MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Social Science Book Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Text book Exercises

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions
(Choose the correct answer from the following)

Question (i)
Economic planning results in –
(a) Improvement in living standard
(b) Increase in economic welfare
(c) Increase in life expectancy
(d) All of above
Answer:
(d) All of above

Question (ii)
The per capita income of the country is calculated on the basis of –
(a) That country’s population
(b) The world’s population
(c) States population
(d) Other country’s population
Answer:
(a) That country’s population

Question (iii)
Prof. Amratya Sen has considered basis of development as – (MP Board, 2009, 2013)
(a) Prosperity
(b) Self – dependency
(c) Public Welfare
(d) Foreign Trade.
Answer:
(c) Public Welfare

Question (iv)
Developed countries utilise natural resources –
(a) Very little
(b) Do not use
(c) Little bit
(d) On a large extent.
Answer:
(c) Little bit

Question (v)
How many five years plans have been completed in India till now – (MP Board, 2010)
(a) 5
(b) 10
(c) 15
(d) 11
Answer:
(d) 11

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Question 2
Fill in the blanks:

  1. The standard of …………… increases by economic development.
  2. India Vision 2020 was published in the year ……………
  3. …………… constructed physical quality of life index.
  4. According to World Bank that country is developed country whose per capita income is …………… rupees or more per year.
  5. The period of tenth plan was from …………… to ……………

Answer

1. Living
2. 2003
3. Prof. Morris
4. 4,53,000
5. 2002, 2007

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is the meaning of economic development according to Mercantilism?
Answer:
For the mercantile economists an economic development is based on the previous metals like gold or silver.

Question 2.
During which period of time is national income calculated?
Answer:
National income is calculated from 1st April to 31st March every year.

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Question 3.
What are the basis of calculating human Development Index?
Answer:
Basis for calculating human Development Index are:

  1. Life expectancy at time of birth for measuring a long and healthy life.
  2. Rate of adult literacy and total enrolment ratio.
  3. Per Capital Gross Domestic Product.

Question 4.
According to the World Bank, what must be per capita income of the developed countries?
Answer:
The World Bank in its development report of 2006 has used the measure of per capita income to distinguish between developed countries and developing countries. According to this report those countries having per capita income Rs. 4,53,000 or more are considered as developed countries and countries having per capita income Rs. 37,000 or less are considered as developing (low income) country.

Question 5.
What are the main measurement of measuring economic development?
Answer:
Actually facilities of health, education, housing, nutritive food, drinking water etc., provided to common people should be included in the development. Therefore as an alternative for the national and per capita income, importance is given to human development indicators for measuring economic development.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is national income? How is it calculated? Write. (MP Board 2009, 2011)
Answer:
National income is the income of a country. It is obtained by adding the monetary values of the commodities and services produced in a country’ in a year. One of the methods of measuring economic development is in terms of an increase in country’s real national income over a long period of time. National income refers to the total value of all the final goods and services produced within a country plus income earned from other country.

Question 2.
What is per capita income? Write the formula of calculating it. (MP Board 2010)
Answer:
When the National income of a country is divided by its total population then we get its per capita income.
The following formula is used to calculate the per capita income of a country:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning img 1a
Per capita income gives us an idea of the standard of living of the peopl of country. If the per capita income is increasing in a country it means that the lives of the people of that country are becoming happier It means their standard of living is improving.

Question 3.
What is the main objective of making Human Development Index? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
Human development is index term. It consists of economic and social development. Human development is the end of all human activities, whereas social development is mean to it. Economic development consists of structures which support indirectly the economic system. It consists of education, health, environment, housing and civic amenities, etc.

Question 4.
Which are the developed and developing states of India?
Answer:
In India some states are comparatively developed states and some states are developing states. We can classify 15 big states of India on the ground of per capita income into two classes i.e. developed states and developing states. Punjab, Maharashtra, Haryana, Gujarat, West Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, are included in list of developed states while Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa and Bihar etc. states are in list of developing states.

According to the census of 2001, 90% of total population of the country resides in these states. Out of this 48% population resides comparatively in developed states and 42% population resides in the developing or backward states.

Question 5.
What is India Vision 2020?
Or
What is Vision India 2020? Write. (MP Board 2009, 2011, 2013)
Answer:
In January 2003, The Planning Commission of India has issued an important document named India Vision 2020. According to this document till the year 2020, India will be included in the category of developed countries. As a result of this, unemployment, poverty, illiteracy will be completely eradicated from the country.

The Planning Commission has estimated that by the year 2020, 135 crore of country’s population will be better nourished, will have good living standard and be completely healthy. Average age of the population will increase.

The Age Calculator can determine the age or interval between two dates. The calculated age will be displayed in years, months, days.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Explain old and new concepts of Economic Development? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
In ancient time a special place was given to materialistic prosperity under economic development at global level. The mercentile thinkers of Germany and France considered gold and silver as the basis of development. The concept of development kept on changing with time.

According to classical economist Adam Smith, economic development is the increase in. goods and services of a country. Karl Marks considered economic development as the establishment of socialism J.S. Mill’s opinion about economic development is totally different. He considered economic development as to follow the principle of cooperation for welfare of people and economic development.

Among the new economists Paul Albert considers economic development as the increase in real national income by use of all productive resources by a country. While in the opinion of Williamson and Bustricks development is the increase in the per capita income of the people of a country. The opinion of D. Bright Singh is different from all these, in that economic development involves not only increase in money income but also improvement in social welfare. Prof. Amirtya Sen, honored by Nobel Prize has also given special importance to social welfare.

Meir and Baldwin has defined economic development as “Economic development is a process whereby an economy’s real national income increases over a long period of time.”

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Question 2.
State the meaning of Human Development Index and discuss its components?
Answer:
The quality of life index prepared and published by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is termed as Human Development Index. The United Nations was the first to prepare and publish Human Development Index in the year 1990. Human Development Index studies the following three basic hurrtan capabilities:

  1. Living a long life (Longevity)
  2. Being knowledgeable (Educational Attainment)
  3. Enjoying decent standard of living (Red per capita GDP).

Question 3.
Distinguish between developed and developing economies?
Answer:
Developed Economy:

  • This economy is economically sound. Its people have higher standard of living.
  • The main occupation of people is industry.
  • Modern technology is used.

Developing Economy:

  • This economy is not financially sound. The standard of living of general masses is lower.
  • The main occupation of people is agriculture.
  • Generally old techniques of production are used.

Question 4.
Explain the meaning of Economic planning in India anc state the main objectives of planning in India?
Answer:
After the independence, in order to make plans for the country the Planning Commission was set up on 15th March, 1950 for the country. By now 11 five – year plans have been prepared by this commission and implemented by Government of India. At present the Eleventh Five Year Plan has been started from 1st April, 2007.

The main guiding principles of the five – year plans in India are economic equality, social justice, self – dependence, improvement in efficiency and productivity. In different plans out of above directive principles, emphasis has been laid on. different facts due to changes in situations and problems. In brief the basic objectives of Indian plans are as below:

  1. To obtain high rate of development
  2. To obtain self – dependency
  3. To obtain economic stability
  4. To increase social welfare
  5. To obtain social and economic justice
  6. To increase the opportunities of employment
  7. To increase the standard of living
  8. Poverty eradication.

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Question 5.
State the success and failures of planning of India? (MP Board, 2010)
Answer:
The following are the factors of success:

1. Increase in National and Per Capita Income:
At the current prices the national income of India was only 9142 crore in 195051 which rose up to 28,46,762. In similar manner, during this period the per capita income increased from Rs. 255 to Rs. 25,716. Thus it is clear that the national income as well as per capita income both increased rapidly during the period of the planning.

2. Increase in Rate of Saving and Investment:
Some portion of the national income is invested (used for production) for the economic development. In each plan high targets of saving and investments were fixed for this which have nearly been achieved too. The gross saving and investment rates in the year 1950 – 51 (on current prices) were only 8.9 and 8.7 per cent of gross national product which increased to 32.4 and 33.8 percent in the year 2005 – 06.

3. Development in Agriculture Sector:
Agricultural production has increased extensively due to economic planning. The production of food grains increased to 2083 lakh tonnes in the year 2005-06 which was only 508 lakh tonnes in 1950 – 51. During this period as a result of green revolution high yielding seeds, chemical, fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation facilities etc. were expanded. Along with this in agricultural sector infrastructure developed too.

4. Industrialisation:
There has been a remarkable increase in industrial sector through five years plAnswer:Today India has become the tenth largest industrial country of the world. India’s progres can be estimated by the fact that the contribution of India b manufactured goods in the foreign trade is gradually increasing. Iro: and steel, engineering, goods, chemical and cement etc.

5. Education and Health:
At the beginning of planning, there were 27 universities, but now they are 389 in number, the literacy rate of the country in 1950-51 was 16.6 per cent which increased upto 64.8 percent in 2001.

Failures are as follows:

1. Slow Progress in per Capita Income:
In spite of economic planning in India, the growth in per capita income has been very slow. Still today 21 per cent of population in India is living below poverty line.

2. Regional Imbalance:
As a result of planning, the regional imbalance in the country should have decreased, but there has been no significant change. Uttar Pradesh, Orrisa, Bihar, etc. states are still backward states while the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Punjab, Haryana, etc. are included under the category of comparatively developed states.

3. Increase in Prices:
The prices are continuously increasing since the period of planning. On the basis of 1993-94, the whole sale price index, number has risen to 2079 in December 2006. It is estimated that during the period of planning the prices increased near about 27 times.

4. Increase in Unemployment:
An important objective of economic planning was to reduce unemployment. But the unemployment kept on increasing a.t the end of each plan. In the beginning of first five year plan, where 33 lakh people were unemployed which is now estimated to about 4 crore.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Additional Important Questions

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
Multiple Choice Questions:
(Choose the correct answer from the following) (MP Board 2009)

Question (i)
In ancient time India was called –
(a) Golden Triangle
(b) Golden Bird
(c) Golden Ring
(d) Golden Country
Answer:
(b) Golden Bird

Question (ii)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is known as –
(a) IMF
(b) World Bank
(c) RBI
(d) UNO
Answer:
(b) World Bank

Question (iii)
The peroid of 10th plan is –
(a) 2002 – 2007
(b) 2001 – 2008
(c) 2003 – 2008
(d) 2004 – 2009
Answer:
(a) 2002 – 2007

Question (iv)
How many persons were unemployed in beginning of first plan – (MP Board 2009, Set B)
(a) 25 lac
(b) 33 lac
(c) 43 lac
(d) 35 lac.
Answer:
(b) 33 lac

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:

  1. The writer of the famous book Arthshastra is ……………..
  2. The First Five Year Plan was started in ……………..
  3. Shri Mannarayan was related to the ……………..

Answer:

  1.  Kautilya
  2. 1951
  3. Gandhiyan plan

Question 3.
True and False type questions:

  1. The years 1966-67, 1967 – 68 and 1968 – 69 are known as the Rolling Plan.
  2. Indian Planning is based on the Russian model.
  3. Prof. Amartya Sen is related to the Planning Commission of India.

Answer:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. False

Question 4.
Match the column:
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning 2
Answer:

1. (c)
2. (a)
3. (d)
4. (b)

Answer in One – Two Words or One Sentence

Question 1.
Mention three objectives of planning in India.
Answer:

  1. Self – Sufficiency
  2. Social Justice
  3. Higher rate of growth.

Question 2.
How many five – year plans have been completed so far after independence?
Answer:
Ten five – year plans have been completed.

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Question 3.
Name the sector which was given top priority during the First Five Year Plan?
Answer:
Agriculture was accorded top priority.

Question 4.
What are the essential things for analysing the economic planning?
Answer:
Two things are essential in economic planning such as:

  1. Pre – decided aims which have to be accomplished.
  2. Description of the use of available resources to obtain the pre – determined aims.

Question 5.
Name any three types of economics?
Answer:

  1. Capitalist Economy
  2. Socialist Economy
  3. Mixed Economy.

Question 6.
What are the three sectors of enterprises on the basis of ownership?
Answer:

  1. Private sector
  2. Public sector and
  3. Joint sector

Question 7.
Define national income?
Answer:
It is defined as the total value of all the goods and services produced within a country plus income coming from abroad.

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Question 8.
What does consumption mean?
Answer:
The use of goods and services is called consumption. In other words, reduction in utilities is termed as consumption.

Question 9.
What are primary activities of an economy?
Answer:
Activities that are associated with land and water such as farming, cattle rearing, fishing and mining are called primary activities.

Question 10.
What is per capita income?
Answer:
National income divided by the total population of the country is termed as per capita income.

Question 11.
What is Human Development Index?
Answer:
The quality of life index prepared and published by United Nation’s Development Programme (UNDP) is termed as Human Development Index.

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Question 12.
Mention the formula for the calculation of Human?
Development Index.
Answer:
Human Development Index = Life expectancy index + Educational attainment
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 15 Economic Development and Planning 225

Question 13.
Define longevity?
Answer:
Life expectancy at birth as known as longevity. It means the number of years a newly born baby is expected to live. Longevity in India at present is 63 years.

Question 14.
Identify different thrust areas of human development.
Answer:
Health, Gender Equity and Gender Empowerment are the thrust areas of human development?

Question 15.
What basis of development has considered by Prof. Amartya Sen? (MP Board 2009)
Answer:
Social Welfare.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
State briefly the main features of capitalist economy?
Answer:

  1. Factors of production are owned by the individuals.
  2. Economic activities are carried out with the sole motive of project.
  3. Producers are to choose occupation of their own choice.

Question 2.
State briefly the features of socialist economy?
Answer:

  1. Government is the sole producer of goods and services.
  2. All properties belong to the government.
  3. Economic decision are taken by the central planning authority.

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Question 3.
Define national income in the words of Professor Marshall?
Answer:
According to Professor Marshall, the labour and capital of country, acting on its natural resources produce annually a certain net aggregate of commodities, material and immaterial including services of all kinds. This is the true net annual income or revenue of the country or the national dividend.

Question 4.
What are the advantages of a capitalist economy?
Answer:

  1. Economic freedom.
  2. Maximum utilisation of resources.
  3. Higher standard of living.
  4. Increase production.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How is planning useful for economic development?
Answer:
It is rightly said that India is rich country inhabited by pocrs. We have got abundance of resources lying undiscovered, untapped and unexploited. This is due to the fact that we did not formulate plans to make the best possible utilisation of these resources. After independence we adopted planned developmental economy aiming at higher rate of growth self – reliance and balanced economic development. Planning creates employment opportunities, economic stability and allround economic development of the country.

Question 2.
Give any two objectives of economic planning?
Answer:
Two objectives of economic planning are as under:

(a) High Growth Rate:
It was felt after independence that we were an undeveloped economy. It was necessary to accelerate the pace of agricultural and industrial growth for the rapid economic development of the country. This is why, we adopted planned developmental economy to attain high growth rate.

(b) Social Justice:
Our society has been victim of social injustice and inequality of income. There is wide disparity in income and wealth of individual. There are regional imbalances resulting in social tensions. Under these circumstances the planner formulated our five
year plans with an aim towards social justice.

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Question 3.
What is a Socialistic Pattern of society?
Answer:
Socialist pattern of society means that the basic criterion of determining the lines of advance must not be private profit but social gain and the pattern of development and the structure of socioeconomic relations should be so planned that they result not. only in appreciable increase in national income and employment but also greater equality in income and wealth. The benefits of economic development must accure more and more to the relatively less privileged class of society, and there should be progressive reduction in the concentration of economic power.

Question 4.
Distinguish between:

  1. A Capitalist Economy and a Socialist Economy
  2. Economic and Non – economic Activities.

Answer:
1.
A Capitalist Economy:

  • Private ownership on means of production.
  • Freedom of enterprise.
  • Profit is the main motive.
  • Efficient use of resources.
  • Free working of price mechanism.

A Socialist Economy:

  • Government ownership on means of production.
  • No freedom of enterprise.
  • The main motive is social welfare and service.
  • Inefficient use of resources.
  • Interference by the government in the economy.

2.
Economic Activities:

  • Activities which contribute to the flow of goods and services.
  • These activities are included in national income.
  • Examples: Farmers, doctors, technicians etc.

Non – economic Activities:

  • Activities which do not contribute to the flow of goods and services.
  • These activities are not included in national income.
  • Examples: Religious activities, social works etc.

MP Board Class 10th Social Science Chapter 15 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Discuss the contribution of agriculture in National Income?
Answer:
Contribution of Agriculture to National Income. About 45% of our national income is earned through agriculture. Nearly 67% of our people earn livelihood through agriculture and its allied activities.

1. Contribution of Agriculture to Employment:
About 67% of our working population is engaged directly or indirectly with agriculture.

2. Agriculture is Source of Government Revenue:
State government earn land revenue and some states have taxed agricultural income.

3. Contribution of Agriculture to Industry:
Agriculture lays down sound foundation of our industries in the following ways

  • Agriculture supplies us food and fodder.
  • Agriculture contributes to trade also. Trading in food grains is all based on agriculture.
  • Agriculture is main source of our exports.
  • Agriculture is the foundation stone for economic development.
  • Agriculture is major source of raw material for industry. Jute Cotton, Sugar, tea, Coffee, oil, Silk, Tobacco etc. are based on agricultural product.
  • Agriculture is the source of capital formation.
  • Agriculture supplies healthy manpower.
  • Agriculture sector purchase goods of industrial sector.

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Question 2.
Give any five suggestions for increasing the growth of national income?
Answer:
In order to increase the national income following measures should be adopted:

1. Increase in the Rate of Savings and Investment:
In order to increase the national income productive activities must be increased. Modem large scale industrial venture requires huge amount of capital. It requires that there must be sufficient savings and investment in the productive activities.

2. Improvement in the Technique of Production:
In case we want to increase our production at faster rates we will have to introduce new technology in the field of production. It will increase the production and consequently national income will be multiplied.

3. Discouraging Increase in Populations:
Our economic development is eaten up by exploding population. It reduces our per capita income also. If we want to increase our national income we will have to check population explosion.

4. Discouraging Price Rise:
After independence inflationary pressure is Jbeing continuously felt. The commodities have become very costly, so savings are very little. Low savings and lesser capital formation is adversaliy affecting our national income.

5. Increasing Exports:
In order to increase our industrial production we will have to import latest machines equipments and technology. It requires foreign exchange, which can be earned by exporting our surplus agricultural.

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Question 3.
Describe the construction of Human Development Index. What are its levels ?
Answer:
Construction of Human Development Index Three basic factors of life are utilised in the construction of Human Development Index. These factors are:

  1. Life expectancy at time of birth for measuring a long and healthy life.
  2. Rate of adult literacy and total enrolment ratio.
  3. Per Capita Gross Domestic Product.

First of all indicators of these three factors are prepared separately to calculate Human Development Index. Then after their average is calculated whose value is presented between 0 to 1. The indicator of most developed country stands near 1 and most undeveloped country’s indicator stands near 0. On this basis, the countries of the world are classified into the following three classes according to their level of development.

1. Highly Human Developed Countries:
Those countries whose indicator is measured 0.8 or more are considered highly developed.

2. Medium Human Developed Countries:
Those countries are considered to be medium human developed countries whose indicator is measured from 0.5 to 0.8.

3. Low Human Developed Countries:
Those countries are considered to be low human developed countries whose measure of Index is below 0.5. Under the development programme of United Nations Organisation Human Development Index has been published for 177 countries. According to these indexes 63 countries are high human developed, 83 are medium and 31 are low human developed.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 1.
The following frequency distribution gives the monthly consumption of electricity of 68 consumers of a locality. Find the median, mean and mode of the data and compare them.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 1
Solution:
Median:
Let us prepare a cumulative frequency table:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 2
Now, we have N = 68 ⇒ \(\frac{N}{2}=\frac{68}{2}\) = 34
The cumulative frequency just greater than 34 is 42 and it corresponds to the class 125 – 145.
∴ 125 – 145 is the median class.
∴ l = 125, cf = 22, f= 20 and h = 20
Using the formula,
Median = l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
= 125 + \(\left[\frac{34-22}{20}\right]\) × 20
= 125 + \(\frac{12}{20}\) × 20 = 125 + 12 = 137 units.
Mean: Let assumed mean, a = 135
∵ Class size, h = 20
∴ ui = \(\frac{x_{i}-a}{h}=\frac{x_{i}-135}{20}\)
Now, we have the following table:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 3
∴ \(\overline{x}\) = a + h × [\(\frac{1}{N}\) Σfiui] = 135 + 20 × \(\frac{7}{68}\)
= 135 + 2.05 = 137.05 units.
Mode:
∵ Class 125 – 145 has the highest frequency i.e., 20.
∴ 125 – 145 is the modal class.
We have: h = 20, l = 125 , f1 = 20, f0 = 13, f2 = 14
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 4
We observe that the three measures are approximately equal.

Use this median calculator to quickly find the median of a set of numbers. Just enter your numbers in the box and click on the button that says calculate.

Question 2.
If the median of the distribution given below is 28.5, find the values of x and y.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 5
Solution:
Here, we have N = 60
Now, cumulative frequency table is:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 6
Since, median = 28.5 (Given)
∴ Median class is 20 – 30 and l = 20, f = 20, cf = 5 + x, N = 60
∴ l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
⇒ 28.5 = 20 + \(\left[\frac{30-(5+x)}{20}\right]\) × 10
⇒ 28.5 = 20 + \(\frac{25-x}{2}\)
⇒ 57 = 40 + 25 – x
⇒ x = 40 + 25 – 57 = 8
Also, 45 + x + y = 60
⇒ 45 + 8 + y = 60
⇒ y = 60 – 45 – 8 = 7.
Thus x = 8, y = 7

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 3.
A life insurance agent found the following data for distribution of ages of 100 policy holders. Calculate the median age, if policies are given only to persons having age 18 years onwards but less than 60 year.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 7
Solution:
The given table is cumulative frequency distribution. We write the frequency distribution as given below :
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 8
∵ The cumulative frequency just greater than 50 is 78.
∴ The median class is 35 – 40.
Now, \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 50, l = 35, cf = 45, f = 33 and h = 5
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 9
Thus, the median age = 35.76 years.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 4.
The lengths of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to the nearest millimeter, and the data obtained is represented in the following table:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 10
Find the median length of the leaves.
[Hint: The data needs to be converted to continuous classes for finding the median, since the formula assumes continuous classes. The classes then change to 117.5-126.5,
126.5 – 135.5 ………… 171.5 – 180.5.]
Solution:
After changing the given table as continuous classes we prepare the cumulative frequency table as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 11
The cumulative frequency just above 20 is 29 and it corresponds to the class 144.5 – 153.5.
So, 144.5 – 153.5 is the median class.
We have: \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 20, l = 144.5, f= 12, cf = 17 and h = 9
∴ Median = l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
= 144.5 + \(\left[\frac{20-17}{12}\right]\) × 9
= 144.5 + \(\frac{3}{12}\) × 9 = 144.5 + \(\frac{9}{4}\)
= 144.5 + 2.25 = 146.75
Median length of leaves = 146.75 mm.

Question 5.
The following table gives the distribution of the life time of 400 neon lamps:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 12
Find the median life time of a lamp.
Solution:
To compute the median, let us write the cumulative frequency distribution as given below:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 13
Since, the cumulative frequency just greater than 200 is 216.
∴ The median class is 3000-3500 and so l = 3000, cf= 130, f = 86, h = 500
∴ Median = l + \(\left[\frac{\frac{N}{2}-c f}{f}\right] \) × h
= 3000 + \(\left[\frac{200-130}{86}\right]\) × 500
= 3000 + \(\frac{70}{86}\) × 500 = 3000 + \(\frac{35000}{86}\)
= 3000 + 406.98 = 3406.98
Thus, median life time of a lamp = 3406.98 hours.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3

Question 6.
100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and the frequency distribution of the number of letters in the English alphabets in the surnames was obtained as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 14
Determine the median number of letters in the surnames. Find the mean number of letters in the surnames? Also, find the modal size of the surnames.
Solution:
Median: The cumulative frequency distribution table is as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 15
Since, the cumulative frequency just greater than 50 is 76.
∴ The class 7-10 is the median class.
We have, \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 50 , f = 7, cf = 36, f = 40 and h = 3
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 16
Mode:
Since the class 7 – 10 has the maximum frequency i.e., 40.
∴ The modal class is 7 – 10.
So, we have l = 7,h = 3, f1 = 40, f0 = 30, f2 = 16
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 17
Thus, the required median = 8.05, mean = 8.32 and mode = 7.88.

Question 7.
The distribution below gives the weights of 30 students of a class. Find the median weight of the students.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 18
Solution:
We have cumulative frequency table as follows:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 19
The cumulative frequency just greater than 15 is 19, which corresponds to the class 55 – 60.
So, median class is 55-60 and we have \(\frac{N}{2}\) = 15,
l = 55, f = 6, cf = 13 and h = 5
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 14 Statistics Ex 14.3 20
Thus, the required median weight of the students = 56.67 kg.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions गणित

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Guide Pdf Free Download गणित in both Hindi Medium and English Medium are part of MP Board Class 10th Solutions. Here we have given Madhya Pradesh Syllabus NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Book Ganit Pdf.

Students can also download MP Board 10th Model Papers to help you to revise the complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions गणित
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions गणित

MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions in Hindi Medium

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 1 वास्तविक संख्याएँ

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 2 बहुपद

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 3 दो चरों वाले रैखिक समीकरण युग्म

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 4 द्विघात समीकरण

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 5 समांतर श्रेढ़ियाँ

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 6 त्रिभुज

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 7 निर्देशांक ज्यामिति

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 त्रिकोणमिति का परिचय

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 9 त्रिकोणमिति के कुछ अनुप्रयोग

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 10 वृत्त

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 11 रचनाएँ

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 12 वृतों से संबंधित क्षेत्रफल

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 13 पृष्ठीय क्षेत्रफल एवं आयतन

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 14 सांख्यिकी

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 15 प्रायिकता

MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions in English Medium

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 1 Real Numbers

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 6 Triangles

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 9 Some Applications of Trigonometry

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 10 Circles

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Constructions

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 14 Statistics

MP Board Class 10th Maths Chapter 15 Probability

We hope the given MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Guide Pdf Free Download गणित in both Hindi Medium and English Medium will help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Madhya Pradesh Syllabus MP Board Class 10 Maths Book Solutions Ganit Pdf, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1 Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Question 1.
Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of
(i) 135 and 225
(ii) 196 and 38220
(iii) 867 and 255
Solution:
(i) HCF of 135 and 225
Applying the Euclid’s lemma to 225 and 135, (where 225 > 135), we get
225 = (135 × 1) + 90, since 90 ≠ 0, therefore, applying the Euclid’s lemma to 135 and
90, we get 135 = (90 × 1) + 45
But 45 ≠ 0
∴ Applying Euclid’s lemma to 90 and 45, we get 90 = (45 × 2) + 0
Here, r = 0, so our procedure stops. Since, the divisor at the last step is 45,
∴ HCF of 225 and 135 is 45.

(ii) HCF of 196 and 38220
We start dividing the larger number 38220 by 196, we get
38220 = (196 × 195) + 0
Here, r = 0
∴ HCF of 38220 and 196 is 196.

(iii) HCF of 867 and 255 Here, 867 > 255
∴ Applying Euclid’s Lemma to 867 and 255, we get
867 = (255 × 3) + 102, 102 ≠ 0
∴ Applying Euclid’s Lemma to 255 and 102, we get
255 = (102 × 2) + 51, 51 ≠ 0
∴ Applying Euclid’s Lemma to 102 and 51, we get
102 = (51 × 2) + 0, r = 0
∴ HCF of 867 and 255 is 51.

Question 2.
Show that any positive odd integer is of the form 6q + 1, or 6q + 3, or 6q + 5, where q is some integer.
Solution:
Let us consider a positive odd integer as ‘a’.
On dividing ‘a’ by 6, let q be the quotient and ‘r’ be the remainder.
∴ Using Euclid’s lemma, we get a = 6q + r
where 0 ≤ r < 6 i.e., r = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 i.e.,
a = 6q + 0 = 6q or a = 6q + 1
or a = 6q + 2 or a = 6q + 3
or a = 6q + 4 or a = 6q + 5
But, a = 6q, a = 6q + 2, a = 6q + 4 are even values of ‘a’.
[∵ 6q = 2(3q) = 2m1 6q + 2 = 2(3q + 1) = 2m2,
6q + 4 = 2(3 q + 2) = 2m3]
But ‘a’ being an odd integer, we have :
a = 6q + 1, or a = 6q + 3, or a = 6q + 5

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Question 3.
An army contingent of 616 members is to march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade. The two groups are to march in the same number of columns. What is the maximum number of columns in which they can march?
Solution:
Total number of members = 616
∴ The total number of members are to march behind an army band of 32 members is HCF of 616 and 32.
i. e., HCF of 616 and 32 is equal to the maximum number of columns such that the two groups can march in the same number of columns.
∴ Applying Euclid’s lemma to 616 and 32, we get
616 = (32 × 19) + 8, since, 8 ≠ 0
Again, applying Euclid’s lemma to 32 and 8, we get
32 = (8 × 4) + 0, r = 0
∴ HCF of 616 and 32 is 8
Hence, the required number of maximum columns = 8.

Question 4.
Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.
[Hint: Let x be any positive integer then it is of the form 3g, 3q + 1 or 3g + 2. Now square each of these and show that they can be rewritten in the form 3m or 3m +1.]
Solution:
Let us consider an arbitrary positive integer as ‘x’ such that it is of the form
3q, (3q + 1) or (3q + 2)
For x = 3q, we have x2 = (3q)2
⇒ x2 = 9q2 = 3(3q2) = 3m ………. (1)
Putting 3q2 = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 1,
x2 = (3q + 1)2 = 9q2 + 6q + 1
= 3(3q2 + 2q) + 1 = 3m + 1 ………… (2)
Putting 3q2 + 2q = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 2,
x2 = (3q + 2)2
= 9q2 + 12q + 4 = (9q2 + 12q + 3) + 1
= 3(3q2 + 4q + 1) + 1 = 3m + 1 ……….. (3)
Putting 3q2 + 4q +1 = m, where m is an integer.
From (1), (2) and (3),
x2 = 3m or 3m + 1
Thus, the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Question 5.
Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the cube of any positive integer is of the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 8.
Solution:
Let us consider an arbitrary positive integer x such that it is in the form of 3q, (3q +1) or (3q + 2).
For x = 3q
x3 = (3q)3 = 27q3 = 9(3q3) = 9m ……… (1)
Putting 3q3 = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 1
x3 = (3 q + 1)3 = 27q3 + 27q2 + 9q + 1
= 9(3q3 + 3q2 + q) + 1 = 9m + 1 ………… (2)
Putting 3q3 + 3q2 + q = m, where m is an integer.
For x = 3q + 2,
x3 = (3q + 2)3 = 27q3 + 54q2 + 36q + 8
= 9(3q3 + 6q2 + 4q) + 8 = 9m + 8 ……………. (3)
Putting 3q3 + 6q2 + 4q = m, where m is an integer.
From (1), (2) and (3), we have
x3 = 9m, (9m + 1) or (9m + 8)
Thus, cube of any positive integer can be in the form 9m, (9m + 1) or (9m + 8) for some integer m.

We hope the given MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1 will help you. If you have any queries regarding NCERT Madhya Pradesh Syllabus MP Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

MP Board Class 10th Special English Unseen Passages Discursive

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th English Solutions Unseen Passages Discursive Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Special English Unseen Passages Discursive

Passage-1

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Parents and teachers must learn to respect the children. No Japanese ever strikes a child. Yet Japanese children are models of reasonableness. The Japanese maintain a commendable attitude towards their children. They treat children as their equals and always address them as such. They never criticize them harshly. The use of rod is absolutely unknown in Japanese homes. Japanese code of life is very strict in certain respects. It exerts strict obedience and enforces strict respect. Japanese soldiers have earned a name for their high sense of duty and readiness from self-sacrifice. There come out of a traditional love for their country and its sovereign, rather than from fear of any penalties in childhood. (M.P. Board 2012)

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(i) How should parents and teachers treat children?
(ii) How do Japanese parents treat their children?
(iii) What type of attitude they keep with their children?
(iv) For what have Japanese soldiers earned a name?
(v) From what does their high sense of duty come?
(vi) What type of life Japanese lead?
(vii) What quality they gain from their childhood?
Answers:
(i) Parents and teachers should respect the children.
(ii) The Japanese never strike their children.
(iii) They maintain a commendable attitude towards their children.
(iv) Japanese soldiers have earned a name for their high sense of duty and readiness for self-sacrifice.
(v) It comes out of a traditional love for their country and its sovereign.
(vi) Japanese exert strict obedience and enforce strict respect to lead their life.
(vii) They gain the quality of commendable attitude from their childhood.

Passage-2

He was a Hindu and an Indian, the greatest in many generations, and he was proud of being a Hindu and an Indian. To him India was dear because she had represented throughout the ages certain immutable truths. But though he was intensely religious and came to be called the Father of the Nation, which he had liberated, yet no narrow religious or national bonds confined his spirit. And so he became the great internationalist believing in essential unity of man the underlying unity of all religions, and the needs of humanity, and more specially devoting himself to the service of poor, the distressed and the oppressed millions everywhere.

Questions:
(a) This passage is written about:
(i) Mahatma Gandhi
(ii) Pt. Nehru
(iii) Rajiv Gandhi

(b) The word in this passage similar in meaning to ‘that cannot be changed’:
(i) liberated
(ii) underlying
(iii) undevoting
(iv) immutable

(c) The meaning of ‘distressed’ is:
(i) happy
(ii) upset and anxious
(iii) relaxed

(d) What was he proud of?
(e) Why was India dear to him?
(f) What did the hero of the passage devote himself to?
Answers:
(a) (i) Mahatma Gandhi.
(b) (iv)immutable
(c) (ii) upset and anxious.
(d) He was proud of being a Hindu and an Indian.
(e) India was dear to him because she had represented certain immutable truths througout the ages.
(f) The hero of the passage devoted himself to the service of the poor, the distressed and the oppressed millions everywhere:

Passage-3

Our opportunities are great but let me warn you that when power outstrips ability, we will fall on evil days. We should develop competence and ability which would help us utilise the opportunities which are now open to us. From tomorrow morning — from midnight today — we cannot throw the blame on the Britisher. We have to assume the responsibility ourselves for what we do. A free India will be judged by the way in which it will serve the interests of the commonman in the matter of food, clothing, shelter and social activities. Unless we destroy corruption in high places and root out every trace of nepotism, love of power, profiteering and black marketing which have spoiled the good name of this country in recent times, we will not be able to raise the standards of efficiency in administration as well as in the production and distribution of the necessary goods of life. (153 ivords) Extract from a speech by Dr. S.Radhakrishnan (1947)

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The speaker of these lines is
(i) Mahatma Gandhi
(ii) Pt. Nehru
(iii) Dr. S. Radhakrishanan

(b) The word in this passage similar in meaning to ‘takes away’ is:
(i) ability
(ii) outstrip
(iii) throw

(c) The meaning of ‘suppose’ is:
(i) trace
(ii) assume
(iii) raise

(d) What does the speaker warn of?
(e) What have we to assume?
(f) What can we do to raise the standards of efficiency in administration?
Answers:
(a) (iii) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
(b) (ii) outstrip
(c) (ii) assume
(d) The speaker warns when power outstrips ability we will fall on evil days.
(e) We have to assume the responsibility ourselves.
(f) We can destroy corruption and root out nepotism love of power, profiteering and black marketing.

Passage-4

I was overwhelmed with gratuitous advice. Well-meaning yet ignorant friends thrust their opinions into unwilling ears. The majority of them said I could not do without meat in the cold climate. I would catch consumption. Mr. Z went to England and caught it on account of his foolhardiness. Others said I might do without flesh but without wine I could not move. I would be numbed with cold. One went so far as to advise me to take eight bottles of whisky, for I should want them after leaving Aden. Another wanted me to smoke, for his friend was obliged to smoke in England. Even medical men, those who had been to England, told the same tale. But as I wanted to come at any price, I replied that I would try my best to avoid all these things but if they were found to be absolutely necessary I did not know what I should do. I may here mention that my aversion to meat was not so strong then as it is now. I was even betrayed into taking meat about six or seven times at the period when I allowed my friends to think for me. But in the steamer my ideas began to change. I thought I should not take meat on any account. My mother before consenting to my departure extracted a promise from me not to take meat. So I was bound nof to take it, if only for the sake of the promise.

The fellow-passengers in the steamer began to advise us (the friend who was with me and myself) to try it.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word in the passage similar in meaning to ‘overjoyed’ is
(i) ignorant
(ii) overwhelmed
(iii) foolhardiness

(b) The meaning of ‘gratuitous’ is
(i) faithful
(ii) trustworthy
(iii) full of obligation

(c) Give a word which means opposite to ‘arrival’.
(d) Where did the narrator had this experience?
(e) What did the friends of the narrator advise him?
(f) Why did the narrator not accept their idea?
Answers:
(a) (ii) overwhelmed.
(b) (iii) full of obligation.
(c) departure.
(d) The narrator had this experience in England.
(e) The friends advised the narrator to eat meat.
(f) The narrator’s mother had taken a promise from him that he would not eat meat. So he did not accept their (friends’) idea.

Passage-5

He was a very regular correspondent. There was hardly a letter calling for a considered reply which he did not answer himself. Letters from individuals, dealing with their personal and private problems, constituted a considerable portion of his correspondence and his replies are valuable as guidance to others with similar problems. For a great period of his life, he did not take the assistance of any stenographer or typist, and used to write whatever he required in his own hand, and even when such assistance became unavoidable, he continued writing a great deal in his own hand. There were occasions when he became physically unable to write with the fingers of his right hand and, at a later stage in his life, he learnt the art of writing with his left hand. He did the same thing with spinning. Private correspondence, which absorbed much of his writing in this way, constituted an important and significant part of his teachings, as applied to particular problems of the ordinary man in his everyday life. (From Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s Homage to Gandhiji)

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) has been talked about in this passage.
(i) Mahatma Gandhi
(ii) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(iii) Gautam Buddha

(b) The word in the passage similar in meaning to ‘very remarkable’ is
(i) correspondence
(ii) significant
(iii) required

(c) The meaning of ‘teachings’ is
(I) reading
(ii) writing
(iii) learning/preaching

(d) What is valuable for others?
(e) What did Gandhiji did for a great period of his life?
(f) What constituted a significant part of his teachings?
Answers:
(a) (i) Mahatma Gandhi.
(b) (ii) significant
(c) (iii) learning/preaching
(d) The correspondence of Gandhiji is valuable for others.
(e) Gandhiji did not take the assistance of any stenographer for a great period. He used to write a great deal in his own hand.
(f) Gandhiji’s private correspondence constituted a significant part of his teachings.

Passage-6

1. There are several reasons for a headache. Physical, emotional and mental factors, anxiety and tension are a few. Sometimes, head-ache can be a signal of an underlying disease. More than medicines, yoga therapy eminently suits any need. Yoga is a comprehensive mode of culturing the body and the mind. Using an ‘Integrated Approach of Yoga’, the Yoga Research Centres have been able to cure some tough headaches. The integrated approach includes breathing, asanas, pranayama, meditation and devotional sessions.

2. Yoga asanas, especially the ones imitating the natural postures of animals, have a tremendous tranquilising effect, without having to depend on common drugs. Pranayama inhibits random agitations in Pranic (energy) flows in Pranamayakosa, stabilising the autonomic nervous system. Dhyana and Samadhi culture the mind to relax it. This approach alters the reaction of an individual to headache. By interrupting the vicious cycle of pain-agony-pain, it prevents headache from becoming a crippling problem.

3. Through asanas that calm you, the pranayama exercises that inhibit
random energy flows and the meditation that cultivates and relaxes your mind, yoga offers a holistic-form of pain relief. It stops you from becoming locked in the vicious circle of pain-anxiety-pain.

4. Chronic pain: Chronic pain essentially is imbalance in prana (energy). This imbalance initially manifests only as functional abnormality like insomnia, lack of enthusiasm, fatigue, increased irritability and lack of concentration. Over the years, the imbal-ance settles in an organ. Chronic pain may sometimes be just a long standing muscle spasm, which later on may give rise to organic changes in the form of chronic inflammation.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word similar in meaning to ‘interfering in an affair’ is
(i) cycle
(ii) interrupting
(iii) becoming

(b) Give adjective form of ‘essentially’.
(c) Sometimes headache can be a signal of an underlying desease. (Say True or False)
(d) How does yoga help us?
(e) What does integrated yoga include?
(f) What is chronic pain?
Answers:
(a) (ii) interrupting
(b) essential
(c) True
(d) Integrated yoga cures some tough headaches.
(e) Integrated yoga includes breathing, asanas, pranayama, meditation and devotional sessions.
(f) Chronic pain essentially is imbalance in prana(energy).

Passage-7

1. India was once considered the land of knowledge and enlightenment. In ancient times scholars from all over Asia and Europe used to flock to Taxila, Nalanda and other Indian centres of learning. Apart from the arts, culture, philosophy and religion, these scholars came to study medicine, law and martial sciences. But despite having a vastly expanded university system and historical advantages, modern India has yet to provide international or even regional leadership in higher education. From the surrounding countries of Asia and Africa only a few students come to India for higher education.

2. The United States is by far the most successful country in attracting foreign students. But other countries such as Australia, Canada and Britain also aggressively market their universities abroad through their education counselling services and recruit- merit fairs with the active cooperation of their diplomatic missions abroad.

3. Likewise, India should also capitalise on the advantages offered by its higher education institutions, market Indian universities abroad and facilitate the entry of foreign students into them.

4. The revenue from foreign students can be used to ease the financial crunch faced by Indian universities, improve academic facilities and subsidise the cost of educating Indian students.

5. But apart from economic advantages many other benefits would accrue to the nation. India would gain global and regional in-fluence, goodwill and become a major provider of higher education. Many Asian and African countries, especially the smaller ones have poorly developed university systems and would look to Indian universities for the higher education of their youth. At the same time Indian students will not be deprived if 10 per cent supernumerary seats for foreign students are created in universities and professional colleges.

6. Already professional education in India has proved accessible and affordable for foreign students, especially from Malaysia, the Middle East and South Africa. In these countries higher education training facilities are limited. Many NRI (non-resident Indian) families abroad, especially those from English-speaking industrialised countries are also keen to send their children to study in their motherland and are hopeful to become attuned to their Indian roots in the process.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word similar in meaning to ‘inner awareness’ is
(i) knowledge
(ii) enlightenment
(iii) virtue

(b) Give a word opposite in meaning to ‘advantage’.
(c) India has never been a land of knowledge and enlightenment. (Say True or False)
(d) Name some ancient centres of learning in India.
(e) Which country attracts most foreign students.
(f) How can the revenue from foreign students be used?
Answers:
(a) (ii) enlightenment
(b) disadvantage
(c) False
(d) Taxila, Nalanda
(e) The United States attracts most foreign students.
(f) The revenue from foreign students can be used to ease financial crunch faced by Indian universities and improve academic facilities.

Passage-8

1. Our house is filled with photos. They cover the walls of my kitchen, dining room and den. I see our family’s entire history, starting with my wedding, continuing through the births of both sons, buying a home, family gatherings and vacations. When my sons were little, they loved to pose. They waved, danced, climbed trees, batted balls, hung upside down from the jungle gym and did anything for a picture. But when they reached adolescence, picture-taking changed into something they barely tolerated. Their bodies were growing at haphazard speeds. Reluctantly they stood with us or with their grandparents at birthday celebrations and smiled weakly at the camera for as short a time as possible.

2. I am the chronicler of our photographs. I select those to be framed and arrange the others in albums. The process is addictive, and as the shelves that hold our albums become fuller and fuller, I wonder what will become of them. Will anyone look at these photographs in future years? If my sons look at them, what will they think of us and of themselves? One bright afternoon, I took some photographs of my father with my husband as they fished on a lake near our vacation house. As my sons and I sat on the shore and watched them row away, I picked the camera up and photographed the beautiful lake surrounded by green trees. The two men I loved gradually grew smaller until all I could see were my father’s red shirt, and the tan and blue caps on their heads.

3. My father died a week later, and suddenly those photos became priceless to me. I wept when I pasted them in our album. I wept again afterwards when I saw my younger son looking at them. It was a few days before he went away to college. He had taken all our albums down from the bookshelves in the den and spread them out on the carpet. It had been a very long time since I had seen him doing this. Once he stopped posing for pictures, he seemed to lose interest in looking at them. But now he was on the verge of leaving home. This was his special time to look ahead and look back. I stood for a moment in the hall by the den, and then tiptoed away. I didn’t take a photo of my son that afternoon, but I will remember how he looked for as long as I live. Some pictures, I learned, don’t have to be taken with a camera.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) Give a word similar in meaning to ‘marriage’.
(b) Give a word oppositie in meaning to ‘adolescence’.
(c) I picked the camera up and photographed the beautiful horse. (Say True or False)
(d) Give noun form of ‘entire’.
(e) What does the narrator talk about here?
(f) What did the narrator learn at last?
Answers:
(a) wedding
(b) maturity
(c) False
(d) entirety
(e) The narrator talks about his habit of photography.
(f) At last the narrator learned that some pictures don’t have to be taken with a camera.

Passage-9

1. Why is it that there are very few women players in our orchestras? If one could reply flatly—sex discrimination: they don’t want women in orchestras—that would be a definite answer. But one can’t say that. As a matter of fact there are, if not many, a few women playing today in symphony orchestras. Nevertheless, it is true that male orchestral players are in an overwhelming majority. Why is that? I’m afraid, there is no one to answer. There are physical reasons why women don’t perform well on certain instruments. The average woman is not likely to possess sufficient lung power and sheer muscular strength to play the tuba just as an average woman’s hands are not likely to be large enough to finger a double bass satisfactorily. But what about the other instruments?

2. I think social and family pressures have been very strong in keeping women out of orchestras. Think of the prejudice that existed half a century ago against the so-called ‘nice’ girls going on stage. The stage was won out for the simple reason that it had to have women to play feminine roles in plays and operas, and was willing to offer a young woman more money than she could make in any other profession. Moreover, on stage, she was appearing as an individual, as a centre of attraction. This was gratifying to both her and her family. To this day, while the average parents are reconciled to seeing their daughter become an opera singer or concert artist, they don’t like the idea of seeing her submerging her personality to become the member of a chorus of the orchestra.

MP Board Solutions

Questions:
(a) The word similar in meaning to ‘a group of musicians’ is
(i) orchestra
(ii) chorus
(iii) stage

(b) As a matter of fact there are absolutely no women playing today in symphony. (Say True or False)

(c) The meaning of ‘majority’ is
(i) very few in number,
(ii) dozen,
(iii) maximum in number

(d) What is the prime reason for a few number of women in orchestras? ‘
(e) What is the genetic deficiency in women for singing?
(f) What are the reasons according to the narrator that keep women away from orchestras?
Answers:
(a) (i) orchestra
(b) False.
(c) (iii) maximum in number.
(d) Sex discrimination.
(e) The average woman is not likely to possess sufficient lung power and sheer musculer strength to play certain instrument like tuba at double bass.
(f) The narrator thinks social and family pressures have been responsible for keeping women awav from orchestras.

MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 18 विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Hindi Book Solutions Chapter 18 विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता (संकलित) Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 18 विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता (संकलित)

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता पाठ्य-पुस्तक के प्रश्नोत्तर

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता लघु-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
महाकवि माघ को किस बात का अभिमान था?
उत्तर
महाकवि माघ को अपनी विद्वता का अभिमान था।

प्रश्न 2.
धन और जीवन को क्षणभंगुर क्यों कहा गया है?
उत्तर
धन और जीवन क्षण भंगुर हैं क्योंकि ये दोनों कब नष्ट हो जाएंगे, कहा नहीं जा सकता।

प्रश्न 3.
उद्योगपति ने अनेक कारखाने कैसे स्थापित किए थे?
उत्तर
उद्योगपति ने अनेक कारखाने कुछ तकनीकी और प्रगतिशील विचारों के कारण स्थापित किए।

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प्रश्न 4.
कर्ज लेने वाला व्यक्ति जीवन से हार क्यों जाता है?
उत्तर
कर्ज लेने वाला व्यक्ति जीवन से हार जाता है क्योंकि उसका अपना कुछ नहीं होता है।

प्रश्न 5.
भूमि-पूजन का आयोजन क्यों किया गया था?
उत्तर
भूमि-पूजन का आयोजन एक नए कारखाने के आरंभ के लिए किया गया था।

प्रश्न 6.
हम प्रकृति का मान किन-किन रूपों में कर सकते हैं?
उत्तर
हम प्रकृति का मान वृक्षारोपण और पर्यावरण संरक्षण के रूप में कर सकते हैं।

प्रश्न 7.
शास्त्रों ने किन दो को राजा माना है?
उत्तर
शास्त्रों ने यम और इन्द्र को राजा माना है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता दीर्घ-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं विनम्रता है’ इस पंक्ति का आशय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं, विनम्रता है; क्योंकि अहंकार से विनम्रता कभी नहीं प्रकट होती है।

प्रश्न 2.
पृथ्वी और नारी को क्षमाशील क्यों कहा गया है?
उत्तर
पृथ्वी और नारी को क्षमाशील कहा गया है; क्योंकि इन दोनों को बोझ नहीं मालूम पड़ती है।

प्रश्न 3.
कवि माघ को वृद्धा के सामने लज्जित क्यों होना पड़ा?
उत्तर
कवि माघ को वृद्धा के सामने लज्जित होना पड़ा क्योंकि उसके तर्क के उत्तर उनके पास नहीं थे।

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प्रश्न 4.
प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखना क्यों जरूरी है?
उत्तर
प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखने से सम्मान मिलता है।

प्रश्न 4.
प्रकृति को किसका भार अधिक लगता है और क्यों?
उत्तर
प्रकृति को उसके नियमों के विपरीत चलने वालों का भार अधिक लगता है। क्योंकि उसे यह असह्य होता है।

प्रश्न 5.
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का ही एक रूप है’, इस कवन को स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का ही एक रूप है। इस कथन का आशय यह है कि परमात्मा की तरह प्रकृति भी परोपकारी है। वह स्वयं के लिए नहीं, अपितु दूसरों के सुख और आनंद के लिए ही अपना स्वरूप धारण किए हुए है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता भाषा-अनुशीलन

प्रश्न 1.
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के विलोम शब्द लिखिए
सज्जन, आरंभ, प्रसन्न, प्रश्न।
उत्तर
शब्द – विलोम शब्द
सज्जन – दुर्जन
आरंभ – अंत
प्रसन्न – अप्रसन्न
प्रश्न – उत्तर।

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के पर्यायवाची शब्द लिखिए
सूर्य, मनुष्य, पुष्प, पहाड़, पृथ्वी, भू, इन्द्र।
उत्तर
सूर्य – रवि, दिनकर
मनुष्य – मानव, मनुज
पहाड़ – पर्वत, शैल
पृथ्वी – भू, धरती
भू – भूमि, जमीन
इन्द्र – सुरेश, देवराज।

प्रश्न 3.
निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को शुद्ध कीजिए
(क) प्रकृति को मान दें तो वह आपको सम्मान देगा।
(ख) गाय और बैल घास चर रही हैं।
(ग) कृपया राह बताने की कृपा करें।
(घ) पृथ्वी जड़ नहीं चैतन्य होता है।
उत्तर
(क) प्रकृति को मान दें, तो वह आपको सम्मान देगी।
(ख) गाय और बैल घास चर रहे हैं।
(ग) राह बताने की कृपा करें।
(घ) पृथ्वी जड़ नहीं चैतन्य होती है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता योग्यता-विस्तार

प्रश्न 1. उज्जयिनी के कुछ प्रसिद्ध धार्मिक स्थलों के नाम लिखिए।
प्रश्न 2. ‘पर्यावरण प्रदूषण और हमारा दायित्व’ विषय पर कक्षा में एक परिचर्चा का अयोजन कीजिए।
प्रश्न 3. पर्यावरण दिवस पर अपनी शाला में पौधे लगाइए और बारी-बारी से उसकी सुरक्षा की जिम्मेदारी लीजिए।
उत्तर
उपर्युक्त प्रश्नों को छात्रा/छात्र अपने अध्यापक/अध्यापिका की सहायता से हल करें।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता परीक्षोपयोगी अतिरिक्त प्रश्नोत्तर

अर्थग्रहण संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
‘विद्वता की शोभा-विनम्रता’ प्रसंग का प्रतिपाय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘विद्वता की शोभा-विनम्रता’ प्रसंग एक प्रेरक और भाववर्द्धक प्रसंग है। लेखक ने इस प्रसंग के द्वारा उज्जयिनी के महाकवि माघ के चरित्र और आचरण को चित्रित किया है। राजा भोज के साथ महाकवि माघ का राह चलते एक वृद्धा से वार्तालाप कवि की विद्वता को चुनौती देता है। वृद्धा कवि माघ के अभिमानयुक्त पांडित्य को अस्वीकृत करते हुए उन्हें विनम्र और शालीन बनने की सीख देती है। व्यक्ति की विनयशीलता, विनम्र और शालीन आचरण उसकी विशिष्ट पहचान होती है। अपने धन और ज्ञान-वैभव में भी अभिमान रहित रहने वाले लोग संसार में महान बनते हैं।

प्रश्न 2.
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का स्वरूप’ प्रसंग का प्रतिपाय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘प्रकृति परमात्मा का स्वरूप’ प्रसंग में प्रकृति के महत्त्व को सामने लाने का प्रयास किया गया है। इस प्रसंग के द्वारा प्रकृति को ईश्वर का ही दूसरा स्वरूप कहा गया है। मनुष्य सृष्टि का ही एक अंश है और जब मनुष्य सृष्टि के जड़-चेतन से अपनी तादात्म्य स्थापित कर लेता है तब उसका जीवन सार्थक होता है। यदि मानव अहंकार या घमंड में चूर होकर अपने ज्ञान को ही सर्वश्रेष्ठ मानकर व्यवहार करने लगता है तो वह अपना ही अहित करता है। विद्या तो विनयशीलता से ही सुशोभित होती है। मानव-जीवन प्रकृति प्रदत्त निःशुल्क वरदानों से ही सुखी और संपन्न है। अतः इनके प्रति आदर भाव मानव मात्र का सहज और स्वाभाविक कर्तव्य है।

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प्रश्न 3.
निम्नलिखित कथनों के लिए दिए गए विकल्पों में से सही विकल्पों के चयन कीजिए
1. महाकवि माप थे
1. नालंदा के
2. उज्जयिनी के
3. पाटिलपुत्र के
4. कपिलवस्तु के।
उत्तर
(2) उज्जयिनी के

2. महाकवि माय समयकालीन थे
1. राजा भोज के
2. राजा विक्रमादित्य के
3. सम्राट अशोक के
4. राजा नल के।
उत्तर
(1) राजा भोज के

3. माय को अभिमान था
1. विनम्रता का
2. घन का
3. सौदर्य का
4. पाण्डित्य का।
उत्तर
(4) पाण्डित्य को

4. अतिथि होते हैं
1. चार
2. दो
3. तीन
4. पाँच।
उत्तर
(2) दो
5. हारने वाले लोग होते हैं
1. तीन तरह के
2. दो तरह के
3. चार तरह के
4. सात तरह के।
उत्तर
(2) दो तरह के

प्रश्न 2.
रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति दिए गए विकल्पों में से उचित शब्दों के चयन से कीजिए। .
1. माघ को अपने पाण्डित्य का बड़ा ……………….. था। (अभिमान, ध्यान)
2. माघ ……………….. के साथ वन-विहार से लौट रहे थे। (मंत्री, राजा भोज)
3. शास्त्रों ने तो यम और इन्द्र को ही……………….. माना है। (शासक, राजा)
4. माष ने कहा, “माँ! हम ……………….. गए। (जान, हार)
5. विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं ……………….. है। (विनम्रता, पाण्डित्य)
उत्तर
1. अभिमान
2. राजा भोज
3. राजा
4. हार
5. विनम्रता।

प्रश्न 4.
सही जोड़ी का मिलान कीजिए
क्रोध – राम नरेश त्रिपार्टी
उर्वशी – रमानाथ अवस्थी
प्रवासी के गीत – रामधारी सिंह ‘दिनकर’
आग और पराग – रामचन्द्र शुक्ल
मिलन और स्वप्न – नरेन्द्र शर्मा।
उत्तर
क्रोध- रामचन्द्र शुक्ल
उर्वशी – रामधारी सिंह ‘दिनकर’
प्रवासी के गीत – नरेंद्र शर्मा
आग और पराग – रामनाथ अवस्थी
मिलन और स्वप्न – राम नरेश त्रिपाठी।

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प्रश्न 5.
निम्नलिखित वाक्य सत्य हैं या असत्य? वाक्य के आगे लिखिए।
1. माघ को अपने पाण्डित्य का बड़ा अभिमान था।
2. यात्री तो सूर्य और चन्द्रमा दो ही हैं।
3. पृथ्वी जड़ है, चैतन्य नहीं।
4. भूमि-पूजन एक कर्मकांड है।
5. प्रकृति परमात्मा का ही एक रूप है।
उत्तर

  1. सत्य
  2. सत्य
  3. असत्य
  4. असत्य
  5. सत्य।

प्रश्न 6.
निम्नलिखित कथनों का उत्तर एक शब्द में दीजिए।
1. किसको छेड़ने का किसी को साहस न होता?
2. किस पर आदमी आया-जाया करते हैं?
3. सूर्य और चन्द्रमा क्या हैं?
4. धन और यौवन क्या हैं?
5. विद्वता की शोभा क्या है?
उत्तर

  1. माघ को
  2. रास्ता पर
  3. यात्री
  4. अतिथि
  5. विनम्रता।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता लघु-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
वृद्धा ने माघ को समझाते हुए क्या कहा?
उत्तर
वृद्धा ने माघ को समझाते हुए कहा-“महापंडित, मैं जानती हूँ कि आप माघ हैं, आप महाविद्वान हैं, पर विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं, विनम्रता है।

प्रश्न 2.
पृथ्वी ने स्वयं क्या कहा है?
उत्तर
पृथ्वी ने स्वयं कहा है कि मुझे पहाड़, तालाब नदियाँ, समुद्र आदि का बोझ नहीं मालूम पड़ता, किंतु जब मेरे ऊपर परद्रोही यानी मेरे नियमों के विपरीत चलने वाला पैर होता है तो मुझे उसका भार अत्यधिक मालूम पड़ता है। भूमिपूजन मात्र एक कर्मकांड नहीं यह सतत चलते रहना चाहिए।

प्रश्न 3.
पर्यावरण और प्रदूषण को सही रूप में समझने के लिए क्या आवश्यक है?
उत्तर
पर्यावरण और प्रदूषण को सही रूप में समझने के लिए आवश्यक है कि हम पहले प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखें।

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विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता प्रसंग का सारांश

उज्जयिनी के महाकवि माघ को अपनी विद्वता का बड़ा अभिमान था। एक बार राजा भोज के साथ कहीं जा रहे थे तो एक वृद्धा ने उनकी विद्वता को चुनीती देते हुए कई प्रकार से उन्हें संशय में डाल दिया। अंत में उन्होंने विनयपूर्वक कहा, “माँ हम हार गए! वृद्धा ने कहा, “महानुभाव! संसार में कर्ज लेने वाला या अपना चरित्रबल खो देने वाला ही पराजित होता है। मैं जानती हूँ कि आप माघ हैं और महाविद्वान हैं, लेकिन विद्वता की शोभा अहंकार नहीं विनम्रता है। इसे सुनकर माय लज्जित होकर आगे चल दिए।

संदर्भ-प्रसंग सहित व्याख्या

महानुभाव! संसार में जो किसी से कर्ज़ लेता है या अपना चरित्र खो देता है, बस हारने वाले दो कोटि के लोग होते हैं।

शब्दार्व-कोटि-श्रेणी।

संदर्भ-प्रस्तुत गद्यांश हमारी पाठ्य-पुस्तक ‘हिंदी सामान्य’ 10वीं में संकलित ‘विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता’ से है।

प्रसंग-प्रस्तुत गद्यांश में लेखक ने एक वृद्धा के माध्यम से संसार के दो निम्नकोटि के लोगों के बारे में बतलाने का प्रयास किया है। इसके लिए लेखक ने एक
प्रसंग का उल्लेख करते हुए कहा कि

व्याख्या-एक बार महापंडित माघ राजा भोज के साथ कहीं जा रहे थे। उन्होंने एक बुढ़िया को देखकर पूछा कि यह रास्ता कहाँ जाता है? उस बुढ़िया ने उनसे उनका परिचय पूछा। उन्होंने अपना जो कुछ परिचय दिया, उस बुढ़िया ने अपनी तर्क बुद्धि से गलत सिद्ध कर दिया। फिर उसने उन्हें समझाया-महाशय! जो व्यक्ति इस संसार में दूसरे से जो कुछ लेता है या अपने चरित्र-बल को बचा नहीं पाता है, ये दोनों ही जीवन में हार का मुँह देखते हैं।

विशेष-1.
उपर्युक्त गद्यांश प्रेरक और ज्ञानवर्द्धक है।

अर्थ-ग्रहण संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तर
प्रश्न
संसार में हारने वाले कौन होते हैं?
उत्तर
संसार में हारने वाले दो ही होते हैं

  1. कर्ज लेने वाले या
  2. अपना चरित्र-बल खोने वाले!

विषय-वस्त पर आधारित प्रश्नोत्तर
प्रश्न 1.
उपर्युक्त गयांश का भाव लिखिए।
उत्तर
उपर्युक्त गद्यांश में लेखक ने दूसरों पर निर्भर न होकर चरित्र बल बनाए रखने की सीख दी है।

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता  प्रकृतिक परमात्मा का स्वरूप

विद्या की शोभा विनम्रता प्रसंग का सारांश

उज्जयिनी के महाकवि माघ को अपनी विद्वता का बड़ा अभिमान था। एक बार राजा भोज के साथ कहीं जा रहे थे तो एक वृद्धा ने उनकी विद्वता को चुनीती देते हुए नास्तिकता प्रकट की। उसके दादा ने उसे समझाया कि धरती का निरादर करके वह प्रसन्न नहीं रह सकता। भूमि-पूजन केवल एक कर्मकांड नहीं। इसे हमेशा चलते रहना चाहिए। पर्यावरण और प्रदूषण को सही रूप में समझने के लिए पहले प्रकृति को पूजनीय रूप में देखना पड़ेगा।

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th English Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead

One Step Ahead Textual Exercises

Word Power

A. Match the following words with their meanings.
(सुमेलित कीजिए)
MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 1
Answer:
1. → (c)
2. → (a)
3. → (d)
4. → (e)
5. → (b)

B. Make a list of at least three abbreviations known to you.
Answer:
1. All India Radio (AIR)
2. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
3. Indian Naval Academy (INA)

MP Board Solutions

How Much Have I Understood?

A. Answer the following questions. (One or two sentences)
(निम्न प्रश्नों के उत्तर एक या दो वाक्यों में दीजिए।)

Question 1.
Why did Dr. Kalam go to Delhi?
(व्हाई डीड डॉ. कलम गो टू डेल्ही?)
डॉ. कलाम दिल्ली क्यों गये?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam went to Delhi for the interview at DTD & P (Air). [Directorate of Technical Development and Production (Air)].
(डॉ. कलाम डॉ. कलम वेन्ट टू डेल्ही फॉर द इंटरव्यू एट डी.टी.डी. एण्ड पी (ऍअर) [डाइरेक्टोरेट ऑफ टेक्निकल डेवलपमेन्ट एण्ड प्रोडक्शन (एअर)]
डॉ. कलाम दिल्ली तकनीकी विकास व उत्पादन निदेशालय। (वायु) के साक्षात्कार के लिए गए।

Question 2.
Why did Dr. Kalam go to Dehradun?
(व्हाय डिड डॉ. कलाम गो टू देहरादून?)
डॉ. कलाम देहरादून क्यों गये?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam went to Dehradun for an interview at the Air Force Selection Board.
(डॉ. कलाम वेन्ट् टू देहरादून फॉर एन इन्टरव्यू एट द ऍअर फोर्स सिलेक्शन बोर्ड।)
‘डॉ. कलाम देहरादून वायु सेना चयन समिति के साक्षात्कार हेतु गए।

Question 3.
What did Dr. Kalam want to become in Air Force?
(व्हॉट डिड डॉ. कलाम वॉन्ट टू बिकम इन एअर फोर्स?)
डॉ. कलाम वायु सेना में क्या बनना चाहते थे?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam wanted to become Commissioning Officer in the Air Force.
(डॉ. कलाम वॉन्टेड टू बिकम कमिश्निंग ऑफिसर इन द एअर फोर्स।)
डॉ. कलाम वायु सेना में कमिश्निग ऑफिसर के पद पर कार्य करना चाहते थे।

Question 4.
What did Dr. Kalam feel when he was going to face the interview?
(व्हॉट डिड डॉ. कलाम फील व्हेन ही वॉज गोइंग टू फेस द इन्टरव्यू?)
साक्षात्कार के लिए जाते समय डॉ. कलाम को क्या महसूस हुआ?
Answer:
While going for the interview Dr. Kalam was excited but nervous, determined but anxious, confident but tense.
(व्हाइल गोइंग फॉर द इन्टरव्यू डॉ. कलाम वॉज एक्साइटेड बट नर्वस, डिटर्मिन्ड बट एक्शियस, कॉन्फिडेन्ट बट टेन्स।)
साक्षात्कार के लिए जाते समय डॉ. कलाम उत्तेजित मगर आशंकित थे, दृढ़ निश्चित मगर चिन्तित थे, आत्मविश्वासी मगर बेचैन थे।

Question 5.
Why did Dr. Kalam go to the Shivananda Ashram?
(व्हाय डिड डॉ. कलाम गो टू द शिवाननन्द आश्रम?)
डॉ. कलाम शिवानन्द आश्रम क्यों गये?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam had failed to get selected in the Air Force so he was in a dejected mood and was seeking answers to the doubts that troubled him. Therefore, he went to the Shiyananda Ashram.
(डॉ. कलाम हैड फेल्ड् टू गेट सिलेक्टिड इन द एअर फोर्स सो ही वॉज इन अ डिजेक्टिड मूड एण्ड वॉज सीकिंग आन्सर्स टू द डाउट्स दैट ट्रबल्ड् हिम। देयरफोर, ही वेन्ट् टू द शिवानन्द आश्रम।)
डॉ. कलाम वायु सेना में चयनित न हो सके अतः वे मायूस थे व कई प्रश्न जो उन्हें परेशान कर रहे थे, के उत्तर खोज रहे थे। अतः वे शिवानन्द आश्रम गये।

Question 6.
What was the designation and salary of Dr. Kalam when he joined the job?
(व्हॉट वॉज़ द डेज़िग्नेशन एण्ड सैलरी ऑफ डॉ. कलाम व्हेन ही जॉइन्ड द जॉब?)
जब डॉ. कलाम ने नौकरी आरम्भ की तब वे कौन से पद पर थे व उनकी क्या तनख्वाह थी?
Answer:
Dr. Kalam joined the job as Senior Scientific Assistant on a basic salary of Rs. 250 per month.
(डॉ. कलाम जॉइन्ड द जॉब एज़ सीनियर साइन्टिफिक एसिस्टेंट ऑन अ बेसिक सैलेरी ऑफ रुपीज 250 पर मन्थ।)
डॉ. कलाम ने वरिष्ठ वैज्ञानिक सहायक के पद पर रुपये 250 की मासिक तनख्वाह पर पदभार ग्रहण किया।

MP Board Solutions

B. Answer the following questions. (Three or four sentences)
(निम्न प्रश्नों के उत्तर तीन या चार वाक्यों में दीजिए।)

Question 1.
Why did the religious conquest not affect the southern part of India?
(व्हाय डिड द रिलीजियस कॉक्वेस्ट नॉट अफेक्ट द सदर्न पार्ट ऑफ इण्डिया?)
धर्मपरायण युद्धों ने भारत के दक्षिण भाग को क्यों प्रभावित नहीं किया?
Answer:
The religious conquest did not affect southern part of India because it was protected by the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges. Also the Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna rivers provided protection to it.’
(द रिलीजियस काँक्वेस्ट्स डिड नॉट अफेक्ट सदर्न पार्ट ऑफ इण्डिया बिकॉज इट वॉज़ प्रोटेक्टिड बाइ द विन्ध्या एण्ड सतपुरा माउण्टेन रेजिज। ऑल्सो द नर्मदा, ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी एण्ड कृष्णा रिवर्स प्रोवाइडिड प्रोटेक्शन टू इट।)
धर्मपरायण युद्धों ने भारत के दक्षिण भाग को अप्रभावित रखा क्योंकि वह हिस्सा विन्ध्या व सतपुड़ा पहाड़ों से रक्षित था। नर्मदा ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी व कृष्णा नदियों ने भी उसका बचाव कर रखा था।

Question 2.
Describe the appearance of Swami Shivananda,
(डिस्क्राइब द अपीयरेन्स ऑफ स्वामी शिवानन्द।)
स्वामी शिवानन्द की वेशभूषा का वर्णन करो।
Answer:
Swami Shivananda looked like Buddha. He wore a white dhoti and wooden slippers. He had an olive complexion and black piercing eyes. His smile was child-like and he had gracious manner.
(स्वामी शिवानन्द लुक्ड् लाइक बुद्धा। ही वोर अ व्हाइट धोती एण्ड वुडन स्लिपर्स। ही हैड एन ओलिव कॉम्पलेक्शन एण्ड ब्लैक पीयर्सिंग आईज। हिज स्माइल वॉज चाइल्ड-लाइक एण्ड ही हैड ग्रेशियस मैनर।)
स्वामी शिवानन्द भगवान बुद्ध की भाँति थे। वे सफेद धोती व खड़ाऊ पहनते थे। उनका रंग पीला था व काले भेदी नेत्र थे। उनकी मुस्कुराहट एक बच्चे के समान थी व उनका व्यक्तित्व उदार था।

Question 3.
How.did Swami Shivananda console Dr. Kalam?
(हाउ डिड स्वामी शिवानन्द कन्सोल डॉ. कलाम?)
स्वामी शिवानन्द ने डॉ. कलाम को किस प्रकार धीरज बँधाया?
Answer:
Swami Shivananda consoled Dr. Kalam by saying that he should accept his destiny as it comes. He was not destined to become an Air Force Pilot. That failure was essential to lead him to destined path and he should surrender himself to the wish of God.
(स्वामी शिवानन्द कन्सोल्ड् डॉ. कलाम बाइ सेइंग दैट ही शुड असेप्ट हिज डेस्टिनी एज इट कम्स। ही वॉज नॉट डेस्टिन्ड टू बिकम एन एअर फोर्स पायलट। दैट फेलियर वॉज एसेंशियल टू लीड हिम टू डेस्टिन्ड पाथ एण्ड ही शुड सरेन्डर हिमसेल्फ टू द विश ऑफ गॉड।)
स्वामी शिवानन्द ने डॉ. कलाम को यह कहकर धीरज़ बँधाया कि उन्हें अपनी नियति को स्वीकार करना चाहिए। वायु सेना में विमान चालक बनना उनके भाग्य में नहीं था। यह असफलता उन्हें उनके नियत पथ पर ले जाने के लिए आवश्यक थी और उन्हें स्वयं को ईश्वरीय इच्छा को समर्पित कर देना चाहिए।

Question 4.
How should we take our failure?
(हाउ शुड वी टेक अवर फेलियर?)
हमें अपनी असफलता को किस प्रकार लेना चाहिए?
Answer:
We should take our failure as our destiny. One should forget it and understand that it was essential to lead one to his destined path.
(वी शुड टेक अवर फेलियर एज़ अवर डेस्टिनी। वन शुद्ध फॉरगेट इट एण्ड अण्डरस्टैण्ड दैट इट वॉज़ एसेन्शियल टू लीड वन टू हिज़ डेस्टिन्ड् पाथ।)
हमें अपनी असफलता को अपनी नियति समझना चाहिए। व्यक्ति को यह भूल जाना चाहिए व यह समझ लेना चाहिए कि यह उसे उसके नियत पथ पर ले जाने के लिए जरूरी थी।

Question 5.
How does Abdul Kalam describe the men and women folk, as he saw them from the window of the compartment?
(हाउ डज अब्दुल कलाम डिस्क्राइव द मेन एण्ड वुमेन फोक, ऐज ही सॉ दैम फ्रॉम द विण्डो ऑफ द कम्पार्टमेन्ट?)
अब्दुल कलाम कम्पार्टमेन्ट की खिड़की से देखकर पुरुषों व महिलाओं का वर्णन किस प्रकार करते हैं?
Answer:
Abdul Kalam says that men in their white dhotis and turbans and women in bright splashes of colour against the green background of paddy fields looked like beautiful paintings. Everyone was busy in some activity.
(अब्दुल कलाम सेज़ दैट मेन इन देअर व्हाइट धोतीज़ एण्ड टर्बन्स एण्ड विमेन इन ब्राइट स्प्लैशिज ऑफ कलर अगेन्स्ट द ग्रीन बैकग्राउन्ड ऑफ पेडी फील्ड्स लुक्ड लाइक ब्यूटीफुल पेंटिंग्स। ऐवरीवन वॉज़ बिज़ी इन सम एक्टिविटी।)
अब्दुल कलाम कहते हैं कि सफेद धोतियों एवं पगड़ियों में पुरुष तथा पैडी की हरी पृष्ठभूमि में चमकीले रंग-बिरंगे वस्त्रों में महिलाएँ सुन्दर चित्रों की तरह दिखते थे। हर कोई किसी न किसी गतिविधि में संलग्न था।

MP Board Solutions

Language Practice

Fill in the blanks with suitable connectors from brackets.
(रिक्त स्थान भरिए।)
(while, since, during, until, because)

  1. I could not watch the whole movie. I fell asleep ……… the film.
  2. India was not independent …………. 15 Aug, 1947.
  3. Mohan met his friend …….. he was on a holiday.
  4. Two hours have passed ……… you took medicine.
  5. He was absent ………… he was sick.

Answer:

  1. during
  2. until
  3. while
  4. since,
  5. because

Listening Time

A. The teacher will read out the following words and the students will repeat them
(निम्न शब्दों को दोहराओ।)
Answer:
MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 2

B. Here are some guidelines for using your mobile phone safely. Your teacher will read them out for you. Listen to them carefully and find out the picture they correlate. Write the picture no. against correlated guideline.
(निम्न शब्दों को दोहराओ)
Answer:

  1. Do not switch the phone on when wireless phone use is prohibited or when it may cause interference or danger. (vii)
  2. Always keep your hands free to operate the vehicle while driving. (iv)
  3. Switch the phone off near medical equipment. (vi)
  4. Do not use the phone at refuelling point. Do not use near fuel or chemical. (v)
  5. Only qualified personnel may install or repair this phone. (i)
  6. Your phone is not water resistant. Keep it dry.(iii)
  7. Do not connect incompatible product. (ii)

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 3

Speaking Time

Do it yourself.
(छात्र स्वयं करें।)

Writing Time

You are Mohan studying at Govt. Higher Secondary School, Dalka, Khargone. Reply to your father as per the letter given in the text.
(तुम मोहन ही व गठनेमेण्ट हायर सेकेण्डरी स्कूल, डाल्का, खरगोन में पढ़ते हो। अपने पिता को पुस्तक में दिये गये पत्र का जवाब लिखो)
Answer:
Room No. 10,
Hostel Govt. Higher Secondary School
Dalka, Khargone
21-12-20….
Respected Father,

I received your letter yesterday. I hope you are fine and in good health. I understand your concern about me. I am giving attention to my career and my aim is on my goal. I have made a balance between my studies and other curricular activities. You should not worry about me and have faith on me. I am also giving attention to my health. If I would face any problem here I would definitely inform you.

Love to mother, brother and sister.

Your loving son
Mohan

MP Board Solutions

Things to do

Read more about the Presidents of India and make a list of their works. Consult your library and parents. Write the names of their works in your notebooks.
(भारत के राष्ट्रपतियों के नाम व उनके द्वारा लिखी गई पुस्तकों के नाम लिखिए।)
Answer:
MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 4

One Step Ahead Difficult Word Meanings

MP Board Class 10th General English The Spring Blossom Solutions Chapter 8 One Step Ahead 5

One Step Ahead Summary, Pronunciation & Translation

Through the window of the compartment. I watched the countryside slip past. From a distance, the. men in the fields in their white dhotis and turbans, and the womenfolk in bright splashes of colour against the green background of paddy fields, seemed to inhabit some beautiful paintings. I sat glued to the window. Almost everywhere, people were engaged in some activity which had a rhythm and tranquility about it- men driving cattle, women fetching water from streams. Occasionally, a child – would appear and wave at the train.

(श्रू द विंडो ऑफ द कम्पार्टमेण्ट. आई वाच्ड द कन्ट्रीसाईड स्लिप पास्ट. फ्रॉम अ डिस्टेन्स, द मेन इन द फील्ड्स इन देयर वाईट धोतीज ऐण्ड टर्बन्स, ऐण्ड द विमेनफोक इन ब्राईट स्प्लैशिज़ ऑफ कलर अगेन्स्ट द ग्रीन बैकग्राउण्ड ऑफ पैडी फील्ड्स, सीम्ड टू इनहैबिट सम ब्यूटिफुल पेण्टिंग्स आई सैट ग्लूड टू द विंडो. ऑलमोस्ट एवरीव्हेअर, पीपल वर एन्गेज्ड इन सम एक्टिविटी व्हिच हैड अ रिदम ऐण्ड ट्रैक्विलिटी अबाऊट इट-मेन ड्राईविंग कैटल, विमेन फेचिंग वॉटर फ्रॉम स्ट्रीम्स ओकेजनली, अ चाइल्ड वुड अपीयर ऐण्ड वेव ऐट द ट्रेन.)

अनुवाद :
रेल के डिब्बे की खिड़की में से मैं ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों को पीछे छूटते हुए देख रहा था। दूर से चावल के खेतों की हरियाली वाली पृष्ठभूमि पर सफेद धोती और पगड़ी में मर्द और चमकीले रंगीन कपड़ों में महिलाएँ किसी खूबसूरत चित्र का हिस्सा लग रहे थे। मैं खिड़की से चिपका बैठा रहा। लगभग सभी जगह लोग किसी-न-किसी क्रियाकलाप में लगे हुए थे जिनमें एक लय और शांतचित्तता थी-पशुओं को हाँकते मर्द, नदी से पानी भरती महिलाएँ। बीच-बीच में कोई बच्चा दिखाई देता था रेलगाड़ी की तरफ हाथ हिलाते हुए।

It is astonishing how the landscape changes as one moves northwards. The rich and fertile plains of the river Ganga and its numerous tributaries have invited invasions, turmoil, and change. Around 1500 B.C., fair-skinned Aryans swept in through the mountain passes from the far north-west. The tenth century brought Muslims, who later mingled with the local people and became an integral part of this country. One empire gave way to another. Religious conquests continued. All this time, the part of India south of the Tropic of Cancer remained largely untouched, safe behind the shield of the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges. The Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, and Krishna rivers had woven a net of almost unassailable protection for the tapering Indian peninsula. To bring me to Delhi, my train had crossed all these geographical impediments through the power of scientific advancement.

(इट इज़ एस्टॉनिशिंग हाऊ द लैण्डस्केप चेन्जिस ऐज वन मूब्ज नार्थवर्ड्स द रिच ऐण्ट फर्टाइल प्लेन्स ऑफ द रिवर गंगा ऐण्ड इट्स न्यूमरस ट्रिब्यूटरीज़ हैव इन्वाईटिड इन्वेजन्स, टर्मोइल, ऐण्ड चेन्ज अराउण्ड फिफ्टीन हण्ड्रेड बीसी (बिफोर क्राईस्ट), फेयर स्किन्ड आर्यन्स स्वेप्ट इन श्रू द माउण्टेन पासिस फ्रॉम द फार नॉर्थ-वेस्ट द टेण्थ सेन्चुरी ब्रॉट मुस्लिम्स, हू लेटर मिंगल्ड विद द लोकल पिपल ऐण्ड बिकेम ऐन इन्टिग्रल पार्ट ऑफ दिस कन्ट्री वन एम्पायर गेव वे टू अनदर रिलिजियस कॉन्क्वेस्ट्स कन्टिन्यूड. ऑल दिस टाईम, द पार्ट ऑफ इण्डिया साउथ ऑफ द ट्रॉपिक ऑफ कैन्सर रिमेन्ड लार्जली अनटच्ड, सेफ विहाईन्ड द शील्ड ऑफ द विन्ध्या ऐण्ड सतपुरा माउण्टेन रेन्जिज. द नर्मदा, ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी ऐण्ड कृष्णा रिवर्स हैड वोवन अ नेट ऑफ ओल्मोस्ट अनअसेलेबल प्रोटेक्शन फॉर द टेपरिंग इण्डियन पेनिनसुला टू ब्रिग मी टू डेल्ही, माई ट्रेन हैड क्रॉस्ड ऑल दीज ज्योग्राफिकल इम्पेडिमेण्ट्स श्रू द पॉवर ऑफ साइन्टिफिक एडवान्समेण्ट.)

अनुवाद :
यह हैरान कर देने वाला है कि भूदृश्य किस – प्रकार बदलता है जैसे-जैसे हम उत्तर की ओर बढ़ते जाते हैं। गंगा और उसकी सहायक नदियों द्वारा पोषित शानदार उपजाऊ मैदानों ने आक्रमणों, उथल-पुथल और बदलाव को आमन्त्रित किया है। लगभग पन्द्रह सौ ईसा पूर्व गोरी चमड़ी वाले आर्य। लोग सुदूर उत्तर-पश्चिम के पहाड़ी दरों से होकर यहाँ आए। दसवीं शताब्दी में मुस्लिम लोग आए जो बाद में स्थानीय लोगों में मिलकर देश का अभिन्न अंग बन गये। एक साम्राज्य गया तो दूसरा आया। धार्मिक विजयों का सिलसिला चलता रहा। परन्तु इन सभी बदलावों के समय कर्क रेखा से दक्षिण की ओर का भारत का भू-भाग लगभग अछूता रहा, विंध्य व सतपुड़ा पर्वत श्रृंखला की ढाल के पीछे सुरक्षित। नर्मदा, ताप्ती, महानदी, गोदावरी और कृष्णा नदियों ने शंक्वाकार भारतीय प्रायद्वीप के लिए लगभग अभेद्य एक सुरक्षा का जाल बुन दिया था। मुझे दिल्ली तक लाने के लिए रेलगाड़ी ने इन सभी भू-अवरोधों को पार किया वैज्ञानिक प्रगति के बल पर।

MP Board Solutions

I halted for a week in Delhi, the city of the great Sufi Saint Hazrat Nizamuddin, and appeared for the interview at DTD & P(Air) [Directorate of Technical Development and Production (Air)]. I did well at the interview. The questions were of a routine nature, and did not challenge my knowledge of the subject. Then I proceeded to Dehradun for my interview at the Air Force Selection Board. At the Selection Board, the emphasis was more on ‘personality’ than on intelligence. Perhaps they were looking for physical fitness and an articulate manner. I was excited but nervous, determined but anxious, confident but tense. I could only finish ninth in the batch of 25 examined to select eight officers for commissioning in the Air Force. I was deeply disappointed. It took me some time to comprehend that the opportunity to join the Air force had just slipped through my fingers. I dragged myself out of the Selection Board and stood at the edge of a cliff. There was a lake far below. I knew that the days ahead would be difficult. There were questions to be answered and a plan of action to be prepared. I trekked down to Rishikesh.

(आई हॉल्टेड फॉर अ वीक इन डेल्ही, द सिटी ऑफ द ग्रेट सूफी सेण्ट हज़रत निजामुद्दीन, ऐण्ड अपीयर्ड फॉर द इण्टरव्यू ऐट डीटीडी एण्ड पी (एयर) [डाइरेक्टोरेट ऑफ टेक्निकल डेवलपमेंट ऐण्ड प्रोडक्शन (एयर), आई डिड वैल ऐट द इण्टरव्यू द क्वेश्चन्स वर ऑफ अ रुटीन नेचर, ऐण्ड डिड नॉट चैलेन्ज़ माई नॉलिज़ ऑफ द सब्जेक्ट देन आई प्रोसीडिड टू देहरादून फॉर माई इण्टरव्यू ऐट द एयर फोर्स सिलेक्शन बोर्ड. ऐट द सिलेक्शन बोर्ड, द एम्फैसिस वॉज़ मोर ऑन ‘पर्सनैलिटी’ दैन ऑन इण्टेलिजेन्स परहैप्स दे वर लुकिंग फॉर फिज़िकल फिटनेस ऐण्ड ऐन आर्टिकुलेट मैनर आई वॉज़ एक्साईटिड बट नर्वस, डिटरमाइण्ड बट एशियस, कान्फिडेण्ट बट टेन्स आई कुड ओनली फिनिश नाईन्थ इन द बैच ऑफ ट्वेण्टी फाइव एक्जामिन्ड टू सिलेक्ट ऐट ऑफिसर्स फॉर कमिशनिंग इन द एयर फोर्स. आई वॉज़ डीपली डिसअपॉइन्टिड इट टुक मी सम टाईम टू कमप्रिहेण्ड दैट द ऑपरचुनिटी टू जॉइन द एयरफोर्स हैड ज़स्ट स्लिप्पड श्रू माई फिंगर्स. आई ड्रैग्ड माईसेल्फ आउट ऑफ द सिलेक्शन बोर्ड ऐण्ड स्टुड ऐट द एज ऑफ अ क्लिफ. देयर वॉज़ अ लेक फार बिलो. आई न्यू दैट द डेज़ अहेड वुड बी डिफिकल्ट, देयर वर क्वेशचन्स टू बी,आन्सर्ड ऐण्ड अ प्लैन ऑफ ऐक्शन टू बी प्रिपेयर्ड। आई ट्रेक्ड डाऊन टू ऋषिकेश.)

अनुवाद :
मैं महान सूफी सन्त हज़रत निजामुद्दीन के शहर दिल्ली में एक सप्ताह के लिए रुका, और तकनीकी विकास एवं उत्पादन निदेशालय (वायु) में साक्षात्कार के लिए उपस्थित हुआ। मेरा साक्षात्कार अच्छा हुआ। पूछे गये प्रश्न सामान्य किस्म के थे और विषय के मेरे ज्ञान के लिए किसी प्रकार की चुनौती न पेश कर सके। इसके बाद मैं साक्षात्कार के लिए वायुसेना चयन परिषद देहरादून पहुँचा। चयन परिषद में ज़ोर बुद्धिमता से अधिक ‘व्यक्तित्व’ पर था। शायद वह लोग अभ्यर्थी में शारीरिक स्वस्थता और एक प्रभावी वक्ता ढूँढ़ रहे थे। मैं उत्साहित था पर घबराया हुआ भी था, संकल्पित था पर व्यग्र भी, आश्वस्त था पर तनाव में भी। मैं पच्चीस अभ्यर्थियों के समूह जिसमें से आठ को चुना जाना था वायु सेना में नियुक्ति हेतु मैं नौवां स्थान प्राप्त कर पाया। मैं बेहद निराश था। मुझे थोड़ा समय लगा यह समझने में कि वायुसेना में जाने का मौका अभी-अभी मेरी उंगलियों से फिसल गया है। मैं अपने आपको घसीटता हुआ सा चयन परिषद के दफ्तर से बाहर लेके आया और एक चोटी के किनारे पर खड़ा हो गया। दूर नीचे एक झील थी। मुझे पता था कि आने वाले दिन मुश्किलों भरे थे। कई प्रश्नों के उत्तर ढूँढ़ने थे और एक कार्य-योजना बनानी थी। मैं पैदल ऋषिकेश पहुँचा।

I bathed in the Ganga and revelled in the purity of its water. Then, I walked to the Shivananda Ashram situated a little way up the hill. I could feel intense vibrations when I entered. I saw a large number of sadhus seated all around in a state of trance. I had read that sadhus were psychic people-people who know things intuitively and, in my dejected mood, I sought answer to the doubts that troubled me.

I met Swami Shivananda a man who looked like a Buddha, wearing a snow-white dhoti and wooden slippers. He had an olive complexion and black piercing eyes. I was struck by his irresistible, almost child-like smile and gracious manner. I introduced myself to the Swamiji. My Muslim name aroused no reaction in him. Before I could speak any further, he inquired about the source of my sorrow. He offered no explanation of how he knew that I was sad and I did not ask.

(आई बेड इन द गंगा ऐण्ड रिवेल्ड इन द प्यूरिटी ऑफ इट्स वॉटर. देन, आई वॉक्ड टू द शिवानंद आश्रम सिचुएटिड अ लिटल वे अप द हिल. आई कुड फील इन्टेन्स वाईब्रेशन्स व्हेन आई एन्टर्ड. आई सॉ अ लार्ज नम्बर ऑफ साधूज़ सीटिड ऑल अराउण्ड इन अ स्टेट ऑफ ट्रान्स. आई हैड रेड दैट साधूज वर साइकिक पीपल-पीपल हू नो थिंग्स इन्टुईटिवली ऐण्ड, इन माई डिजेक्टिड मूड, आई सॉट आन्सर टू द डाऊट्स दैट ट्रबल्ड मी.

आई मेट स्वामी शिवानंद-अ मैन हू लुक्ड लाइक अ बुद्धा, वीयरिंग अ स्नो-व्हाईट धोती एण्ड वुडन स्लिपर्स. ही हैड ऐन ऑलिव कॉम्प्लेक्शन ऐण्ड ब्लैक पीयरसिंग आईज. आई वॉज़ स्ट्रक बाई हिज़ इररेजिस्टिबल ऑल्मोस्ट चाइल्ड-लाइक स्माइल एण्ड ग्रेशियस मैनर आई इन्ट्रोड्यूस्ड माइसेल्फ टू द स्वामीजी. माई मुस्लिम नेम अराउज्ड नो रीऐक्शन इन हिम. बिफोर आई कुड स्पीक एनी फर्दर, ही इन्क्वायर्ड अबाउट द सोर्स ऑफ माई सौसे ही ऑफर्ड नो एक्सप्लेनेशन ऑफ हाउ ही न्यू दैट आई वॉज़ सैड ऐण्ड आई डिड नॉट आस्क.)

अनुवाद :
मैं गंगा में नहाया और उसके जल की शुद्धता से अति आनन्दित हुआ। उसके पश्चात मैं शिवानंद आश्रम चलकर पहुँचा जो थोड़ी दूर ऊँचाई पर था। वहाँ प्रवेश करते ही मुझे तीव्र स्पन्दन का एहसास हुआ। मुझे वहाँ बहुत सारे साधु दिखाई दिए जो सभी ओर बैठे हुए थे समाधि की स्थिति में। मैंने पढ़ रखा था कि साधु अतीन्द्रिय शक्ति वाले लोग होते हैं-ऐसे लोग जो अन्तर्ज्ञान द्वारा सभी कुछ जानते हैं और अपनी उस हताशा भरी मन:स्थिति मैं अपने मन की दुविधाओं, संशयों का उत्तर ढूँढ़ रहा था। मैं स्वामी शिवानंद से मिला-एक ऐसे व्यक्ति जो कि एक बुद्ध जैसे लग रहे थे। दूधिया सफेद धोती और लकड़ी की खड़ाऊ में। उनका रंग पीलापन लिए जैतून जैसा था और आँखें काली भेदती हुई। मैं उनकी प्रबल शिशुवत मुस्कान एवं दयामय अन्दाज़ से बेहद प्रभावित हुआ। मैंने स्वामीजी को अपना परिचय दिया। मेरा मुस्लिम नाम सुनकर किसी प्रकार की प्रतिक्रिया नहीं आई। इससे पहले कि मैं कुछ और बोल पाता, उन्होंने मेरे दुःख का कारण पूछा। उन्होंने कोई स्पष्टीकरण नहीं दिया कि वे कैसे जानते थे कि मैं दुःखी हूँ और मैंने पूछा नहीं।

I told him about my unsuccessful attempt to join the Indian Air Force and my long-cherished desire to fly. He smiled, washing away all my anxiety almost instantly. Then he said in a feeble, but very deep voice : Desire, when it stems from the heart and spirit, when it is pure and intense, possesses awesome electromagnetic energy. This energy is released into the ether each night, as the mind falls into the sleep state. Each morning it returns to the conscious state reinforced with the cosmic currents. That which has been imaged will surely and certainly be manifested.

You can rely, young man, upon this ageless promises as surely as you can rely upon the eternally unbroken promise of sunrise……and of spring.

(आई टोल्ड हिम अबाउट माई अनसक्सेसफुल अटेम्प्ट टू जॉइन द इण्डियन एयर फोर्स ऐण्ड माई लॉन्ग चेरिशड डिजायर टू फ्लाई. ही स्माइल्ड, वाशिंग अवे ऑफ माई ऐंगजाइटी ऑल्मोस्ट इन्स्टैण्टलि दैन ही सेड इन अ फीबल, बट वेरी डीप वॉइस :

डिजायर, व्हेन इट स्टेम्स फ्रॉम द हार्ट ऐण्ड स्पिरिट, व्हेन इट इज प्योर ऐण्ड इन्टेन्स, पजैज़िज़ ऑसम इलैक्ट्रोमैग्नेटिक एनर्जी. दिस एनर्जी इज़ रिलीज्ड इण्टू द ईथर ईच नाइट, ऐज़ द माइण्ड फाल्स इण्टू द स्लीप स्टेट. ईच मॉर्निंग इट रिटनर्स टू द कॉन्शियस स्टेट रीइन्फोर्ल्ड विद द कॉस्मिक करंट्स. दैट विच हैज बीन इमेज्ड विल श्योरली ऐण्ट सर्टेन्ली बी मैनिफेस्टिड. यू कैन रिलाई यंग मैन, अपॉन दिस एजलैस प्रॉमिस ऐज श्योरली ऐज यू कैन रिलाई अपॉन द एटरनली अनब्रोकन प्रॉमिस ऑफ सनराइज…….ऐण्ड ऑफ स्प्रिंग.)

अनुवाद :
मैंने उनकों वायु सेना में नौकरी पाने के अपने असफल प्रयास के बारे में बताया और साथ ही आसमान में उड़ने की अपनी वर्षों पुरानी अभिलाषा के बारे में भी। वे मुस्कराए मेरी सभी चिन्ताओं, व्यग्रताओं को लगभग तत्क्षण मिटाते हुए। फिर वे बोले धीमी परन्तु गहरी गम्भीर आवाज में: इच्छा जब हृदय व आत्मा की गहराइयों से उपजती है, जब वह पवित्र व प्रचण्ड होती है, उस समय उसमें एक अदभुत विद्युताकर्षणीय शक्ति होती है। यह शक्ति नित्य रात्रि में आकाश में मुक्त होती है जिस समय मन निद्रा की अवस्था में होता है। प्रतिदिन सुबह यह शक्ति चेतन अवस्था में वापिस आती है ब्रह्माण्डीय शक्ति से परिपूरित होकर। जिस भी चीज की धारणा की गई हो वह अवश्य ही मूर्त रूप लेगी। तुम इस शाश्वत नियम पर उसी प्रकार भरोसा कर सकते हो जिस प्रकार तुम सदा से अखण्डित सूर्योदय व बसन्त के नियम पर करते हो। हे वत्स (युवक)।

MP Board Solutions

When the student is ready, the teacher will appear. How true! Here was the teacher to show the way to a student who had nearly gone astray! “Accept your destiny and go ahead with your life. You are not destined to become an Air Force pilot. What you are destined to become is not revealed now but it is predetermined. Forget this failure as it was essential to lead you to your destined path. Search, instead, for the true purpose of your existence. Become one with yourself, my son! Surrender yourself to the wish of God,” Swamiji said.

(व्हेन द स्टूडेण्ट इज़ रेडी, द टीचर विल अपीयर. हाऊ ट्र! हियर वॉज द टीचर टू शो द वे टू अ स्टुडेण्ट हू हैड नीयरली गॉन एस्ट्रे! “ऐक्सेप्ट यॉर डेस्टिनी ऐण्ड गो अहेड विद यॉर लाइफ यू आर नॉट डेस्टिन्ड टू बिकम ऐन एयर फोर्स पाइलट। व्हॉट यू आर डेस्टिन्ड टू बिकम इज नॉट रिवील्ड नाउ बट इट इज प्रीडिटरमाइण्ड. फॉर्गेट दिस फेल्युर ऐज़ इट वॉज़ एसेन्शियल टू लीड यू टू यॉर डेस्टिन्ड पाथ. सर्च इन्स्टेड, फॉर द ट्र पर्पज ऑफ यॉर ऐक्ज़िसटेन्स बिकम वन विद यॉरसेल्फ, माई सन! सरेण्डर यॉरसेल्फ टू द विश ऑफ गॉड”, स्वामीजी सेड.)

अनुवाद :
जब शिष्य तैयार होगा गुरु स्वयं उपस्थित होंगे। कितना सत्य है! गुरु साक्षात सामने थे जो एक ऐसे शिष्य को राह दिखा रहे थे जो लगभग भटक चुका था। “अपने भाग्य को स्वीकारो और जीवन में आगे बढ़ो। वायुसेना में पाइलट (विमान चालक) बनना तुम्हारे लिए नियत नहीं है जो तुम्हारे लिए नियत है वो अभी प्रकटं या प्रकाशित नहीं है परन्तु यह पूर्व निर्धारित है। इस नाकामी को भुला दो क्योंकि यह आवश्यक था तुम्हें तुम्हारे लिए नियत मार्ग पर लाने के लिए। इन सब के बजाए अपने होने अर्थात् अपने अस्तित्व का वास्तविक कारण ढूँढ़ो। स्वयं के साथ एक हो जाओ पुत्र! ईश्वर की इच्छा के आगे आत्मसमर्पण कर दो।” स्वामीजी ने कहा।

I returned to Delhi and enquired at the DTP & P (Air) about the outcome of my interview. In response, I was handed my appointment letter. I joined the next day as Senior Scientific Assistant on a basic salary of Rs. 250/- per month. If this was to be my destiny, I thought, let it be so. Finally, I was filled with mental peace. No more did I feel any bitterness or resentment at my failure to enter the Air Force. All this was in 1958.

(आई रिटन्ड टु डेल्ही ऐण्ड एन्क्वायर्ड ऐट द डीटीपी – एण्ड पी (एयर) अबाउट द आउटकम ऑफ माई इण्टरव्यू इन रिस्पॉन्स, आई वॉज़ हैण्डिड माई अपॉइण्टमेण्ट लैटर. आई जॉइन्ड द नेक्स्ट डे ऐज सीनियर साइन्टिफिक असिस्टैण्ट ऑन अ बेसिक सैलरी ऑफ रुपीज टू हन्ड्रेड फिफ्टी पर मंथ. इफ दिस वॉज़ टू बी माई डेस्टिनी, आई थॉट, लेट इट बी सो.फाइनली, आई वॉज़ फिल्ड विद मेण्टल पीस. नो मोर डिड आई फील एनी बिटनेस ऑर रिजेण्टमेण्ट ऐट माई फेल्युर टू एण्टर द एयर फोर्स. ऑल दिस वॉज इन 1958.)

अनुवाद :
मैं दिल्ली लौट आया और तकनीकी विकास एवं उत्पादन निदेशालय (वायु) में अपने साक्षात्कार के परिणाम के बारे में पूछा। उत्तर में मुझे नियुक्ति पत्र थमा दिया गया। मैंने अगले दिन वरिष्ठ वैज्ञानिक सहायक के रूप में 250 रुपये (ढाई सौ रुपये) प्रतिमाह के मूल वेतन पर नौकरी शुरू की। मैंने सोचा यदि यही मेरा भाग्य है तो फिर होने दो। आखिरकार मुझे मानसिक शान्ति मिली। उसके बाद मुझे वायुसेना की नौकरी पाने में नाकाम रहने की किसी प्रकार की कड़वाहट या अप्रसन्नता नहीं महसूस हुई। यह सब हुआ 1958 में।

MP Board Class 10th English The Rainbow Workbook Solutions Chapter 3 Of Expense

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th English Solutions The Rainbow Workbook Chapter 3 Of Expense Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th English The Rainbow Workbook Solutions Chapter 3 Of Expense

Of Expense Vocabulary

I. The word ‘disadvantage’ has a prefix as well as suffix. Write other such five words having prefix as well as suffix.
e.g. dis honour able
Answer:
I dis respect able
I dis taste ful
I un work able
I up right ness
I un objection able

II. Note the difference between ‘certainly’ and ‘Surely’. Now use these words properly in a dialogue.
e.g. Mohan : “He’s a brilliant student, isn’t he?”
Rani : “Well, he certainly works very hard.”
Mohan : “He’s also a good painter.”
Rani : “Surely this can’t be true.”

MP Board Solutions

III. The world ‘but’ is being used in the beginning of a sentence as well as in the middle of a sentence. Use the world ‘but’ in the same manner in some sentences and notice the difference in the pronounciation of this word also.
Answer:
Do it yourself.

Listening Skill

Listen to the following poem twice.

See workbook page 15

A. Now, answer the following questions:
Fill in the blanks using the missing lines of the poem.

Question 1.
Money is our madness; our vast collective madness.
Answer:
And of course, if the multitude is mad.

Question 2.
Money has got us down, we grovel before it in strange terror.
Answer:
And no wonder, for money has a fearful cruel power among men.

Question 3.
Has he no money? They let him eat direct and go cold.
Answer:
And if I have no money, they will give me a little bread.

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Question 4.
We must have some money to save us from eating dirt.
Answer:
And this is all wrong.

Question 5.
Bread should be free
Answer:
Shelter should be free.

Question 6.
to all and anybody, all and anybody
Answer:
All over the world.

Question 7.
We must regain sanity about money
Answer:
before we start killing one another about it.

8. It’s one thing or the other.

Speaking Skill

Look at this situation where you want to give some suggestion for saving money.

See Workbook pages 17-18

Ans.
Do yourself.

Reading Skill
Read the passage carefully.

See Workbook pages 18-19

I. Now answer the following questions:

(a) What is the author talking about?
Ans.
The author is talking about whether it is dishonest to rob one’s own money box.

(b) Who are the two selves in each one of us?
Ans.
The self that wishes to save and the self that wishes to spend.

(c) How different are they?
Ans.
One of them differs as much from the other as a man does from his first cousin.

(d) Do they trust each other?
Ans.
No, they do not trust each other.

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(e) Which self acts as a watch guard?
Ans.
The self that saves acts as the watch guard.

(f) Whose position becomes tragic?
Answer:
The position of both of them (the self that saves and the self that spends) becomes tragic.

II. The author has given two comparisons in the given extract. Write them.
Answer:

  1. One of them differs as much from the other as a man does from his first cousin.
  2. As unable to escape from his neighbours as one of the Siamese twins.

III. There ¡s one metaphor used in the end of the extract. Write down the whole sentence.
Answer:
I do not remember at what date the self that spends won a complete victory in my bosom over the self that saves, but I know
that it was a Waterloo.

IV. Match words of similar meanings:
1. ethics – (a) clearly
2. hostile – (b) frustrate
3. obviously – (c) principles
4. grudging – (d) a tool
S. stealthily – (e) opposed
6. chisel – (f) secretly
7. thwarted – (g) reluctantly
Answer:
1. (c), 2. (e), 3. (a) 4. (i), 5. (f), 6. (d), 7. (b).

Grammar
Modals:

See Workbook pages 20-24

Fill in the blanks with the suitable modals given in brackets.
1. We …………….. to serve our nation. (should/may/ought)
2. She ………….. to go for a walk miles together. (should/used/could)
3. You ………….. have taken all that trouble. (needn’t/ought/used)
4. ………………… I come into the classroom, sir? (can/may/need)
5. The candidates …………….. to appear for an interview after the written test. (will/must/have)
6. If you pass the exam, you ………….. get a certificate.(might/ could/will)
7. You . pay your fees before Saturday. (ought /dare/need)
8. How he ask such a question? (must/dare/need)
9. There are clouds in the sky. It ……… rain today. (can/may/should)
10. I solve this problem very easily. (ought/dare/can)
Answer:

  1. ought
  2. used
  3. needn’t
  4. May
  5. have
  6. will
  7. ought to
  8. dare
  9. may
  10. can.

Writing Skill

Question 1.
What is more valuable, the money we spend on the luxuries or the necessities we use? Write your views. (50 words)
Answer:
I think money spent on the luxuries is not as much valuable as that spent on our necessities. It is:’ because luxuries give us comfort for a moment. it can’t feed us or satisfy us for long. Luxuries are momentary attractions. But necessities are for the survival of our life. We can’t do without them. So money spent upon them is more valuable.

MP Board Solutions

Question 2.
‘Expenses should be limited to income.’ Keeping this in view, prepare a monthly budget of your family. (150 words)
Answer:
It is a very old proverb cut your coat according to your cloth. It is true. If one cuts ones coat over the size of the cloth it is sure to disfigure the coat. So one should always plan one’s monthly budget as per ones fixed monthly income. One should not depend upon any extra income for it is not fixed or certain. I, therefore, prepare my monthly budget keeping these facts in mind. My monthly income is Rs. 10,000/-. My budget for a mouth is as follows:

MP Board Class 10th English The Rainbow Workbook Solutions Chapter 3 Of Expense 1

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Maths Book Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from the latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks in the following table, given that a is the first term, d the common difference and an the nth term of the A.P.
Solution:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 1
Solution:
(i) an = a + (n- 1)d
a8 = 7 + (8 – 1)3 = 7 + 7 × 3 = 7 + 21
⇒ a8 = 28

(ii) an = a + (n – 1)d
⇒ a10 = -18 + (10 – 1)7 ⇒ 0 = -18 + 9d
⇒ 9d = 18 ⇒ d = \(\frac{18}{9}=2\)
∴ d = 2

(iii) an = a + (n – 1)d
⇒ -5 = a + (18 – 1) × (-3)
⇒ -5 = a + 17 × (-3)
⇒ -5 = a – 51 ⇒ a = -5 + 51 = 46
Thus, a = 46

(iv) an = a + (n – 1)d
⇒ 3.6 = -18.9 + (n – 1) × 2.5
⇒ (n – 1) × 2.5 = 3.6 + 18.9
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 2
⇒ n = 9 + 1 = 10
Thus, n = 10

(v) an = a + (n- 1)d
⇒ an = 3.5 + (105 – 1) × 0
⇒ an = 3.5 + 104 × 0 ⇒ an = 3.5 + 0 = 3.5
Thus, an = 3.5

Question 2.
Choose the correct choice in the following and justify:
(i) 30th term of the AP: 10,7,4, , is, ….,
(A) 97
(B) 77
(C) -77
(D) -87

(ii) 11th term of the AP: -3, \(-\frac{1}{2}\), 2, …. ,is
(A) 28
(B) 22
(C) -38
(D) -48\(\frac{1}{2}\)
Solution:
(i) (C): Here, a = 10, n = 30
∵ T10 = a + (n – 1)d and d = 7 – 10 = -3
∴ T30 = 10 + (30 – 1) × (-3)
⇒ T30 = 10 + 29 × (-3)
⇒ T30 = 10 – 87 = -77

(ii) (B): Here, a = -3, n = 11 and
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 3

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 3.
In the following APs, find the missing terms in the boxes:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 50
Solution:
(i) Here, a = 2, T3 = 26
Let common difference = d
∴ Tn = a + (n- 1 )d
⇒ T3 = 2 + (3 – 1)d
⇒ 26 = 2 + 2 d
⇒ 2d = 26 – 2 = 24
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 4
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 51

(ii) Let the first term = a
and common difference = d
Here, T2 = 13 and T4 = 3
T2 = a + d = 13, T4 = a + 3d = 3
T1 – T2 = (a + 3d) – (a + d) = 3 – 13
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 5

(iii)
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 6

(iv) Here, a = – 4, T6 = 6
∵ Tn = a + (n -1 )d
T6 = – 4 + (6 – 1)d ⇒ 6 = -4 + 5d ⇒ 5d = 6 + 4 = d = 10 – 5 = 2
T2 = a + d = -4 + 2 =-2
T3 = a + 2d = -4 + 2(2) = 0
T4 = a + 3d = -4 + 3(2) = 2
T5 = a + 4d = -4 + 4(2) = 4
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 52

(v) Here, T2 = 38 and T6 = -22
∴ T2 = a + d = 38, T6 = a + 5d = -22
⇒ T6 – T2 = a + 5d – (a + d) = -22 – 38 -60
⇒ 4d = -60 ⇒ d = \(\frac{-60}{4}\) = -15
a + d = 38 ⇒ a + (-15) = 38
⇒ a = 38 + 15 = 53
Now,
T3 = a + 2d = 53 + 2(-15) = 53 – 30 = 23
T4 = a + 3d = 53 + 3(-15) = 53 – 45 = 8
T5 = a + 4d = 53 + 4(-15) = 53 – 60 = -7
Thus missing terms are
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 53

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 4.
Which term of the AP: 3, 8, 13, 18, is 78?
Solution:
Let the nth term be 78
Here, a = 3 ⇒ T1 = 3 and T2 = 8
∴ d = T2 – T1 = 8 – 3 = 5
And, Tn = a + (n- 1 )d
⇒ 78 = 3 + (n – 1) × 5 ⇒ 78 – 3 = (n -1) × 5
⇒ 75 = (n – 1) × 5 ⇒ (n – 1) = 75 ÷ 5 = 15
⇒ n = 15 + 1 = 16
Thus, 78 is the 16th term of the given AP.

Question 5.
Find the number of terms in each of the following APs:
(i) 7,13,19, …….. ,205
(ii) 18, \(15 \frac{1}{2}\), 13, …… ,-47
Solution:
(i) Here, a = 7,d = 13 – 7 = 6
Let total number of terms be n.
∴ Tn = 205
Now, Tn = a + (n – 1) ×d
= 7 + (n – 1) × 6 = 205
⇒ (n – 1) × 6 = 205 – 7 = 198
⇒ n – 1 = \(\frac{198}{6}=33\)
∴ n = 33 + 1 = 34
Thus, the required number of terms is 34.

(ii)
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 7
Thus, the required number of terms is 27.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 6.
Check whether -150 is a term of the AP:
11, 8, 5, 2…
Solution:
For the given AP,
we have a = 11, d = 8 -11 = -3
Let -150 be the nth term of the given AP
∴ Tn = a + (n – 1 )d
⇒ -150 = 11 + (n – 1) × (-3)
⇒ -150 – 11 = (n – 1) × (-3)
⇒ -161 = (n – 1) ⇒ (-3)
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 8
But n should be a positive integer.
Thus, -150 is not a term of the given AP

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 7.
Find the 31st term of an AP whose 11th term is 38 and the 16th term is 73.
Solution:
Here, T11 = 38 and T16 = 73
Let the first term = a and the common difference = d.
Tn = a + (n – 1 )d
Then, Tn = a + (11 – 1)d = 38
⇒ a + 10d = 38 …(1)
and T16 = a + (16 – 1)d = 73
⇒ a + 15d = 73 …(2)
Subtracting (1) from (2), we get
(a + 15d) – (a + 10d) = 73 – 38
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 9
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 10

Question 8.
An AP consists of 50 terms of which 3rd term is 12 and the last term is 106. Find the 29th term.
Solution:
Here, n = 50, T3 = 12, Tn = 106
⇒ T50 = 106
Let the first term = a and the common difference = d
Tn = a + (n – 1 )d
T3 = a + 2d = 12 …(1)
T50 = a + 49d = 106 …(2)
Subtracting (1) from (2), we get
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 11

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 9.
If the 3rd and the 9th terms of an AP are 4 and -8 respectively, which term of this AP is zero?
Solution:
Here, T3 = 4 and T9 = -8
Tn = a + (n – 1)d
T3 = a + 2d = 4 …. (1)
T9 = a + 8d = – 8 …. (2)
Subtracting (1) from (2), we get
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 12

Question 10.
The 17th term of an AP exceeds its 10th term by 7. Find the common difference.
Solution:
Let a be the first term and d the common difference of the given AP
Now, using n = a + (n – 1 )d, we have
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 13
Thus, the common difference is 1.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 11.
Which term of the AP : 3, 15, 27, 39,… will be 132 more than its 54th term?
Solution:
Here, a = 3, d = 15 – 3 = 12
Using Tn = a + (n – 1 )d, we get
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 14
Thus, 132 more than 54th term is the 65th term.

Question 12.
Two APs have the same common difference. The difference between their 100th terms is 100, what is the difference between their 1000th terms?
Solution:
Let for the 1st AP, the first term = a and common difference = d
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 15
And for the 2nd AP, the first term = a and common difference = d
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 16
According to the condition,
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 17

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 13.
How many three-digit numbers are divisible by 7?
Solution:
The first three-digit number divisible by 7 is 105.
The last such three-digit number divisible by 7 is 994.
∴ The AP is 105,112,119, ,994
Let n be the required number of terms Here, a = 105, d = 7 and n = 994
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 18
Thus, 128 numbers of 3-digits are divisible by 7.

Question 14.
How many multiples of 4 lie between 10 and 250?
Solution:
The first multiple of 4 beyond 10 is 12.
The multiple of 4 just below 250 is 248.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 19
Thus, the required number of terms is 60.

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 15.
For what value of n, are the nth terms of two APs: 63,65,67 … and 3,10,17, …. equal?
Solution:
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 20
Thus, the 13th terms of the two given AP’s are equal.

Question 16.
Determine the AP whose third term is 16 and the 7th term exceeds the 5th term by 12.
Solution:
Let the first term = a and the common difference = d
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 21

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 17.
Find the 20th term from the last term of the AP : 3, 8, 13, …, 253.
Solution:
We have, the last term (l) = 253
Here, d = 8 – 3 = 5
Since, the nth term before the last term is given by l – (n – 1 )d
We have 20th term from the last term = l – (20 – 1) × 5 = 253 – 19 × 5 = 253 – 95 = 158

Question 18.
The sum of the 4th and 8th terms of an AP is 24 and the sum of the 6th and 10th terms is 44. Find the first three terms of the AP.
Solution:
Let the first term = a and the common difference = d
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 22

Question 19.
Subba Rao started work in 1995 at an annual salary of ₹ 5000 and received an increment of ? 200 each year. In which year did his income reach ₹ 7000?
Solution:
Here, a = ₹ 5000 and d = ₹ 200
Let, in the nth year Subba Rao gets ₹ 7000.
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 23

MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2

Question 20.
Ramkali saved ₹ 5 in the first week of a year and then increased her weekly savings by ₹ 1.75. If in the nth week, her weekly savings become ₹ 20.75, find n.
Solution:
Here, a = ₹ 5 and d = ₹ 1.75
MP Board Class 10th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 5.2 24
Thus, the required number of weeks is 10.

MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 17 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर

In this article, we will share MP Board Class 10th Hindi Book Solutions Chapter 17 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर (डॉ. एन.ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर) Pdf, These solutions are solved subject experts from latest edition books.

MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 17 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर (डॉ. एन.ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर)

गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर पाठ्य-पुस्तक के प्रश्नोत्तर

गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर लघु-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
भारत के उत्तरी और दक्षिणी छोरों के नाम लिखिए।
उत्तर-भारत के उत्तरी और दक्षिणी छोर हैं-कन्याकुमारी और हिमालय।

प्रश्न 2.
कश्मीर प्रत्येक भारतीय को क्यों लुभाता है? ।
उत्तर
‘अगर कही स्वर्ग है तो वह यहीं है। इसलिए कश्मीर प्रत्येक भारतीय को लुभाता है।

प्रश्न 3.
कन्याकुमारी और गोश्रीनगर (कोचीन) भारत के किन राज्यों में स्थित है?
उत्तर
कन्याकुमारी और गोश्रीनगर (कोचीन) तमिलनाडु और केरल राज्यों में है।

MP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 4.
श्रीनगर के सबसे ऊँचे स्थान का नाम बताइए।
उत्तर
श्रीनगर के सबसे ऊँचे स्थान का नाम-शंकराचार्य पहाड़ी।

प्रश्न 5.
कांगड़ी का उपयोग कश्मीरी क्यों करते हैं?
उत्तर
कांगड़ी का उपयोग कश्मीरी ठण्ड से बचने के लिए करते हैं।

 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर दीर्घ-उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
कश्मीर के बारे में पौराणिक और ऐतिहासिक कौन-सी बातें कही गई हैं।
उत्तर
कश्मीर के बारे में पौराणिक बातें महाभारत काल की हैं। इतिहासकाल में अशोक ने कश्मीर में अनेक बौद्ध-विहार व स्तूप बनवाए।

प्रश्न 2.
‘कश्मीरी जंगल में मंगल करते है।’ उक्त पंक्ति को समझाइए।
उत्तर
‘कश्मीरी जंगल में मंगल करते हैं।’ अर्थात् कश्मीरी किसी प्रकार की कठिनाई की परवाह न करते हुए प्रकृति का जी भरकर आनन्द लेते हैं।

प्रश्न 3.
लेखक ने डल झील को कश्मीर की शान क्यों कहा है?
उत्तर
लेखक ने डल झील को कश्मीर का शान कहा है, क्योंकि वह अनेक प्रकार के आनंद का मुख्य केंद्र है।

प्रश्न 4.
‘पृथ्वी पर अगर कहीं स्वर्ग है, तो वह यहीं है’ इस कथन का भाव स्पष्ट करिए।
उत्तर
‘पृथ्वी पर अगर कहीं स्वर्ग है तो वह यहीं है’ इस कथन का भाव यह है कि कश्मीर की सुंदरता संसार में सबसे अधिक है। उसके सुख और आनंद के सामने और कहीं सभी सुख-आनंद फीके जान पड़ते हैं। वह तो स्वर्ग के समान ही है।

प्रश्न 5.
‘कश्मीर की मिट्टी में ही प्यार-मुहब्बत की महक है।’ इस कवन को स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘कश्मीर की मिट्टी में ही प्यार-मुहब्बत की महक है।’ उपर्युक्त कथन के द्वारा लेखक ने यह कहना चाहा है कि कश्मीरवासियों में अपनापन है। एकता है, भाईचारा है, प्यार-दुलार है। एक-दूसरे के सुख-दुख समझने की भावना है। सहानुभूति और सद्भाव है।

गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर भाषा-अनुशीलन

प्रश्न 1.
संधि-विच्छेद कर संधि का नाम लिखिए
हिमालय, दुर्गम, जगतगुरु, प्रामाणिक।
उत्तर
MP Board Class 10th Hindi Vasanti Solutions Chapter 17 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर img-1

प्रश्न 2.
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के विलोम शब्द लिखिए
विशाल, संतुष्ट, कठोर, दुर्गम, प्रत्यक्ष।
उत्तर
शब्द – विलोम शब्द
विशाल – लघु
संतुष्ट – असंतुष्ट
कठोर – कोमल
दुर्गम – सुगम
प्रत्यक्ष – अप्रत्यक्ष।

प्रश्न 3.
निम्नलिखित शब्दों के पर्यायवाची शब्द लिखिए
भूमि, पहाड़, अभिलाषा, प्रेम, कृषक।
उत्तर
भूमि – जमीन, धरती
पहाड़ – पर्वत, भूधर
अभिलाषा – इच्छा, चाह
प्रेम – स्नेह, प्यार
कृषक – किसान, खेतिहर।

प्रश्न 4.
निम्नलिखित वाक्यांशों के लिए एक शब्द लिखिए
जहाँ पहुँचना कठिन हो, जिसकी आवश्यकता न हो, जनमानस में प्रचलित घटना या कवा, पर्यटन करने वाला।
उत्तर
वाक्यांश – एक शब्द
जहाँ पहुँचना कठिन हो| – दुर्गम
जिसकी आवश्यकता न हो – अनावश्यक
जनमानस में प्रचलित घटना या कथा – जनश्रुति
पर्यटन करने वाला – पर्यटक।

MP Board Solutions

प्रश्न 5.
वाक्यों में प्रयोग कीजिए
जंगल में मंगल, ईद का चाँद होना, दिल लुभाना, चेहरा खिलना।
उत्तर
वाक्यांश – वाक्य-प्रयोग
जंगल में मंगल – कश्मीरी जंगल में मंगल मनाते हैं।
ईद का चाँद होना – विदेश मित्र तो ईद का चाँद होते हैं।
दिल लुभाना – उसने अपनी योग्यता से सबके दिल को लुभा लिया।
चेहरा खिलना – लाटरी निकलने पर भिखारी का चेहरा खिल उठा।

गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर  योग्यता-विस्तार

प्रश्न 1. प्रदेश के प्रर्यटन स्थलों के चित्रों का संकलन कीजिए।
प्रश्न 2. किसी भी पर्वतीय पर्यटन स्थल पर जाते समय आप क्या-क्या तैयारी करेंगे? बताइए।
प्रश्न 3. क्या आप कभी पर्यटन के लिए गए हैं। यदि हाँ तो उसके संबंध में स्मृति के आधार पर अपने विचारों को क्रमबद्ध कीजिए।
उत्तर
उपर्युक्त प्रश्नों को छात्र/छात्रा अपने अध्यापक/अध्यापिका की सहायता से हल करें।

 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर परीक्षोपयोगी अतिरिक्त प्रश्नोत्तर

अर्थग्रहण संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
‘गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर’ यात्रा-वृत्तांत का प्रतिपाय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
‘गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर’ यात्रा-वृत्तांत डॉ. एन.ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर लिखित एक रोचक और ज्ञानवर्द्धक यात्रा-वृत्तांत है। इस यात्रा-वृत्तांत में लेखक ने भारत के एक विशाल छोर गोश्रीनगर (कोचीन) से श्रीनगर तक की मनोहारी तथा रोमांचक यात्रा का वर्णन किया है। यात्रा के दौरान हिमालय का पर्वतीय सौंदर्य, छोटे-बडे. हरे मैदान, डल झील के शिकारे तथा प्राकृतिक मनोहारी दृश्य पर्यटकों को अपनी ओर आकर्षित करते हैं। इस अवर्णनीय, अद्वितीय और अद्भुत आनंद का स्वयं अनुभव करके ही जाना जा सकता है। अपने साथ के यात्रियों के आत्मीय व्यवहार का सहज-स्वाभाविक वर्णन प्रस्तुत यात्रा-वृत्तांत को और अधिक प्रभावशाली बनाता है।

प्रश्न 2.
कोचीन से श्रीनगर लेखक कैसे पहुँचा?
उत्तर
कोचीन से श्रीनगर लेखक रेल और बस के द्वारा पहुँचा। पहले वह कोचीन से रेल द्वारा अनेक प्रदेशों से गुजरता हुआ जम्मू पहुँचा। इसके बाद वह वहाँ से बस के द्वारा श्रीनगर पहुँचा।

प्रश्न 3.
श्री शंकराचार्य पहाड़ी की क्या विशेषताएँ हैं?
उत्तर
श्री शंकराचार्य पहाड़ी श्रीनगर का सबसे ऊँचा स्थान है। यह मठ बहुत पराना है और जनश्रुति के अनुसार, यहाँ का मंदिर पाण्डव वंश के राजाओं का बनाया हुआ है। यहाँ शिवजी और शंकराचार्य की मूर्तियाँ हैं और मंदिर तक पहुँचने के लिए सीढ़ियाँ चढ़नी पड़ती हैं। पहले सड़क से पैदल ही मंदिर तक पहुँच सकते थे। अब मोटर से भी जाया जा सकता है। इस ऊँचे पहाड़ पर खड़े होकर श्रीनगर का काफी बड़ा हिस्सा दिखाई देता है।

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प्रश्न 4.
निम्नलिखित कथनों के लिए दिए गए विकल्पों में से सही विकल्प का चयन कीजिए।
1. विशाल भारत के छोर हैं
1. दो
2. चार
3. पाँच
4. तीन
उत्तर
1. दो

2. कोचीन है
1. मद्रास में
2. आंध्र-प्रदेश में
3. केरल में
4. कश्मीर में।
उत्तर
3. केरल में

3. कश्मीर की राजधानी है
1. जम्मू
2. जम्मू तवी
3. कोचीन
4. श्रीनगर।
उत्तर
4. श्रीनगर।

4. पृथ्वी पर कहीं स्वर्ग है तो वह है
1. कोचीन में
2. कश्मीर में
3. मैसूर में
4. जम्मू में।
उत्तर
2. कश्मीर में

5. घाटी में पहले थी
1. नदी
2. झील
3. खाईं
4. हरियाली।
उत्तर
(2) झील।

प्रश्न 5.
रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति दिए गए विकल्पों में से उचित शब्दों के चयन से कीजिए।
1. कन्याकुमारी की सागर-तरंगें अपने मंद हास से हमें ………….. करती हैं। (भ्रमित, चकित)
2. पृथ्वी पर अगर कहीं स्वर्ग है, तो वह ………….. है। (वहीं. यहीं)
3. महाभारत काल से ही कश्मीर-शासकों की …………… मिलती हैं। (गाथाएँ, कथाएँ)
4. प्रभाती पवन में …………… भरी शीतलता थी। (घुटनभरी, चुभनभरी)
5. डल झील …………….. का मुख्य केन्द्र है। (जम्मू, कश्मीर)
उत्तर
1. चकित
2. वहीं
3. गाथाएँ
4. चुभन भरी
5. कश्मीर।

प्रश्न 6.
सही जोड़ी मिलाकर लिखिए।
सबद – दिवाकर वर्मा
कालिदास की समालोचना – उषा वर्मा
वैदेही बनवास – कबीरदास
तुम्हारी विरासत – महावीर प्रसाद द्विवेदी
आस्था के स्वर – हरिऔध।
उत्तर
सबद- कबीरदास
कालिदास की समालोचना – महावीर प्रसाद द्विवेदी
वैदेही वनवास – हरिऔध
तुम्हारी विरासत – उषा वर्मा
आस्था के स्वर – दिवाकर वर्मा।

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प्रश्न 7.
निम्नलिखित वाक्य सत्य हैं या असत्य? वाक्य के आगे लिखिए।
1. सम्राट ललितादित्य, साहित्यकार और कला-प्रेमी थे।
2. कोट्टायम से तक्कड़ी का रास्ता पहाडी नहीं है।
3. लेखक जलपान-विश्राम से पहले कुछ देर चहलकदमी करता रहा।
4. कांजीगुंड से श्रीनगर की समतल नहीं थी।
5. कश्मीर में कई बोलियाँ हैं।
उत्तर
1. सत्य
2. असत्य
3. सत्य
4. असत्य
5. सत्य।

प्रश्न 8.
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर एक शब्द में दीजिए
1. घाटी में पहले कौन-सी झील थी? ।
2. कश्मीर में अनेक बौद्ध विहार और स्तूप किसने बनवाए थे? … 3. लेखक बनिहाल रेस्ट हाउस के सामने शाम को कब पहुँचा?
4. कांजीगुंड से श्रीनगर कितने घण्टे में पहुँचा?
5. नए शिकारे का मल्लाह कौन था?
उत्तर
1. सतीसर
2. सम्राट अशोक ने
3. साढ़े चार बजे
4. दो
5. युसूफ

 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर लघु उत्तरीय प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न 1.
लेखक कहाँ से कहाँ के लिए रवाना हो गया?
उत्तर
लेखक गोश्रीनगर (कोचीन) से श्रीनगर के लिए रवाना हो गया।

प्रश्न 2.
किसी ने यहाँ तक क्या कहा है?
उत्तर
किसी ने यहाँ तक कहा है कि पृथ्वी पर अगर कहीं स्वर्ग है, तो वह यहीं है।

प्रश्न 3.
कश्मीर की प्रकृति ने प्रदान किए हैं?
उत्तर
कश्मीर की प्रकृति ने जिस प्रकार मिठास और मोहक रंग सेब और केसर में भर दिए हैं, उसी प्रकार की मिठास और रंग यहाँ के किशोर और किशोरियों को दिल खोलकर प्रदान किए हैं।

गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर लेखक-परिचय

जीवन-परिचय-आधुनिक हिन्दी रचनाकारों में विशेष रूप से दक्षिण भारतीय हिन्दी साहित्यकारों में डॉ. एन. ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर का अधिक सम्मानजनक स्थान है। आप अपनी आरंभिक और उच्चस्तरीय शिक्षा समाप्त करके अध्यापन करने लगे। इस सिलसिले में आप केरल विश्वविद्यालय के विभिन्न महाविद्यालयों में अध्यापन के बाद केरल विश्वविद्यालय के हिन्दी विभाग में प्राध्यापक और विभागाध्यक्ष रहे। आप कोचीन विश्वविद्यालय के हिन्दी विभाग के प्रथम आचार्य और विभागाध्यक्ष के साथ-साथ भाषा संकाय के डीन भी रहे।

रचनाएँ-डॉ. एन. ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर की निम्नलिखित रचनाएँ हैंललित निबंध-‘उठता चाँद’, ‘डूबता सूरज’, ‘फूल और काँटे’। आलोचना-‘आधुनिक हिन्दी काव्य’, ‘मलयालम काव्य’

भाषा-शैली-डॉ. एन.ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर का साहित्य विविध भाषा-शैली का है। इसलिए उसमें अंग्रेजी, मलयालम, तमिल और हिन्दी के शब्दों से भरपूर है।

आपकी शैली वर्णनात्मक-गवेषणात्मक है। कहीं-कहीं वह सरल और सुबोध भी है।

साहित्य में स्थान-डॉ. एन.ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर का हिन्दी साहित्य में सुपरिचत स्थान है। दक्षिण भारत के हिन्दी रचनाकारों में विशेष रूप आप उल्लेखनीय हैं। दक्षिण के ‘अनेक विश्व-विद्यालयों से संबंद्ध रहते हुए आपने कई राज्य स्तर एवं राष्ट्रीय स्तर के पुरस्कार प्राप्त किए हैं।

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 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर  यात्रा वृत्तान्त का सारांश

इस यात्रा वृत्तान्त में लेखक ने गो श्रीनगर (कोचीन) से भी श्रीनगर तक की रोमांचक यात्रा का वर्णन किया है। लेखक के अनुसार-विशाल भारत के दो छोर-कन्याकुमारी और हिमालय हैं। यात्रा-साहित्य में इन दोनों के प्रति जिज्ञासा होती है। कश्मीर सबको लुभाता है। कहा भी गया है कि पृथ्वी पर अगर कहीं स्वर्ग है तो वह यहाँ है। लेखक कोचीन से श्रीनगर रेल द्वारा अनेक प्रदेशों से गुजरता हुआ पहुँचा। वह जम्मू के पर्वतीय नगर से श्री नगर बस द्वारा पहुँच गया। रास्ते में उसने देखा कि किस तरह लोग कठोर प्रकृति से संघर्ष, समझौता और प्रेम करके दुर्गम ऊँचे पर्वतीय प्रदेश में भी कृषि करके जीवन बिताते हैं। इंजीनियरों की अद्भुत प्रतिमा, अदम्य साहस और शक्ति से इस दुर्गम पर्वत को सुगम बना दिया था। लेखक इससे दो घण्टे में अपने साथियों के साथ बस द्वारा श्रीनगर पहुँच गया। यहाँ का सारा वातावरण उसे मोहने लगा था। उसने देखा कि श्री शंकराचार्य पहाड़ी श्रीनगर का सबसे ऊँचा स्थान है। यह मठ बहुत
पुराना है। यहाँ शिव जी और शंकराचार्य दोनों की मर्तियाँ हैं। श्रीनगर के डल झील. तैरते बाग और उनके चारों ओर की पहाड़ियों के निराले दृश्य बड़े ही मनोहारी हैं। नए शिकारे का मल्लाह किशोर था, जिसके हाथ बड़ी फुरती से चप्पू पर चल रहे थे। लेखक के साथी भी उसका साथ दे रहे थे। उस मल्लाह के गले से मौज में सुरीली आवाज आ रही थी। ठेठ कश्मीरी लोकगीत और ठेठ देहाती कण्ठ। दो-चार पंक्तियों को बार-बार दुहरा रहा था-कश्मीर की मिट्टी में ही प्यार-मुहब्बत की महक है।

 गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर संदर्भ-प्रसंग सहित व्याख्या

(1) छोटी-छोटी जरूरी चीजें सारे देश को कैसे एकतामय कर देती हैं। खोजने पर केरल का बना साबुन भी शायद मिल जाता। बस अब तेज चाल से जवाहर-सुरंग की ओर बढ़ी। इस पथ को पार करते हुए पुलकित हुए बिना नहीं रह सकते। इंजीनियरों की अद्भुत प्रतिभा, अदम्य साहस और कार्य-शक्ति ने इस दुर्गम पर्वत में विशाल सुरंग-पच बनाकर कश्मीर और शेष भारत का पथ पूरे वर्ष भर चलने लायक बना दिया। प्रकाश-धारा बहाती, सीटी बजाती, बस सुरंग पथ से आगे बढ़ रही थी। रोमांचकारी दृश्य था। मानव शक्ति से यंत्र शक्ति की श्रेष्ठता को मानते हुए हम आगे बढ़ रहे थे।

शब्दार्व-पव-रास्ता। पुलकित-प्रसन्न। दुर्गम-कठिन। लायक-योग्य।

संदर्भ-प्रस्तुत गद्यांश हमारी पाठ्य-पुस्तक ‘हिंदी सामान्य’ 10वीं में संकलित लेखक डॉ. एन.ई. विश्वनाथ अय्यर लिखित यात्रा-वृत्तान्त ‘गोश्रीनगर से श्रीनगर’ से है।

प्रसंग-प्रस्तुत गद्यांश में लेखक ने कश्मीर के लिए की गई अपनी यात्रा के अनुभव का उल्लेख करते हुए कहा है कि

व्याख्या-न केवल बड़ी-बड़ी चीजें ही अपितु छोटी-सी-छोटी जरूरत की चीजें भी पूरे देश की एकता को कायम रखने में सहायक होती हैं। श्रीनगर में इस दृष्टि से केरल में बना हुआ साबुन ढूँढ़ने पर जरूर मिल जाता। बस की रफ्तार बढ़ी और जवाहर-सुरंग को पार कर गई। इससे उसे अपने साथियों के साथ अधिक आनंद आया। उसने यह अनुभव किया इस दुर्गम पथ को सुगम बनाने में इंजीनियरों की अदभत प्रतिभा, अदम्य साहस और महान कार्य-शक्ति निश्चय ही सराहनीय है। उसका ही यह सुफल है कि कश्मीर भारत के दूसरे भाग से हमेशा के लिए जड़े रहने योग्य बन गया है। बस सरंग पथ से प्रकाशधारा बहाती हुई और सीटी बजाती हुई आगे बढ़ रही थी। उस समय का दृश्य रोमांचकारी हो चला था। उस समय वह अपने साथियों के साथ मानव-शक्ति में यंत्र-शक्ति को श्रेष्ठता की स्वीकारते हुए बस से आगे बढ़ते जा रहा था।

विशेष-

  1. कश्मीर के दुर्गम स्थानों का उल्लेख है।
  2. यह अंश ज्ञानवर्द्धक है।

अर्थग्रहण संबंधी प्रश्नोत्तर
प्रश्न 1.
कौन-सी चीजें क्या कर देती हैं? उत्तर-छोटी-छोटी जरूरत की चीजें देश को एकतामय कर देती हैं।

प्रश्न 2.
क्यों रोमांचकारी दृश्य था?
उत्तर
रोमांचकारी दृश्य इसलिए था कि दुर्गम पर्वतीय प्रदेश को सुगम बनाने का अद्भुत और बेजोड़ कार्य इंजीनियरों द्वारा किया गया था। दूसरी बात यह कि बस प्रकाश-धारा बहाती और सीटी बजाती हुई सुरंग पथ से आगे बढ़ रही थी।

विषय-वस्तु पर आधारित प्रश्नोत्तर

प्रश्न
उपर्युक्त गयांश का आशय स्पष्ट कीजिए।
उत्तर
उपर्युक्त गद्यांश के द्वारा लेखक ने आज के यांत्रिक युग का महत्वांकन करना चाहा है। इस संदर्भ में लेखक ने यह सुस्पष्ट करने का प्रयास किया है कि मानव-शक्ति से यांत्रिक शक्ति बहुत ही अधिक है। फिर मानवी-शक्ति के बिना यांत्रिक शक्ति का कोई उपयोग नहीं हो सकता है।