MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 1.
The following frequency distribution gives the monthly consumption of electricity of 68 consumers of a locality. Find the median, mean and mode of the data and compare them.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 1
Solution:
Median:
Let us prepare a cumulative frequency table:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 2
Now, we have N = 68 ⇒ \(\frac{N}{2}=\frac{68}{2}\) = 34
The cumulative frequency just greater than 34 is 42 and it corresponds to the class 125 – 145.
∴ 125 – 145 is the median class.
∴ l = 125, cf = 22, f= 20 and h = 20
Using the formula,
Median = l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
= 125 + \(\left[\frac{34-22}{20}\right]\) × 20
= 125 + \(\frac{12}{20}\) × 20 = 125 + 12 = 137 units.
Mean: Let assumed mean, a = 135
∵ Class size, h = 20
∴ ui = \(\frac{x_{i}-a}{h}=\frac{x_{i}-135}{20}\)
Now, we have the following table:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 3
∴ \(\overline{x}\) = a + h × [\(\frac{1}{N}\) Σfiui] = 135 + 20 × \(\frac{7}{68}\)
= 135 + 2.05 = 137.05 units.
Mode:
∵ Class 125 – 145 has the highest frequency i.e., 20.
∴ 125 – 145 is the modal class.
We have: h = 20, l = 125 , f1 = 20, f0 = 13, f2 = 14
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 4
We observe that the three measures are approximately equal.

Use this median calculator to quickly find the median of a set of numbers. Just enter your numbers in the box and click on the button that says calculate.

Question 2.
If the median of the distribution given below is 28.5, find the values of x and y.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 5
Solution:
Here, we have N = 60
Now, cumulative frequency table is:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 6
Since, median = 28.5 (Given)
∴ Median class is 20 – 30 and l = 20, f = 20, cf = 5 + x, N = 60
∴ l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
⇒ 28.5 = 20 + \(\left[\frac{30-(5+x)}{20}\right]\) × 10
⇒ 28.5 = 20 + \(\frac{25-x}{2}\)
⇒ 57 = 40 + 25 – x
⇒ x = 40 + 25 – 57 = 8
Also, 45 + x + y = 60
⇒ 45 + 8 + y = 60
⇒ y = 60 – 45 – 8 = 7.
Thus x = 8, y = 7

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

The percentage difference calculator is here to help you compare two numbers.

Question 3.
A life insurance agent found the following data for distribution of ages of 100 policy holders. Calculate the median age, if policies are given only to persons having age 18 years onwards but less than 60 year.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 7
Solution:
The given table is cumulative frequency distribution. We write the frequency distribution as given below :
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 8
∵ The cumulative frequency just greater than 50 is 78.
∴ The median class is 35 – 40.
Now, \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 50, l = 35, cf = 45, f = 33 and h = 5
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 9
Thus, the median age = 35.76 years.

Also you can check the age difference between your loved ones, friends using the Age difference Calculator.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 4.
The lengths of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to the nearest millimeter, and the data obtained is represented in the following table:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 10
Find the median length of the leaves.
[Hint: The data needs to be converted to continuous classes for finding the median, since the formula assumes continuous classes. The classes then change to 117.5-126.5,
126.5 – 135.5 ………… 171.5 – 180.5.]
Solution:
After changing the given table as continuous classes we prepare the cumulative frequency table as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 11
The cumulative frequency just above 20 is 29 and it corresponds to the class 144.5 – 153.5.
So, 144.5 – 153.5 is the median class.
We have: \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 20, l = 144.5, f= 12, cf = 17 and h = 9
∴ Median = l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
= 144.5 + \(\left[\frac{20-17}{12}\right]\) × 9
= 144.5 + \(\frac{3}{12}\) × 9 = 144.5 + \(\frac{9}{4}\)
= 144.5 + 2.25 = 146.75
Median length of leaves = 146.75 mm.

Question 5.
The following table gives the distribution of the life time of 400 neon lamps:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 12
Find the median life time of a lamp.
Solution:
To compute the median, let us write the cumulative frequency distribution as given below:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 13
Since, the cumulative frequency just greater than 200 is 216.
∴ The median class is 3000-3500 and so l = 3000, cf= 130, f = 86, h = 500
∴ Median = l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
= 3000 + \(\left[\frac{200-130}{86}\right]\) × 500
= 3000 + \(\frac{70}{86}\) × 500 = 3000 + \(\frac{35000}{86}\)
= 3000 + 406.98 = 3406.98
Thus, median life time of a lamp = 3406.98 hours.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 6.
100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and the frequency distribution of the number of letters in the English alphabets in the surnames was obtained as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 14
Determine the median number of letters in the surnames. Find the mean number of letters in the surnames? Also, find the modal size of the surnames.
Solution:
Median: The cumulative frequency distribution table is as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 15
Since, the cumulative frequency just greater than 50 is 76.
∴ The class 7-10 is the median class.
We have, \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 50 , f = 7, cf = 36, f = 40 and h = 3
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 16
Mode:
Since the class 7 – 10 has the maximum frequency i.e., 40.
∴ The modal class is 7 – 10.
So, we have l = 7,h = 3, f1 = 40, f0 = 30, f2 = 16
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 17
Thus, the required median = 8.05, mean = 8.32 and mode = 7.88.

Question 7.
The distribution below gives the weights of 30 students of a class. Find the median weight of the students.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 18
Solution:
We have cumulative frequency table as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 19
The cumulative frequency just greater than 15 is 19, which corresponds to the class 55 – 60.
So, median class is 55-60 and we have \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 15,
l = 55, f = 6, cf = 13 and h = 5
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 20
Thus, the required median weight of the students = 56.67 kg.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th English Solutions General Unseen Passages Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages

In this part of your syllabus you will be given three unseen passages of 150 words each. You are required to read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Each passage will carry 5 marks with 1 mark for vocabulary included in it.

 

Discursive Passages

1. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Man’sourney of life from childhood to old age is very charming and colorful. Youth is the most exciting period of man’s life when it is time to grow and dream. A young man is full of hope, energy and zeal. Nothing is difficult or impossible or dangerous for him. The old people say that youth is not daring but thoughtless. A young man bums the candle at both ends. He commits mistakes and leams only after burning his finger. Sometimes the young men misuse their freedom and thus invite difficulties by their foolish actions. They are full of strength, energy and enthusiasm. They become rebels and are no longer afraid of facing the forces of realities. A young man accepts the challenge of evil difficulties and hardships, to win or lose the game of life is the mission of his career. He loves to lead an adventurous life and has a keen desire to build up a new world of his dream. But the period of youth does not last long. Soon it is followed by old age when he regrets his past mistakes and failures. The weak old man feels helpless, depressed and disappointed. He becomes unfit for any adventure. But some fortunate old people never grow old and continue to feel young and active and make the most of even the last years of their lives. It will not be wrong to say that youth brings honor and old age commands respect.

Questions:
(a) Man’sourney is :
(i) Charming and colorful (ii) exciting (iii) dangerous
(b) What is the opinion of the old people about the young men?
(c) What is the mission of a young man’s career?
(d) Why does the old man feel helpless and disappointed?
(e) Find the antonym of ‘clever’ from the passage.
Answers:
(a) (i) charming and colorful.
(b) The old people say that youth is not daring but thoughtless.
(c) To win or lose the game of life is the mission of his, career.
(d) He feels helpless and disappointed because he becomes unfit for any adventure.
(e) Foolish.

2. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Whatever may be the cause of their suffering, we have to treat the handicapped with sympathy and understanding. In many instances, physically handicapped children are neglected and left to themselves in their homes. This makes them extremely sad and lonely. Our first duty is to make these children happier and less lonely. Secondly, we have to educate these children and help them to live useful lives. We should secure for them the benefits of education in schools specially intended for them. We have to make them useful citizens by creating suitable opportunities in them to be employed. They will then have a sense of achievement and we can be happy that we have done our duty towards them.

Questions:
(a) The physically handicapped children suffer from:
(i) fever (ii) neglect (iii) cold
(b) Which are the two important duties towards the handicapped children that we should perform?
(c) How can we make them useful citizens?
(d) What will be the outcome of these efforts?
(e) Give the synonym of ‘disabled’ from the passage?
Answers:
(a) (ii) neglect.
(b) Our first duty is to make handicapped children happier and less lonely. Secondly, we should educate them and help them to live useful lives.
(c) We can make them useful citizens by creating suitable opportunities for them to be employed.
(d) The outcome of these efforts will be that they will have a sense of achievement and we can be happy that we have done our duty towards them.
(e) Physically handicapped.

3. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Reading has a variety of meanings. To some people it means little more than the ability to pronounce aloud the printed word; to others it means it an ability to gain merely a general impression of what they read. Even students daily engaged in the study of books develop a superficial ability to read rapidly, and with apparent understanding, what they it subsequently prove to have understood imperfectly. Ability to read properly, to understand not only the general sense of a given passage but its particular implications, to appreciate so to speak, the light and shade of the passage, the precise meaning of the parts as well as of the whole, what it hints at as well as what it states, to distinguish between what is clearly proved and established and what is merely suggested or put forward as a supposition is still a comparatively rare quality.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) has a variety of meanings.
(i) Reading (ii) Studying (iii) Understanding.
(b) What does it mean to other people?
(c) How do students develop?
(d) What is a comparatively rare quality?
(e) precise’ means
(i) exact (ii) short (iii) incorrect.
Answers:
(a) (i) Reading.
(b) Others think that it is an ability to gain merely a general impression of what they read.
(c) They develop a superficial ability to read quickly and with apparent understanding, what they subsequently prove to have understood imperfectly.
(d) To distinguish between what is clearly proved and established and what is merely suggested or put forward as a supposition is still a comparatively rare quality.
(e) (i) exact.

4. Read the following passage aid answer the questions given below it.

A cheerful person is always more disposed to be happy than miserable. He tends to look at the bright side of things and thus often derives pleasure from circumstances which would ordinarily sadden a person. “^ cheerful beggar is happier than a low-spirited millionaire. As a source of happiness neither wealth nor fame nor beauty nor power nor even health can be compared even for a moment with cheerful temperament. A great advantage of cheerfulness is that it enables man to do his work more efficiently and prevents him from being easily exhausted. The laborer who whistles over his work goes homeless tired and can work harder than another who deeply thinks over real or imaginary troubles. ’

Questions:
(a) A cheerful person is always :
(i) miserable (ii) happy (iii) beautiful
(b) What is the tendency of a cheerful person?
(c) What cannot be compared with cheerful moment?
(d) What is the real advantage of cheerfulness?
(e) ‘Exhausted’ means :
(i) tired (ii) vigor (iii) low-spirited.
Answers:
(a) (ii) happy.
(b) A cheerful person tends to look at the bright side of things.
(c) Neither wealth nor fame nor beauty nor power nor even health can be compared with a cheerful moment.
(d) The real advantage of cheerfulness is that it enables man to do his work more efficiently and prevents him from being easily exhausted.
(e) (i) tired.

5. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Discipline means obedience to the established rules of conduct. Certain rules have been laid in every society to control and regulate the life and activities of its members so that the society as a whole may progress in harmony and peace. If any of these rules is broken, there is trouble and society suffers. In fact, discipline is the very basis of progress in every sphere, public or private. A man without discipline is like an engine without a brake. A society that has no rules or whose members do not conform to its rules soon falls into pieces. In game too, discipline is necessary. Every player has to obey his captain and carry out his commands whether he likes them or not. In army, discipline is more necessary. An army without discipline is no better than a lawless mob. In the same way a school or a college cannot run if the boys do not observe the rules and regulations of the institution. Teaching is impossible if the boys do not keep discipline. Discipline cultivates a spirit of respect for elders and superiors, teaches gentlemanly behavior in society and meek submission to any punishment that may be inflicted due to indiscipline. It is the duty of every student to observe them if they want to build their character and prosper in life.

Questions:
(a) When rules are broken suffers :
(i) life (ii) society (iii) man
(b) Why have certain rules of conduct been laid down by the society?
(c) What is a man without discipline?
(d) What does discipline cultivate among the students?
(e) The synonym of’ crowd’ is :
(i) society (ii) mob (iii) members.
Answers:
(a) (ii) society.
(b) Certain rules of conduct have been laid down in every society to control and regulate the life and activities of its members so that society as a whole may progress in harmony and peace.
(c) A man without discipline is an engine without a brake.
(d) Discipline cultivates a spirit of respect for elders and superiors, teaches gentlemanly behavior in society and meek submission to any punishment that may be inflicted due to indiscipline.
(e) (ii) mob.

MP Board Solutions

6. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Home is the first and the most important school of character. It is here that every human being receives his moral training, or his worst, for it is here! that he imbibes those principles of conduct which endure throughout manhood, and cease only with life.

It is a common saying that, “Manners make the man” and there is a second that, “Mind makes the man”, but truer than either is a third that “Home makes the man”. For the home, training includes not only manners and mind, but also character. It is mainly in the home that the heart is opened, the habits are formed, the intellect is awakened, and the character is molded for good or for evil.

From that source be it pure or impure, issue the principles and maxims of society. Law itself is but the reflection of homes. The finest bits of opinions sown in the minds of children in private life afterward issue forth to the world and become its public opinion, for nations are grown out of nurseries. Those who hold the leading-strings of children may even exercise greater power than those who wield the reins of Government.

Questions:
(a) Which is the most important school of character:
(i) Office (ii) Home (iii) Factory
(b) What does hole training include?
(c) How is public opinion formed at home?
(d) What is done at home with the man?
(e) Find a word from the passage which means ‘to bear’.
(i) intellect (ii) endure (iii) imbibe.
Answers:
(a) (ii) Home.
(b) Home training includes not only the manners and mind, but also character.
(c) The small opinions sown in the minds of children in private life afterward issue forth to the world and become its public opinion.
(d) At home heart is opened, habits are formed, the intellect is awakened and the character of man is molded for good or for evil.
(e) (ii) endure.

literary Passages

1. Read the following poem and answer the questions given below it.

Life ! I know not what thou art,
But know that, thou and I must part.
And when or how, or where we met
I own to me’s secret yet.
Life ! We’ve been long together
Through pleasant and through cloudy weather
Tis hard to part when friends are dear
Perhaps it will cost a sigh, a tear;
Then steal away, give little warning,
Choose thine own time :
Say not good night; but in some better clime,
Bid me good morning.

Questions:
(a) Whom is the poet addressing to :
(i) Friends (ii) Weather (iii) Life
(b) When is it hard to part?
(c) What is a secret to the poet?
(d) How were life and poet associated together?
(e) A word from the poem that means the same as ‘ to leave’ is :
(i) part (ii) steal (iii) clime (iv) none of these.
Answers:
(a) (iii) Life.
(b) It is hard to part from life when the friends and dear ones are close.
(c) It is a secret to the poet that when, how and where he met with life.
(d) Poet and life were associated together in all good and bad times.
(e) (ii) part.

2. Read the following poem and answer the questions given below it.

We have no wings, we cannot soar
But we have feet to scale and climb,
By slow degrees, by more and more,
The cloudy summits of our time.
The heights by great men reached and kept,
Were not attained by sudden flight
But they, while their companions slept,
Were toiling upward in the night.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) What do we not have :
(i) feet (ii) hands (iii) wings
(b) How did great men reach heights and kept them?
(c) What do we have if not wings?
(d) What lesson do you get from the poem?
(e) Which word in the poem means ‘to fly’?
(i) climb (ii) flighty (iii) soar (iv) scale
Answers:
(a) (iii) wings.
(b) Great men reached heights by working hard even when their friends were sleeping.
(c) We have feet to climb upward if not wings to fly.
(d) We learn from the poem that if one works hard continuously then he reaches great heights.
(e) (iii) soar.

3. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

A poor, villager once saved the life of a wealthy goldsmith by attacking a robber who was about to kill him. When the villager had knocked the robber down with his lathi and bound his hands and feet, the goldsmith said to the villager, “I have no money with me. So I shall give you my watch.” He did so and went on his way. The man was greatly pleased with his watch and spent hours in listening to its ticking and watching the second-hand go round. Next day the watch stopped as the man did not know how to wind it. He was very sad and said, “Alas! It is dead.” Thinking its dead body might be of value, he took the watch to a Mahajan who gave him fifty rupees for it, as it was well worth for two hundred. As he was leaving the room, the villager who was at heart an honest man, turned back and said, “Here take your money. It is dead and I have cheated you.” But the Mahajan only laughed and told him to keep the money and go.

Questions:
(a) The goldsmith presented to the villager:
(i) a watch (ii) money (iii) a pen
(b) Why did the watch stop?
(c) What did the villager do with the dead watch?
(d) What did the villager admit in front of Mahajan?
(e) The synonym of ‘dead’ in the passage is :
(i) stopped (ii) lifeless (iii) immovable
Answers:
(a) (i) a watch.
(b) The watch stopped because the villager did I not know how to wind it.
(c) The villager sold the dead watch to a Mahajan for fifty rupees.
(d) The villager admitted in front of the Mahajan that the watch was dead and he had cheated him.
(e) (i) stopped.

4. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

A deer who was very thirsty went to a pool to s quench his thirst. At the time of drinking water, he saw himself in the clear water “How handsome lam! i thought he. The horns on my head are branching like trees. My coat is smooth and glossy. My eyes sparkle like stars. Only my legs are so long and thin that I am ashamed of them.” just then he heard the sound; of the hunter’s foot steps. He dashed away through the forest. His long, thin legs bearing him swiftly on. ; The forest grew thicker and at last he could not run on account of his branching horns. So he was caught by the hunter. :

“How foolish I have been! ” cried the dying deer.
“Oh ! my splendid horns are the cause of my death.”

Question :
(a) The cause of deer’s death was :
(i) his legs (ii) his coat (iii) his horns
(b) What was he ashamed of?
(c) Why could he not escape?
(d) What did he think at the time of his death?
(e) Which word in the passage means ‘bright’?
(i) splendid (ii) glossy (iii) sparkle
Answers:
(a) (iii) his horns.
(b) He was ashamed of his long and thin legs.
(c) He could not escape because of his horns which got stuck in the dense forest.
(d) At the time of his death, he thought of his foolishness that the horns for whose beauty he was proud were the cause of his death.
(e) (ii) glossy.

5. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

How delightful to Sita, Ram and Lakshman were the years of their forest exile. Wherever they went, they were welcomed by the companies of hermits and admitted to the forest ways of life. Thus they were quickly established in huts made of leaves and carpeted with the sacred grass, like other ascetics. Quickly they had also arranged their articles of worship, and gathered together their small stores of necessities and without any loss of time, Sita fell into the habit of cooking for her husband and brother like any peasant-woman and serving them with her own fair hands. Now and‘then it would happen, during their first years in the forest, that they came across some great saint, who would recognize Ram at the glance as the Lord himself.

Questions.:
(a) The years of forest exile of Ram, Laxman and Sita were :
(i) delightful (ii) gloomy (iii) frustrating
(b) What were the huts made of?
(c) How did Sita help Ram and Laxman?
(d) What did the saint recognize?
(e) Which word in the passage means ‘articles of need’?
(i) necessities (ii) ascetics (iii) none of these.
Answers :
(a) (i) delightful.
(b) The huts were made of leaves and carpeted with the sacred grass.
(c) Sita helped Ram and Laxman by cooking and serving them food.
(d) The saint recognized Ram as the Lord himself.
(e) (i) necessaries.

MP Board Solutions

6. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Mahmud of Ghazni had conquered so many countries that he could not rule over them properly. In one of these countries, robbers attacked a caravan of merchants and killed many of them and stole then- goods. The mother of one of the merchants walked a long way to Ghazni and made a complaint to the sultan. “My good woman,” said Mahmud, “how can I keep order in that distant land? It is hundreds of miles from Ghazni. I cannot put down robbers nor keep the road safe so far away.” “Why then, ” replied the old woman, “do you take countries which you cannot rule? For the bad rule of every country of which you are the king, God will call you to account, when you die.”

Questions:
(a) Where did the woman go to :
(i) Ghazni (ii) Agra (iii) Delhi
(b) What had the robbers done?
(c) Whiat did the old woman question him?
(d) Why did she say that he would have to give an account to God?
(e) Find the antonym of ‘near’ from the passage.
Answers:
(a) (i) Ghazni.
(b) The robbers had attacked a caravan of merchants and killed many of them and stolen their goods.
(c) The old woman questioned him that why had he taken over countries which he could not rule.
(d) She said so because of his bad rule of every country of which he was the king.
(e) distant.

Factual Passages

1. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Kashmir is economically a backward state. It has been ruled despotically for several centuries. Progress therefore has been extremely slow. Arts and crafts of Kashmir could not flourish as our handicrafts did not find any market due to difficulties of transport. The peasant in Kashmir still clings to the age-old methods of farming.

As agriculture occupies the most important position in the plan, special attention was given to promote it. More and more facilities were offered to farmers to improve the conditions of agriculture. The launching of the National Extension Service Scheme is the most important step in this direction. This aims at the social, economic and educational uplift of the poor people of Kashmir. The people engaged in the service are enthusiastic workers. The Government is determined to see the prompt accomplishment of responsibilities of reconstructing the countryside through the basic principle of Extension.

Questions:
(a) Kashmir is an economical state :
(i) forward (ii) developed (iii) backward
(b) Why could art and craft not flourish in Kashmir?
(c) What was done to improve agriculture?
(d) What does the National Extension Service Scheme aim at?
(e) Find out the synonyms of ‘sticks’ from the passage.
Answers:
(a) (iii) backward.
(b) Art and craft did not flourish in Kashmir because the handicrafts did not find any market due to difficulties of transport.
(c) More and more facilities were given to the farmers to improve agriculture.
(d) National Extension Service Scheme aims at the social, economic and educational uplift of the poor people in Kashmir.
(e) clings.

2. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Indira Gandhi was the first woman Prime Minister of India. She was born in Allahabad on November 19, 1917. She was the only child of Pt.awahar Lai Nehru and Kamla Nehru. Indira was a lovely child so her parents and grandparents called her Indira Priyadarshini. They lived in a big house. Its name was Anand Bhawan.

Little Indira had many dolls. Some of them were foreign. She loved to play with them. She dressed them like brides and bridegrooms or Raja and Rani or Satyagrahis and Policemen. At the age of four, Indira went to Gandhiji’s I Ashram at Sabarmati. There she slept on the floor, and ate simple food.

CBSE Class 9 English Beehive Book Poem 6 No Men are Foreign MCQ Questions with Answers from Beehive Book.

Questions:
(a) Gandhiji’s ashram was at:
(i) Allahabad (ii) Lucknow (iii) Sabarmati
(b) When and where was she born?
(c) What is Anand Bhawan?
(d) How did she dress her dolls?
(e) Which word in the passage means ‘newly married man’?
Answers:
(a) (iii) Sabarmati.
(b) She was born at Allahabad on November 19, 1917.
(c) Anand Bhawan is the name of the house I where Indira Gandhi and her parents lived,
(d) She dressed her dolls as brides and bridegrooms or Raja and Rani or Satyagrahis and policemen.
(e) bridegroom.

3. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

A hockey team from Delhi went to Sri Lanka last month. They came to Chennai by plane. They left Delhi at 7 o’clock in the morning and reached Chennai at 12 o’clock. They stayed in a hotel for the day. They visited the museum and went in for shopping.

The next morning they went by bus to the railway station. They went in two buses. They traveled from Chennai to Dhanushkoti by ship. They went by train to Talaimannar in Sri Lanka. From Talaimannar they went to Colombo by taxi The team stayed in Sri Lanka for ten days.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The team stayed in Sri Lanka for:
(i) ten days (ii) one month (iii) three months.
(b) When and where did the hockey team go?
(c) What did the team do in Chennai?
(d) How did the team travel from Chennai to Colombo?
(e) Find a word from the passage which means a place where antique things are kept’.
Answers:
(a) (i) ten days.
(b) Hockey team went from Delhi to Sri Lanka last month.
(c) The team visited the museum and went in for shopping in Chennai.
(d) The team traveled from Chennai to Dhanushkoti by ship. They went by train to Talaimannar in Sri Lanka. From Talaimannar they went to Colombo by taxi.
(e) museum.

4. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

A peacock is a beautiful bird. It is the national bird of India. It feeds on plants and animals. Seeds, fruits, bulbs, roots, grass and leaves are its staple food. It also eats white ants, insects, spiders and worms. It devours lizards and frogs. It is an enemy of all kinds of snakes. It drinks water an hour after sunrise and returns to roost after a heavy meal at dusk. In the monsoon when there is rainfall, it is ready to dance. Its breeding season starts with the rainy season. It dances to see the clouds in the sky. It is considered as an auspicious bird.

Questions:
(a) Which is our National Bird :
(i) Sparrow (ii) Crow (iii) Peacock
(b) What does it feed on?
(c) When does it dance?
(d) When is its breeding season?
(e) Which word in the passage means ‘swallows’?
Answers:
(a) (iii) Peacock.
(b) It feeds on plants and animals. Seeds, fruits, bulbs, roots, grass and leaves are its staple food. It also eats white ants, insects, spiders and worms.
(c) It dances in the monsoon when there is rainfall.
(d) Its breeding season starts with the rainy season.
(e) devours.

5. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was our first Prime Minister. His father was Pandit Motilal Nehru. He was an advocate and he was a rich man. He lived , in Allahabad. The name of his house is ‘Anand Bhawan’. It is a big house and there is beautiful . garden around it.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru studied in India and England. He played cricket too. He was a good writer and a good speaker. He was brave and kind.
Nehru loved children and roses very much. Children lovingly called him ‘Chacha Nehru’. His birthday, 14th November, is celebrated as Children’s
Day. He was a great freedom-fighter. He will always be remembered.

Questions:
(a) Pt. Motilal Nehru was :
(i) a businessman (ii) an advocate (iii) an industrialist
(b) Mention the qualities of Jawaharlal Nehru.
(c) Where did Jawaharlal Nehru study?
(d) When is Children’s Day celebrated?
(e) Find the synonym of ‘author’ from the passage.
Answers:
(a) (ii) an advocate.
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru could play cricket. He was a good writer and speaker. He was brave and kind.
(c) He studied in India and England.
(d) Children’s day is celebrated on 14th November on Jawaharlal Nehru’s birthday.
(e) Writer.

6. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.

Kalpana Chawla, the astronaut who died on board the space shuttle Columbia, had been sponsoring two students from her school (Tagore Bal Niketan in Kamal) each year since 1997 for. International Space School Camp in Houston.

Manpreet Kaur and Namita Along visited NASA in August 2002. “We spent an excellent day with KC she even cooked for us and made us feel totally at home”, said Namita. These two and other youngsters who benefitted from this program, say, KC, as she was popularly known, might have been the first Indian-born woman in space but was entirely unaffected by her success.

Gaurav Goel of the 1999 batch and now an engineering student at Ambala said, “Not only was KC down to earth, she still retained the Indian in herself despite living in US for so many years”.

Even as a student, Kalpana had looked out for other students. She used to pay the fees for two of her college mates who could not afford it. “It is possible that to this day they are not aware that Kalpana used to pay their tuition fees,” says Sovina Sood, Kalpana’s sunior in the Punjab Engineering College.

Sovina who now teaches Civil Engineering said that sometimes Kalpana would hand over the money to her “but ask me not to disclose it to anybody”.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) Kalpana Chawla’s school was at:
(i) Ambala (ii) Kamal (iii) Houston
(b) Who visited NASA in August 2002?
(c) What did Kalpana Chawla do for her college mates when she was a student?
(d) Give a word from a passage that means the same as ‘getting advantage’.
(e) Sponsoring means :
(i) to provide support (ii) contributing (iii) participating.
Answers:
(a) (ii) Kamal.
(b) Manpreet Kaur and Namita Along visited NASA in August 2002.
(c) Kalpana Chawla used to pay the fees for two of her college mates when she was a student.
(d) benefitted.
(e) (ii) contributing.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India: Soil, Water, Forest and Wild Life

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India: Soil, Water, Forest and Wild Life Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India: Soil, Water, Forest and Wild Life

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Text book Exercise

We have provided Class 10 SST MCQ Questions and Answers Chapter Wise PDF Download to help students understand the concept very well.

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question 1.
Which factor does not help in the formation of the soil?
(a) Wind and water
(b) Decomposed plants and animals
(c) Rocks and temperature
(d) Water accumulation.
Answer:
(a) Wind and water

MP Board 10th Maths Solution

Question 2.
Which soil is generally found in the delta region of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa and the plains of Ganges?
(a) Red soil
(b) Alluvial soil
(c) Black soil
(d) Laterite soil.
Answer:
(b) Alluvial soil

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
In which region, the method of making contour bunds is used for soil conservation?
(a) Delta region
(b) Plateau region
(c) Hills
(d) Plains
Answer:
(c) Hills

Question 4.
Man uses the most?
(a) underground water
(b) Oceanic Water
(c) Surface Water
(d) Atmospheric Water
Answer:
(a) underground water

Question 5.
Which of the following states is known as Tiger state?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Assam.
Answer:
(b) Madhya Pradesh

Question 6.
The founder of Vanmahostava was?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Pt.Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) K.M. Munshi
(d) Acharya Vinobha Bhave
Answer:
(c) K.M. Munshi

Question 7.
Most forested state is –
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Assam
(d) Tamil Nady.
Answer:
(c) Assam

Question 8.
Ghana Bird Santuary is located in –
(a) Kerala
(b) Rajasthan
(c) West Bengal
(d) Madhya Pradesh
Answer:
(b) Rajasthan

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:

  1.  ………………. has an important place in Joint Forest Management System.
  2.  Social Forestry Scheme is getting financial assistance from ……………….
  3.  Forest Fire Control Project is working in association with ……………….
  4.  ……………….. and are ……………… established to protect and conserve wild life.

Answer:

    1.  Forest protection
    2.  World Bank
    3.  W.W.F.
  1.  Sancturay, Naitonal Parks.

Question 3.
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India Soil Water Forest and Wild Life 1
Answer:

  1. (a)
  2. (c)
  3. (b)
  4. (e)
  5. (d)

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is meant by soil erosion?
Answer:
Removal of soil at a large scale from one place to another by some natural agent is known as soil erosion.

Question 2.
What do you mean by soil conservation?
Answer:
The ever increasing population resulted in the destruction of natural resources. Therefore, to prevent destruction soil conservation is necessary. There are various methods of soil conservation.

Question 3.
What are the sources of underground water?
Answer:
Rain water is a main source of underground water. Some part of rain water is soaked by the land. Rest of the water percolates and is collected below the surface as underground water.

Question 4.
What is the basis of modified forest policy of 1988?
Answer:
The main basis of modified forest policy is to maintain environmental stability, to conserve the natural heritage and to check on soil erosion.

MP Board Solutions

Question 5.
What is the basis of the success of social forestry?
Answer:
This programme of plantation has been started in association with World Bank. It aims to plant useful trees in waste lands, road side and canal embankments near villages. One tree for every child’ this slogan is developed in schools and colleges. People’s participation is increased by publishing Vanmahotsava and by farm forestry, by planting trees road side, railway side and canal embankments.

Question 6.
Why Indian Institute of Forest Management had been established?
Answer:
This institute had been established in Ahemdabad in 1978 in collaboration with a Swidish Company for the development of the forest. Central Government has also established Indian Institute of Forest Management in Bhopal for training, research and consultancy purposes.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is meant by soil profile? Explain?
Answer:
Soil profile is the sequence, colour, texture and nature of the horizons (layers) superimposed one above the other and exposed in a pit – section dug through the soil mantle,

  1.  Upper most layer is top soil
  2.  Second layer is sub soil
  3.  Third layer is weathered parent rock material
  4.  Fourth layer consists of parent rocks.

Top soil of the upper most layer is the real soil. Its important characteristic is the presence of humans and organic matter. Second layer is sub soil which consists of rocks, sand particles and clay. Third layer consists of weathered parent rock material and the fourth layer is made of parent rocks.

Question 2.
What is importance of soil in human life? Explain?
Answer:
Soil is very important for human life, especially for farmers. Human life depends on soil. All living organisms get their food directly or indirectly from soil. We get cotton, silk, jute and wool for making
clothes from soil, either directly or indirectly, e.g. sheep eats grass and gives us wool, silk worms survive on vegetation and vegetation grows in soil. Our industries like animal rearing, agriculture and forest – based industries all depend on soil. So soil is the basis of our life. According to Wil Cox, ‘The history of civilization is the history of the soil and the education of the individual begins from the soil.’

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
Differentiate between Red Soil and Laterite Soil ?
Answer:
Red Soil:

  1. Red soil is formed due to weathering of igneous and metamorphic rocks.
  2. It is highly porous and less fertile but where it is deep it is fertile.
  3. It is less crystalline.
  4. It is red in colour due to the presence of iron in it.
  5. It occurs in part of Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Orissa, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh.

Laterite Soil:

  1. Laterite soil is formed by the leaching process in the heavy rainfall areas of tropical India.
  2. It is less fertile, only grass grows on it in abundance.
  3. It is crystalline.
  4. It is red in colour due to little clay and much gravel of red sandstones.
  5. It is found is hills of the Deccan, Karnataka, Orissa, Assam, Megha­laya and Kerala.

Question 4.
What are the measures of water conservation?
Answer:
The judicious utilization, conservation and management of water resources is necessary. In the view of the limited water available, increasing demand and its uneven availability it has become imperative to conserve the water resources. Following three steps are essential in this direction:

  1.  To collect the rainwater and stop it from draining off.
  2.  Scientific management of the water resources of all the river watersheds minor to major.
  3.  Prevention of water resources from pollution.

Question 5.
Rain water harvesting is important. Why?
Answer:
Natural water is precious but abundantly available during rainy season. But due to carelessness of the people it goes wasted. We know that the crisis of fresh and pure water has became a world wide problem. So it is call of time to collect such a huge quantity of water by constructing reservoir on the roof or nearby the house or roadways.

Question 6.
Conservation of forest is necessary, why?
Answer:
Conservation of forests is necessary, because of the following:

  1. Plants provide food for men and animals.
  2. They help in the maintenance of ecosystem.
  3. They give oxygen necessary for the survival of men and animals.
  4. They provide us timber for building, doors, houses, etc.
  5. They give us herbal medicines.
  6.  They help in soil erosion.

MP Board Solutions

Question 7.
Explain forest based industries?
Answer:
Forests provide a large number of minor produce which are essential for industries such as lac, tanning materials, gum, honey, katha, wax, resins, bamboo, medicinal herbs, horn and hides of animals etc. Forests provide materials for basic industries i.e., wood is useful raw material for several industries like paper, match, lac, leather, oil and herbal medicines. Small scale industries developed from the minor forest provide like tendupatta, cane, honey, wax, etc.

Question 8.
How does forest control the climate?
Answer:
It is necessary for a country to have a proper echological balance. A country should therefore have at least one third of its land area covered with the forests. A larger area under forest is must for absorption of carbon – di – oxide, the accumulation of which is likely to accentuate green house effect. This ‘effect’ may further give rise to general increase in temperature globally and ultimately melt the icecaped areas of the world. This would cause great loss to the life and property of the people living in low lying areas of the world. Thus, the forests would vanish by these natural calamities brought by the man.

Question 9.
Write down the chief characteristics of Forests Policy of December 1988?
Answer:
The following are the chief characteristics of the Forests Policy of Decemeber 1988:

  1. Substantial increase in forest tree cover through massive forestation and social forestry programmes.
  2. Steps to meet requirements of fuel wood, fodder and minor forest produce and timber for tribal and rural populations.
  3. Increase in productivity of forest to meet the national needs.
  4. Encouragement of efficient utilisation of forest produce and optimum substitution of wood.
  5. Steps to massive people’s movement with involvement of women to achieve the objective and minimise pressure on existing forests.

MP Board Solutions

Question 10.
What is Social Forestry Scheme?
Answer:
Social Forestry Scheme means the scheme for an awareness of tree plantation with the help of government and non – governmental institution. There is a known slogan ‘one tree for every child’ geared up to the students of schools and colleges is a serious measure to implement this variety of ecological scheme. This scheme of plantation is started in association with World Bank.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is soil? Describe different types of soil, their characteristics and distribution?
Answer:
The – uppermost layer of the earth’s crust, which is useful for cultivations and the basic resource of agriculture is called soil. The soils of India are:

  1. Alluvial soil
  2. Black soil
  3. Red soil, and
  4. Laterite soil.

1. Alluvial Soil:
Alluvial soil is considered to be a most fertile soil which forms the largest and the most important soil group of India. It contributes the largest share to the country’s agricultural production.

(a) Area:
Alluvial soil covers about 43.7% of the total land area under cultivation. The entire northern plain of India is made up of alluvial soil.

(b) Composition:
These soils are made up of new alluvium and old alluvium. These soils contain fine particles of soil called alluvium. The soil is called new and old depending upon their period of deposit.

(c) Fertility:
Alluvium soils are very fertile soils as they contain adequate amount of potash, phosphoric acid and lime. All the river basin generally have alluvial soils. It supports over half the Indian population.

2. Black Soil:
These soils are black in colour and are very suitable for the cultivation of cotton.

(a) Area:
These soils are spread all over the Deccan trap and are made up of lava flows. They cover the plateaus of Maharashtra, Saurastra, Malwa and southern Madhya Pradesh and extend eastwards in the south along the Godavari and Krishan Valley.

(b) Composition:
The Regur soils or Black soils contain calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, potash and lime. They are generally poor in phosphoric content. The soils consisting of extremely fine clay material known for their sticky characteristics are also called Black soils.

(c) Fertility:
Regur soils are very important and suitable for the cultivation of cotton, that is why they are sometimes also called cotton soil.

3. Red Soil:
These soils are derived from crystalline and metamorphic rocks rich in minerals.

(a) Area:
The southern half of peninsular block is covered by red soils of different shades of red and yellow. This type of soil can be seen in Chotanagpur plateau, Orissa, east Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Nigiries and Tamilnadu plateau. These soil areas are also found northwards in the west along the Konkan coast of Maharashtra.

(b) Composition:
Red soils are loamy in deep depressions and in uplands. They contain loose grave (a highly coarse material and are deficient in phosphoric acid, organic matter and nitrogenous material.

(c) Fertility:
Since these soils are loamy and are made up of coarse material, they are not fertile. They are deficient in the organic matter and nitrogenous material that makes it less fertile.

4. Laterite Soil:
The laterite soil is a result of intense leaching owing to heavy tropical rains.

(a) Area:
They are found in western coastal regions receiving very heavy rainfall. They are also found in patches along the edge of the plateau in the east covering small parts of Tamilnadu and Orissa, a small part of Chotanagpur and Meghalaya in the north east.

(b) Composition:
These soil’s have resulted due to intense leaching owing to heavy tropical rainfall.

(c) Fertility:
These soils are invariably poor and support only pastures and scrub forests.

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
What is soil erosion? Explain the causes of soil erosion and methods of conservation of soil?
Answer:
The term erosion means the loosening and removal of soil from its previous resting place by the action of water and other agents. In India, soil erosion is in many places a serious menace. The extent to which erosion is liable to occur will vary with the condition but at any point its incidence is determined by the following factors:

  1. The configuration, and particularly the slope of the land.
  2. The credibility of the soil.
  3. The amount distribution and intensity of the rainfall.
  4. The vegetable cover.
  5. The system of husbandary and soil management practiced.

Causes of soil erosion are:

  1. Deforestation
  2. Overgrazing
  3. Shifting agriculture
  4. Wind erosion
  5. Agriculture by non-scientific methods.

Soil conservation:
The ever increasing population resulted in the destruction of natural resources. Therefore, to prevent destruction, soil conservation is necessary. There are various methods of soil conservation.

  1. Contour farming
  2. To prevent gully erosion by making field ridge.
  3. Prevention of soil erosion by planting trees as wind breaks in deserts which check the velocity of wind. By doing plantation on the follow land and mountain slopes and by controlled grazing.
  4. By collecting the run off water in mountain slopes and uneven areas.
  5. By developing grazing land in the rural areas.

Question 3.
Draw a labelled diagram of soil profile?
Answer:
Soil profile:
Soil profile is the sequence, colour, texture, nature of the horizons (layers) superimposed one above the other and exposed in a pit – section dug through the soil mantle. Top soil of the upper most layer is the real soil. Its important characteristic is the presence of humans and organic matter.

Second layer is sub soil which consists of rocks, sand particles and clay. Third layer consists of weathered parent rock material and the fourth layer is made of parent rocks.
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India Soil Water Forest and Wild Life 3

Question 4.
What are the main sources of water resource? What is importance of water resources in human life?
Answer:
There are four major sources of water.

  1. Surface water
  2. Ground water
  3. Atmospheric water, and
  4. Oceanic Water.

1. Surface water:
The surface water is available in rivers, ponds and lakes. Rivers are the main source of surface water in India. Rivers and its tributaries are found in each and every part of India. Three main rivers are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra and they carry nearly 60 percent of the total surface water in India. Among the major rivers of the world, the Brahmaputra and the Ganga are at eighth and tenth places respectively.

2. Ground water:
Some part of rain water is soaked by the land. Only 60 percent reaches the upper layer of the soil, which is very useful for agriculture and vegetation to grow. Rest of the water percolates and is collected below the surface as ground water. It is obtained on the surface through wells and tubewells and is used by human beings for irrigation purposes, gardening and industrial purposes.

3. Atmospheric water:
This is in the form of water vapour therefore, it is not used.

4. Ocean water:
This type of water is mainly used for transport and fishing industry. Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean are in the West, East and South of India respectively. Importance of water in human life is as follows:

  1. To provide irrigational facilities.
  2. To conserve the soil fertility as the flood.
  3. To generate hydro – electric power.
  4. To promote navigation through canals and rivers.
  5. To promote tourism as beach tourism.
  6. To promote fish culture, and
  7. To store water, which can be used when it is in greater demand.

MP Board Solutions

Question 5.
Describe the methods of water conservation. Why is it necessary?
Or
Why is water conservation necessary? Describe its main methods? (MP Board 2009,)
Answer:
The following are the crucial methods for the water conservation:

  1. To collect rain water and stop it from draining off.
  2. Scientific management of water resources.
  3. Prevention of water resources from industrial and domestic pollution.

The availability of water for agricultural and other purpose is inadequate and irregular in our country. Being the monsoon, the bulk of rainfall is confined to a brief period of three to four months. Even the places of high rainfall like Cherrapunji and Konkan having heavy rainfall face scarcity of water during the dry season.

Secondly the distribution of rainfall is unequal for example our ground water resources are abundant only in the northern and coastal plains and in the other parts of the country its supply is inadequate. The river water of the Country is also not well connected by canals. In short, the supply of water in India depends on Monsoons and also the topography of land.

Therefore we feel that it is necessary to conserve this precious natural resource. Running water of rivers may be used for irrigation by constructing a canal. Similarly, dams may to constructed to produce electricity.

Question 6.
Describe direct and indirect advantages of forests? (MP Board .2009, 2013)
Or
Mention the direct and indirect advantages of forests? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
Direct advantages of the forests are:
1. Forest provides wood:
Wood from forests is an important fuel. Wood and cow dung produces 34.6 per cent of total power resources. They provide us Teak, Sal, Shisham, Pine, Abnoos, Sandle wood and Deodar. Wood is also used for making furniture.

2. Forests provide minor forest produce:
Forests produce a large number of minor product which are essential for industries such as lac, tanning materials, gum, honey, katha, wax, resins, bamboo, medicinal herbs, horn and hides of animals etc.

Forests provide materials for basic industries i.e., wood is useful raw material for several industries like paper, match, lac, leather, oil and herbal medicines. Small scale industries developed from the minor forest provide like tendupatta, cane, honey, wax, etc.

3. Grazing land for animals:
Forests provide natural pastures for grazing animals.

4. Employment:
About 7.8 crore people depend on forests for their livelihood. Many industries are based on raw materials from forests giving employment to crores of people.

5. Revenue generation:
Government receive crores of rupees from the forests as revenue and royalty. Presently this revenue is 670 crore rupees per annum.

Indirect advantages of the forests are:

1. Control soil erosion:
Trees firmly enclose and considerably reduce soil erosion. Trees hold the fertile top layer of the soil.

2. Control the climate:
Forest act as wind breaks which check the velocity of wind. The climate of forest area remains temperate.

3. Check floods:
Speed of water is reduced by the existence of forests. Water is reduced by the trees. The force of water is reduced by the extensive forest cover.

4. Control expansion of desert areas:
Sardar Patel said, “If expansion of deserts are to be controlled and human civilization is to be prevented then the destruction of forest wealth is to be prevented.”

MP Board Solutions

Question 7.
Describe the efforts of government in forest conservation?
Answer:
In 1950 after independence, Central Forest Board was established. New forest policy was made. Its four main points were:

  1. Forest area should be increased to 33.3 per cent.
  2. Forestation
  3. Protection of forests
  4. Forestry research.

The policy was revised on 7th December 1988. The main aim of the forest policy of 1988 is protection, conservation and development of forests. Policy holds the following objectives:

  1. Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration of ecological balance.
  2. Conservation of natural heritage.
  3. Check on soil erosion and denudation in catchment areas of river, lakes and reservoirs.

In 1990, a 20 – year National Forestry Action programme was launched to make National Forest Policy of 1988 functional. For the development of the forests following activities are taking place:

  1. Establishment of Central Forest Commission.
  2. Indian Forest Survey Organisation.
  3. Council of Forestry Research and Education.
  4. Establishment of Wood Craft Training Centre.
  5. State Forest Development Corporations.
  6. Indian Institute of Forest Management.

Question 8.
Why wildlife conservation is necessary? What are the measures of wildlife conservation? (MP Board, 2011)
Answer:
Depletion of forest has endangered plant and wildlife. Several species have already become extinct. In order to preserve natural habitat and protect them from becoming extinct the government has set up many programmes. There are also programmes for conservation of wetland mangroves and coral reefs under the preservation of special ecosystem.

Coral reefs are characterized by high biomass production and rich floral and faunal diversity four coral reefs have been identified for conservation and management. Periodic census of wild animals are undertaken to check the number of certain species getting reduced. The hunting of wild animals and. birds has been banned and hunters are penalised. Conservation of wildlife: Following efforts can be made to protect the wildlife:

  1. Safeguarding the national habitat of the wild animals.
  2. Poaching should be restricted.
  3. Establishing biosphere reserves in forest areas.
  4. Educating public for environmental protection at levels of education.
  5. Implementation of wildlife management programmes.

MP Board Solutions

Project Work

Question 1.
Prepare a plan for a geographical tour of your area and collect the following information:

  1. Type of soil in your region and its characteristics.
  2. Causes of soil erosion in the area.
  3. What could be the measures to prevent soil erosion in that area.
  4. Characteristics of soil on the basis of crops grown in that area.

Answer:
Do yourself with the help of your subject teacher.

Question 2.
Prepare a map of India and show the following:
Kaziranga, Gir, Gim, Keoladeo, Simlipal National Park, Sunderban, Ranthambore, Savisca, Manas, Corbett Tiger Project, Nilgiri, Nandadevi, Great Nicobar, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.
Answer:
Do yourself with the help of map under the guidance of your subject teacher.

Question 3.
Visit a National Park and prepare a report on the following points:

  1. Wild life
  2. Habitat of wild animals.
  3. Their food and methods of hunting.
  4. Forest produce collected from that park.

Answer:
Do yourself with the help of your subject teacher.

MP Board Solutions

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Additional Important Questions

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (a)
Which soil variety in known a ‘regur’?
(a) Laterite soil
(b) Black soil
(c) Red soil
(d) Alluvial soil.
Answer:
(b) Black soil

Question (b)
Which of the following river is the longest one?
(a) Indus
(b) Narmada
(c) Godavari
(d) Ghagra.
Answer:
(b) Narmada

Question (c)
Indian Institute of Forest Management is in?
(a) Mumbai
(b) Kanpur
(c) Dehradoon
(d) Ahamedabad.
Answer:
(d) Ahamedabad.

Question (d)
Dachigam National Park is located in the state?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Jammu & Kashmir
(c) Kerala
(d) Uttar Pradesh
Answer:
(c) Kerala

MP Board Solutions

Question (e)
Project Tiger was started in?
(a) 1971
(b) 1972
(c) 1973
(d) 1974
Answer:
(c) 1973

Question (f)
Which type of soil is found in western Ghats?
(a) Alluvial soil
(b) Black soil
(c) Laterite soil
(d) Red soil
Answer:
(a) Alluvial soil

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:

  1. Petrol and coal are ………………… resources.
  2. Clay soil is called ………………….. soil.
  3. Deforestation is the cause of soil …………………
  4. The National Forest Policy was formulated in …………………….
  5. Jim Corbett National Park is located in …………………
  6. Central Forest Commission is established in …………………… (MP Board 2009, Set D)
  7. Ghana Bird Sanctuary is located in …………………….. (MP Board 2009, Set C)
  8. All the elements which are capable of fulfilling human wants, are called ……………………..
  9. Soil erosion ocwrs due to ………………… , ……………… and ………………. activities.

Answer:

  1. non – renewable
  2. alluvial
  3. erosion
  4. 1988
  5. Uttarakhand
  6. 1965
  7. Rajasthan
  8. Resources
  9. water, wind, human.

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
True and False type questions:

  1. Sunderlal Bahuguna was the founder of Vanmahotsava in 1950.
  2. 33 per cent is the minimum criteria of the forestation as the biological balance.
  3. About 47,000 species are found in India according to Zoological Survey of India.
  4. In 1965, K.M. Munshi started Vanmahostsava. (MP Board 2009, Set C)
  5. Gir National Park is located in Maharashtra.
  6. There are 14 boisphere reserves which have been established in India.

Answer:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. False
  4. False
  5. False
  6. True.

Question 5.
Match the Columns:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India Soil Water Forest and Wild Life 4
Answer:

  1. (c)
  2. (e)
  3. (d)
  4. (a)
  5. (b)

Question 1.
What per cent of our land area is plain?
Answer:
About 43%.

Question 2.
What per cent of land is mountainous?
Answer:
About 30%.

Question 3.
What is pasture?
Answer:
Land covered with natural grasses is knows as pasture.

Question 4.
Name the most endangered species in India?
Answer:
The tiger, the rhino, the bustard and the lion.

Question 5.
Which is the first biological reserve in India?
Answer:
The first biological reserve was set up in the Nilgiries.

MP Board Solutions

Question 6.
Where is the Gulf of Mannar?
Answer:
Tamil Nadu.

Question 7.
What percentage of India is covered with forests?
Answer:
About 23.3%.

Question 8.
What are the sources of surface water?
Answer:
Ponds, tanks, rivers and reservoirs, etc.

Question 9.
What do you mean by rain water harvesting?
Answer:
It simply means capturing rains where it falls.

Question 10.
What are the major sources of irrigation in India?
Answer:
Canals, Tanks, Wells and Tubewells.

Question 11.
Which elements enhance the fertility of soil?
Answer:
Fine vegetal and animal remains add to the fertility of the soil.

MP Board Solutions

Question 12.
What is Bangar?
Answer:
This is the old alluvium soil spread at the outer areas of khadar.

Question 13.
Where are the elephants found in India?
Answer:
Elephants in India are found in the jungles of Assam and those of Kerala and Karnataka.

Question 14.
How many species of animals, birds and fishes are found in India?
Answer:
India has approximately 89000 species of animals, 1200 of birds and 2500 species of fishes.

Question 15.
What is the primary source of water on the earth?
Answer:
The primary source of water on earth is precipitation that comes in the forms of rain and snowfall.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Name the various elements of nature which contribute to evolution of soil?
Answer:
Changing temperature, running water and wind etc., contribute in the evolution of soil.

Question 2.
Which soil supports over half the Indian population?
Answer:
The alluvial soil. The new alluvium soil near the river banks or the catchment areas is called khadar.

Question 3.
What is National Park?
Answer:
It is a place where wildlife is in their natural setting. It is a place where animals mpve freely. Food for the animals is provided by animals themselves.

Question 4.
What do you mean by hydro – electricity?
Answer:
The electricity derived from the running or falling water. It is one of the neatest, cheapest and pollution free form of energy.

MP Board Solutions

Question 5.
What are the types of forests according to administration?
Answer:
On the basis of administration, forests are classified into three types:

  1. Reserved Forests
  2. Protected Forests
  3. Unclassified Forests.

Question 6.
What are the main causes of growing scarcity of water?
Answer:
Main causes of growing scarcity of water are:

  1. Rapidly growing population.
  2. Rising demand for. food and cash crops.
  3. Increasing urbanisaffon and rising standard of living.

Question 7.
What is Humus?
Answer:
Deposited organic matter of plants and animals is called humus. It is found in top soil and helps in making soil fertile.

Question 8.
Define weathering?
Answer:
Disintegration of rocks on the earth surface due to weathering.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write any four characteristics of black soil?
Answer:
Black soil is also known as Regur soil. It is:

  1. most suitable for the cultivation of cotton.
  2. made up of extremely fine material.
  3. known for its capacity to hold moisture.
  4. rich in soil nutrients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, potash and lime.

Question 2.
Why should we increase the land under forest?
Answer:
India has only 19 per cent of forest cover out its total land area. It is far below the scientific norms which prescribes minimum availability of forest to be 33 per cent. The forest area in India must therefore be increased to maintain ecological balance and absorption of carbon dioxide. The forests help us to preserve the wild ‘life. They cause precipitation and help us in decreasing the possibility of droughts. Forests regulate the flow of river water.

Question 3.
Write the main differences between Khadar soil and Bangar soil?
Answer:
Khadar Soil:

  1. This is the new alluvial soil deposited by the rivers in the northern plains. The new alluvial soil deposited at the bank of rivers is locally kndwn as khadar.
  2. This is very fertile land and the soil contains adequate amount of potash, phosphoric acid and lime. This has fine particles.

Bangar Soil:

  1. This is the old alluvial soil ‘ deposited by the rivers in the northern plains. The old alluvial soil which is deposited beyond the new alluvium is locally called bangar in the norhtern plains.
  2. This is also fertile soil but not as fertile as the Khadar is. This old alluvium often contains kankar nodules with- calcium carbonate in sub soil.

Question 4.
What is bio – reserve?
Answer:
Efforts are being made on the basis of specific regions to protect and preserve every plant and animal species found in India so that this natural heritage can be transmitted to the future. This concept is known as bio – reserve. Till now there are 14 bio – reserves have been established in India. Nilgiri of Kerala is one of them.

Question 5.
Differentiate between surface water and ground water resources?
Answer:
Surface Water:

  1. Surface water is the volume of water present over the surface of the earth whether in the stationary state or the running state.
  2. The volume of water on the surface changes with the change in the seasons and weather conditions.
  3. The surface water can be used by constructing dams and canals etc.

Ground Water:

  1. The underground water is the volume of water present below the earth surface whether in the stationary state or the running state.
  2. The volume of underground water also depends on the amount of water received on the surface and at the same time, the amount of underground water utilized.
  3. The undergournd water is widely used for drinking and irrigation through well and tube- wells.

Question 6.
Explain the agents of soil formation?
Answer:
Soil is a renewable resource. It takes hundreds of years in the formation of one centimetre thick layer of soil. Plain surface is best for the formation of soil because least problems are created here during the formation. There are different factors which help in formation of soil e.g., parent rocks and topography, climatic conditions which helps in weathering of rocks, plants, animals and there remains.

Question 7.
Write five steps for conervation of wild life?
Answer:

  1. Safeguarding the national habital of the wild animals.
  2. Hunting of wild animals should be restricted.
  3. Establishing Biosphere Reserves in forest areas.
  4. Educating public for environmental protection at levels of education.
  5. Implementation of wildlife management programmes.

MP Board Solutions

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 1 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe the concept of soil conservation. Outline the measures of soil conservation?
Answer:
Conservation of Soil. Soil is the most important resource to support human life. The soil on which we depend so much for our survival has evolved over thousands and thousands of years. It is therefore necessary to conserve this resource to enable people to produce a variety of crops.

What is needed to day is the scientific management of soil, their proper conservation, avoidance of their erosion and maintainence of their fertility through organic and bio manures.

Soil erosion is one single factor which cause great harm to our agricultural productivity. Secondly, salinity and alkalinity has also spoiled the fertility of the soil in India. Running water and wind have been causing regular soil erosion. So, conservation is necessary to ensure sustained productivity of land.
The soil can be conserved by adopting the following measures:

1. Aforestation and a ban on blind deforestation.

2. Contour Ploughing:
It is the method by which field are ploughed, harrowed and sown along the contours instead of up and down the slopes.

3. Terracing:
This means making a series of winding steps on mountain slope.

4. Strip Cropping:
Cover crop such as grasses and small grains are planted alternately with cultivated crops. Cover crops absorb moisture and hold the soil together.

5. Stopping clearance of forests on a large scale.

6. Preventing overgrazing.

7. Construction of bunds.

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
How are forests useful to man?
Answer:
The economical uses of forests are as follows:

  1. Forests maintain environmental stability, ecological balance for the existence of all life forms.
  2. They provide timber and fuel wood. Soft wood is used in furniture, packages, and also other building materials.
  3. Pulp is made from soft wood and is used in paper making.
  4. Forest provide many things to meet our food requirements like wild fruits, nuts, berries, etc. Many tribes are dependent on gathering of these products in forests.
  5. They modify climatic conditions and bring better rainfall in the area.
  6. They reduce wind force and reduce air temperature during summer which have a positive effect on the overall environment.
  7. They add to the forest floor large quantities of leaves, twigs and branches, which after decomposition form humus. This increases the fertility of soil.

Question 1.
Show distribution of soil on a outline map of India?
Answer:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India Soil Water Forest and Wild Life 7

Question 2.
Show Wildlife and Biosphere Reserves on a outline map of India?
Answer:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 1 Resources of India Soil Water Forest and Wild Life 8

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3

Find the value of x in each of the given triangles.

Question 1.
Solve the following pair of linear equations by the substitution method.
(i) x + y = 14; x – y = 4
(ii) s – f = 3; \(\frac{s}{3}+\frac{t}{2}\) = 6
(iii) 3x – y = 3; 9x – 3y = 9
(iv) 0.2x + 0.3y = 1.3; 0.4x + 0.5y = 2.3
(v) \(\sqrt{2} x+\sqrt{3} y\) = 0; \(\sqrt{3} x-\sqrt{8} y\) = 0
(vi) \(\frac{3 x}{2}-\frac{5 y}{3}\) = -2, \(\frac{x}{3}+\frac{y}{2}=\frac{13}{6}\)
Solution:
(i) x + y = 14 … (1),
x – y = 4 …. (2)
From (1) , we get x = (14 – y) …. (3)
Substituting value of x in (2) , we get
(14 – y) – y = 4 ⇒ 14 – 2y = 4 ⇒ -2y = -10 ⇒ y = 5
Substituting y = 5 in (3), we have
x = 14 – 5 ⇒ x = 9
Hence, x = 9, y = 5

(ii) s – t = 3 … (1)
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 1
From (1), we have s = (3 + t) … (2)
Substituting this value of s in (2), we get
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 2
Substituting, t = 6 in (3) we get,
S = 3 + 6 = 9
Thus, S = 9, f = 6

(iii) 3x – y = 3 … (1),
9x – 3y = 9 … (2)
From (1) , y = (3x – 3)
Substituting this value of y in (2),
9x – 3(3x – 3) = 9
⇒ 9x – 9x + 9 = 9 ⇒ 9 = 9 which is true,
Eq. (1) and eq. (2) have infinitely many solutions.

(iv) 0.2x + 0.3y = 1.3 … (1)
0.4x + 0.5y = 2.3 …. (2)
From the equation (1),
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 3
Substituting the value of y in (2), we have
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 4
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 5
Substituting the value of x in (1), we have
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 6

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3

Question 2.
Solve 2x + 3y = 11 and 2x – 4y = -24 and hence find the value of ‘m’ for which y = mx + c
Solution:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 13

Question 3.
Form the pair of linear equations for the following problems and find their solution by
substitution method.
(i) The difference between two numbers is 26 and one number is three times the other. Find them.
(ii) The larger of two supplementary angles exceeds the smaller by 18 degrees. Find them.
(iii) The coach of a cricket team buys 7 bats and 6 balls for 13800. Later, she buys 3 bats and 5 balls for ₹ 1750. Find the cost of each bat and each ball.
(iv) The taxi charges in a city consist of a fixed charge together with the charge for the distance covered. For a distance of 10 km, the charge paid is ₹ 105 and for a journey of 15 km, the charge paid is ₹ 155. What are the fixed charges and the charge per km? How much does a person have to pay for travelling a distance of 25 km?
(v) A fraction becomes 9/11, if 2 is added to both the numerator and the denominator. If, 3 is added to both the numerator and the denominator it becomes 5/6. Find the fraction.
(vi) Five years hence, the age of Jacob will be three times that of his son. Five years ago, Jacob’s age was seven times that of his son. What are their present ages?
Solution:
(i) Let the two numbers be X and y such that x > y
It is given that
Difference between two numbers = 26
∴ x – y = 26 … (1)
Also one number = 3 [the other number]
⇒ x = 3y … (2)
Substituting x = 3y in (1) , we get 3y – y = 26 ⇒ 2y = 26
Now, substituting y = 13 in (2) , we have
x = 3(13) ⇒ x = 39
Thus, two numbers are 39 and 13.

(ii) Let the two angles be x and y such that x > y
∵ The larger angle exceeds the smaller by 18° (Given)
∴ x = y + 18°…. (1)
Also, sum of two supplementary angles = 180°
∴ x + y = 180° … (2)
Substituting the value of x from (1) in (2) , we get,
(18° + y) + y = 180°
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 7
Substituting, y = 81° in (1) , we get
x = 18° + 81° = 99°
Thus, x = 99° and y = 81°

(iii) Let the cost of a bat = ₹ x
And the cost of a ball = ₹ y
∵ [cost of 7 bats] + [cost of 6 balls] = ₹ 3800
⇒ 7x + 6y = 3800 … (1)
Also, [cost of 3 bats] + [cost of 5 balls] = ₹ 1750
3x + 5y = 1750 …. (2)
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 8
Substituting this value of y in (1) , we have
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 9

(iv) Let fixed charges = ₹ x
and charges per km = ₹ y
∵ Charges for the journey of 10 km = ₹ 105 (Given)
∴ x + 10y = 105 … (1)
and charges for the journey of 15 km = ₹ 155
∴ x + 15y = 155 … (2)
From (1) , we have, x = 105 – 10y …. (3)
Putting the value of x in (2) , we get
(105 – 10y) + 15y = 155
⇒ 5y = 155 – 105 = 50 ⇒ y = 10
Substituting y = 10 in (3) , we get
x = 105 – 10(10) ⇒ x = 105 – 100 = 5
Thus, x = 5 and y = 10
⇒ Fixed charges = ₹ 5
and charges per km = ₹ 10
Now, charges for 25 km = x + 25y = 5 + 25(10) = 5 + 250 = ₹ 255
∴ The charges for 25 km journey = ₹ 255

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3

(v) Let the numerator = x
and the denominator = y
∴ Fraction = \(\frac{x}{y}\)
According to the given condition,
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 10
⇒ 11(x + 2) = 9(y + 2)
⇒ 11x + 22 = 9y + 18
⇒ 11x – 9y + 4 = 0 … (1)
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 11
Substituting this value of x in (1) , we have
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.3 12

(vi) Let the present age of Jacob = x years
and the present age of his son = y years
∴ 5 years hence: Age of Jacob = (x + 5) years
Age of his son = (y + 5) years
According to given condition,
[Age of Jacob] = 3[Age of his son]
x + 5 = 3(y + 5) ⇒ x + 5 = 3y + 15
⇒ x – 3y -10 = 0 … (1)
5years ago : Age of Jacob = (x – 5) years,
Age of his son = (y – 5) years
According to given condition,
[Age of Jacob] = 7[Age of his son]
∴ (x – 5) = 7(y – 5) ⇒ x – 5 = 7y – 35
⇒ x – 7y + 30 = 0 … (2)
From (1) , x = [10 + 3y] … (3)
Substituting this value of x in (2) , we get
(10 + 3y) – 7y + 30 = 0
⇒ -4y = -40 ⇒ y = 10
Now, substituting y = 10 in (3) ,
we get x = 10 + 3(10)
⇒ x = 10 + 30 = 40
Thus, x = 40 and y = 10
⇒ Present age of Jacob = 40 years and present age of his son = 10 years

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Text book Exercises

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (i)
Economic planning results in –
(a) Improvement in living standard
(b) Increase in economic welfare
(c) Increase in life expectancy
(d) All of above
Answer:
(d) All of above

Question (ii)
The per capita income of the country is calculated on the basis of –
(a) That country’s population
(b) The world’s population
(c) States population
(d) Other country’s population
Answer:
(a) That country’s population

Question (iii)
Prof. Amratya Sen has considered basis of development as – (MP Board, 2009, 2013)
(a) Prosperity
(b) Self – dependency
(c) Public Welfare
(d) Foreign Trade.
Answer:
(c) Public Welfare

Question (iv)
Developed countries utilise natural resources –
(a) Very little
(b) Do not use
(c) Little bit
(d) On a large extent.
Answer:
(c) Little bit

Question (v)
How many five years plans have been completed in India till now – (MP Board, 2010)
(a) 5
(b) 10
(c) 15
(d) 11
Answer:
(d) 11

MP Board Solutions

Question 2
Fill in the blanks:

  1. The standard of …………… increases by economic development.
  2. India Vision 2020 was published in the year ……………
  3. …………… constructed physical quality of life index.
  4. According to World Bank that country is developed country whose per capita income is …………… rupees or more per year.
  5. The period of tenth plan was from …………… to ……………

Answer

1. Living
2. 2003
3. Prof. Morris
4. 4,53,000
5. 2002, 2007

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is the meaning of economic development according to Mercantilism?
Answer:
For the mercantile economists an economic development is based on the previous metals like gold or silver.

Question 2.
During which period of time is national income calculated?
Answer:
National income is calculated from 1st April to 31st March every year.

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
What are the basis of calculating human Development Index?
Answer:
Basis for calculating human Development Index are:

  1. Life expectancy at time of birth for measuring a long and healthy life.
  2. Rate of adult literacy and total enrolment ratio.
  3. Per Capital Gross Domestic Product.

Question 4.
According to the World Bank, what must be per capita income of the developed countries?
Answer:
The World Bank in its development report of 2006 has used the measure of per capita income to distinguish between developed countries and developing countries. According to this report those countries having per capita income Rs. 4,53,000 or more are considered as developed countries and countries having per capita income Rs. 37,000 or less are considered as developing (low income) country.

Question 5.
What are the main measurement of measuring economic development?
Answer:
Actually facilities of health, education, housing, nutritive food, drinking water etc., provided to common people should be included in the development. Therefore as an alternative for the national and per capita income, importance is given to human development indicators for measuring economic development.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is national income? How is it calculated? Write. (MP Board 2009, 2011)
Answer:
National income is the income of a country. It is obtained by adding the monetary values of the commodities and services produced in a country’ in a year. One of the methods of measuring economic development is in terms of an increase in country’s real national income over a long period of time. National income refers to the total value of all the final goods and services produced within a country plus income earned from other country.

Question 2.
What is per capita income? Write the formula of calculating it. (MP Board 2010)
Answer:
When the National income of a country is divided by its total population then we get its per capita income.
The following formula is used to calculate the per capita income of a country:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning img 1a
Per capita income gives us an idea of the standard of living of the peopl of country. If the per capita income is increasing in a country it means that the lives of the people of that country are becoming happier It means their standard of living is improving.

Question 3.
What is the main objective of making Human Development Index? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
Human development is index term. It consists of economic and social development. Human development is the end of all human activities, whereas social development is mean to it. Economic development consists of structures which support indirectly the economic system. It consists of education, health, environment, housing and civic amenities, etc.

Question 4.
Which are the developed and developing states of India?
Answer:
In India some states are comparatively developed states and some states are developing states. We can classify 15 big states of India on the ground of per capita income into two classes i.e. developed states and developing states. Punjab, Maharashtra, Haryana, Gujarat, West Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, are included in list of developed states while Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa and Bihar etc. states are in list of developing states.

According to the census of 2001, 90% of total population of the country resides in these states. Out of this 48% population resides comparatively in developed states and 42% population resides in the developing or backward states.

Question 5.
What is India Vision 2020?
Or
What is Vision India 2020? Write. (MP Board 2009, 2011, 2013)
Answer:
In January 2003, The Planning Commission of India has issued an important document named India Vision 2020. According to this document till the year 2020, India will be included in the category of developed countries. As a result of this, unemployment, poverty, illiteracy will be completely eradicated from the country.

The Planning Commission has estimated that by the year 2020, 135 crore of country’s population will be better nourished, will have good living standard and be completely healthy. Average age of the population will increase.

The Age Calculator can determine the age or interval between two dates. The calculated age will be displayed in years, months, days.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Explain old and new concepts of Economic Development? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
In ancient time a special place was given to materialistic prosperity under economic development at global level. The mercentile thinkers of Germany and France considered gold and silver as the basis of development. The concept of development kept on changing with time.

According to classical economist Adam Smith, economic development is the increase in. goods and services of a country. Karl Marks considered economic development as the establishment of socialism J.S. Mill’s opinion about economic development is totally different. He considered economic development as to follow the principle of cooperation for welfare of people and economic development.

Among the new economists Paul Albert considers economic development as the increase in real national income by use of all productive resources by a country. While in the opinion of Williamson and Bustricks development is the increase in the per capita income of the people of a country. The opinion of D. Bright Singh is different from all these, in that economic development involves not only increase in money income but also improvement in social welfare. Prof. Amirtya Sen, honored by Nobel Prize has also given special importance to social welfare.

Meir and Baldwin has defined economic development as “Economic development is a process whereby an economy’s real national income increases over a long period of time.”

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
State the meaning of Human Development Index and discuss its components?
Answer:
The quality of life index prepared and published by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is termed as Human Development Index. The United Nations was the first to prepare and publish Human Development Index in the year 1990. Human Development Index studies the following three basic hurrtan capabilities:

  1. Living a long life (Longevity)
  2. Being knowledgeable (Educational Attainment)
  3. Enjoying decent standard of living (Red per capita GDP).

Question 3.
Distinguish between developed and developing economies?
Answer:
Developed Economy:

  • This economy is economically sound. Its people have higher standard of living.
  • The main occupation of people is industry.
  • Modern technology is used.

Developing Economy:

  • This economy is not financially sound. The standard of living of general masses is lower.
  • The main occupation of people is agriculture.
  • Generally old techniques of production are used.

Question 4.
Explain the meaning of Economic planning in India anc state the main objectives of planning in India?
Answer:
After the independence, in order to make plans for the country the Planning Commission was set up on 15th March, 1950 for the country. By now 11 five – year plans have been prepared by this commission and implemented by Government of India. At present the Eleventh Five Year Plan has been started from 1st April, 2007.

The main guiding principles of the five – year plans in India are economic equality, social justice, self – dependence, improvement in efficiency and productivity. In different plans out of above directive principles, emphasis has been laid on. different facts due to changes in situations and problems. In brief the basic objectives of Indian plans are as below:

  1. To obtain high rate of development
  2. To obtain self – dependency
  3. To obtain economic stability
  4. To increase social welfare
  5. To obtain social and economic justice
  6. To increase the opportunities of employment
  7. To increase the standard of living
  8. Poverty eradication.

MP Board Solutions

Question 5.
State the success and failures of planning of India? (MP Board, 2010)
Answer:
The following are the factors of success:

1. Increase in National and Per Capita Income:
At the current prices the national income of India was only 9142 crore in 195051 which rose up to 28,46,762. In similar manner, during this period the per capita income increased from Rs. 255 to Rs. 25,716. Thus it is clear that the national income as well as per capita income both increased rapidly during the period of the planning.

2. Increase in Rate of Saving and Investment:
Some portion of the national income is invested (used for production) for the economic development. In each plan high targets of saving and investments were fixed for this which have nearly been achieved too. The gross saving and investment rates in the year 1950 – 51 (on current prices) were only 8.9 and 8.7 per cent of gross national product which increased to 32.4 and 33.8 percent in the year 2005 – 06.

3. Development in Agriculture Sector:
Agricultural production has increased extensively due to economic planning. The production of food grains increased to 2083 lakh tonnes in the year 2005-06 which was only 508 lakh tonnes in 1950 – 51. During this period as a result of green revolution high yielding seeds, chemical, fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation facilities etc. were expanded. Along with this in agricultural sector infrastructure developed too.

4. Industrialisation:
There has been a remarkable increase in industrial sector through five years plAnswer:Today India has become the tenth largest industrial country of the world. India’s progres can be estimated by the fact that the contribution of India b manufactured goods in the foreign trade is gradually increasing. Iro: and steel, engineering, goods, chemical and cement etc.

5. Education and Health:
At the beginning of planning, there were 27 universities, but now they are 389 in number, the literacy rate of the country in 1950-51 was 16.6 per cent which increased upto 64.8 percent in 2001.

Failures are as follows:

1. Slow Progress in per Capita Income:
In spite of economic planning in India, the growth in per capita income has been very slow. Still today 21 per cent of population in India is living below poverty line.

2. Regional Imbalance:
As a result of planning, the regional imbalance in the country should have decreased, but there has been no significant change. Uttar Pradesh, Orrisa, Bihar, etc. states are still backward states while the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Punjab, Haryana, etc. are included under the category of comparatively developed states.

3. Increase in Prices:
The prices are continuously increasing since the period of planning. On the basis of 1993-94, the whole sale price index, number has risen to 2079 in December 2006. It is estimated that during the period of planning the prices increased near about 27 times.

4. Increase in Unemployment:
An important objective of economic planning was to reduce unemployment. But the unemployment kept on increasing a.t the end of each plan. In the beginning of first five year plan, where 33 lakh people were unemployed which is now estimated to about 4 crore.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Additional Important Questions

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following) (MP Board 2009)

Question (i)
In ancient time India was called –
(a) Golden Triangle
(b) Golden Bird
(c) Golden Ring
(d) Golden Country
Answer:
(b) Golden Bird

Question (ii)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is known as –
(a) IMF
(b) World Bank
(c) RBI
(d) UNO
Answer:
(b) World Bank

Question (iii)
The peroid of 10th plan is –
(a) 2002 – 2007
(b) 2001 – 2008
(c) 2003 – 2008
(d) 2004 – 2009
Answer:
(a) 2002 – 2007

Question (iv)
How many persons were unemployed in beginning of first plan – (MP Board 2009, Set B)
(a) 25 lac
(b) 33 lac
(c) 43 lac
(d) 35 lac.
Answer:
(b) 33 lac

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:

  1. The writer of the famous book Arthshastra is ……………..
  2. The First Five Year Plan was started in ……………..
  3. Shri Mannarayan was related to the ……………..

Answer:

  1.  Kautilya
  2. 1951
  3. Gandhiyan plan

Question 3.
True and False type questions:

  1. The years 1966-67, 1967 – 68 and 1968 – 69 are known as the Rolling Plan.
  2. Indian Planning is based on the Russian model.
  3. Prof. Amartya Sen is related to the Planning Commission of India.

Answer:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. False

Question 4.
Match the column:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning 2
Answer:

1. (c)
2. (a)
3. (d)
4. (b)

Answer in One – Two Words or One Sentence

Question 1.
Mention three objectives of planning in India.
Answer:

  1. Self – Sufficiency
  2. Social Justice
  3. Higher rate of growth.

Question 2.
How many five – year plans have been completed so far after independence?
Answer:
Ten five – year plans have been completed.

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
Name the sector which was given top priority during the First Five Year Plan?
Answer:
Agriculture was accorded top priority.

Question 4.
What are the essential things for analysing the economic planning?
Answer:
Two things are essential in economic planning such as:

  1. Pre – decided aims which have to be accomplished.
  2. Description of the use of available resources to obtain the pre – determined aims.

Question 5.
Name any three types of economics?
Answer:

  1. Capitalist Economy
  2. Socialist Economy
  3. Mixed Economy.

Question 6.
What are the three sectors of enterprises on the basis of ownership?
Answer:

  1. Private sector
  2. Public sector and
  3. Joint sector

Question 7.
Define national income?
Answer:
It is defined as the total value of all the goods and services produced within a country plus income coming from abroad.

MP Board Solutions

Question 8.
What does consumption mean?
Answer:
The use of goods and services is called consumption. In other words, reduction in utilities is termed as consumption.

Question 9.
What are primary activities of an economy?
Answer:
Activities that are associated with land and water such as farming, cattle rearing, fishing and mining are called primary activities.

Question 10.
What is per capita income?
Answer:
National income divided by the total population of the country is termed as per capita income.

Question 11.
What is Human Development Index?
Answer:
The quality of life index prepared and published by United Nation’s Development Programme (UNDP) is termed as Human Development Index.

MP Board Solutions

Question 12.
Mention the formula for the calculation of Human?
Development Index.
Answer:
Human Development Index = Life expectancy index + Educational attainment
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning 225

Question 13.
Define longevity?
Answer:
Life expectancy at birth as known as longevity. It means the number of years a newly born baby is expected to live. Longevity in India at present is 63 years.

Question 14.
Identify different thrust areas of human development.
Answer:
Health, Gender Equity and Gender Empowerment are the thrust areas of human development?

Question 15.
What basis of development has considered by Prof. Amartya Sen? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
Social Welfare.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
State briefly the main features of capitalist economy?
Answer:

  1. Factors of production are owned by the individuals.
  2. Economic activities are carried out with the sole motive of project.
  3. Producers are to choose occupation of their own choice.

Question 2.
State briefly the features of socialist economy?
Answer:

  1. Government is the sole producer of goods and services.
  2. All properties belong to the government.
  3. Economic decision are taken by the central planning authority.

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
Define national income in the words of Professor Marshall?
Answer:
According to Professor Marshall, the labour and capital of country, acting on its natural resources produce annually a certain net aggregate of commodities, material and immaterial including services of all kinds. This is the true net annual income or revenue of the country or the national dividend.

Question 4.
What are the advantages of a capitalist economy?
Answer:

  1. Economic freedom.
  2. Maximum utilisation of resources.
  3. Higher standard of living.
  4. Increase production.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How is planning useful for economic development?
Answer:
It is rightly said that India is rich country inhabited by pocrs. We have got abundance of resources lying undiscovered, untapped and unexploited. This is due to the fact that we did not formulate plans to make the best possible utilisation of these resources. After independence we adopted planned developmental economy aiming at higher rate of growth self – reliance and balanced economic development. Planning creates employment opportunities, economic stability and allround economic development of the country.

Question 2.
Give any two objectives of economic planning?
Answer:
Two objectives of economic planning are as under:

(a) High Growth Rate:
It was felt after independence that we were an undeveloped economy. It was necessary to accelerate the pace of agricultural and industrial growth for the rapid economic development of the country. This is why, we adopted planned developmental economy to attain high growth rate.

(b) Social Justice:
Our society has been victim of social injustice and inequality of income. There is wide disparity in income and wealth of individual. There are regional imbalances resulting in social tensions. Under these circumstances the planner formulated our five
year plans with an aim towards social justice.

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
What is a Socialistic Pattern of society?
Answer:
Socialist pattern of society means that the basic criterion of determining the lines of advance must not be private profit but social gain and the pattern of development and the structure of socioeconomic relations should be so planned that they result not. only in appreciable increase in national income and employment but also greater equality in income and wealth. The benefits of economic development must accure more and more to the relatively less privileged class of society, and there should be progressive reduction in the concentration of economic power.

Question 4.
Distinguish between:

  1. A Capitalist Economy and a Socialist Economy
  2. Economic and Non – economic Activities.

Answer:
1.
A Capitalist Economy:

  • Private ownership on means of production.
  • Freedom of enterprise.
  • Profit is the main motive.
  • Efficient use of resources.
  • Free working of price mechanism.

A Socialist Economy:

  • Government ownership on means of production.
  • No freedom of enterprise.
  • The main motive is social welfare and service.
  • Inefficient use of resources.
  • Interference by the government in the economy.

2.
Economic Activities:

  • Activities which contribute to the flow of goods and services.
  • These activities are included in national income.
  • Examples: Farmers, doctors, technicians etc.

Non – economic Activities:

  • Activities which do not contribute to the flow of goods and services.
  • These activities are not included in national income.
  • Examples: Religious activities, social works etc.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Discuss the contribution of agriculture in National Income?
Answer:
Contribution of Agriculture to National Income. About 45% of our national income is earned through agriculture. Nearly 67% of our people earn livelihood through agriculture and its allied activities.

1. Contribution of Agriculture to Employment:
About 67% of our working population is engaged directly or indirectly with agriculture.

2. Agriculture is Source of Government Revenue:
State government earn land revenue and some states have taxed agricultural income.

3. Contribution of Agriculture to Industry:
Agriculture lays down sound foundation of our industries in the following ways

  • Agriculture supplies us food and fodder.
  • Agriculture contributes to trade also. Trading in food grains is all based on agriculture.
  • Agriculture is main source of our exports.
  • Agriculture is the foundation stone for economic development.
  • Agriculture is major source of raw material for industry. Jute Cotton, Sugar, tea, Coffee, oil, Silk, Tobacco etc. are based on agricultural product.
  • Agriculture is the source of capital formation.
  • Agriculture supplies healthy manpower.
  • Agriculture sector purchase goods of industrial sector.

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
Give any five suggestions for increasing the growth of national income?
Answer:
In order to increase the national income following measures should be adopted:

1. Increase in the Rate of Savings and Investment:
In order to increase the national income productive activities must be increased. Modem large scale industrial venture requires huge amount of capital. It requires that there must be sufficient savings and investment in the productive activities.

2. Improvement in the Technique of Production:
In case we want to increase our production at faster rates we will have to introduce new technology in the field of production. It will increase the production and consequently national income will be multiplied.

3. Discouraging Increase in Populations:
Our economic development is eaten up by exploding population. It reduces our per capita income also. If we want to increase our national income we will have to check population explosion.

4. Discouraging Price Rise:
After independence inflationary pressure is Jbeing continuously felt. The commodities have become very costly, so savings are very little. Low savings and lesser capital formation is adversaliy affecting our national income.

5. Increasing Exports:
In order to increase our industrial production we will have to import latest machines equipments and technology. It requires foreign exchange, which can be earned by exporting our surplus agricultural.

MP Board Solutions

Question 3.
Describe the construction of Human Development Index. What are its levels ?
Answer:
Construction of Human Development Index Three basic factors of life are utilised in the construction of Human Development Index. These factors are:

  1. Life expectancy at time of birth for measuring a long and healthy life.
  2. Rate of adult literacy and total enrolment ratio.
  3. Per Capita Gross Domestic Product.

First of all indicators of these three factors are prepared separately to calculate Human Development Index. Then after their average is calculated whose value is presented between 0 to 1. The indicator of most developed country stands near 1 and most undeveloped country’s indicator stands near 0. On this basis, the countries of the world are classified into the following three classes according to their level of development.

1. Highly Human Developed Countries:
Those countries whose indicator is measured 0.8 or more are considered highly developed.

2. Medium Human Developed Countries:
Those countries are considered to be medium human developed countries whose indicator is measured from 0.5 to 0.8.

3. Low Human Developed Countries:
Those countries are considered to be low human developed countries whose measure of Index is below 0.5. Under the development programme of United Nations Organisation Human Development Index has been published for 177 countries. According to these indexes 63 countries are high human developed, 83 are medium and 31 are low human developed.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions गणित

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Guide Pdf Free Download गणित in both Hindi Medium and English Medium are part of MP Board Class 10th Solutions. Here we have given Madhya Pradesh Syllabus NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Book Ganit Pdf.

Students can also download MP Board 10th Model Papers to help you to revise the complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions गणित
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions गणित

MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions in Hindi Medium

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 1 वास्तविक संख्याएँ

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 2 बहुपद

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 3 दो चरों वाले रैखिक समीकरण युग्म

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 4 द्विघात समीकरण

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 5 समांतर श्रेढ़ियाँ

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 6 त्रिभुज

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 7 निर्देशांक ज्यामिति

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 त्रिकोणमिति का परिचय

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 9 त्रिकोणमिति के कुछ अनुप्रयोग

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 10 वृत्त

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 11 रचनाएँ

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 12 वृतों से संबंधित क्षेत्रफल

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 13 पृष्ठीय क्षेत्रफल एवं आयतन

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 14 सांख्यिकी

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 15 प्रायिकता

MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions in English Medium

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 1 Real Numbers

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 6 Triangles

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 10 Circles

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Constructions

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 14 Statistics

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 15 Probability

We hope the given MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Guide Pdf Free Download गणित in both Hindi Medium and English Medium will help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Madhya Pradesh Syllabus MP Board Class 10 Maths Book Solutions Ganit Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1 Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Question 1.
Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of
(i) 135 and 225
(ii) 196 and 38220
(iii) 867 and 255
Solution:
(i) HCF of 135 and 225
Applying the Euclid’s lemma to 225 and 135, (where 225 > 135), we get
225 = (135 × 1) + 90, since 90 ≠ 0, therefore, applying the Euclid’s lemma to 135 and
90, we get 135 = (90 × 1) + 45
But 45 ≠ 0
∴ Applying Euclid’s lemma to 90 and 45, we get 90 = (45 × 2) + 0
Here, r = 0, so our procedure stops. Since, the divisor at the last step is 45,
∴ HCF of 225 and 135 is 45.

(ii) HCF of 196 and 38220
We start dividing the larger number 38220 by 196, we get
38220 = (196 × 195) + 0
Here, r = 0
∴ HCF of 38220 and 196 is 196.

(iii) HCF of 867 and 255 Here, 867 > 255
∴ Applying Euclid’s Lemma to 867 and 255, we get
867 = (255 × 3) + 102, 102 ≠ 0
∴ Applying Euclid’s Lemma to 255 and 102, we get
255 = (102 × 2) + 51, 51 ≠ 0
∴ Applying Euclid’s Lemma to 102 and 51, we get
102 = (51 × 2) + 0, r = 0
∴ HCF of 867 and 255 is 51.

Question 2.
Show that any positive odd integer is of the form 6q + 1, or 6q + 3, or 6q + 5, where q is some integer.
Solution:
Let us consider a positive odd integer as ‘a’.
On dividing ‘a’ by 6, let q be the quotient and ‘r’ be the remainder.
∴ Using Euclid’s lemma, we get a = 6q + r
where 0 ≤ r < 6 i.e., r = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 i.e.,
a = 6q + 0 = 6q or a = 6q + 1
or a = 6q + 2 or a = 6q + 3
or a = 6q + 4 or a = 6q + 5
But, a = 6q, a = 6q + 2, a = 6q + 4 are even values of ‘a’.
[∵ 6q = 2(3q) = 2m1 6q + 2 = 2(3q + 1) = 2m2,
6q + 4 = 2(3 q + 2) = 2m3]
But ‘a’ being an odd integer, we have :
a = 6q + 1, or a = 6q + 3, or a = 6q + 5

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Question 3.
An army contingent of 616 members is to march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade. The two groups are to march in the same number of columns. What is the maximum number of columns in which they can march?
Solution:
Total number of members = 616
∴ The total number of members are to march behind an army band of 32 members is HCF of 616 and 32.
i. e., HCF of 616 and 32 is equal to the maximum number of columns such that the two groups can march in the same number of columns.
∴ Applying Euclid’s lemma to 616 and 32, we get
616 = (32 × 19) + 8, since, 8 ≠ 0
Again, applying Euclid’s lemma to 32 and 8, we get
32 = (8 × 4) + 0, r = 0
∴ HCF of 616 and 32 is 8
Hence, the required number of maximum columns = 8.

Question 4.
Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.
[Hint: Let x be any positive integer then it is of the form 3g, 3q + 1 or 3g + 2. Now square each of these and show that they can be rewritten in the form 3m or 3m +1.]
Solution:
Let us consider an arbitrary positive integer as ‘x’ such that it is of the form
3q, (3q + 1) or (3q + 2)
For x = 3q, we have x2 = (3q)2
⇒ x2 = 9q2 = 3(3q2) = 3m ………. (1)
Putting 3q2 = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 1,
x2 = (3q + 1)2 = 9q2 + 6q + 1
= 3(3q2 + 2q) + 1 = 3m + 1 ………… (2)
Putting 3q2 + 2q = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 2,
x2 = (3q + 2)2
= 9q2 + 12q + 4 = (9q2 + 12q + 3) + 1
= 3(3q2 + 4q + 1) + 1 = 3m + 1 ……….. (3)
Putting 3q2 + 4q +1 = m, where m is an integer.
From (1), (2) and (3),
x2 = 3m or 3m + 1
Thus, the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Question 5.
Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the cube of any positive integer is of the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 8.
Solution:
Let us consider an arbitrary positive integer x such that it is in the form of 3q, (3q +1) or (3q + 2).
For x = 3q
x3 = (3q)3 = 27q3 = 9(3q3) = 9m ……… (1)
Putting 3q3 = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 1
x3 = (3 q + 1)3 = 27q3 + 27q2 + 9q + 1
= 9(3q3 + 3q2 + q) + 1 = 9m + 1 ………… (2)
Putting 3q3 + 3q2 + q = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 2,
x3 = (3q + 2)3 = 27q3 + 54q2 + 36q + 8
= 9(3q3 + 6q2 + 4q) + 8 = 9m + 8 ……………. (3)
Putting 3q3 + 6q2 + 4q = m, where m is an integer.
From (1), (2) and (3), we have
x3 = 9m, (9m + 1) or (9m + 8)
Thus, cube of any positive integer can be in the form 9m, (9m + 1) or (9m + 8) for some integer m.

We hope the given MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1 will help you. If you have any queries regarding NCERT Madhya Pradesh Syllabus MP Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

MP Board Class 10th Special English Unseen Passages Discursive

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th English Solutions Unseen Passages Discursive Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Special English Unseen Passages Discursive

Passage-1

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Parents and teachers must learn to respect the children. No Japanese ever strikes a child. Yet Japanese children are models of reasonableness. The Japanese maintain a commendable attitude towards their children. They treat children as their equals and always address them as such. They never criticize them harshly. The use of rod is absolutely unknown in Japanese homes. Japanese code of life is very strict in certain respects. It exerts strict obedience and enforces strict respect. Japanese soldiers have earned a name for their high sense of duty and readiness from self-sacrifice. There come out of a traditional love for their country and its sovereign, rather than from fear of any penalties in childhood. (M.P. Board 2012)

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(i) How should parents and teachers treat children?
(ii) How do Japanese parents treat their children?
(iii) What type of attitude they keep with their children?
(iv) For what have Japanese soldiers earned a name?
(v) From what does their high sense of duty come?
(vi) What type of life Japanese lead?
(vii) What quality they gain from their childhood?
Answers:
(i) Parents and teachers should respect the children.
(ii) The Japanese never strike their children.
(iii) They maintain a commendable attitude towards their children.
(iv) Japanese soldiers have earned a name for their high sense of duty and readiness for self-sacrifice.
(v) It comes out of a traditional love for their country and its sovereign.
(vi) Japanese exert strict obedience and enforce strict respect to lead their life.
(vii) They gain the quality of commendable attitude from their childhood.

Passage-2

He was a Hindu and an Indian, the greatest in many generations, and he was proud of being a Hindu and an Indian. To him India was dear because she had represented throughout the ages certain immutable truths. But though he was intensely religious and came to be called the Father of the Nation, which he had liberated, yet no narrow religious or national bonds confined his spirit. And so he became the great internationalist believing in essential unity of man the underlying unity of all religions, and the needs of humanity, and more specially devoting himself to the service of poor, the distressed and the oppressed millions everywhere.

Questions:
(a) This passage is written about:
(i) Mahatma Gandhi
(ii) Pt. Nehru
(iii) Rajiv Gandhi

(b) The word in this passage similar in meaning to ‘that cannot be changed’:
(i) liberated
(ii) underlying
(iii) undevoting
(iv) immutable

(c) The meaning of ‘distressed’ is:
(i) happy
(ii) upset and anxious
(iii) relaxed

(d) What was he proud of?
(e) Why was India dear to him?
(f) What did the hero of the passage devote himself to?
Answers:
(a) (i) Mahatma Gandhi.
(b) (iv)immutable
(c) (ii) upset and anxious.
(d) He was proud of being a Hindu and an Indian.
(e) India was dear to him because she had represented certain immutable truths througout the ages.
(f) The hero of the passage devoted himself to the service of the poor, the distressed and the oppressed millions everywhere:

Passage-3

Our opportunities are great but let me warn you that when power outstrips ability, we will fall on evil days. We should develop competence and ability which would help us utilise the opportunities which are now open to us. From tomorrow morning — from midnight today — we cannot throw the blame on the Britisher. We have to assume the responsibility ourselves for what we do. A free India will be judged by the way in which it will serve the interests of the commonman in the matter of food, clothing, shelter and social activities. Unless we destroy corruption in high places and root out every trace of nepotism, love of power, profiteering and black marketing which have spoiled the good name of this country in recent times, we will not be able to raise the standards of efficiency in administration as well as in the production and distribution of the necessary goods of life. (153 ivords) Extract from a speech by Dr. S.Radhakrishnan (1947)

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The speaker of these lines is
(i) Mahatma Gandhi
(ii) Pt. Nehru
(iii) Dr. S. Radhakrishanan

(b) The word in this passage similar in meaning to ‘takes away’ is:
(i) ability
(ii) outstrip
(iii) throw

(c) The meaning of ‘suppose’ is:
(i) trace
(ii) assume
(iii) raise

(d) What does the speaker warn of?
(e) What have we to assume?
(f) What can we do to raise the standards of efficiency in administration?
Answers:
(a) (iii) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
(b) (ii) outstrip
(c) (ii) assume
(d) The speaker warns when power outstrips ability we will fall on evil days.
(e) We have to assume the responsibility ourselves.
(f) We can destroy corruption and root out nepotism love of power, profiteering and black marketing.

Passage-4

I was overwhelmed with gratuitous advice. Well-meaning yet ignorant friends thrust their opinions into unwilling ears. The majority of them said I could not do without meat in the cold climate. I would catch consumption. Mr. Z went to England and caught it on account of his foolhardiness. Others said I might do without flesh but without wine I could not move. I would be numbed with cold. One went so far as to advise me to take eight bottles of whisky, for I should want them after leaving Aden. Another wanted me to smoke, for his friend was obliged to smoke in England. Even medical men, those who had been to England, told the same tale. But as I wanted to come at any price, I replied that I would try my best to avoid all these things but if they were found to be absolutely necessary I did not know what I should do. I may here mention that my aversion to meat was not so strong then as it is now. I was even betrayed into taking meat about six or seven times at the period when I allowed my friends to think for me. But in the steamer my ideas began to change. I thought I should not take meat on any account. My mother before consenting to my departure extracted a promise from me not to take meat. So I was bound nof to take it, if only for the sake of the promise.

The fellow-passengers in the steamer began to advise us (the friend who was with me and myself) to try it.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word in the passage similar in meaning to ‘overjoyed’ is
(i) ignorant
(ii) overwhelmed
(iii) foolhardiness

(b) The meaning of ‘gratuitous’ is
(i) faithful
(ii) trustworthy
(iii) full of obligation

(c) Give a word which means opposite to ‘arrival’.
(d) Where did the narrator had this experience?
(e) What did the friends of the narrator advise him?
(f) Why did the narrator not accept their idea?
Answers:
(a) (ii) overwhelmed.
(b) (iii) full of obligation.
(c) departure.
(d) The narrator had this experience in England.
(e) The friends advised the narrator to eat meat.
(f) The narrator’s mother had taken a promise from him that he would not eat meat. So he did not accept their (friends’) idea.

Passage-5

He was a very regular correspondent. There was hardly a letter calling for a considered reply which he did not answer himself. Letters from individuals, dealing with their personal and private problems, constituted a considerable portion of his correspondence and his replies are valuable as guidance to others with similar problems. For a great period of his life, he did not take the assistance of any stenographer or typist, and used to write whatever he required in his own hand, and even when such assistance became unavoidable, he continued writing a great deal in his own hand. There were occasions when he became physically unable to write with the fingers of his right hand and, at a later stage in his life, he learnt the art of writing with his left hand. He did the same thing with spinning. Private correspondence, which absorbed much of his writing in this way, constituted an important and significant part of his teachings, as applied to particular problems of the ordinary man in his everyday life. (From Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s Homage to Gandhiji)

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) has been talked about in this passage.
(i) Mahatma Gandhi
(ii) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(iii) Gautam Buddha

(b) The word in the passage similar in meaning to ‘very remarkable’ is
(i) correspondence
(ii) significant
(iii) required

(c) The meaning of ‘teachings’ is
(I) reading
(ii) writing
(iii) learning/preaching

(d) What is valuable for others?
(e) What did Gandhiji did for a great period of his life?
(f) What constituted a significant part of his teachings?
Answers:
(a) (i) Mahatma Gandhi.
(b) (ii) significant
(c) (iii) learning/preaching
(d) The correspondence of Gandhiji is valuable for others.
(e) Gandhiji did not take the assistance of any stenographer for a great period. He used to write a great deal in his own hand.
(f) Gandhiji’s private correspondence constituted a significant part of his teachings.

Passage-6

1. There are several reasons for a headache. Physical, emotional and mental factors, anxiety and tension are a few. Sometimes, head-ache can be a signal of an underlying disease. More than medicines, yoga therapy eminently suits any need. Yoga is a comprehensive mode of culturing the body and the mind. Using an ‘Integrated Approach of Yoga’, the Yoga Research Centres have been able to cure some tough headaches. The integrated approach includes breathing, asanas, pranayama, meditation and devotional sessions.

2. Yoga asanas, especially the ones imitating the natural postures of animals, have a tremendous tranquilising effect, without having to depend on common drugs. Pranayama inhibits random agitations in Pranic (energy) flows in Pranamayakosa, stabilising the autonomic nervous system. Dhyana and Samadhi culture the mind to relax it. This approach alters the reaction of an individual to headache. By interrupting the vicious cycle of pain-agony-pain, it prevents headache from becoming a crippling problem.

3. Through asanas that calm you, the pranayama exercises that inhibit
random energy flows and the meditation that cultivates and relaxes your mind, yoga offers a holistic-form of pain relief. It stops you from becoming locked in the vicious circle of pain-anxiety-pain.

4. Chronic pain: Chronic pain essentially is imbalance in prana (energy). This imbalance initially manifests only as functional abnormality like insomnia, lack of enthusiasm, fatigue, increased irritability and lack of concentration. Over the years, the imbal-ance settles in an organ. Chronic pain may sometimes be just a long standing muscle spasm, which later on may give rise to organic changes in the form of chronic inflammation.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word similar in meaning to ‘interfering in an affair’ is
(i) cycle
(ii) interrupting
(iii) becoming

(b) Give adjective form of ‘essentially’.
(c) Sometimes headache can be a signal of an underlying desease. (Say True or False)
(d) How does yoga help us?
(e) What does integrated yoga include?
(f) What is chronic pain?
Answers:
(a) (ii) interrupting
(b) essential
(c) True
(d) Integrated yoga cures some tough headaches.
(e) Integrated yoga includes breathing, asanas, pranayama, meditation and devotional sessions.
(f) Chronic pain essentially is imbalance in prana(energy).

Passage-7

1. India was once considered the land of knowledge and enlightenment. In ancient times scholars from all over Asia and Europe used to flock to Taxila, Nalanda and other Indian centres of learning. Apart from the arts, culture, philosophy and religion, these scholars came to study medicine, law and martial sciences. But despite having a vastly expanded university system and historical advantages, modern India has yet to provide international or even regional leadership in higher education. From the surrounding countries of Asia and Africa only a few students come to India for higher education.

2. The United States is by far the most successful country in attracting foreign students. But other countries such as Australia, Canada and Britain also aggressively market their universities abroad through their education counselling services and recruit- merit fairs with the active cooperation of their diplomatic missions abroad.

3. Likewise, India should also capitalise on the advantages offered by its higher education institutions, market Indian universities abroad and facilitate the entry of foreign students into them.

4. The revenue from foreign students can be used to ease the financial crunch faced by Indian universities, improve academic facilities and subsidise the cost of educating Indian students.

5. But apart from economic advantages many other benefits would accrue to the nation. India would gain global and regional in-fluence, goodwill and become a major provider of higher education. Many Asian and African countries, especially the smaller ones have poorly developed university systems and would look to Indian universities for the higher education of their youth. At the same time Indian students will not be deprived if 10 per cent supernumerary seats for foreign students are created in universities and professional colleges.

6. Already professional education in India has proved accessible and affordable for foreign students, especially from Malaysia, the Middle East and South Africa. In these countries higher education training facilities are limited. Many NRI (non-resident Indian) families abroad, especially those from English-speaking industrialised countries are also keen to send their children to study in their motherland and are hopeful to become attuned to their Indian roots in the process.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word similar in meaning to ‘inner awareness’ is
(i) knowledge
(ii) enlightenment
(iii) virtue

(b) Give a word opposite in meaning to ‘advantage’.
(c) India has never been a land of knowledge and enlightenment. (Say True or False)
(d) Name some ancient centres of learning in India.
(e) Which country attracts most foreign students.
(f) How can the revenue from foreign students be used?
Answers:
(a) (ii) enlightenment
(b) disadvantage
(c) False
(d) Taxila, Nalanda
(e) The United States attracts most foreign students.
(f) The revenue from foreign students can be used to ease financial crunch faced by Indian universities and improve academic facilities.

Passage-8

1. Our house is filled with photos. They cover the walls of my kitchen, dining room and den. I see our family’s entire history, starting with my wedding, continuing through the births of both sons, buying a home, family gatherings and vacations. When my sons were little, they loved to pose. They waved, danced, climbed trees, batted balls, hung upside down from the jungle gym and did anything for a picture. But when they reached adolescence, picture-taking changed into something they barely tolerated. Their bodies were growing at haphazard speeds. Reluctantly they stood with us or with their grandparents at birthday celebrations and smiled weakly at the camera for as short a time as possible.

2. I am the chronicler of our photographs. I select those to be framed and arrange the others in albums. The process is addictive, and as the shelves that hold our albums become fuller and fuller, I wonder what will become of them. Will anyone look at these photographs in future years? If my sons look at them, what will they think of us and of themselves? One bright afternoon, I took some photographs of my father with my husband as they fished on a lake near our vacation house. As my sons and I sat on the shore and watched them row away, I picked the camera up and photographed the beautiful lake surrounded by green trees. The two men I loved gradually grew smaller until all I could see were my father’s red shirt, and the tan and blue caps on their heads.

3. My father died a week later, and suddenly those photos became priceless to me. I wept when I pasted them in our album. I wept again afterwards when I saw my younger son looking at them. It was a few days before he went away to college. He had taken all our albums down from the bookshelves in the den and spread them out on the carpet. It had been a very long time since I had seen him doing this. Once he stopped posing for pictures, he seemed to lose interest in looking at them. But now he was on the verge of leaving home. This was his special time to look ahead and look back. I stood for a moment in the hall by the den, and then tiptoed away. I didn’t take a photo of my son that afternoon, but I will remember how he looked for as long as I live. Some pictures, I learned, don’t have to be taken with a camera.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) Give a word similar in meaning to ‘marriage’.
(b) Give a word oppositie in meaning to ‘adolescence’.
(c) I picked the camera up and photographed the beautiful horse. (Say True or False)
(d) Give noun form of ‘entire’.
(e) What does the narrator talk about here?
(f) What did the narrator learn at last?
Answers:
(a) wedding
(b) maturity
(c) False
(d) entirety
(e) The narrator talks about his habit of photography.
(f) At last the narrator learned that some pictures don’t have to be taken with a camera.

Passage-9

1. Why is it that there are very few women players in our orchestras? If one could reply flatly—sex discrimination: they don’t want women in orchestras—that would be a definite answer. But one can’t say that. As a matter of fact there are, if not many, a few women playing today in symphony orchestras. Nevertheless, it is true that male orchestral players are in an overwhelming majority. Why is that? I’m afraid, there is no one to answer. There are physical reasons why women don’t perform well on certain instruments. The average woman is not likely to possess sufficient lung power and sheer muscular strength to play the tuba just as an average woman’s hands are not likely to be large enough to finger a double bass satisfactorily. But what about the other instruments?

2. I think social and family pressures have been very strong in keeping women out of orchestras. Think of the prejudice that existed half a century ago against the so-called ‘nice’ girls going on stage. The stage was won out for the simple reason that it had to have women to play feminine roles in plays and operas, and was willing to offer a young woman more money than she could make in any other profession. Moreover, on stage, she was appearing as an individual, as a centre of attraction. This was gratifying to both her and her family. To this day, while the average parents are reconciled to seeing their daughter become an opera singer or concert artist, they don’t like the idea of seeing her submerging her personality to become the member of a chorus of the orchestra.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word similar in meaning to ‘a group of musicians’ is
(i) orchestra
(ii) chorus
(iii) stage

(b) As a matter of fact there are absolutely no women playing today in symphony. (Say True or False)

(c) The meaning of ‘majority’ is
(i) very few in number,
(ii) dozen,
(iii) maximum in number

(d) What is the prime reason for a few number of women in orchestras? ‘
(e) What is the genetic deficiency in women for singing?
(f) What are the reasons according to the narrator that keep women away from orchestras?
Answers:
(a) (i) orchestra
(b) False.
(c) (iii) maximum in number.
(d) Sex discrimination.
(e) The average woman is not likely to possess sufficient lung power and sheer musculer strength to play certain instrument like tuba at double bass.
(f) The narrator thinks social and family pressures have been responsible for keeping women awav from orchestras.

MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 18 विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Hindi Book Solutions Chapter 18 विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता (संकलित) Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 18 विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता (संकलित)

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता पाठ्य-पुस्तक के प्रश्नोत्तर

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता लघु-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
महाकवि माघ को किस बात का अभिमान था?
उत्तर
महाकवि माघ को अपनी विद्वता का अभिमान था।

प्रश्न 2.
धन और जीवन को क्षणभंगुर क्यों कहा गया है?
उत्तर
धन और जीवन क्षण भंगुर हैं क्योंकि ये दोनों कब नष्ट हो जाएंगे, कहा नहीं जा सकता।

प्रश्न 3.
उद्योगपति ने अनेक कारखाने कैसे स्थापित किए थे?
उत्तर
उद्योगपति ने अनेक कारखाने कुछ तकनीकी और प्रगतिशील विचारों के कारण स्थापित किए।

MP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 4.
कर्ज लेने वाला व्यक्ति जीवन से हार क्यों जाता है?
उत्तर
कर्ज लेने वाला व्यक्ति जीवन से हार जाता है क्योंकि उसका अपना कुछ नहीं होता है।

प्रश्न 5.
भूमि-पूजन का आयोजन क्यों किया गया था?
उत्तर
भूमि-पूजन का आयोजन एक नए कारखाने के आरंभ के लिए किया गया था।

प्रश्न 6.
हम प्रकृति का मान किन-किन रूपों में कर सकते हैं?
उत्तर
हम प्रकृति का मान वृक्षारोपण और पर्यावरण संरक्षण के रूप में कर सकते हैं।

प्रश्न 7.
शास्त्रों ने किन दो को राजा माना है?
उत्तर
शास्त्रों ने यम और इन्द्र को राजा माना है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता दीर्घ-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं विनम्रता है’ इस पंक्ति का आशय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं, विनम्रता है; क्योंकि अहंकार से विनम्रता कभी नहीं प्रकट होती है।

प्रश्न 2.
पृथ्वी और नारी को क्षमाशील क्यों कहा गया है?
उत्तर
पृथ्वी और नारी को क्षमाशील कहा गया है; क्योंकि इन दोनों को बोझ नहीं मालूम पड़ती है।

प्रश्न 3.
कवि माघ को वृद्धा के सामने लज्जित क्यों होना पड़ा?
उत्तर
कवि माघ को वृद्धा के सामने लज्जित होना पड़ा क्योंकि उसके तर्क के उत्तर उनके पास नहीं थे।

MP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 4.
प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखना क्यों जरूरी है?
उत्तर
प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखने से सम्मान मिलता है।

प्रश्न 4.
प्रकृति को किसका भार अधिक लगता है और क्यों?
उत्तर
प्रकृति को उसके नियमों के विपरीत चलने वालों का भार अधिक लगता है। क्योंकि उसे यह असह्य होता है।

प्रश्न 5.
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का ही एक रूप है’, इस कवन को स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का ही एक रूप है। इस कथन का आशय यह है कि परमात्मा की तरह प्रकृति भी परोपकारी है। वह स्वयं के लिए नहीं, अपितु दूसरों के सुख और आनंद के लिए ही अपना स्वरूप धारण किए हुए है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता भाषा-अनुशीलन

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के विलोम शब्द लिखिए
सज्जन, आरंभ, प्रसन्न, प्रश्न।
उत्तर
शब्द – विलोम शब्द
सज्जन – दुर्जन
आरंभ – अंत
प्रसन्न – अप्रसन्न
प्रश्न – उत्तर।

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के पर्यायवाची शब्द लिखिए
सूर्य, मनुष्य, पुष्प, पहाड़, पृथ्वी, भू, इन्द्र।
उत्तर
सूर्य – रवि, दिनकर
मनुष्य – मानव, मनुज
पहाड़ – पर्वत, शैल
पृथ्वी – भू, धरती
भू – भूमि, जमीन
इन्द्र – सुरेश, देवराज।

प्रश्न 3.
निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को शुद्ध कीजिए
(क) प्रकृति को मान दें तो वह आपको सम्मान देगा।
(ख) गाय और बैल घास चर रही हैं।
(ग) कृपया राह बताने की कृपा करें।
(घ) पृथ्वी जड़ नहीं चैतन्य होता है।
उत्तर
(क) प्रकृति को मान दें, तो वह आपको सम्मान देगी।
(ख) गाय और बैल घास चर रहे हैं।
(ग) राह बताने की कृपा करें।
(घ) पृथ्वी जड़ नहीं चैतन्य होती है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता योग्यता-विस्तार

प्रश्न 1. उज्जयिनी के कुछ प्रसिद्ध धार्मिक स्थलों के नाम लिखिए।
प्रश्न 2. ‘पर्यावरण प्रदूषण और हमारा दायित्व’ विषय पर कक्षा में एक परिचर्चा का अयोजन कीजिए।
प्रश्न 3. पर्यावरण दिवस पर अपनी शाला में पौधे लगाइए और बारी-बारी से उसकी सुरक्षा की जिम्मेदारी लीजिए।
उत्तर
उपर्युक्त प्रश्नों को छात्रा/छात्र अपने अध्यापक/अध्यापिका की सहायता से हल करें।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता परीक्षोपयोगी अतिरिक्त प्रश्नोत्तर

अर्थग्रहण संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
‘विद्वता की शोभा-विनम्रता’ प्रसंग का प्रतिपाय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘विद्वता की शोभा-विनम्रता’ प्रसंग एक प्रेरक और भाववर्द्धक प्रसंग है। लेखक ने इस प्रसंग के द्वारा उज्जयिनी के महाकवि माघ के चरित्र और आचरण को चित्रित किया है। राजा भोज के साथ महाकवि माघ का राह चलते एक वृद्धा से वार्तालाप कवि की विद्वता को चुनौती देता है। वृद्धा कवि माघ के अभिमानयुक्त पांडित्य को अस्वीकृत करते हुए उन्हें विनम्र और शालीन बनने की सीख देती है। व्यक्ति की विनयशीलता, विनम्र और शालीन आचरण उसकी विशिष्ट पहचान होती है। अपने धन और ज्ञान-वैभव में भी अभिमान रहित रहने वाले लोग संसार में महान बनते हैं।

प्रश्न 2.
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का स्वरूप’ प्रसंग का प्रतिपाय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का स्वरूप’ प्रसंग में प्रकृति के महत्त्व को सामने लाने का प्रयास किया गया है। इस प्रसंग के द्वारा प्रकृति को ईश्वर का ही दूसरा स्वरूप कहा गया है। मनुष्य सृष्टि का ही एक अंश है और जब मनुष्य सृष्टि के जड़-चेतन से अपनी तादात्म्य स्थापित कर लेता है तब उसका जीवन सार्थक होता है। यदि मानव अहंकार या घमंड में चूर होकर अपने ज्ञान को ही सर्वश्रेष्ठ मानकर व्यवहार करने लगता है तो वह अपना ही अहित करता है। विद्या तो विनयशीलता से ही सुशोभित होती है। मानव-जीवन प्रकृति प्रदत्त निःशुल्क वरदानों से ही सुखी और संपन्न है। अतः इनके प्रति आदर भाव मानव मात्र का सहज और स्वाभाविक कर्तव्य है।

MP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 3.
निम्नलिखित कथनों के लिए दिए गए विकल्पों में से सही विकल्पों के चयन कीजिए
1. महाकवि माप थे
1. नालंदा के
2. उज्जयिनी के
3. पाटिलपुत्र के
4. कपिलवस्तु के।
उत्तर
(2) उज्जयिनी के

2. महाकवि माय समयकालीन थे
1. राजा भोज के
2. राजा विक्रमादित्य के
3. सम्राट अशोक के
4. राजा नल के।
उत्तर
(1) राजा भोज के

3. माय को अभिमान था
1. विनम्रता का
2. घन का
3. सौदर्य का
4. पाण्डित्य का।
उत्तर
(4) पाण्डित्य को

4. अतिथि होते हैं
1. चार
2. दो
3. तीन
4. पाँच।
उत्तर
(2) दो
5. हारने वाले लोग होते हैं
1. तीन तरह के
2. दो तरह के
3. चार तरह के
4. सात तरह के।
उत्तर
(2) दो तरह के

प्रश्न 2.
रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति दिए गए विकल्पों में से उचित शब्दों के चयन से कीजिए। .
1. माघ को अपने पाण्डित्य का बड़ा ……………….. था। (अभिमान, ध्यान)
2. माघ ……………….. के साथ वन-विहार से लौट रहे थे। (मंत्री, राजा भोज)
3. शास्त्रों ने तो यम और इन्द्र को ही……………….. माना है। (शासक, राजा)
4. माष ने कहा, “माँ! हम ……………….. गए। (जान, हार)
5. विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं ……………….. है। (विनम्रता, पाण्डित्य)
उत्तर
1. अभिमान
2. राजा भोज
3. राजा
4. हार
5. विनम्रता।

प्रश्न 4.
सही जोड़ी का मिलान कीजिए
क्रोध – राम नरेश त्रिपार्टी
उर्वशी – रमानाथ अवस्थी
प्रवासी के गीत – रामधारी सिंह ‘दिनकर’
आग और पराग – रामचन्द्र शुक्ल
मिलन और स्वप्न – नरेन्द्र शर्मा।
उत्तर
क्रोध- रामचन्द्र शुक्ल
उर्वशी – रामधारी सिंह ‘दिनकर’
प्रवासी के गीत – नरेंद्र शर्मा
आग और पराग – रामनाथ अवस्थी
मिलन और स्वप्न – राम नरेश त्रिपाठी।

MP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 5.
निम्नलिखित वाक्य सत्य हैं या असत्य? वाक्य के आगे लिखिए।
1. माघ को अपने पाण्डित्य का बड़ा अभिमान था।
2. यात्री तो सूर्य और चन्द्रमा दो ही हैं।
3. पृथ्वी जड़ है, चैतन्य नहीं।
4. भूमि-पूजन एक कर्मकांड है।
5. प्रकृति परमात्मा का ही एक रूप है।
उत्तर

  1. सत्य
  2. सत्य
  3. असत्य
  4. असत्य
  5. सत्य।

प्रश्न 6.
निम्नलिखित कथनों का उत्तर एक शब्द में दीजिए।
1. किसको छेड़ने का किसी को साहस न होता?
2. किस पर आदमी आया-जाया करते हैं?
3. सूर्य और चन्द्रमा क्या हैं?
4. धन और यौवन क्या हैं?
5. विद्वता की शोभा क्या है?
उत्तर

  1. माघ को
  2. रास्ता पर
  3. यात्री
  4. अतिथि
  5. विनम्रता।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता लघु-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
वृद्धा ने माघ को समझाते हुए क्या कहा?
उत्तर
वृद्धा ने माघ को समझाते हुए कहा-“महापंडित, मैं जानती हूँ कि आप माघ हैं, आप महाविद्वान हैं, पर विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं, विनम्रता है।

प्रश्न 2.
पृथ्वी ने स्वयं क्या कहा है?
उत्तर
पृथ्वी ने स्वयं कहा है कि मुझे पहाड़, तालाब नदियाँ, समुद्र आदि का बोझ नहीं मालूम पड़ता, किंतु जब मेरे ऊपर परद्रोही यानी मेरे नियमों के विपरीत चलने वाला पैर होता है तो मुझे उसका भार अत्यधिक मालूम पड़ता है। भूमिपूजन मात्र एक कर्मकांड नहीं यह सतत चलते रहना चाहिए।

प्रश्न 3.
पर्यावरण और प्रदूषण को सही रूप में समझने के लिए क्या आवश्यक है?
उत्तर
पर्यावरण और प्रदूषण को सही रूप में समझने के लिए आवश्यक है कि हम पहले प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखें।

MP Board Solutions

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता प्रसंग का सारांश

उज्जयिनी के महाकवि माघ को अपनी विद्वता का बड़ा अभिमान था। एक बार राजा भोज के साथ कहीं जा रहे थे तो एक वृद्धा ने उनकी विद्वता को चुनीती देते हुए कई प्रकार से उन्हें संशय में डाल दिया। अंत में उन्होंने विनयपूर्वक कहा, “माँ हम हार गए! वृद्धा ने कहा, “महानुभाव! संसार में कर्ज लेने वाला या अपना चरित्रबल खो देने वाला ही पराजित होता है। मैं जानती हूँ कि आप माघ हैं और महाविद्वान हैं, लेकिन विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं विनम्रता है। इसे सुनकर माय लज्जित होकर आगे चल दिए।

संदर्भ-प्रसंग सहित व्याख्या

महानुभाव! संसार में जो किसी से कर्ज़ लेता है या अपना चरित्र खो देता है, बस हारने वाले दो कोटि के लोग होते हैं।

शब्दार्व-कोटि-श्रेणी।

संदर्भ-प्रस्तुत गद्यांश हमारी पाठ्य-पुस्तक ‘हिंदी सामान्य’ 10वीं में संकलित ‘विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता’ से है।

प्रसंग-प्रस्तुत गद्यांश में लेखक ने एक वृद्धा के माध्यम से संसार के दो निम्नकोटि के लोगों के बारे में बतलाने का प्रयास किया है। इसके लिए लेखक ने एक
प्रसंग का उल्लेख करते हुए कहा कि

व्याख्या-एक बार महापंडित माघ राजा भोज के साथ कहीं जा रहे थे। उन्होंने एक बुढ़िया को देखकर पूछा कि यह रास्ता कहाँ जाता है? उस बुढ़िया ने उनसे उनका परिचय पूछा। उन्होंने अपना जो कुछ परिचय दिया, उस बुढ़िया ने अपनी तर्क बुद्धि से गलत सिद्ध कर दिया। फिर उसने उन्हें समझाया-महाशय! जो व्यक्ति इस संसार में दूसरे से जो कुछ लेता है या अपने चरित्र-बल को बचा नहीं पाता है, ये दोनों ही जीवन में हार का मुँह देखते हैं।

विशेष-1.
उपर्युक्त गद्यांश प्रेरक और ज्ञानवर्द्धक है।

अर्थ-ग्रहण संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तर
प्रश्न
संसार में हारने वाले कौन होते हैं?
उत्तर
संसार में हारने वाले दो ही होते हैं

  1. कर्ज लेने वाले या
  2. अपना चरित्र-बल खोने वाले!

विषय-वस्त पर आधारित प्रश्नोत्तर
प्रश्न 1.
उपर्युक्त गयांश का भाव लिखिए।
उत्तर
उपर्युक्त गद्यांश में लेखक ने दूसरों पर निर्भर न होकर चरित्र बल बनाए रखने की सीख दी है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता  प्रकृतिक परमात्मा का स्वरूप

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता प्रसंग का सारांश

उज्जयिनी के महाकवि माघ को अपनी विद्वता का बड़ा अभिमान था। एक बार राजा भोज के साथ कहीं जा रहे थे तो एक वृद्धा ने उनकी विद्वता को चुनीती देते हुए नास्तिकता प्रकट की। उसके दादा ने उसे समझाया कि धरती का निरादर करके वह प्रसन्न नहीं रह सकता। भूमि-पूजन केवल एक कर्मकांड नहीं। इसे हमेशा चलते रहना चाहिए। पर्यावरण और प्रदूषण को सही रूप में समझने के लिए पहले प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखना पड़ेगा।

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th English Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead

One Step Ahead Textual Exercises

Word Power

A. Match the following words with their meanings.
(सुमेलित कीजिए)
MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 1
Answer:
1. → (c)
2. → (a)
3. → (d)
4. → (e)
5. → (b)

B. Make a list of at least three abbreviations known to you.
Answer:
1. All India Radio (AIR)
2. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
3. Indian Naval Academy (INA)

MP Board Solutions

How Much Have I Understood?

A. Answer the following questions. (One or two sentences)
(निम्न प्रश्नों के उत्तर एक या दो वाक्यों में दीजिए।)

Question 1.
Why did Dr. Kalam go to Delhi?
(व्हाई डीड डॉ. कलम गो टू डेल्ही?)
डॉ. कलाम दिल्ली क्यों गये?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam went to Delhi for the interview at DTD & P (Air). [Directorate of Technical Development and Production (Air)].
(डॉ. कलाम डॉ. कलम वेन्ट टू डेल्ही फॉर द इंटरव्यू एट डी.टी.डी. एण्ड पी (ऍअर) [डाइरेक्टोरेट ऑफ टेक्निकल डेवलपमेन्ट एण्ड प्रोडक्शन (एअर)]
डॉ. कलाम दिल्ली तकनीकी विकास व उत्पादन निदेशालय। (वायु) के साक्षात्कार के लिए गए।

Question 2.
Why did Dr. Kalam go to Dehradun?
(व्हाय डिड डॉ. कलाम गो टू देहरादून?)
डॉ. कलाम देहरादून क्यों गये?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam went to Dehradun for an interview at the Air Force Selection Board.
(डॉ. कलाम वेन्ट् टू देहरादून फॉर एन इन्टरव्यू एट द ऍअर फोर्स सिलेक्शन बोर्ड।)
‘डॉ. कलाम देहरादून वायु सेना चयन समिति के साक्षात्कार हेतु गए।

Question 3.
What did Dr. Kalam want to become in Air Force?
(व्हॉट डिड डॉ. कलाम वॉन्ट टू बिकम इन एअर फोर्स?)
डॉ. कलाम वायु सेना में क्या बनना चाहते थे?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam wanted to become Commissioning Officer in the Air Force.
(डॉ. कलाम वॉन्टेड टू बिकम कमिश्निंग ऑफिसर इन द एअर फोर्स।)
डॉ. कलाम वायु सेना में कमिश्निग ऑफिसर के पद पर कार्य करना चाहते थे।

Question 4.
What did Dr. Kalam feel when he was going to face the interview?
(व्हॉट डिड डॉ. कलाम फील व्हेन ही वॉज गोइंग टू फेस द इन्टरव्यू?)
साक्षात्कार के लिए जाते समय डॉ. कलाम को क्या महसूस हुआ?
Answer:
While going for the interview Dr. Kalam was excited but nervous, determined but anxious, confident but tense.
(व्हाइल गोइंग फॉर द इन्टरव्यू डॉ. कलाम वॉज एक्साइटेड बट नर्वस, डिटर्मिन्ड बट एक्शियस, कॉन्फिडेन्ट बट टेन्स।)
साक्षात्कार के लिए जाते समय डॉ. कलाम उत्तेजित मगर आशंकित थे, दृढ़ निश्चित मगर चिन्तित थे, आत्मविश्वासी मगर बेचैन थे।

Question 5.
Why did Dr. Kalam go to the Shivananda Ashram?
(व्हाय डिड डॉ. कलाम गो टू द शिवाननन्द आश्रम?)
डॉ. कलाम शिवानन्द आश्रम क्यों गये?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam had failed to get selected in the Air Force so he was in a dejected mood and was seeking answers to the doubts that troubled him. Therefore, he went to the Shiyananda Ashram.
(डॉ. कलाम हैड फेल्ड् टू गेट सिलेक्टिड इन द एअर फोर्स सो ही वॉज इन अ डिजेक्टिड मूड एण्ड वॉज सीकिंग आन्सर्स टू द डाउट्स दैट ट्रबल्ड् हिम। देयरफोर, ही वेन्ट् टू द शिवानन्द आश्रम।)
डॉ. कलाम वायु सेना में चयनित न हो सके अतः वे मायूस थे व कई प्रश्न जो उन्हें परेशान कर रहे थे, के उत्तर खोज रहे थे। अतः वे शिवानन्द आश्रम गये।

Question 6.
What was the designation and salary of Dr. Kalam when he joined the job?
(व्हॉट वॉज़ द डेज़िग्नेशन एण्ड सैलरी ऑफ डॉ. कलाम व्हेन ही जॉइन्ड द जॉब?)
जब डॉ. कलाम ने नौकरी आरम्भ की तब वे कौन से पद पर थे व उनकी क्या तनख्वाह थी?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam joined the job as Senior Scientific Assistant on a basic salary of Rs. 250 per month.
(डॉ. कलाम जॉइन्ड द जॉब एज़ सीनियर साइन्टिफिक एसिस्टेंट ऑन अ बेसिक सैलेरी ऑफ रुपीज 250 पर मन्थ।)
डॉ. कलाम ने वरिष्ठ वैज्ञानिक सहायक के पद पर रुपये 250 की मासिक तनख्वाह पर पदभार ग्रहण किया।

MP Board Solutions

B. Answer the following questions. (Three or four sentences)
(निम्न प्रश्नों के उत्तर तीन या चार वाक्यों में दीजिए।)

Question 1.
Why did the religious conquest not affect the southern part of India?
(व्हाय डिड द रिलीजियस कॉक्वेस्ट नॉट अफेक्ट द सदर्न पार्ट ऑफ इण्डिया?)
धर्मपरायण युद्धों ने भारत के दक्षिण भाग को क्यों प्रभावित नहीं किया?
Answer:
The religious conquest did not affect southern part of India because it was protected by the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges. Also the Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna rivers provided protection to it.’
(द रिलीजियस काँक्वेस्ट्स डिड नॉट अफेक्ट सदर्न पार्ट ऑफ इण्डिया बिकॉज इट वॉज़ प्रोटेक्टिड बाइ द विन्ध्या एण्ड सतपुरा माउण्टेन रेजिज। ऑल्सो द नर्मदा, ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी एण्ड कृष्णा रिवर्स प्रोवाइडिड प्रोटेक्शन टू इट।)
धर्मपरायण युद्धों ने भारत के दक्षिण भाग को अप्रभावित रखा क्योंकि वह हिस्सा विन्ध्या व सतपुड़ा पहाड़ों से रक्षित था। नर्मदा ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी व कृष्णा नदियों ने भी उसका बचाव कर रखा था।

Question 2.
Describe the appearance of Swami Shivananda,
(डिस्क्राइब द अपीयरेन्स ऑफ स्वामी शिवानन्द।)
स्वामी शिवानन्द की वेशभूषा का वर्णन करो।
Answer:
Swami Shivananda looked like Buddha. He wore a white dhoti and wooden slippers. He had an olive complexion and black piercing eyes. His smile was child-like and he had gracious manner.
(स्वामी शिवानन्द लुक्ड् लाइक बुद्धा। ही वोर अ व्हाइट धोती एण्ड वुडन स्लिपर्स। ही हैड एन ओलिव कॉम्पलेक्शन एण्ड ब्लैक पीयर्सिंग आईज। हिज स्माइल वॉज चाइल्ड-लाइक एण्ड ही हैड ग्रेशियस मैनर।)
स्वामी शिवानन्द भगवान बुद्ध की भाँति थे। वे सफेद धोती व खड़ाऊ पहनते थे। उनका रंग पीला था व काले भेदी नेत्र थे। उनकी मुस्कुराहट एक बच्चे के समान थी व उनका व्यक्तित्व उदार था।

Question 3.
How.did Swami Shivananda console Dr. Kalam?
(हाउ डिड स्वामी शिवानन्द कन्सोल डॉ. कलाम?)
स्वामी शिवानन्द ने डॉ. कलाम को किस प्रकार धीरज बँधाया?
Answer:
Swami Shivananda consoled Dr. Kalam by saying that he should accept his destiny as it comes. He was not destined to become an Air Force Pilot. That failure was essential to lead him to destined path and he should surrender himself to the wish of God.
(स्वामी शिवानन्द कन्सोल्ड् डॉ. कलाम बाइ सेइंग दैट ही शुड असेप्ट हिज डेस्टिनी एज इट कम्स। ही वॉज नॉट डेस्टिन्ड टू बिकम एन एअर फोर्स पायलट। दैट फेलियर वॉज एसेंशियल टू लीड हिम टू डेस्टिन्ड पाथ एण्ड ही शुड सरेन्डर हिमसेल्फ टू द विश ऑफ गॉड।)
स्वामी शिवानन्द ने डॉ. कलाम को यह कहकर धीरज़ बँधाया कि उन्हें अपनी नियति को स्वीकार करना चाहिए। वायु सेना में विमान चालक बनना उनके भाग्य में नहीं था। यह असफलता उन्हें उनके नियत पथ पर ले जाने के लिए आवश्यक थी और उन्हें स्वयं को ईश्वरीय इच्छा को समर्पित कर देना चाहिए।

Question 4.
How should we take our failure?
(हाउ शुड वी टेक अवर फेलियर?)
हमें अपनी असफलता को किस प्रकार लेना चाहिए?
Answer:
We should take our failure as our destiny. One should forget it and understand that it was essential to lead one to his destined path.
(वी शुड टेक अवर फेलियर एज़ अवर डेस्टिनी। वन शुद्ध फॉरगेट इट एण्ड अण्डरस्टैण्ड दैट इट वॉज़ एसेन्शियल टू लीड वन टू हिज़ डेस्टिन्ड् पाथ।)
हमें अपनी असफलता को अपनी नियति समझना चाहिए। व्यक्ति को यह भूल जाना चाहिए व यह समझ लेना चाहिए कि यह उसे उसके नियत पथ पर ले जाने के लिए जरूरी थी।

Question 5.
How does Abdul Kalam describe the men and women folk, as he saw them from the window of the compartment?
(हाउ डज अब्दुल कलाम डिस्क्राइव द मेन एण्ड वुमेन फोक, ऐज ही सॉ दैम फ्रॉम द विण्डो ऑफ द कम्पार्टमेन्ट?)
अब्दुल कलाम कम्पार्टमेन्ट की खिड़की से देखकर पुरुषों व महिलाओं का वर्णन किस प्रकार करते हैं?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam says that men in their white dhotis and turbans and women in bright splashes of colour against the green background of paddy fields looked like beautiful paintings. Everyone was busy in some activity.
(अब्दुल कलाम सेज़ दैट मेन इन देअर व्हाइट धोतीज़ एण्ड टर्बन्स एण्ड विमेन इन ब्राइट स्प्लैशिज ऑफ कलर अगेन्स्ट द ग्रीन बैकग्राउन्ड ऑफ पेडी फील्ड्स लुक्ड लाइक ब्यूटीफुल पेंटिंग्स। ऐवरीवन वॉज़ बिज़ी इन सम एक्टिविटी।)
अब्दुल कलाम कहते हैं कि सफेद धोतियों एवं पगड़ियों में पुरुष तथा पैडी की हरी पृष्ठभूमि में चमकीले रंग-बिरंगे वस्त्रों में महिलाएँ सुन्दर चित्रों की तरह दिखते थे। हर कोई किसी न किसी गतिविधि में संलग्न था।

MP Board Solutions

Language Practice

Fill in the blanks with suitable connectors from brackets.
(रिक्त स्थान भरिए।)
(while, since, during, until, because)

  1. I could not watch the whole movie. I fell asleep ……… the film.
  2. India was not independent …………. 15 Aug, 1947.
  3. Mohan met his friend …….. he was on a holiday.
  4. Two hours have passed ……… you took medicine.
  5. He was absent ………… he was sick.

Answer:

  1. during
  2. until
  3. while
  4. since,
  5. because

Listening Time

A. The teacher will read out the following words and the students will repeat them
(निम्न शब्दों को दोहराओ।)
Answer:
MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 2

B. Here are some guidelines for using your mobile phone safely. Your teacher will read them out for you. Listen to them carefully and find out the picture they correlate. Write the picture no. against correlated guideline.
(निम्न शब्दों को दोहराओ)
Answer:

  1. Do not switch the phone on when wireless phone use is prohibited or when it may cause interference or danger. (vii)
  2. Always keep your hands free to operate the vehicle while driving. (iv)
  3. Switch the phone off near medical equipment. (vi)
  4. Do not use the phone at refuelling point. Do not use near fuel or chemical. (v)
  5. Only qualified personnel may install or repair this phone. (i)
  6. Your phone is not water resistant. Keep it dry.(iii)
  7. Do not connect incompatible product. (ii)

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 3

Speaking Time

Do it yourself.
(छात्र स्वयं करें।)

Writing Time

You are Mohan studying at Govt. Higher Secondary School, Dalka, Khargone. Reply to your father as per the letter given in the text.
(तुम मोहन ही व गठनेमेण्ट हायर सेकेण्डरी स्कूल, डाल्का, खरगोन में पढ़ते हो। अपने पिता को पुस्तक में दिये गये पत्र का जवाब लिखो)
Answer:
Room No. 10,
Hostel Govt. Higher Secondary School
Dalka, Khargone
21-12-20….
Respected Father,

I received your letter yesterday. I hope you are fine and in good health. I understand your concern about me. I am giving attention to my career and my aim is on my goal. I have made a balance between my studies and other curricular activities. You should not worry about me and have faith on me. I am also giving attention to my health. If I would face any problem here I would definitely inform you.

Love to mother, brother and sister.

Your loving son
Mohan

MP Board Solutions

Things to do

Read more about the Presidents of India and make a list of their works. Consult your library and parents. Write the names of their works in your notebooks.
(भारत के राष्ट्रपतियों के नाम व उनके द्वारा लिखी गई पुस्तकों के नाम लिखिए।)
Answer:
MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 4

One Step Ahead Difficult Word Meanings

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 5

One Step Ahead Summary, Pronunciation & Translation

Through the window of the compartment. I watched the countryside slip past. From a distance, the. men in the fields in their white dhotis and turbans, and the womenfolk in bright splashes of colour against the green background of paddy fields, seemed to inhabit some beautiful paintings. I sat glued to the window. Almost everywhere, people were engaged in some activity which had a rhythm and tranquility about it- men driving cattle, women fetching water from streams. Occasionally, a child – would appear and wave at the train.

(श्रू द विंडो ऑफ द कम्पार्टमेण्ट. आई वाच्ड द कन्ट्रीसाईड स्लिप पास्ट. फ्रॉम अ डिस्टेन्स, द मेन इन द फील्ड्स इन देयर वाईट धोतीज ऐण्ड टर्बन्स, ऐण्ड द विमेनफोक इन ब्राईट स्प्लैशिज़ ऑफ कलर अगेन्स्ट द ग्रीन बैकग्राउण्ड ऑफ पैडी फील्ड्स, सीम्ड टू इनहैबिट सम ब्यूटिफुल पेण्टिंग्स आई सैट ग्लूड टू द विंडो. ऑलमोस्ट एवरीव्हेअर, पीपल वर एन्गेज्ड इन सम एक्टिविटी व्हिच हैड अ रिदम ऐण्ड ट्रैक्विलिटी अबाऊट इट-मेन ड्राईविंग कैटल, विमेन फेचिंग वॉटर फ्रॉम स्ट्रीम्स ओकेजनली, अ चाइल्ड वुड अपीयर ऐण्ड वेव ऐट द ट्रेन.)

अनुवाद :
रेल के डिब्बे की खिड़की में से मैं ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों को पीछे छूटते हुए देख रहा था। दूर से चावल के खेतों की हरियाली वाली पृष्ठभूमि पर सफेद धोती और पगड़ी में मर्द और चमकीले रंगीन कपड़ों में महिलाएँ किसी खूबसूरत चित्र का हिस्सा लग रहे थे। मैं खिड़की से चिपका बैठा रहा। लगभग सभी जगह लोग किसी-न-किसी क्रियाकलाप में लगे हुए थे जिनमें एक लय और शांतचित्तता थी-पशुओं को हाँकते मर्द, नदी से पानी भरती महिलाएँ। बीच-बीच में कोई बच्चा दिखाई देता था रेलगाड़ी की तरफ हाथ हिलाते हुए।

It is astonishing how the landscape changes as one moves northwards. The rich and fertile plains of the river Ganga and its numerous tributaries have invited invasions, turmoil, and change. Around 1500 B.C., fair-skinned Aryans swept in through the mountain passes from the far north-west. The tenth century brought Muslims, who later mingled with the local people and became an integral part of this country. One empire gave way to another. Religious conquests continued. All this time, the part of India south of the Tropic of Cancer remained largely untouched, safe behind the shield of the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges. The Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, and Krishna rivers had woven a net of almost unassailable protection for the tapering Indian peninsula. To bring me to Delhi, my train had crossed all these geographical impediments through the power of scientific advancement.

(इट इज़ एस्टॉनिशिंग हाऊ द लैण्डस्केप चेन्जिस ऐज वन मूब्ज नार्थवर्ड्स द रिच ऐण्ट फर्टाइल प्लेन्स ऑफ द रिवर गंगा ऐण्ड इट्स न्यूमरस ट्रिब्यूटरीज़ हैव इन्वाईटिड इन्वेजन्स, टर्मोइल, ऐण्ड चेन्ज अराउण्ड फिफ्टीन हण्ड्रेड बीसी (बिफोर क्राईस्ट), फेयर स्किन्ड आर्यन्स स्वेप्ट इन श्रू द माउण्टेन पासिस फ्रॉम द फार नॉर्थ-वेस्ट द टेण्थ सेन्चुरी ब्रॉट मुस्लिम्स, हू लेटर मिंगल्ड विद द लोकल पिपल ऐण्ड बिकेम ऐन इन्टिग्रल पार्ट ऑफ दिस कन्ट्री वन एम्पायर गेव वे टू अनदर रिलिजियस कॉन्क्वेस्ट्स कन्टिन्यूड. ऑल दिस टाईम, द पार्ट ऑफ इण्डिया साउथ ऑफ द ट्रॉपिक ऑफ कैन्सर रिमेन्ड लार्जली अनटच्ड, सेफ विहाईन्ड द शील्ड ऑफ द विन्ध्या ऐण्ड सतपुरा माउण्टेन रेन्जिज. द नर्मदा, ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी ऐण्ड कृष्णा रिवर्स हैड वोवन अ नेट ऑफ ओल्मोस्ट अनअसेलेबल प्रोटेक्शन फॉर द टेपरिंग इण्डियन पेनिनसुला टू ब्रिग मी टू डेल्ही, माई ट्रेन हैड क्रॉस्ड ऑल दीज ज्योग्राफिकल इम्पेडिमेण्ट्स श्रू द पॉवर ऑफ साइन्टिफिक एडवान्समेण्ट.)

अनुवाद :
यह हैरान कर देने वाला है कि भूदृश्य किस – प्रकार बदलता है जैसे-जैसे हम उत्तर की ओर बढ़ते जाते हैं। गंगा और उसकी सहायक नदियों द्वारा पोषित शानदार उपजाऊ मैदानों ने आक्रमणों, उथल-पुथल और बदलाव को आमन्त्रित किया है। लगभग पन्द्रह सौ ईसा पूर्व गोरी चमड़ी वाले आर्य। लोग सुदूर उत्तर-पश्चिम के पहाड़ी दरों से होकर यहाँ आए। दसवीं शताब्दी में मुस्लिम लोग आए जो बाद में स्थानीय लोगों में मिलकर देश का अभिन्न अंग बन गये। एक साम्राज्य गया तो दूसरा आया। धार्मिक विजयों का सिलसिला चलता रहा। परन्तु इन सभी बदलावों के समय कर्क रेखा से दक्षिण की ओर का भारत का भू-भाग लगभग अछूता रहा, विंध्य व सतपुड़ा पर्वत श्रृंखला की ढाल के पीछे सुरक्षित। नर्मदा, ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी और कृष्णा नदियों ने शंक्वाकार भारतीय प्रायद्वीप के लिए लगभग अभेद्य एक सुरक्षा का जाल बुन दिया था। मुझे दिल्ली तक लाने के लिए रेलगाड़ी ने इन सभी भू-अवरोधों को पार किया वैज्ञानिक प्रगति के बल पर।

MP Board Solutions

I halted for a week in Delhi, the city of the great Sufi Saint Hazrat Nizamuddin, and appeared for the interview at DTD & P(Air) [Directorate of Technical Development and Production (Air)]. I did well at the interview. The questions were of a routine nature, and did not challenge my knowledge of the subject. Then I proceeded to Dehradun for my interview at the Air Force Selection Board. At the Selection Board, the emphasis was more on ‘personality’ than on intelligence. Perhaps they were looking for physical fitness and an articulate manner. I was excited but nervous, determined but anxious, confident but tense. I could only finish ninth in the batch of 25 examined to select eight officers for commissioning in the Air Force. I was deeply disappointed. It took me some time to comprehend that the opportunity to join the Air force had just slipped through my fingers. I dragged myself out of the Selection Board and stood at the edge of a cliff. There was a lake far below. I knew that the days ahead would be difficult. There were questions to be answered and a plan of action to be prepared. I trekked down to Rishikesh.

(आई हॉल्टेड फॉर अ वीक इन डेल्ही, द सिटी ऑफ द ग्रेट सूफी सेण्ट हज़रत निजामुद्दीन, ऐण्ड अपीयर्ड फॉर द इण्टरव्यू ऐट डीटीडी एण्ड पी (एयर) [डाइरेक्टोरेट ऑफ टेक्निकल डेवलपमेंट ऐण्ड प्रोडक्शन (एयर), आई डिड वैल ऐट द इण्टरव्यू द क्वेश्चन्स वर ऑफ अ रुटीन नेचर, ऐण्ड डिड नॉट चैलेन्ज़ माई नॉलिज़ ऑफ द सब्जेक्ट देन आई प्रोसीडिड टू देहरादून फॉर माई इण्टरव्यू ऐट द एयर फोर्स सिलेक्शन बोर्ड. ऐट द सिलेक्शन बोर्ड, द एम्फैसिस वॉज़ मोर ऑन ‘पर्सनैलिटी’ दैन ऑन इण्टेलिजेन्स परहैप्स दे वर लुकिंग फॉर फिज़िकल फिटनेस ऐण्ड ऐन आर्टिकुलेट मैनर आई वॉज़ एक्साईटिड बट नर्वस, डिटरमाइण्ड बट एशियस, कान्फिडेण्ट बट टेन्स आई कुड ओनली फिनिश नाईन्थ इन द बैच ऑफ ट्वेण्टी फाइव एक्जामिन्ड टू सिलेक्ट ऐट ऑफिसर्स फॉर कमिशनिंग इन द एयर फोर्स. आई वॉज़ डीपली डिसअपॉइन्टिड इट टुक मी सम टाईम टू कमप्रिहेण्ड दैट द ऑपरचुनिटी टू जॉइन द एयरफोर्स हैड ज़स्ट स्लिप्पड श्रू माई फिंगर्स. आई ड्रैग्ड माईसेल्फ आउट ऑफ द सिलेक्शन बोर्ड ऐण्ड स्टुड ऐट द एज ऑफ अ क्लिफ. देयर वॉज़ अ लेक फार बिलो. आई न्यू दैट द डेज़ अहेड वुड बी डिफिकल्ट, देयर वर क्वेशचन्स टू बी,आन्सर्ड ऐण्ड अ प्लैन ऑफ ऐक्शन टू बी प्रिपेयर्ड। आई ट्रेक्ड डाऊन टू ऋषिकेश.)

अनुवाद :
मैं महान सूफी सन्त हज़रत निजामुद्दीन के शहर दिल्ली में एक सप्ताह के लिए रुका, और तकनीकी विकास एवं उत्पादन निदेशालय (वायु) में साक्षात्कार के लिए उपस्थित हुआ। मेरा साक्षात्कार अच्छा हुआ। पूछे गये प्रश्न सामान्य किस्म के थे और विषय के मेरे ज्ञान के लिए किसी प्रकार की चुनौती न पेश कर सके। इसके बाद मैं साक्षात्कार के लिए वायुसेना चयन परिषद देहरादून पहुँचा। चयन परिषद में ज़ोर बुद्धिमता से अधिक ‘व्यक्तित्व’ पर था। शायद वह लोग अभ्यर्थी में शारीरिक स्वस्थता और एक प्रभावी वक्ता ढूँढ़ रहे थे। मैं उत्साहित था पर घबराया हुआ भी था, संकल्पित था पर व्यग्र भी, आश्वस्त था पर तनाव में भी। मैं पच्चीस अभ्यर्थियों के समूह जिसमें से आठ को चुना जाना था वायु सेना में नियुक्ति हेतु मैं नौवां स्थान प्राप्त कर पाया। मैं बेहद निराश था। मुझे थोड़ा समय लगा यह समझने में कि वायुसेना में जाने का मौका अभी-अभी मेरी उंगलियों से फिसल गया है। मैं अपने आपको घसीटता हुआ सा चयन परिषद के दफ्तर से बाहर लेके आया और एक चोटी के किनारे पर खड़ा हो गया। दूर नीचे एक झील थी। मुझे पता था कि आने वाले दिन मुश्किलों भरे थे। कई प्रश्नों के उत्तर ढूँढ़ने थे और एक कार्य-योजना बनानी थी। मैं पैदल ऋषिकेश पहुँचा।

I bathed in the Ganga and revelled in the purity of its water. Then, I walked to the Shivananda Ashram situated a little way up the hill. I could feel intense vibrations when I entered. I saw a large number of sadhus seated all around in a state of trance. I had read that sadhus were psychic people-people who know things intuitively and, in my dejected mood, I sought answer to the doubts that troubled me.

I met Swami Shivananda a man who looked like a Buddha, wearing a snow-white dhoti and wooden slippers. He had an olive complexion and black piercing eyes. I was struck by his irresistible, almost child-like smile and gracious manner. I introduced myself to the Swamiji. My Muslim name aroused no reaction in him. Before I could speak any further, he inquired about the source of my sorrow. He offered no explanation of how he knew that I was sad and I did not ask.

(आई बेड इन द गंगा ऐण्ड रिवेल्ड इन द प्यूरिटी ऑफ इट्स वॉटर. देन, आई वॉक्ड टू द शिवानंद आश्रम सिचुएटिड अ लिटल वे अप द हिल. आई कुड फील इन्टेन्स वाईब्रेशन्स व्हेन आई एन्टर्ड. आई सॉ अ लार्ज नम्बर ऑफ साधूज़ सीटिड ऑल अराउण्ड इन अ स्टेट ऑफ ट्रान्स. आई हैड रेड दैट साधूज वर साइकिक पीपल-पीपल हू नो थिंग्स इन्टुईटिवली ऐण्ड, इन माई डिजेक्टिड मूड, आई सॉट आन्सर टू द डाऊट्स दैट ट्रबल्ड मी.

आई मेट स्वामी शिवानंद-अ मैन हू लुक्ड लाइक अ बुद्धा, वीयरिंग अ स्नो-व्हाईट धोती एण्ड वुडन स्लिपर्स. ही हैड ऐन ऑलिव कॉम्प्लेक्शन ऐण्ड ब्लैक पीयरसिंग आईज. आई वॉज़ स्ट्रक बाई हिज़ इररेजिस्टिबल ऑल्मोस्ट चाइल्ड-लाइक स्माइल एण्ड ग्रेशियस मैनर आई इन्ट्रोड्यूस्ड माइसेल्फ टू द स्वामीजी. माई मुस्लिम नेम अराउज्ड नो रीऐक्शन इन हिम. बिफोर आई कुड स्पीक एनी फर्दर, ही इन्क्वायर्ड अबाउट द सोर्स ऑफ माई सौसे ही ऑफर्ड नो एक्सप्लेनेशन ऑफ हाउ ही न्यू दैट आई वॉज़ सैड ऐण्ड आई डिड नॉट आस्क.)

अनुवाद :
मैं गंगा में नहाया और उसके जल की शुद्धता से अति आनन्दित हुआ। उसके पश्चात मैं शिवानंद आश्रम चलकर पहुँचा जो थोड़ी दूर ऊँचाई पर था। वहाँ प्रवेश करते ही मुझे तीव्र स्पन्दन का एहसास हुआ। मुझे वहाँ बहुत सारे साधु दिखाई दिए जो सभी ओर बैठे हुए थे समाधि की स्थिति में। मैंने पढ़ रखा था कि साधु अतीन्द्रिय शक्ति वाले लोग होते हैं-ऐसे लोग जो अन्तर्ज्ञान द्वारा सभी कुछ जानते हैं और अपनी उस हताशा भरी मन:स्थिति मैं अपने मन की दुविधाओं, संशयों का उत्तर ढूँढ़ रहा था। मैं स्वामी शिवानंद से मिला-एक ऐसे व्यक्ति जो कि एक बुद्ध जैसे लग रहे थे। दूधिया सफेद धोती और लकड़ी की खड़ाऊ में। उनका रंग पीलापन लिए जैतून जैसा था और आँखें काली भेदती हुई। मैं उनकी प्रबल शिशुवत मुस्कान एवं दयामय अन्दाज़ से बेहद प्रभावित हुआ। मैंने स्वामीजी को अपना परिचय दिया। मेरा मुस्लिम नाम सुनकर किसी प्रकार की प्रतिक्रिया नहीं आई। इससे पहले कि मैं कुछ और बोल पाता, उन्होंने मेरे दुःख का कारण पूछा। उन्होंने कोई स्पष्टीकरण नहीं दिया कि वे कैसे जानते थे कि मैं दुःखी हूँ और मैंने पूछा नहीं।

I told him about my unsuccessful attempt to join the Indian Air Force and my long-cherished desire to fly. He smiled, washing away all my anxiety almost instantly. Then he said in a feeble, but very deep voice : Desire, when it stems from the heart and spirit, when it is pure and intense, possesses awesome electromagnetic energy. This energy is released into the ether each night, as the mind falls into the sleep state. Each morning it returns to the conscious state reinforced with the cosmic currents. That which has been imaged will surely and certainly be manifested.

You can rely, young man, upon this ageless promises as surely as you can rely upon the eternally unbroken promise of sunrise……and of spring.

(आई टोल्ड हिम अबाउट माई अनसक्सेसफुल अटेम्प्ट टू जॉइन द इण्डियन एयर फोर्स ऐण्ड माई लॉन्ग चेरिशड डिजायर टू फ्लाई. ही स्माइल्ड, वाशिंग अवे ऑफ माई ऐंगजाइटी ऑल्मोस्ट इन्स्टैण्टलि दैन ही सेड इन अ फीबल, बट वेरी डीप वॉइस :

डिजायर, व्हेन इट स्टेम्स फ्रॉम द हार्ट ऐण्ड स्पिरिट, व्हेन इट इज प्योर ऐण्ड इन्टेन्स, पजैज़िज़ ऑसम इलैक्ट्रोमैग्नेटिक एनर्जी. दिस एनर्जी इज़ रिलीज्ड इण्टू द ईथर ईच नाइट, ऐज़ द माइण्ड फाल्स इण्टू द स्लीप स्टेट. ईच मॉर्निंग इट रिटनर्स टू द कॉन्शियस स्टेट रीइन्फोर्ल्ड विद द कॉस्मिक करंट्स. दैट विच हैज बीन इमेज्ड विल श्योरली ऐण्ट सर्टेन्ली बी मैनिफेस्टिड. यू कैन रिलाई यंग मैन, अपॉन दिस एजलैस प्रॉमिस ऐज श्योरली ऐज यू कैन रिलाई अपॉन द एटरनली अनब्रोकन प्रॉमिस ऑफ सनराइज…….ऐण्ड ऑफ स्प्रिंग.)

अनुवाद :
मैंने उनकों वायु सेना में नौकरी पाने के अपने असफल प्रयास के बारे में बताया और साथ ही आसमान में उड़ने की अपनी वर्षों पुरानी अभिलाषा के बारे में भी। वे मुस्कराए मेरी सभी चिन्ताओं, व्यग्रताओं को लगभग तत्क्षण मिटाते हुए। फिर वे बोले धीमी परन्तु गहरी गम्भीर आवाज में: इच्छा जब हृदय व आत्मा की गहराइयों से उपजती है, जब वह पवित्र व प्रचण्ड होती है, उस समय उसमें एक अदभुत विद्युताकर्षणीय शक्ति होती है। यह शक्ति नित्य रात्रि में आकाश में मुक्त होती है जिस समय मन निद्रा की अवस्था में होता है। प्रतिदिन सुबह यह शक्ति चेतन अवस्था में वापिस आती है ब्रह्माण्डीय शक्ति से परिपूरित होकर। जिस भी चीज की धारणा की गई हो वह अवश्य ही मूर्त रूप लेगी। तुम इस शाश्वत नियम पर उसी प्रकार भरोसा कर सकते हो जिस प्रकार तुम सदा से अखण्डित सूर्योदय व बसन्त के नियम पर करते हो। हे वत्स (युवक)।

MP Board Solutions

When the student is ready, the teacher will appear. How true! Here was the teacher to show the way to a student who had nearly gone astray! “Accept your destiny and go ahead with your life. You are not destined to become an Air Force pilot. What you are destined to become is not revealed now but it is predetermined. Forget this failure as it was essential to lead you to your destined path. Search, instead, for the true purpose of your existence. Become one with yourself, my son! Surrender yourself to the wish of God,” Swamiji said.

(व्हेन द स्टूडेण्ट इज़ रेडी, द टीचर विल अपीयर. हाऊ ट्र! हियर वॉज द टीचर टू शो द वे टू अ स्टुडेण्ट हू हैड नीयरली गॉन एस्ट्रे! “ऐक्सेप्ट यॉर डेस्टिनी ऐण्ड गो अहेड विद यॉर लाइफ यू आर नॉट डेस्टिन्ड टू बिकम ऐन एयर फोर्स पाइलट। व्हॉट यू आर डेस्टिन्ड टू बिकम इज नॉट रिवील्ड नाउ बट इट इज प्रीडिटरमाइण्ड. फॉर्गेट दिस फेल्युर ऐज़ इट वॉज़ एसेन्शियल टू लीड यू टू यॉर डेस्टिन्ड पाथ. सर्च इन्स्टेड, फॉर द ट्र पर्पज ऑफ यॉर ऐक्ज़िसटेन्स बिकम वन विद यॉरसेल्फ, माई सन! सरेण्डर यॉरसेल्फ टू द विश ऑफ गॉड”, स्वामीजी सेड.)

अनुवाद :
जब शिष्य तैयार होगा गुरु स्वयं उपस्थित होंगे। कितना सत्य है! गुरु साक्षात सामने थे जो एक ऐसे शिष्य को राह दिखा रहे थे जो लगभग भटक चुका था। “अपने भाग्य को स्वीकारो और जीवन में आगे बढ़ो। वायुसेना में पाइलट (विमान चालक) बनना तुम्हारे लिए नियत नहीं है जो तुम्हारे लिए नियत है वो अभी प्रकटं या प्रकाशित नहीं है परन्तु यह पूर्व निर्धारित है। इस नाकामी को भुला दो क्योंकि यह आवश्यक था तुम्हें तुम्हारे लिए नियत मार्ग पर लाने के लिए। इन सब के बजाए अपने होने अर्थात् अपने अस्तित्व का वास्तविक कारण ढूँढ़ो। स्वयं के साथ एक हो जाओ पुत्र! ईश्वर की इच्छा के आगे आत्मसमर्पण कर दो।” स्वामीजी ने कहा।

I returned to Delhi and enquired at the DTP & P (Air) about the outcome of my interview. In response, I was handed my appointment letter. I joined the next day as Senior Scientific Assistant on a basic salary of Rs. 250/- per month. If this was to be my destiny, I thought, let it be so. Finally, I was filled with mental peace. No more did I feel any bitterness or resentment at my failure to enter the Air Force. All this was in 1958.

(आई रिटन्ड टु डेल्ही ऐण्ड एन्क्वायर्ड ऐट द डीटीपी – एण्ड पी (एयर) अबाउट द आउटकम ऑफ माई इण्टरव्यू इन रिस्पॉन्स, आई वॉज़ हैण्डिड माई अपॉइण्टमेण्ट लैटर. आई जॉइन्ड द नेक्स्ट डे ऐज सीनियर साइन्टिफिक असिस्टैण्ट ऑन अ बेसिक सैलरी ऑफ रुपीज टू हन्ड्रेड फिफ्टी पर मंथ. इफ दिस वॉज़ टू बी माई डेस्टिनी, आई थॉट, लेट इट बी सो.फाइनली, आई वॉज़ फिल्ड विद मेण्टल पीस. नो मोर डिड आई फील एनी बिटनेस ऑर रिजेण्टमेण्ट ऐट माई फेल्युर टू एण्टर द एयर फोर्स. ऑल दिस वॉज इन 1958.)

अनुवाद :
मैं दिल्ली लौट आया और तकनीकी विकास एवं उत्पादन निदेशालय (वायु) में अपने साक्षात्कार के परिणाम के बारे में पूछा। उत्तर में मुझे नियुक्ति पत्र थमा दिया गया। मैंने अगले दिन वरिष्ठ वैज्ञानिक सहायक के रूप में 250 रुपये (ढाई सौ रुपये) प्रतिमाह के मूल वेतन पर नौकरी शुरू की। मैंने सोचा यदि यही मेरा भाग्य है तो फिर होने दो। आखिरकार मुझे मानसिक शान्ति मिली। उसके बाद मुझे वायुसेना की नौकरी पाने में नाकाम रहने की किसी प्रकार की कड़वाहट या अप्रसन्नता नहीं महसूस हुई। यह सब हुआ 1958 में।