MP Board Class 11th Special English Important Exercises: From Work Book
Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions :
1. I will go to the hospital on my way to school.
2. The temple is on the top of the hill, we’ll start climbing from six o’clock in the morning and reach there in the afternoon.
3. The batsman hit the ball into the fence and scored six runs.
4. He was not allowed to enter the theatre as he was below eighteen years of a.
5. Go straight to the square and then turn to the comer.
6. You can reach the station by taxi in ten minutes.
7. The girl with blue eyes has just gone out of the door.
8. You can cut the apple into two with this knife.
Prepositions have not been used correctly in the sentences below, correct them and rewrite the sentences :
1. She entered into the room and began talking.
She entered the room and began talking.
2. The river is flowing below the bridge.
The river is flowing under the bridge.
3. He died from cancer.
He died of cancer.
4. I have been waiting for you since four hours.
I have been waiting for you for four hours.
5. She is suffering with malaria.
She is suffering from malaria.
6. I prefer tea for coffee.’
I prefer tea to coffee.
7. Water freezes when temperature falls under 0° Celsius.
Water freezes when temperature falls below 0° Celsius.
(a) Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions :
1. You must concentrate on your studies.
2. The teacher said, “Boys, listen to me.”
3. I was marvelled by his sense of humour.
4. The workers are protesting against the cut in their wages.
5. I am waiting for your reply.
6. Refrain him from taking any rash action.
7. We take pride in our heritage.
(b) Put an appropriate preposition after the verb in each sentence. Then use your own ideas to complete each sentence. One is done for you:
1. I broke her glasses and she made me pay for a new pair.
2. I am excited because I am going to play in it.
3. He was not paying attention and crashed into a nearby pond.
4. I have to stay home tonight and prepare for my examination.
5. All the furniture in the room belongs to me.
6. Whether or not we go out depends upon the weather.
(a) Replace the underlined words with phrasal verbs :
1. The child wrote something and then erased it.
The child wrote something and then ruilbod ito
2. He telephoned the theatre to book seats for tonight.
He rang up the theatre to book seats for tonight.
3. I could no understand what you had written.
I could no get through what you had written.
4. Please remove your shoes before you enter the room.
Please take off your shoes before you enter the room.
5. He continued speaking for an hour.
He went on speaking for an hour.
6. The old man abandoned smoking.
The old man gave up smoking.
7. He extinguished the light and went to bed.
He blew out the light and went to bed..
8. The air-conditioner is noi working. Will you please summon the mechanic.
The air-conditioner is not working. Will you please call for the mechanic.
9. He withdrew his resignation after much persuasion.
He took back his resignation after much persuasion.
10. We started our journey in the morning.
We set off our journey in the morning.
11. The meeting was postponed because of the lack of quorum.
The meeting was put off because of the lack of quorum.
12. He wore his shirt and went out.
He put on his shirt and went out.
13. The boys fled from school to play,
The boys got away from school to play.
14. My boss rejected my application for leave.
My boss turned down my application for leave.
(b) Insert a or an where necessary :
1. Rama is a good cook.
2. He said, “I shall be back in an hour.”
3. There is an hourly train from Bhopal to Indore.
4. She is a paying guest.
5. We have recently bought a scooter.
6. He is an extraordinary man.
7. My neighbour is a farmer.
8. He has recently purchased a cow and a buffalo.
9. He is a magician.
10. Here is a pen and a piece of paper for you to wite a letter.
(c) Complete the following sentences by using the words given in bracket :
1. She was thirsty. She needed a glass of water. (glass, water)
2. I want to write a letter. Give me a piece of paper. (piece, paper)
3. I am confused. I want a word of advice. (word, advice)
4. He has difficulty in reading. He needs to buy a pair of spectacles.(pair, spectacles)
5. They are all hungry. They all need a glass of milk each. (glass, milk)
6. They are tired, They want a bit rest. (bit, rest)
7. The country has made a lot of progress. (lot, progress)
8. A lot of people. (lot, people) are coming to attend the meeting.
9. I am thankful to you. You have given me a lot of advice. (lot, advice)
10. Recently they have grown rich. They have purchased a lot of diamonds. (lot, diamonds)
(d) Make the following sentences singular. Remember to add ‘a or an’ and change the verb from plural to singular, if required :
1. Children love to play.
A child loves to play.
2. Architects make plans of buildings.
An architect makes plan of a building.
3. Cows are useful animals.
A cow is a useful animal.
4. Teachers are men of words.
A teacher is a man of words.
5. Doctors cure patients.
A doctor cures a patient.
6. Teachers teach students.
A teacher teach student.
7. They are anarchists.
He is an anarchists.
8. Nationalists are hard to find.
A nationalist is hard to find.
9. Tables are made of wood.
A table is made of wood.
10. Ministers have become gods today.
A minister has become God today.
(a) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words provided in brackets.
Use ‘the’ where necessary :
1. The box is made of wood. (wood)
2. In India the coins. (coins) are made of copper. (copper).
3. The gold (gold) mined in India is of poor (poor) quality.
4. The dinner (dinner) they gave yesterday was excellent.
5. Do you take tea (fea) daily?
6. He is the only. only (teacher) of English known all over the state.
7. Is beauty (beauty) really skin deep?
8. He read all the morning. (morning)
9. They are really poor. They cannot make the body (body) and soul (soul) meet together.
10. This letter was delivered to me by hand. (hand)
(b) Use the following nouns in two ways,
(a) with the
(b) without the in your own sentences :
air : Air is becoming more and more polluted.
The air of this room seems stale.
copper: Copper is useful metal.
The copper of Indian coins is not good.
water: Water is required for life.
The water of river Ganga is very much polluted.
paper: Save paper to save trees.
The paper of currency note is special quality.
gold : Gold is a precious metal.
The Gold of my ring is very pure.
kindness : Kindness is a great virtue.
The kindness shown by him will never be forgotten.
(c) Rewrite the following sentences using the nouns given in brackets with the where necessary :
1. He had severe pain in the stomach and was admitted to hospital. (hospital)
2. Today I would go to the hospital) to ask about his health.
3. He was found guilty of theft and sent to prison (prison.)
4. I want to go to the (prison) to see him if I am given permission.
5. My granddaughter is old enough to be admitted to school. (school)
6. I would go to the (school) next Monday to collect the admission form.
7. Muslims go to mosque (mosque) for prayer every Friday.
8. I stood outside the (mosque) to a wait his return.
9. People do not usually go to office (office) on Sunday.
10. I have not been to cinema (cinema) for several months now.
(d) Write a, an or the where required. In some cases the sentence may already be correct simply write correct :
1. Have you ever eaten cheese?
2. I am too tired to go home. I will take bus.
3. I wish I knew how to play harmonium.
4. I used to play cricket while at school.
5. He would not get job, even if he applied for it.
6. Have you read book I gave you yesterday.
7. Earth goes round sun.
2. a bus,
5. the job,
6. the book,
7. the earth the sun.
Fill in the blanks with some or any :
1. I have read it in some book or other.
2. Karan has hidden the money in some place.
3. We do not know if there are any survivors of the plane crash.
4. Does Raina has any talent for painting?
5. I am very hungry. Will you give me some food?
6. I know you enjoy coffee. Would you like some more?
7. These boys earn some money by selling fruits.,
8. They receive some new books every month.
9. Karan left home without any luggage.
10. Some boy came to see you, when you had gone to school.
Fill in the blanks with few, a few or the few whichever is proper :
1. Mr. Saxena is a man of few words.
2. Very few students learn Persian these days.
3. The few shirts he has are all tom.
4. They have been to our place quite a few times.
5. We have had a few replies to our queries.
In the following sentences use much, many or a lot of as required :
1. Karan has many problems to solve.
2. He always takes a lot of sugar in his tea.
3. There are many temples in this town.
4. We haven’t had much rain in Bhopal this year.
5. We do not have a lot of money to spend.
6. Are there many books on Grammar in this library?
7. He is very popular. He has a lot of friends.
8. I am very busy today. I have a lot of work to do.,
Fill in the blanks with one of the words given in brackets (In some cases two answers may be possible) : (Imp)
1. These books are all Karan’s. (all, both)
2. Not all the people who were invited were present. (all, both)
3. He can write with both his hands. (all, both)
4. He has two sons, both are in America. (all, Both) (MP 2013)
5. These mangoes are rupees five each. (each, every)
6. The Olympic Games are held every four year. (each, every)
7. Käran plays cricket every Sunday. (each, every)
8. He enjoyed every minute of his stay in Houston. (each, every)
9. Every book on grammar has been purchased in the library. (each, every)
10. Each boy was presented with a dictionary. (each, every)
Complete the following sentences by using no or not :
1. No shops were open today.
2. I have got no money in my purse.
3. No student is expected to leave the room.
4. It is not easy to bag the first prize.
5. You must not go.
11. Complete the following sentences with either or neither : (Imp)
1. Neither of my sons is a doctor. (MP 2013)
2. Can either of you speak English?
3. I was invited to two marriage receptions but I did not attend either.
4. There were two messages received this morning but neither of them was for me.
5. We could not open the room because neither of us had a key.
(a) Fill in the blanks a modal for the modalities shown in brackets after each sentence:
1. People from India may travel to Nepal without a passport. (permission)
2. Due to drought, the prices may go up. (possibility)
3. The principal might becoming. It is time he generally comes. (doubt ful possibility)
4. A little boy like him can’t climb up the hill. (capability in negative)
5. People could go about freely before the blast. (permission in the past)
6. Would you dine with me tonight? (request)
7. His friends deceived him, otherwise he could win the election. (unfulfilled possibility in the past)
8. They can take possession of the house tomorrow. (permission)
9. Can you speak French? She wants a translator. (ability)
10. He is blind. He can’t see. (power in negative)
11. Buy the tickets in advance so that you may avoid standing in the queue. (purpose)
12. How can a man be so damaned to kill so many innocent animals. (disbelief)
(b) Use the correct modal, Choose from can, could, may and might:
1. Keep all the items ready so that the programme may not be delayed.
2. Can you define a modal? Yes, I can.
3. The flights might be delayed for a snag in the wheel :
4. My son could walk ten miles at a stretch before the accident.
5. No one can beat him in chess.
6. Could you permit me to have some rest?
7. You left the door open. The birds might have flown.
8. Can you speak English? She wants a translator. (M.P. 2013)
(C) Use suitable modal from amongst ‘must, should, ought to, needn’t’ as required :
1. Attendance in school is obligatory. The students must take note of it. (external obligation)
2. Your behaviour should be above suspicion. (necessity)
3. Non-violence should be practised in letter and spirit. (advisability as a matter of conscience)
4. Demand for dowry is a crime. People ought to shun it. (obligation of law)
5. If you wish to learn English, you should read English newspaper everyday. (advice)
6. I needn’t pay the bill. Somebody has already paid it. (lack of obligation)
7. We ought to keep the public toilets clean after use. (moral obligation)
8. People should use their franchise. (general advice)
9. Should you see the thief, please inform the police. (chance happening, replacement of‘if)
10. You needn’t go on foot. You can take my scooter. (absence of obligation)
11. She has failed. She should have worked hard. (unfulfilled obligation)
12. She needn’t come every day. She can come on alternate days.(lack of compulsion)
(d) Use must, should, ought to, needn’t as required :
1. An enemy must be treated as enemy.
2. A good citizen should not accept undue advantages.
3. He said to his grandfather, “You needn’t work anymore”.
4. Bill Gates should be a happy man, I suppose.
5. Some books should be read only in parts, but some must be read wholly, diligently and attentively.
6. If a man writes a little, he ought to have a good memory.
7. You needn’t buy books if you have access to the internet.
8. A child’s birthday must be celebrated solemnly.
9. Every child born into the world is a gift of god. We ought to be very gentle with it.
10. If India has to avoid disgrace, they must win this match.
11. Truth must be told.
12. The match should have been finished by now.
(a) Use a suitable modal as required :
1. Before his illness his father used to walk six miles everyday. (discontinued habit)
2. She will have to go on foot as her bicycle had a flat tyre. (act under compulsion)
3. These days I have to work overtime to meet my expenses. (force of circumstances in the present)
4. How dare you abuse me like this? (courage)
5. My teacher used to shout at the students when they made mistakes. (habitual action in the past)
6. Most of the poor have to live on a single meal a day. (under force of circumstance in the present)
7. It used to be very cold here. Now the climate has changed. (contrasting the past with the present.
8. You daren’t challenge him. He is so stout. (lack of courage)
(b) Fill in the blanks with ‘used to’, ‘have to’, ‘has to’:
1. Many people in India have to go to bed with empty stomach. (M.P. 2013)
2. She used to live in a small room before joining service.
3. All his money was spent. He has to sell his house,
4. My neighbour used to drink heavily before his death.
5. They have to face such heavy odds.
6. As a student, Mr. Verma used to live in a hostel.
7. Those days I used to work under a hard taskmaster.
(c) Fill in the blanks with the right alternative :
1. The poor boys ……………… undertake menial tasks to support their families :
(a) have had to (b) has to (c) have to (d) had to.
2. My father …………….. hard when he was young:
(a) used to work (b) did use to work (c) had worked to (d) uses to work.
3. My father ……………….. sell his house for the marriage of my sister ten years ago :
(a) has to (b) will have to (c) had to (d) has not to.
4. A constable ……………… challenge the S.P. as he is very strict
(a) didn’t dare to (b) hardly dared to (c) hardly dared (d) daren’t.
5. I ……………….. wear a long coat when I was a child :
(a) use to (b) did use to (c) need to (d) used to
6. My wife ………………. cook in the morning. The maid does it :
(a) doesn’t have to (b) is not to (c) have not to (d) don’t have to
7. She ……………….. a pilot. Now she is a housewife :
(a) used to be (b) had to be (c) had better be. (d) didn’t use to be.
8. The gardener ……………….. the garden by himself. Now he has fallen ill :
(a) have to dig (b) will have to dig (c) has to dig (d) had to dig.
9. I.. ……………..do it all alone whatever you may say :
(a) have not to (b) have to (c) am not to (d) am to.
1. (c), 2. (a), 3. (C), 4. (d), 5. (d), 6. (a), 7. (a), 8. (d), 9. (b).
Use the proper form of the verbs given in brackets to form simple present tense sentences :
1. Water boil at 100 degree Celsius. (boil)
2. She cries when she is hungry. (cry)
3. They are vegetarians. They never eat meat. (eat)
4. Do you always have milk before going to bed? (have)
5. The District Education Officer always inspects this school on a Monday. (inspect)
6. Fish swims in water. (swim)
7. The Shatabadi Express seldom comes late. (come)
8. Karan does his homework everyevening: (do)
9. Empty vessels always make much noise. (make)
10. Barking dogs seldom bite. (bite)
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences using either present simple or present continuous forms of verbs provided in brackets :
1. My cousin is arriving tomorrow. (arrive)
2. They never drink water during meals. (drink)
3. Karan is working on his school project at this moment. (work)
4. Raina sleeps often (sleep) on the sofa while watching T.V. (watch)
5. The Himalayas divide India and Tibet. (divide)
6. Raina cannot come to see you. She is writing a letter now. (write)
7. Raina is having a party today as it is her birthday. (have)
8. My mother is preparing s special dish now. (prepare)
9. What examination are you and your sister are studying for at the moment? (study)
10. They never have coffee. (have)
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences using the appropriate time expres sions :
1. His English has improved considerably …………..
(i) I saw him last
(ii) he has started taking lessons
(iii) May 1999.
2. He has not read a newspaper …….
(i) as long as I can remember
(iii) more than a year.
3. My father has not come home ………..
(ii) I went to school
(iii) four years.
4. I have not caught a cold ………….
(i) my childhood i
(ii) many years
(iii) last year.
5. They have not been to a school ………….
(i) their birth
(ii) a long time
(iii) two months now.
1. (ii), 2. (iii), 3. (iii), 4. (iii), 5. (ii).
Rewrite the following sentences using the verbs provided in brackets in the present perfect or present perfect continuous form as required :
1. Karan has been attending the Cricket Academy for the last four years. Now he can play well (attend)
2. Nidhi has already taken the Linguaphone course. (take)
3. She has been living here for two years now. (live)
4. Professor Saxena has adopted several different methods of teaching verbs. (adopt)
5. He has been teaching foreign students for about six years. (teach)
Read the situations and write one complete sentence for each as given in example:
Roma started working on computer at 7 o’clock.
She is still working on it.
Roma has been working on computer since 7 o’clock.
1. We started living in Bhopal in 1990.
We are still living in Bhopal.
We have been living in Bhopal since 1990.
2. The gardener started mowing the grass two hours ago.
He is still mowing it.
The gardener has been mowing the grass for two hours.
3. My mother started decorating the house in the morning.
She is still decorating it.
My mother has been decorating the house since morning.
4. I started reading Shakespear’s “Hamlet’ three hours ago.
I am still reading it.
I have been reading Shakespear’s ‘Hamlet for three hours.
5. They began their tour three months ago.
They are travelling round Singapore at the moment.
They have been travelling round Singapore for the last three months.
6. Abbas and Aditi started making films when they left college.
They are still making films.
Abbas and Aditi have been making films since they left college.
7. My brother began playing chess when he was only three.
He is still playing it.
My brother has been playing chess since he was three.
8. Puran started painting the walls four hours ago.
He is still painting the walls.
Puran has been painting the walls for four hours.
(a) Use the verrbs provided in brackets in Simple Past Tense :
1. Raina went to the market after school. (go)
2. My sister saw a beggar an hour ago. (see)
3. Karan visited his grandparents yesterday. (visit)
4. Raina did not do her homework because she was ill. (do, be)
5. I took the entrance examination in 2005. (take)
(b) Rewrite the following sentences into the simple Past Tense. Also add an appropri ate adverbial in each case from the list provided here : yesterday, last month, last year, sometimes ago, this morning :
1. It suddenly becomes hot.
It suddenly became hot yesterday.
2. We are in a difficult situation.
Last month we were in a difficult situation.
3. My sister teaches me.
My sister taught me last year.
4. The doctor looks after patients.
The doctor looked after patients.
5. Rohan get’s up early.
Yesterday, Rohan got up early.
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the Past Continuous form of the verbs given in brackets :
1. What were you doing when the accident occurred? (do)
2. I was changing the bulb that had burnt out. (change)
3. At 5 O’clock it was raining. (rain)
4. When Karan called I was sleeping. (sleep)
5. The postman came when I was sleeping. (sleep)
6. When I was eating lunch Soha was reading. (read)
7. When they were waiting for the train, they saw Prachi. (wait)
8. While mother was cooking lunch, father was watching the T.V. (cook, watch)
9. When I went to her house she was not there. She was studying at the liberty. (study)
10. While I was watching a horror film on the T.V., the power went out. (watch)
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with Past Simple or Past Perfect form of the verbs provided in brackets :
1. By the time the ambulance arrived the patient mokycan Parrive die
2. Several hours before the cricket match …… the spectators . ….. the stadium. (start, fill)
3. We ………….. to this house in 2001 and…………… here ever since. (come, live)
4. When I …………… a boy we …………… on a farm. (be, live)
5. Mother ………….. very tired as she …………… the whole day. (be, work)
1. arrived, had died,
2. started, had filled,
3. came, had lived,
4. was, lived,
5. was, had worked.
(a) Prachi does the following things everyday. Tell what she is going to do tomorrow (Use be going to form) :
1. Prachi gets up at 7 O’clock.
Prachi is going to get up at 7 O’clock.
2. She has bath. Answer : She is going to have bath. (arrive, die)
3. She puts on her school uniform. Answer : She is going to put on her school uniform.
4. She puts on shoes. Answer : She is going to put on shoes.
5. She has breakfast. Answer : She is going to have breakfast.
(b) Combine the following pairs of sentences using a suitable verb in its-ing form :
(a) Don’t eat stale food.
(b) It is harmful for health.
Eating stale food is harmful for health.
1. She talks too much. Nobody likes it.
Talking too much is not liked by anybody.
2. Don’t break the rules of the road. It is harmful for all.
Breaking the rules of the road. It is harmful for all.
3. We must appreciate our friends’ achievements. It promotes goodwill.
Appreciating friend’s achievements promoters goodwill.
4. One should do one’s work in time. It brings success in life.
Doing work in time brings success in life.
5. The team did well in the match. All appreciated them..
The team’s doing well in the match was appreciated by all..
Use the Gerund or Infinitive form of the words given in brackets and complete the sentences :
1. I dislike to get up early. (get)
2. Would you mind opening the window, please? (open)
3. My little daughter likes to play with dolls. (play)
4. They were surprised to hear the news. (hear)
5. All the students were prevented from attending the party. (attend)
Fill in with the correct non-finite verb-forms :
1. Smoking is harmful. (smoke)
2. My landlord is a dreading fellow. (dread)
3. Your performance was entertaining. (entertain)
4. He loves to walking. (walk)
5. We are generally afraid of dieing. (die)
6. Your comments are disheartening. (dishearten)
7. To fight/fighting for the country is an honour. (fight)
8. Poverty presents a depressing sight. (depress)
9. Swimming is the best exercise. (swim)
10. I have a written text of the speech. (write)
Rewrite the following sentences, using the participle construction, as shown in example:
The thief saw the policemen and ran away.
Seeing the policemen, the thief ran away.
1. I saw him weeping and went to see what was wrong.
Seeing him weeping I wen to see what was wrong.
2. As the weather was fine, we went for a picnic.
The weather being fine we went for a picnic.
3. She walked up to the front door and rang the bell.
Walking up to the front door she rang the bell.
4. My little son heard the noise and woke up.
Hearing the noise my little son woke up.
5. When I returned home, I found my kids playing outside.
Returning home I found my kids playing outside.
6. The policemen ran with all his might and caught the thief.
Running with all his might the policeman caught the thief.
7. As he was defeated in the match, he decided not to play cricket again.
Being defeated in the match he decided not to play cricket again.
8. My father put on his overcoat and went for a walk.
Putting on his overcoat my father went for a walk.
9. I wished to see Mohan, I sent for him.
Wishing to see Mohan, I sent for him.
10. He failed in the examination, he game up his studies.
Having failed in the examination, he game up his studies.
11. He was tired of walking. He sat down to rest.
Tired (or being tired) of walking, he sat down to rest.
12. The magician took pily on the cat. He turned it into a dog.
Talking pily on the cat the magician turned it into a dog.
13. He selected a sight. He began to build a house.
Having selected a site, he began to build a house.
14. He finished his dinner, he went out for a walk.
Finishing his work, he went out for a walk.
15. She receiving a telegram. She because very sad.
Receiving a telegram she because very sad.
Make meaningful sentences in passive voice from the table given below. Use proper forms of verbs given in B :
|All the students||stitch||tailors|
|Patients||treat||for||the notice board|
|Wheat||teach||by||the USA and Japan|
|Grammar||grow||an indoor stadium|
1. All the students were called for interview.
2. Badminton is played in an indoor stadium,
3. The notice was displayed on the notice board.
4. Patients are treated in the hospitals.
5. Wheat is grown in fields.
6. Grammar is taught in schools.
7. Shirts are stitched by tailors.
8. Cameras are manufactured by the USA and Japan.
Put the following sentences into the passive form:
1. The king gave him a reward.
He was rewarded by the king.
2. They were plucking flowers in the park.
Flowers were being plucked by them in the park.
3. One should keep one’s promise.
Promises should be kept.
4. Who told you the truth?
By whom was truth told to you?
5. All trust an honest man.
An honest man is trusted by all.
6. Somebody has cleaned the room.
The room has been cleaned.
7. We shall play the match tomorrow.
The match shall be played by us tomorrow.
8. Why did the teacher punish the students?
Why were the students punished by the teacher?
9. Someone has already switched off the light.
The light has already been switched off.
10. We should not waste our time in gossiping.
Our time should not be wasted by us in gossiping.
11. My grandmother tell me many amusing stories about Birbal.
I am told many amusing stories about Birbal by my grandmother.
12. The manager dismissed him from service for his rude behaviour.
He was dismissed from service by the manager for rude behaviour.
13. They laughed at her.
She was laughed at.
14. Post this letter.
Let this letter be posted.
15. One should keep one’s promises.
Promises should be kept.
16. A mad dog bil his sister
His sister was bitten by a mad dog.
17. Some one has stolen my books.
My book have been stolen.
18. I taught him english.
He was taught english by me..
19. We shall pardon has.
She will be pardon by us.
20. Do not touch this wire. (M.P. 2010)
Let this wire not be touched.
21. They were making a notice.
A notice was being made by them.
22. All trust an honest man. (M.P. 2011)
An honest man is trusted by all.
Change the following sentences into the Indirect Narration : :
1. He said to me, “I have asked you not to tell lies”.
He said to me that he had asked me not to tell lies.
2. He said, “It is time we depart.”
He told that it was time they depart.
3. She said, “I am waiting and watching and longing for my son’s return.”
She said that she was waiting and watching and longing for her son’s return.
4. She said to her sister, “I want to show you something.”
She said to her sister that she wanted to show her something.
5. My mother said to me, “I am cooking your favourite dish today.”
My mother told me that she was cooking my favourite dish that day.
6. The shopkeeper said, “Here is your packet.”
The shopkeeper told that there my packet was.
7. She said to her brother, “I have washed your clothes in the morning.”
She told her brother that she had washed his clothes in the morning.
8. They said to the teacher, “We want to play football.”
They told the teacher that they wanted to play football.
9. He said, ‘You better tell Tom’.
He said that I better told Tom.
Change the following sentences into Indirect Narration :
1. She said to me, “Where do you live?”
She asked me that where I lived.
2. He said to me, “Will you show me your homework?”
He asked me if I would show him my homework.
3. She said to her brother, “What do you want?”
She asked her brother that what he wanted.
4. He said, “When will you return?”
He asked him when he would return.
5. I said to him, “Which book do you like most?”
I asked him that which book he liked most.
6. Raina said to him, “Which way did the man go?”
Raina asked him that which way the man went.
Change the following sentences into Indirect narration :
1. The old man said to the villager, “Please bring me a glass of milk.”
The old man requested the villager to bring him a glass of milk.
2. The king said to the hatter, “Take off your hat.”
The king ordered the hatter to take off his hat.
3. The teacher said, “Sit down, boys.”
The teacher ordered the boys to sit down.
4. He said to his servant, “Go to the bazaar and bring me some oil.”
He ordered his servant to go to the bazar and bring him some oil.
5. The teacher said to her, “Don’t read so fast.”
The teacher commanded her not to read so fast.
6. He said, “Rina, go to the well and fetch me some water.”
He ordered Rina, to go to the well and fetch him some water.
Change the following sentences into Indirect Narration :
1. He said angrily, “What a stupid fellow you are!”
He shouted at him angrily that he was a very stupid fellow.
2. She looked at the Taj and said, “What a beautiful building!”
She looked at the Taj and exclaimed with wonder that it was a very beautiful building.
3. He said, “My God! I am ruined !”
He exclaimed with sorrow that he was ruined.
4. She said to me, “How smart you are !”
He exclaimed at me with wonder that he was very smart.
5. He said to the soldier, “Alas ! ! our foes are too strong!”
He exclaimed to his soldiers with regret that their foes were to strong.
6. They said Hurrah! we have won the match.
They exclaimed with delight that they had won the match.
Question 32. Make complex sentences adding Noun Clauses :
1. . It is said that honesty is the best policy.
2. Pay attention to what your parents say.
3. The message said that my brother was arriving tomorrow.
4. I was told that today would be holiday.
5. I feel that it will rain tonight.
6. She is hopeful that he will come.
7. The question is that who will bell the cat.
8. The rumour that he is sick turned out to be a false one.
Complete the questions given below :
1. What is the name of the place where you went last year?
2. What is the name of the object which you are looking for?
3. What is the name of the film that we saw last week?
4. What is the name of the singer who has sung the little song of this movie?
5. What is the name of the stadium where the match is being played?
Complete the following sentences by adding suitable adjective clauses:
1. No one can tell the reason why our team lost the match.
2. Mr. Sharma who is an opthalmologist lives near my house.
3. The pen which my brother gifted me is very expensive.
4. A person who acts in a movie or play is called an actor.
5. He has a brother who loves him very much.
6. The flowers which were blooming in the morning have faded.
7. I have spent the money which did not belong to me.
8. This is the place where I was born.
9. Youth is the time when one dares to challenge everyone.
Rewrite the following sentences by changing the underlined phrase/clause to relative clause :
1. A man of simple nature is liked by all.
A man who has simple nature is liked by all.
2. Men with good management skills are needed everywhere.
Men who have good management skills are needed everywhere.
3. I don’t know the reason for his failure.
I don’t know the reason why he failed.
4. Do you know the time of her return?
Do you know the time when she will return?
5. Can you tell me his dwelling place?
Can you tell me the place where he is dwelling?
6. A science book with colourful diagrams and figures is useful for all the learners.
A science book which has colourful diagrams and figures is useful for all the learners.
7. The man without music in his soul can’t live life in full.
The man who does not have music in his soul can’t live life in full.
Make complex sentences by adding adverb clauses :
1. Be careful lest you should fall.
2. Let us stay here till the sun sets.
3. The doctor had arrived before the death of the patient.
4. She came to school though she had applied for leave.
5. The accident took place where there is a blind turn.
6. They will go out to play when the rain stops.
7. He is wearing a coat as if he is a lawyer.
8. The grapes were so expensive that I could not buy them.
9. He ran very fast so that he should not miss the train.
10. It was a much better entertainment than what we experienced yesterday.
Replace the underline phrase by an Adverb Clause, as given in the example :
On his return, we asked about his journey.
When he returned, we asked about his journey.
1. I shall wait for you till the end of the week.
I shall wait for you till the week comes to an end.
2. The weather is too cold to go out.
The weather is so cold that one cannot go out.
3. He talked like a mad.
He talked as if he was a mad.
4. On seeing the snake he ran away.
When he saw the snake, he ran away.
5. Having done his work he switched off the light.
When he did his work, he switched off the light.
6. They behave like fools.
They behave as if they are fools.
Combine the following pairs of sentences by turning one of them into an Ad verb/Adjective/Noun clause :
1. You are the royal priest.
You must be very wise.
As you are the royal priest you must be very wise.
2. A balloon filled with hot air always goes up.
Do you know it?
Do you know that a balloon filled with hot air always goes up.
3. I want to score high marks.
I am working hard for it.
I am working hard because I want to score high marks.
4. My bag is missing.
I had kept all my money in it.
My bag in which I had kept all my money is missing.
5. I have just met a man in the party.
He is a magician.
The man I just met in the party is a magician.
6. He will be cured.
The doctor is hopeful.
The doctor is hopeful that he will be cured.
7. The time given was short.
I couldn’t answer all the questions.
The time given was so short that I couldn’t answer all the questions.
8. You were absent yesterday.
Can you tell me the reason?
Can you tell me the reason for which you were absent yesterday?
9. He was not doing his homework regularly.
This was the complaint.
It complained that he was not doing his homework regularly.
10. She worked in a factory.
It was caught in a fire yesterday.
She worked in a factory that was caught in a fire yesterday.