.
9. I am tired
I want to have some rest.
10. The dog is hungry.
It is barking.
1. It is raining therefore the attendance in the class is poor.
2. Sweta is down with fever therefore she has not come to school.
3. The captain has broken his finger while practicing therefore he is not play ing today.
14. Her father died and she had to take a job therefore she could not complete her studies.
5. Mother is unwell today therefore Sumer is cooking food in the kitchen.
6. Someone has broken the toy therefore the child is crying.
7. She passed the examination therefore she is very happy.
8. The teacher is on leave therefore the children are making a lot of noise.
9. I am tried therefore I want to have some rest.
10. The dog is hungry therefore it is barking.
(c) Write the meaning or synonym of the words/phrases given in column :
(d) Choose the correct option : (M.P. 2013)
(a) Complete the following summary of the poem by filling the gaps using the expressions from the poem :
The poet – sowed a seed about eight – years ago because he wanted a tree of his own. Once is the month of May he found a tree that grew and had survived the goat’s eating and grass – cutter’s scythe and the monsoon blight though it was shrivelled it grew three new shoots young and it grew upward when he came back from Kashmir he could hardly believe that a cherry tree had ripened and jewelled in the sum. Next year it bore pink blossoms that were fragile and quick to fall. As he was relaxing in his garden he saw the finches as they flew and slitted through the dappled green. He saw bees as they drank nectar from each bloom.
(b) Make sentences with the following words :
1. Trust – My friends trust me.
2. Dare – I can’t dare to complain about him.
3. Royal – The royal family of Britain enjoys great respect from the people of Britain.
4. Sturdy – His body is quite sturdy.
5. Clouding – He is trying hard to emerge from the clouding in his life.
6. Bough – The boughs of the tree are stooping.
7. Greet – My friends greeted me chcerfully.
(c) Make sentences with the following words using them first as noun and then as verb :
1. Scythe :
(i) Scythe is used to cut grass.
(ii) You should scythe the grass of your lawn regularly.
(i) The shoot runs against light.
(ii) The soldiers are shooting at their target.
(i) Light removes darkness.
(ii) The mob lighted many vehicles during protest.
4. Watch :
(i) The policeman kept a watch on him.
(ii) The policeman watched him continuously.
5. Season :
(i) I like the winter season very much.
(ii) He has seasoned himself as a professional singer.
(d) Give antonyms of the following words :
cruelty, above, spiritual, injustice, courage, hell, curse.
- cruelty – mercy
- above – beneath
- spiritual – temporal.
- injustice – justice
- courage – fear
- hell – heaven
- curse – bless.
(e) Match the words is column ‘A’ with those in column ‘B’.
(f) Match words with their meaning and use them in sentences of your own to bring out of the difference in their meanings :
‘A’ – B’
mercy – the feeling of being sorry for somebody.
compassion – used to show that you are disappointed about something.
pity – the ability to understand another person’s feelings.
sympathy – a kind or forgiving attitude towards somebody.
empathy – the aim of giving money, food, help, etc.
charity – a strong feeling of sympathy for people.
(i) Mercy (a kind or forgiving attitude towards somebody): the criminal pleaded for mercy from the judge.
(ii) Compassion (a strong feeling of sympathy for people): We must have compassion for poor.
(iii) Pity (used to show that you are disappointed about something) : He showed pity on the condition of the roads in the state.
(iv) Sympathy (the feeling being sorry for somebody) : He showed his sympathy towards the injured.
(v) Empathy (the ability to understand another person’s feelings) : He severely lack empathy for the down trodden.
(vi) Charity (the aim of giving money, food, help, etc.) : We arranged a charity show of the movie ‘Om Shanti Om’ for the uprosy patients,
(g) Make sentences with the following words using them first as ‘Noun’ and then as ‘verb’:
(i) Attribute :
(a) Piety is an important attribute for human beings.
(b) He attributed his success to the blessings of his parents.
(a) The government is trying to check the sway in the stock market.
(b) The stock market swayed hergely last week.
(iii) Force :
(a) Force is used to stop or move a thing.
(b) He forced me to sign the letter.
(a) Every drop of water is precious.
(b) The fielder dropped the catch.
(v) Crown :
(a) The king was wearing a splendid crown.
(b) People crowned him.
(a) Differentiate between the following pairs of words and use them in sentences of your own :
disease, decease; special, especial; deep, dip; moral, mural; except, accept; beat, beet; excess, access; cease, seize.
- Discase’: an illness : Mr. Sharma is suffering from fatal disease.
- Deceasc : the death of a person : Everyone remained shocked at the decease of Mr. : Singh.
- Special : not ordinary or usual : There is something special about this monument.
- Especial : better than usual : It is a matter of especial importance.
- Deep: going or situated far down : This well is too deep to be measured.
- Dip : a quick swim – devotees took a holy dip in the river Ganga.
- Moral : concerned with principles of right and wrong behaviour: We should give due importance to our traditional moral values.
- Mural: a painting on a wall : Mural paintings can be seen on the walls of Ajanta Caves.
- Except: not including : Everyone except Sudha has gone to see a movie.
- Accept : say yes : I accept your suggestion. Beat : defeat I beat my friend at carrom.
- Beet : a plant with a root used as a vegetable.
- Raddish is one of vegetable with a beet.
- Excess : The exceeding of due limits : Excess of anything is bad.
- Access : approach ; I have an easy access to the Chief Minister.
- Cease : come to and end : The factory had ceased making telephones.
- Seize : take possession of by force or legal right: He seized Mr. Gupta’s property for payment of debt.
(b) Use the following words as noun and as adjectives in sentences of your own : common, ready, grave, beat, special,
- Common (noun) : Delay in justice is a common thing in India.
- Common (adjective) : Cancer has become a common disease nowadays.
- Ready (noun) : I had bought some readymade clothes.
- Ready (adjective) : I like readymade dresses.
- Grave (noun) : I put flowers at my grandfather’s grave on his death anniversary.
- Grave (adjective) : We have fallen into grave situation.
- Beat (noun) : You can hear loud beats on the drum.
- Beat (adjective) : The beating retreat was marvellous.
- Special (noun): There are daily specials in our menu to choose from.
- Special (adjective) : Mr. Sharma is the special guest at the function.
(c) Use the following phrases in sentences of your own : one by one, give forth, at large, call away, beat over, call up, bound in.
One by one : All the leaves fell from the tree one by one during autumn season. Give forth: He gave forth some money to his friend. At large : The criminals are still at large. Call away: I was called away from the meeting to take an urgent phone call. Beat over: Australia beat over the Indian cricket team. Call up: He called up the doctor. Bound in: The petitioner was bound in an agreement.
(d) Choose the word from the alternatives provided which does not mean the same as the main word :
(a) pleasure (b) transport. (c) enjoy (d) rapture.
(a) clever (b) erudite (c) receptive (d) aspire.
(a) discern (b) make out (c) recognise (d) clarify.
1. (b) transport.
2. (d) aspire,
3. (b) make out.
(e) Choose the correct alternative from the given options :
(i) Which of the following is not the proper use of studies :
(a) delight Orefinement (c) ornament (d) ability.
(ii) Which types of people condemn studies : (M.P. 2015)
(a) Icarned WoT cunning (c) well – bred. (d) careless.
(iii) Which of the following is the proper use of studies :
(a) challenging the opinion of others. (b) take the written word as a Gospel truth. (c) find the point for talking (d) balancing conflicting opinions.
(iv) Which types of books can be read through extract :
(a) excellent books, (b) books concerning culture. (c) books concerning important arguments. (d) dhtess important books.
(v) Which sort of books can make a person wise :
(a) books of poetry (b) books of moral philosophy. (c) Wat books of history. (d) books of natural philosophy.
(vi) Who is Schoolmen :
(a) teachers of the school. (b) student of the school. (c) administration of the school. (d) Hy philosophers.
(vii) Which sort of exercise is suitable for the ailments of stomach :
(a) walking (b) riding (c) cycling (d) bowling.
(i) (b) refinement,
(ii) (b) cunning,
(iii) (d) balancing conflicting opinions,
(iv) (d) less important books,
(v) (c) books of history,
(vi) (d) philosophers,
(vii) (a) walking.
(f) Complete the following sentences, being careful to choose the correct verb forms:
1. Raina will stay in London for three years if………..
2. She will work overtime it …………….
3. She will take another English Grammar book if.
4. She will move to a better city if…………
5. She will buy another computer if……………
6. Raina would not get to her class if……………
7. You would not pass the examination if……………
8. You cannot get the right reply from the criminal if ….
9. You would not get any letters if…………..
10. Raina would not make good friends if …………
11. Raina will invite Karan if………..
12. Raina will fail in English if………..
13. Raina will go back to America if…………
14. She would lose weight if………….
15. She would need more money than she gets if………..
1. She gets visa for that.
2. She gets good salary:
3. It is required.
4. She gets an opportunity
5. She gets a better discount.
6. She fails to catch the bus in time.
7. You did not work hard.
8. You do not threaten him.
9. You did not give your correct address.
10. She did not behave nicely with all.
11. He is in the town.
12. She does not work hard at grammar.
13. She gets an opportunity.
14. She took to dieting.
15. Her brother comes to stay with her.
Following words are used in different meanings in different contexts. See examples and use the given words in sentences of your own in as many contexts as possible :
1. Hail : to greet : She hailed me cordially.
Hail : hailstorm : We had to pass through hail and snow.
2. Strain : to make an effort to do something: 1 strained my body to have a glimpse of the cricketer.
Strain : worry, anxiety : Nowadays I am facing great strain.
3. Sweet : testing as if it contains a lot of sugar : This cup of tea is too sweet for me.
Sweet: a small piece of sweet food: I always like to have some sweet dish after meals.
4. Pine: a tall forest tree with leaves like needles : Pine trees are evergreen.
Pine : to become sad : I pined for weeks after may friend had gone abroad.
5. Spirit : courage, determination or energy ; The soldiers showed a tremendous spirit.
Spirit : a strong alcoholic drink ; I have never tasted any spirit.
6. Still : continuing until a particular point in time and not finishing : I am still waiting for him.
Still : calm and quiet, Children cannot remain still.
Still : a photograph taken from a cinema film : That is a still from our family video.
(a) Some words are almost similar in sound but different in meaning or spelling. They are called ‘Homonyms’.
Example: accept, except.
He accepted my proposal.
Except Mr. Singh, all the teachers attended the meeting.
Now give the meanings of the following words and use them in sentences of your own:
Course : coarse/rever : river.
Course : way: Rivers often change their courses during floods.
Coarse : rough : He is putting on coarse clothes.
Rever : to respect: We should rever great men of the world.
River : a large natural stream of water : The Ganga is a holy river.
(b) Synonyms is a words with similar meaning :
As common is a synonym of ordinary’
Now find synonyms of the following words (from the text of the lesson) :
Elated, hard, polite, piousness, clear, continuously.
Elated – exalted
Hard – rigorous
Potite – lofty
Piousness – piety
Clear – evident
Continuously – constantly.
(c) Find the word the word form the text for the following expressions :
(i) to bring the light something hidden
(iii) find out something new
(iv) clearly visible
(v) great respeçt and honour for somebody
(vi) to win over
(vii) to copy or follow some one
(viii) effort or hardwork
(ix) to respect someone.
(x) to cause to change direction.
(vi) emu late,
Question. 9. (a) Choose the correct alternative :
1. Gandhi proved his title to be regarded as a Mahatma because :
(i) the people gave him the title of Mahatma
(ii) he was a saint
(iii) he gave up all what he had
(iv) he called himself ‘Alpatma’ and begged his friends not to call him Ma hatma.
2. A man should be judged by: (M.P. 2013)
(i) the opinions he holds
(ii) his conduct and character
(iii) the doctrine he espouses
(iv) The opinion people have of him.
3. Gandhi called himself a sinner because : (M.P. 2012)
(i) he condemned outward lapses.
(ii) he condemned lapses of thought.
(iii) he used to test himself most severly.
(iv) he was a victim of fleeting temptaions.
4. People are great on account of their practice of:
(i) self consciousness
(ii) self assessement
(iii) self examination
(iv) self punishment.
5. Gandhi is called unselfish because :
(i) he devoted some time of his life to the welfare of the community
(ii) he gave a part of his wealth to some objects of public charity
(iii) in every matter and at every moment of his life he lived only for others, thought only for others and worked only for others
(iv) he wore a very coarse Khaddar cloth on his body.
1. (iii) He gave up all what he had.
2. (ii) His conduct and character.
3. (iii) He used to test himself most severely
4. (iii) Self – examination.
5. (iii) in every matter and at every moment of his life he lived only for others, thought only for others and worked only for others.
(b) Given below are sentences with would, must, should, ought to and needn’t it. Find the modality of each :
1.“ Would you please lend me your pen?
2. I would rather have a jacket than a coat.
3. Mr. Gautam promised that he would do the work for me.
4. You must not walk in the middle of a road.
5. You need not pay income tax. You are a senior citizen now.
6. They must have caught the train.
7. One must not forget oneself.
8. People should not smoke in public places.
9. Mr. Shukla should have consulted a lawyer.
10. You forget to touch the feet of your grandfather. You ought to have done so.
11. Your neighbour ought to respect your feelings.
12. People ought to stand up when the national anthem is being sung.
13. She needn’t undergo the operation. I will cure her by oral therapy.
14. I didn’t need to wait for the guests. They arrived in time.
1. polite request.
2. a liking a wish (with or without ‘like’) in sense of ‘want to’.
3. indirect speech.
4. negative command or order.
5. advise in general with no external obligation.
6. conjecture, strong possibility or certainty.
7. negative command or order.
8. speaker’s personal opinion regarding duty.
9. unfulfilled obligation.
(a) Choose the correct alternative :
1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of Hughie Erskine’s face :
(a) good books (b) brown hairs (c) grey eyes (d) large ears.
2. Which of the following works Hughie Ershine did not try to earn his living : from :
(a) at work as a professional jester.
(b) work at the stock exchange.
(c) work as a wine merchant.
(d) work as a tea merchant.
3. Which of the following is not an attribute of Trevor’s face :
(a) puckered face.
(b) blue eyes.
(c) rugged bread.
(d) rough exterior.
4. Where was the begger – man placed in the study of Alan Travor when he was being painted :
(a) on a carpet. (b) on a chair. (c) in the corner. (d) on the floor.
5. What was Hughie doing when Baron Hausberg’s messenger came to him with a letter :
(a) having lunch. (b) having a nap. (c) having dinner. (d) having breakfast.
6. Who scolded Hughie for giving a sovereign to a beggar: (M.P. 2012, 15)
(a) Trevor (b) Col. Merton. (c) Laura. (d) None of the above.
1. (d) large ears.
2. (a) work as a professional jester.
3. (b) blue eyes.
4. (c) in the corner.
5. (d) having breakfast.
6. (c) Laura.
Q. 11. (a) Give antonyms of the following words:
(i) Light – dark
(ii) Mortal – immortal(M.P. 2012)
(iii) Joy – sorrow
(iv) Day – night
(v) Knowledge – ignorance
(vi) Peace – war
(vii) Might – weakness
(viii) Temporary – permanent.
(b) Make verbs from the following words :
Dark – Darken
(ii) Power – Empower
(iii) Joy – Enjoy.
(iv) Beauty – Beautify
(v) Sweet – Sweeten
(vi) Light – Lighten
(vii) Mortal – Mortalize.
(a) Fill in the blanks with the words given below :
(Memorandum, accrue, render, bequest, impertinent, wagging, entail)
(i) Here is the money. You can spend it as you like. You have to Rendon. an account of the expenditure within a week.
(ii) Keep your money in a bank. It will anal interest.
(iii) This job will?… a lot of hard work. You must think twice before you accept it.
(iv) The dog is …………… its tail. Does it want something?
(v) I have only asked your name, Is it ……………?
(vi) Before dying, the old man left a …………. to each of his two sons.
(vii) He sent a detailed …………. to his boss about the incident.
(b) Find words from the text for following expressions :
(i) Afternoon performance of a show,
(ii) Produce books, newspapers etc. printing.
(iii) A building in which horses are kept.
(v) That is suggested indirectly or understood.
(vi) Make an attempt.
(viii) Take somebody somewhere in a car, taxi etc.
(ix) Showing care for future.
(x) Write or say something formally in careful and clear way.
(xi) Become liquid as a result of heating.
(xii) Care and treatment of hands and hails.
(xiii) Beg or implore.”
(xiv) A piece of fabric or paper used to for cleaning lips and fingers;
(xv) Rest yourself in a chair.
(xvi) A large and dark cave.
(xvii) A collection of valuable things such as gold, silver etc.
(xviii) Try very hard to achieve something.
(xix) A type of material that is made of string, thread or wire woven together.
(vii) Offen sive,
(xv) Drifted in,
(c) Use the following in sentences of your own :
(i) Pen name : Henry is the pen name of William Sydney Porter.
(ii) Awkward amount : Sudhir’s father had left an awkward amount to him.
(iii) Disposed of: The garbage was disposed of by the scavengers.
(iv) Laid down : There was a condition laid down by her guide.
(v) Took off : The plane took off at the right time.
(vi) Hunted out : The black box of crashed Plane was hunted out by special task force.
(vii) Frowned at : Gillian frowned at Bryson.
(viii) Art gallery : There was antique collection in the art gallery.
(ix) Rabbit – foot : He couldn’t identify the rabbit – foot of his enemy.
(x) Loosen up: Gillian wanted to loosen up his burden.
(xi) Black sheep : His uncle was a black sheep.
(xii) Modus operandi : My father is very practical in his modus operandi.
(xiii) To wag (something) : When the dog saw its owner it began to wag its tail. :
(xiv) To be prudent: Gillian was not at all prudent.
(xv) To repose confidence in : Tolman asked Gillian to repose his confidence in them.
(d) Choose the correct alternatives and complete the sentence :
(i) One thousand dollars were given to Gillian on the condition that:
(a) he will spend it in a week,
(b) he will render an account of expenditure,
(c) he will spend it in one lot,
(d) he will not spend it in gambling.
(ii) Gillian said he would have to engage secretary because : (M.P. 2015)
(a) he had a lot of work to do,
(b) he got one thousand dollars,
(c) he wanted to spend the money, dy he had to render an account and he was not good at it.
(iii) O’Henry has compared Bryson’s interest in Gillian’s story with :
(a) Harold Gillian’s grand – daughter,
(b) old Gillian’s ward,
(c) old Gillian’s niece,
(d) old Gillian’s sister.
(e) Combine the following sentences using one of them as a relative clause :
1. The girls serve in the shop.
The girls are the owner’s daughter.
2. People are trapped in a lift.
The film is about these people.
3. The girls are always complaining about their long hours.
He employs the girls.
4. We saw it.
It astonished us.
5. The ladder began to slip.
I was standing on the ladder.
6. The car broke down after two kilometres.
I hired the car.
7. This is the picture.
The picture caused a lot of controversy.
8. The film is about a spy.
The spy’s wife betrayed him.
9. You need information.
This book will give you the information.
10. She gave me a sweater.
She knitted it herself.
1. The girl who serves in the shop is the owner’s daughter.
2. The film is about the people who are trapped in a lift.
3. The girls whom he employs are always complaining about their long hours.
4. What I saw astonished us.
5. The ladder on which I was standing began to slip.
6. The car which I hired broke down after two kilometers.
7. This is the picture which caused a lot of controversy.
8. The film is about a spy whose wife betrayed him.
9. This book will give you the information which you need.
10. She gave me a sweater which she knitted herself.
(a) Make noun forms the following verbs using suffixes wherever necessary :
encompass (verb) : compass (noun)
Initiate, revive, admire, dignify, generate.
initiation, revival, admiration, dignity, generation.
(b) Write the noun forms for the following verbs :
Awake, regenerate, contribute, educate, petition.
Awakening, regeneration, contribution, education, petitioner.
(c) Make adjectives from the following nouns :
Faith, India, action, intellect, disaster.
faithful, Indian, active, intellectual, disastrous.
(d) Antonym of a word is not a negative, but its opposite in meaning, for example : Ugly is the antonym of ‘beautiful’. Now write the antonyms of the following words :
Pure, praise, destruction, falsehood, active, done, immoderate.
(e) Distinguish between the following pairs of words and use them separate sen tences :
For example :
Principal : highest in order of importance.
Her father is the principal Secretary of a school.
Principle : guiding rule or code for behaviour, basic truth of conduct.
A good man must keep up high moral principles.
(v) exit/poli tics,
(i) Moderate (liberal) : There was a group of moderate leaders.
Moderation (modification): Huge moderation is required in this plan.
(ii) Later (towards the end of): Later he switched to a different career.
Latter (mentioned after another): Of the two proposals the letter was better.
(iii) Career (profession) : He opted for teaching as his career.
Carrier (a person or thing carrying something) : Truck is a public carrier.
(iv) Exist (to be present) : Ghosts do not exist.
Exit (a way out) : There was no emergency exit in that building.
(v) Politics (political affairs) : I don’t like politics.
Political (of or involving politics): He has political inclinations.
(vi) Action (the process of doing something) : He is a man of action.
Active (energetic) : Nehru was very active in politics.
Choose the correct alternative :
1. Sister Nivedita was born in (M.P. 2013)
(b) New Zealand
2. According to Sister Nivedita schooling and education should be planned for :
(a) women only
(b) the present and next generation
(c) the present generation only
(d) men and women separately.
3. Aggressive type of politics means :
(a) moderate politics
(b) petitioner’s politics
(c) non – violent way of politics
(d) politics of forceful revolution.
4. Nivedita wanted to see India educated on :
(a) ancient lines :
(b) national lines
(c) moderate lines
(d) western lines.
5. Women in India, according to her, were :
(a) coward and docile :
(b) illiterate and backward Wey gentle and dignified
(d) awakened and conscious of their rights.
(g) Given below are sentences with the use of ‘used to’, ‘had to’, ‘has to’, ‘will have to’,, shall have to’ and ‘daren’t. Underline the modals used and find the modality expressed by cach :
1. India used to be under British domination up to 15th August, 1947.
2. My sister had to give up her job after her marriage.
3. She used to go to her office on foot.
4. I have to submit the homework tomorrow.
5. A coward daren’t face his own conscience.
6. I advised her, “You had better get it typed”.
7. You don’t have to do it again and again.
8. Indian workmen have to work in very poor conditions at work places.
9. I will have to give up my claim. I have lost my case.
10. I hardly dared take bath in the morning during the months winter.
Modals – Modality expressed
1. Used to : Habitual action of the past.
2. Had to : Some act done under compulsion or under the force of a circumstance.
3. Used to : Discontinued habitual action of the past.
4. Have to : Some act done under compulsion or under the force of a circumstance.
5. daren’t to : Lack of courage in doing something.
6. had : better choice.
7. Have to : Without compulsion.
8. Have to Some act done under compulsion or under the force of a circumstance.
9. Have to : Done under compulsion or under the force of a circumstance.
10. Hardly dared : Semi – negative.
Question 14. Give antonyms of the following words :
squeezed, blare, concentrate, swallow, pacifying, living, free, praise, forgetfulness.
- Squeezed – stretched
- Blare – whisper
- Concentrate – baffles
- Swallow – Spit
- Pacifying – provocative
- Living – dead
- Free – captive
- Praise – ridicule
- Forgetfulness – memory.
(a) Make meaningful sentences with the following phrases :
pass away : He passes away his time leisurely.
at ease : I do not feel at easy with him.
in good humour : I always find my partner in good humour.
acquiesce in : A do not acquiesce in his decision.
go on : What’s going on nowadays?
approve of : Do you approve of my action?
(b) Give antonyms of the following:
Country – city
Pleasure – displeasure
Ancient – modern
Dependent – independent
Approve – disapprove.
(c) Choose the correct answer from the given alternatives :
1. Where did the writer go with Sir Roger
(a) guest house
(b) country – house
(c) farm house
(d) country club.
2. What, according to Sir Roger, did the writer hate most :
(a) being stared at
(b) being talked about
(c) being ordered about
(d) none of the above.
3. Which of the following is the reason why the servants never thought of leaving Sir Roger’s service:
(a) Sir Roger never visited his country house
(b) He was the best master in the world surely.
(c) He was very painstaking.
(d) He was very inconsiderate.
4. Why does Sir Roger show much tenderness and consideration towards the old dog :
(a) because he had grown old with the dog
(b) because the dog belonged to his father
(c) beaduse the dog belonged to his wife
(d) because of the past service of the dog.
5. In whose care was the author put when he visited the country – house of Sir Roger : (M.P. 2015)
(b) valet de chamber
6. We are told that one of the domestics of Roger lived with him for thirty years.
Who is that man :
(a) The groom
(b) The chaplain
(c) The coachman
(d) The valet de chambre.
7. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the Chaplain :
(a) clear voice
(b) sociable temper
(c) ability to play backgammon
(d) carping behaviour.
8. Sir Roger wanted the Chaplain to deliver sermons every week. What sort of sermons he wanted the Chaplain to deliver :
(a) sermons written by Sir Roger
(b) sermons written by Addison
(c) sermons written by famous Divines
(d) sermons written by Chaplain.
9. “There has not been a lawsuit in the parish since he has lived among them.”
Who is the “he” of the statement :
(b) Sir Roger
(c) The Butler
(d) The Chaplain.
10. Match the person in column.
‘A’ with their characteristics in column ‘B’:
‘A’ – ‘B’
(i) groom – (a) humorist
(ii) coachman – (b) grave person
(iii) Chaplain – (c) A humorist
(iv) Sir Roger – (d) A venerable man.
10. (i) (b),
Choose the correct alternative and rewrite the statements :
1. Rani is angry with Mirabai because :
(a) She is not behaving as a wife should behave
(b) She is bringing shame on the house of Mewar
(c) She spends too much time with priests and in worshipping Lord Krishna
(d) She disobeys Rani.
2. Rani wants Rana Sanga to order Mirabai to worship Durga because :
(a) Durga is the customary goddess of the royal house
(b) She doesn’t like Lord Krishna
(c) She wants Mirabai to change her decision
(d) All the above.
3. Mirabai thinks herself, “a little better than a captive’ because :
(a) She wants freedom in practicing her faith
(b) She feels hindered in performing her duty
(c) She keeps all the secrets close to her heart
(d) All the above.
4. Jaimall is worried about Mirabai because :
(a) Mirabai has poor relationship with Rana Sanga and Rani
(b) He is close relative of Mirabai
(c) He is afraid of Rana Sanga
(d) He doesn’t like Prince Bhojraja.
(a) Fill in the blank spaces with appropriate words given below:(Use the words in their correct form) (vicious, indignity, malice, resort to, diminish, gloomy, trembling, forbid, condemn)
(i) The assaults of the boss were ………………. upon Rajesh.
(ii) He sat at the window in a sad and ………………. mood.
(iii) He had ……………… towards none.
(iv) The law ………………. smoking at public places.
(v) The size of a candle …………….. as the flame burns.
(vi) The old man could hardly hold the stick in his … ………….. hands.
(vii) He was over – burdened with liabilities. He had to ……………….borrowing money,
(viii) Everyone ………………. the meanness of Amar.
(ix) Rajesh was treated with ……………… by his colleagues.
(vii) resort to,
(b) Explain the meanings of the following idioms :
(i) let (something) slip from one’s finger – to lose something.
(ii) (bring) bad luck on (somebody) – to cause unfavorable situation for someone.
(iii) at length – distant
(iv) out of the question – impossible.
(v) to set one’s heart on (something) – to decide.
(vi) go to great lengths – to keep distance.
(vii) a bed of nails – troublesome.
(viii) at all – completely.
Find the words in the play “The Dear Departed’ that mean :
(i) window shades.
(ii) go about seeking pleasure.
(iii) tiny particle.
(v) without any sign of feeling.
(vi) move without attracting attention.
(vii) push sharply with a stick or something pointed.
(viii) a senseless behaviour.
(a) Fill in the blanks with the words given below:
(descent, surly, conventions, vandalism, malicious, amenable, memento, mortgage, imposter, headlong)
(i) Young boys enjoy flouting ……………… these days.
(ii) I have applied to the bank for a ………………. on my house.
(iii) I bought a statuette as a ………………. on my trip to Khajuraho.
(iv) He spread ………………. gossip against me.
(v) Everyman in that locality is proud of his royal ……….
(vi) Look at that man. He is not a real constable. He is a …………..
(vii) The boy is……………… He won’t listen to anybody’s advice.
(viii) She was very ………………. to my idea of leaving the house.
(ix) The man glanced me with a ………………. look. I did not like it.
(x) The boy died in the hospital due to the doctors negligence. The next day it became the target of irate crowd’s
(vii) head strong,
(b) Fill in the blanks choosing from those given below :
earnestly, incredulously, scoundrel, convict, benefactor.
(i) The ………………. had been wronged by the society.
(ii) The Bishop ………………. desired to help the poor.
(iii) The convict shook his head ………………. at the Bishops’s kind behaviour.
(iv) Persome considered the convict a ………..
(v) The Bishop’s ultimately proved to be the convict’s.
(c) Study the text to locate the antonyms of the given words :
(easy, human, open, reluctance, distress).
easy : restless
human : beast
open : shut
reluctance : eamestness
distress : comfort.
(d) Make sentences using the following words :
estate, chatter, glare, track, convent
Estate : He was inherited a big estate from his uncle.
Chatter : Do not chatter in class.
Glare : The teacher glared at the students.
Track : The hilly track was difficult to move on.
Convent : Mother Teresa was a member of a convent.
(a) Frame sentences to distinguish the following pairs of words :
(i) read : red
read : I read only good books.
red : My favourite colour is red.
(ii) too : two : to
too : The bag is too expensive.
two : I have tow pens.
to : He went to the movie.
(iii) one : won
one : He is a one eyed – man.
won : The team won the match.
(iv) pale : pail
pale : His face became pale out of fear.
pail : He fetched a pail of water.
(v) blue : blew
blue : The colour of her dress is blue.
blew : The strong wind blew in the evening.
(vi) scent : sent
scent : I like the scent of this deodorant.
sent: I have sent a letter to the ministry.
(vii) stair : stare
stair : The old man could not mount the stairs.
stare : They stare at me.
(viii) price : prize
price : What is the price of this car.
prize : I got a prize for achieving good marks in the examinations.
(ix) ghastly : ghostly
ghastly : He was murdered ghastly.
ghostly : There was a ghostly sound in the vicinity.
sweet : sweat
sweet : She has got a sweet nature.
sweat : Excess of sweating is not good.
(b) Match the words in column ‘A’ with their meanings in column ‘B’:
‘A’ – “B’
exert – a large farm for raising horses, cattle or sheep
ranch – repeated short high sounds
trills – work hard
hail – to call, to greet, to attract attention.
A’ – ‘B’
exert – work hard
ranch – a large farm for raising horses, cattle or sheep
trills – repeated short high sounds
hail – to call, to greet, to attract attention.