MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 22 The Local Self-Governing Bodies in Cities
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 22 Text Book Exercise
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 22 Short Answer Type Question
What are the local self – governing bodies in cities called?
The local self – governing bodies in cities and towns are called Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Committees and Municipal Corporation.They are also called local bodies.
What is the population for which Nagar Panchayats can be formed?
Nagar Panchayat forms in town where the population is lying between 5,000 to 20,000.
What is the work of Aldermen?
The members of the Nagar Panchayat nominate some experienced people for advice, who are called Alderman. Aldermen can only suggest the Nagar Panchayat but they do not have the right to vote in passing any resolution.
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 22 Long Answer type Question
What are the compulsory functions of the local bodies in cities? Mention any five.
Following are the main functions of the local bodies:
- Plan a systematic development of the town/city and give permission for constructions and land utilization.
- Plan for a social, and economic development of the area.
- Ensure maintenance of roads, bridges and regular power supply.
- Work for people’s good health and ensure supply of pure, drinking water and removal of waste material.
- Provide social security.
- Plant trees and protect them.
- Provide security to weaker sections of the society, especially the mentally or the physically challenged.
- Provide appropriate facilities in slums.
- Work towards removal of poverty.
- Work towards beautification of the town/city by developing parks, gardens, play grounds, etc.
What are the optional functions of the local bodies in cities?
Besides compulsory works, the municipalities also maintain the fire services for extinguishing fire, construct the parks, museums and toilets etc.
Mention the sources of income of the local bodies in cities.
The local bodies function with the help of income from the following sources:
- Property tax on house, land etc.
- Tax on trade and business.
- Fees on water facilities.
- Fees on electricity facilities.
- Income and rent earned from the institutions, property like the buildings, markets, etc.
- Grants from the state government.
- Income from various kinds of fine on pets or stray animals etc.
What is meant by Ward, Mayor, President and Vice – president?
Nagars or towns are divided into smaller areas called the wards.
The president of the Municipal Corporation is called the Mayor. The mayor is directly elected and deputy – mayor is elected by the elected corporators.
President of Municipality:
The President of municipality is elected by the people. The meetings of the municipality take place regularly, chaired by the President. In his/ her absence the Vice-President, chairs the meeting.
Vice-President of Municipality:
The vice-president is elected by the elected councellers.
How are Nagar Panchayats and Municipalities constituted? Explain.
Constitution of Nagar Panchayat:
- To be able to become a member, a person has to be atleast 21 years old.
- The voters elect these members, the voters must be at least 18 years old.
- Some seat are kept reserved for the schedule caste, schedule tribes, backward class and female members.
- Once constituted, these bodies have a term period of 5 years.
- If the period gets over or is dissolved mitlway then a fresh election has to take place within six months.
Constitution of Municipalities:
The municipality is formed on the basis of population of a city. It consists of the elected representatives of the local people. This number is generally between fifteen and sixty, depending upon population of the city. Apart from this some other experienced members known as Eldermen, are elected by the members of the Municipality.
The elected-officer-bearers of the municipality are:
1. The Chairman and
2. The Vice – chairman.
Besides these elected officer bearers there are some salaried officials of the high rank who formed the municipality. They are the Executive Officer, the Secretary, the Sanitary Officer etc,
Fill in the blanks:
(a) Plantation of trees and looking after them ……………. function of the local bodies in cities.
(b) The work of the Commissioner, Municipal Corporation is to implement …………….
(c) The members of a Municipality are called …………………..
(d) Local bodies get ………… from the state government.
(b) the works on the decisions taken by the corporation
(d) their grants
Match the following:
Find out the, names of the President, Vice President, Chief Executive Officer and Commissioner of a local body in your city or village.
Do with the help of your teacher.