MP Board Class 10th General English Note Making and Summarising
In this part of your syllabus, you will be given a passage and you will be asked to make notes on it and then prepare a summary (short form) of the passage.
The division of marks is—
- Note making → 3 marks
- Summary → 3 marks
1. Read the following passage carefully, give a title, make notes and prepare its summary.
Man is made up of many, qualities, both good and bad, and among the latter is anger. The nature of every human being is such that anything that gives offense to his sentiments or goes against his principles, excites his anger. The evils which result from anger are many. Under its influence, a man loses his power of reasoning and judgment. Not being able to retain control over himself when angry, he does not know what he is doing or saying. Under its influence, a man puts off his balance to the extent that he forgets his duty towards his superiors and may even say things which are extremely insulting to them.
(a) Title—Disadvantages of Anger.
- Anger is harmful.
- It results in to loss of reasoning, power andudgement.
- A person when angry forgets his duty and insults his superiors.
(c) Summary—Anger is a harmful human quality which is caused when anything goes against one’s principles or wishes. In anger, a person loses his reasoning power, judgment and self-control. He forgets his duties towards superiors and insults them.
2. Read the following passage carefully, supply a title, make notes and prepare a summary.
Speech is a great blessing, but it can also be a great curse, for, while it helps us to make our intention and desires known to fellows, it can also, if we use it carelessly, make our attitude completely misunderstood. A slip of the tongue, the use of an unusual word, or of an ambiguous word, and so on, may create an enemy where we had hoped to win a friend. Again, different classes of people use different vocabularies and the ordinary speech of an educated man may strike an uneducated listener as showing pride; unwillingly we may use a word which bears a different meaning to our listener from what it does to men of our own class. Thus speech is not a gift to use lightly without thought but one which demands careful handling, only a fool will express himself alike to all kinds and conditions of men.
(a) Title—Speech, a blessing and a curse.
- Speech is a great blessing as well as curse.
- If used carelessly, it can make our attitude misunderstood.
- It can create an enemy or a friend.
- Educated and uneducated classes use different vocabularies.
- It should be used carefully.
(c) Summary—Speech is a blessing as well as a curse. It is a medium of expressing our thoughts and feelings. But it can lead to misunderstanding if words are used carelessly. The significance and meaning of words is not the same for all types of men. The educated and uneducated men do not express themselves in the same language. Hence the gift of speech should be used with great caution and tact.
3. Read the following passage carefully, give a title, make notes and prepare its summary.
Never was a time when there was more need ‘ for hard thinking than in the present hour. We see on all sides a seething mass of turbulent life. We are ‘ faced with a situation produced, if we can imagine it, by combination of varied movement which the ‘ European nations passed through during the last few centuries. The intellectual renaissance, the industrial revolution, the political struggle for freedom and democracy and the religious reformation, which the western nations faced individually and at different periods. India has to meet simultaneously each 1 magnified on account of the large area and population concerned. While great changes are taking place in every side of life, political and industrial, cultural
and social, there is a good deal of loose and middle thinking. The country seems to be marching forth into the unknown.
(a) Title—A time for work.
- There is a need of hard work and independent thinking in India.
- We are facing political, economic and social problems together which the western nations faced individually and at different periods.
- These problems are more serious in India due to its large area and population.
- Possible efforts have to be taken to solve these problems as otherwise, its future is uncertain.
(c) Summary—There is an absolute need of hard work and independent thinking in India. We have to solve a large variety of political, economic and social problems all at the same time. No other country in the word ever faced so many problems at one time. These problems have become unusually serious on account of India’s vast area and \huge population. Unless all possible efforts are made to Solve these problems future of India will remain uncertain.
4. Read the following passage carefully, give a title, make notes and prepare its summary.
I want you to learn the lesson that all work is noble and that the greatest thing that man can do in this world is his duty. Whether you are rich or poor, high bom or low bom here is work for you to do. It makes no difference what the work is. If you do it well, you will have done your duty. When you think that a task has been given to you, which you think is too mean and low for you to do, recall to your mind the story of Peter, the Czar of Russia, working in the dock-yard and go and do your duty as he did.
(a) Title—All work is noble.
- All work is noble.
- The greatest thing for a man to do is his duty.
- One should do his duty well.
- If one feels that his work is too low he should recall the story of Peter, the Czar of Russia.
(c) Summary—The writer wants us to leam the lesson that no work is low or high. The greatest thing in the world is to do our duty whatever it may be. We should perform our duty well. If the work that has been given to us, is not fit for us the writer advises us to recall the story of Peter, the Czar of Russia.
5. Read the following passage carefully, give a title, make notes and prepare its summary.
Remember that the character you form in your family, will, in all probability, follow you through life. As you are regarded by your own brothers and sisters at home, so in a great measure you will be regarded by others, when you leave your father’s house. If you are manly, kind and courteous at home, so you will continue to be and these traits of character will always make you beloved. But if you are peevish, ill-natured, harsh and uncourteous or over-bearing at home, among your own brothers and sisters, so you will be same outside, and instead of being beloved, you will be disliked.
(a) Title—Character building.
- The character formed at home follows throughout life.
- As you are regarded at home, in the same way you are regarded outside.
- One who is manly, kind and courteous is liked by all.
- One who is peevish, ill-natured, harsh and uncourteous at home is same outside and is disliked by everybody.
(c) Summary—The character that a person forms at home follows him throughout life. A person who is manly, kind and courteous at home is same outside and is beloved. The one who is peevish, ill-natured, harsh and uncourteous at home is same outside and is disliked by everybody.
6. Read the following passage carefully, supply a title, make notes and prepare its summary.
One of the greatest principles which Gandhiji had taught and practised throughout his life was that of dignity of labour. All kind of useful work was equally worthy of respect. Gandhiji was never afraid or ashamed to do any kind of work. He showed his followers how to use the broom to sweep the house and the yard, how to dispose off night soil, how to teach and practice village and town sanitation. He himself collected the rubbish and covered it with clean earth. He never asked his followers to do anything which he could not do himself. The great lesson we can learn from his life is that every kind of work is honorable if it is done in a spirit of love and selfless service.
(a) Title—Dignity of Labour.
- Gandhiji taught dignity of labor.
- He was never afraid or ashamed of any kind of work.
- He taught his followers to sweep the house and the yard, dispose of night soil and sanitation.
- He never asked anyone to do that which he could not do himself.
- All work is honorable if done in a spirit of love and selfless service.
(c) Summary—Gandhiji taught and practiced dignity of labor throughout his life. He was never afraid or ashamed of any kind of work. He taught others to sweep the house, dispose of night soil, sanitation. He never asked anyone to do anything which he could not do himself. He taught the lesson that all work is honorable if done in a spirit of love and sacrifice.