MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Miscellaneous Questions 2
Choose the correct answer
The founder of the slave dynasty was:
(a) Mohammed Ghori
(c) Qutub-ud-din Aibak
(d) Alauddin Khilji
(c) Qutub-ud-din Aibak
The Chariman of the National Human Rights Commission is appointed by:
(a) Prime Minister
(d) Chief Minister
The first battle of Panipat was fought in:
(a) 1526 AD
(b) 1556 AD
(c) 1529 AD
(d) 1527 AD
(a) 1526 AD
The percentage of land area on earth is:
Spring tide occurs on:
(a) Fifth day
(b) full moon day
(c) 8th day
(d) 4th day
(b) full moon day
Fill in the blanks:
- The founder of the Khilji dynasty was ………….
- Guru Nanak was bom in ………….. village.
- The tenure of the Vice President is …………….. year.
- ………….. is used to measure rainfall.
- There are …………….number of seasons in India.
- Alauddin Khilji
- Five years
- Rain grange
Match column ‘A’with column ‘B’
1. (b) Issue of copper coins
2. (c) Riddles-mukris
3. (a) Iqta system
4. (e) Witty, advisor
5. (d) Waves
Answer the following questions in detail:
What are effects of ocean currents on human life?
Ocean currents are streams of water flowing constantly in a definite direction at or near the surface of the ocean.
Ocean currents are caused by prevailing or planetary winds. They are also caused by die variation of temperature. The variation of saline water in the sea water causes ocean currents.
The ocean currents influence the climate of the regions such as coastal areas or islands. The warm currents raise the temperature whereas the cold currents reduce the temperature. Due to warm currents the harbors at higher latitudes remain, open through out the jar i. e. The harbors of Norway and Japan. The warm winds blowing over warm currents absorbs a lot of moisture and the nearby areas receive lots of rainfall.
Describe the administrative set up of Shershah.
Shershah was an efficient administrator. The interest of the people ranked above everything. He started many reforms in military administration, land revenue etc that was followed by Akbar. Shershah divided his empire into Sarkars, which were again subdivided into parganas.
Officer in charge of sarkars and panganas were periodically transferred. He enforced equal law for justice and introduced a reformed system of currency. The silver coin known as the Rupee which lasted throughout the Mughal period and was maintained by the East India company down to 1835 AD.
Explain the process of the formation of Vidhan Sablia.
The representatives of the Vidhan Sabha are elected in such a way that the seats are proportionately represented. If a person is elected from more than one constituency then he will have to resign from the rest retaining only one seat If there is a controversy about the election of any candidate, then a petition can be filed in the High court. After accepting the petition, the High Court gives its verdict It can also be against the candidate.
A person can appeal to the Supreme Court if the Verdict goes against him. The verdict of the Supreme Court is final.
The term of Vidhan Sabha is 5 years. In a case of emergency, it can be dissolved, Vidhan Sabha has a speaker and a Deputy Speaker. The Speaker conducts the business of the state Vidhan Sabha. The Deputy Speaker discharges duties in the absence of the Speaker.
What are the advantages of Ocean?
- Rain on land – All the rain on land are due to the evaporation of sea water. Rains are useful for vegetation, animal life and human beings.
- Balance of temperature – Ocean shelp to maintain balance of temperature on land.
- Means of transport – The international trade is possible because of the oceans and seas, which joins the continents.
Write the main features of the architecture of the Sultanate period.
- The caste rules were strictly followed. The women did not enjoy much freedom and the purdah system became very common.
- The practice of child marriage, polygamy and sati stystem was prevalent in the society.
MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Miscellaneous Questions 2 Short Answer Type Questions
Explain the market control policy of Alauddin Khilji.
Alauddin controlled prices in the market Those traders who did not sell goods at fixed prices or who weighed something less, were given severe punishment.
Write the advantages of tides.
- The tides help in fishing.
- They increase the depth of the shallow harbors. This helps in bringing ships into the harbors.
- They increase the depth of estuaries.
- They keep rivers deep enough so to help ships placed in the rivers.
What is meant by ordinance?
Ordinance is the order of the Chief Executive issued at a time when the Legislature is not in session. As soon as the legislature is convened, the ordinance is approved by it. If the legislature does not approve them, they are withdrawn.
Write about the progress made in the field of architecture during the reign of Shahjahan.
Under Shahjahan Mughal architecture reached die climax. He built magnificent buildings, forts, mosques, tombs in Agra, Lahore, Delhi, Kabul, Kandhar, Ajmer, Ahamdabad etc. He built Moti-Masjid, Diwan-e-Aam, Diwan-e-Khas in the Fort at Agra. The most famous building of his time is the Tajmahal. It is made of white marble. It is regarded as jewel in the builder’s art.
Write a short note on cyclonic rains.
When the hot and cold air meet, die hot air rises upwards and the cold air rushes to occupy the low-pressure area in the center. As a result there is circular movement which causes the whirling air in the center to rise upwards. This rising air cools down, condenses and brings rains. This type of rainfall is called cyclonic rain.
Explain the main features of Akbar’s Mansabdari system.
‘Mansabdari System’ was a special feature of the Mughal rule. By ‘Mansab’ is meant a post or title. Each ‘Mansabdar’ was recognised as big or small as per the number of soldiers under him. It ranged between 10,000 to 50,000 soliders and the emperor could use their armies as per his wishes.
What was the effect of Bhakti movement on the life of the people?
Bhakti movement had a great effect on the Indian society. The leaders of this movement used die local language which put great impact on the minds of die common people. This movement helped in arousing consciousness among people. It removed the false notions and bad practices. It also tried to bring the society together by bridging the gap between Hindu and Muslim.