MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Workbook Solutions Unit 3 Reading
See Workbook Page-119
Read the following passages carefully and answer the question given below each passage :
A. Answer these questions :
- Why did the man wander all over the world?
Man wandered all over the world in search of riches.
- What and where did he find what he wanted?
He found precious stones in the backyerd of his house.
- What principle should one follow to maintain peace of mind? To maintain peace of mind those must be minimum distance between one another to avoid provocation and yet not so much distance as to experience a feeling a cold isolation.
- List the best things of life which are free.
Beauties of nature and of the animal kingdom sunrise and sunset and some of the best things of life which are free.
- Give a suitable, title to the above passage.
B. (i) Pick out the words from the passage that mean the same as :
- unimportant vain
- unreasonable dislikes or preferences for a person-or a group prejudice
- rewards bounties
- rich affluent
(ii) Fill in the blanks with suitable words :
- For peace of mind it is necessary to be physically mentally and spiritually well tuned.
- Petty irritations, prejudices and ideas should not’dog the mind.
See Workbook Page-120-121
An Answer these questions :
- Why did India lose her glory?
The never-ending onslaught of invasions and infishting led India lose her glory.
- How has the country been transformed during the last 50 years?
The country has been transformed from being servivors to thought leaders.
- What kind of growth does the author envisage for the country?
The author envisages the balanced inclusive growth rather than a skewed development.
- What are our policy makers emphasizing on for economic growth?
Our policy makes are emphasizing agriculture and rural development along side information technology and biotechnology and other high tech sectors.
- What is needed to sustain growth in the economy? Generating knowledge and managing it effectively is needed to sustain growth in the economy.
- Why does the author say “Economic development by itself means’ nothing”?
Because more than that India needs to invest and commit to social responsibility and cultural development which will contribute to a larger picture.
- What is meant by “surviving community” in the passage? It means the people of India.
- Give a suitable title to the passage.
India and its prospects.
(B) Find out words or phrases in the passage which mean :
- Development directed towards a particular group in a way that may. not be fair Skewed
- Making use of an opportunity to get an advantage for oneself Survive
- Start to do something new or difficult Embark
- Provide enough of what is needed to survive or exist contribute
See Workbook Page-122-123
A. Give brief answers to the following questions :
- What should be the relationship between means and end? Means justifies the end.
- What is the secret of success?
The secret of success in to pay much attention to the means as _ to the end.
- Who is more blessed, the giver or the receiver or both? Both are equally blessed.
- Why should we be thankful to God?
Because we have been allowed to exercise our power of benevolence and mercy in the world and thus become pure and perfect.
- What is the ultimate result of all actions?
Finally truth presents over falsehood and good prevails over evil.
- What is the ideal condition of human life?
Doing good or being good is the ideal condition of human life.
- Who can serve humanity in the best possible manner? One who works is a selfless manner without notice or desire for name fame or wealth can serve humanity in the best possible manner.
- How would you characterize a great man if he makes ’sacrifices for his own good?
He is a selfish and mean fellow.
- What is the impact of the great deeds performed by great men?
Mankind gets benefited from it.
- Give a suitable title to the above passage.
Virtue of humanity.
B. i. Make sentences with the following words in the context of their meaning in the passage :
Means, end, key, blessed, renounce Means-He has no proper means to live a happy life. End-The end of an evil way is always tragic. Key-Honesty is the key feature of his personality. Blessed-God has blessed us with all super characteristics. Renounce-We must renounce the good virtues.
ii. Locate the synonyms of the following words in the passage :
Kindnesses, untruth, accepted, recollect, recipient, incidents Benevolence, foul, adopted, Senitinze, Benefited, Events.
iii. Locate the antonyms of the followings words in the passage:
evil, failures, malevolence, locally, forget, Good, Rewards, Benevolence, universally withhold.
iv. Find the odd words in the following groups of words:
- success, achievement, acquisition, rspkmgj turmoil
- means, resources, income unwell
- doing, performing, pcj vgle argle relaxing
- own, jgcl private, personal alien.
See Workbook Page-124-125
A. Answer these question :
- How did the young girl react to the admiration of the relatives? She become even more boastful.
- How did the young girl’s heart differ from that of the woman?
The young girl’s heart was pretty but not a beautiful one as that of the woman.
- Why did the old woman say that the young girl’s heart was pretty but not beautiful?
The old woman said this because she had sacrificed her life for others.
- What did the open wounds on the old woman’s heart signify? The open wounds signified that people couldn’t give her a piece ‘ of their heart in return of her sacrifice.
- How did the girl make her own heart beautiful?
She cut a piece of her heart and filled up one of the empty spaces of the old woman’s heart.
B. Give one word each for the following from the passage.
- The feeling of liking or loving admiring
- To change the shape, appearance or sound distort
- The act of giving up sacrifice
- To keep a pleasant feeling in mind for a long time memoir.
- Become aware of a fact or situation realize
C. Complete the following forms :
See Workbook Page -126 -127
A. Answer the Questions :
1. Why does the author call India as “many countries rolled into one?”
Because it provides an infinite variety in every sphere of life.
2. What, according to the author, is the serious problem India is facing at present?
The division of people on the lines of caste and religion and popula¬tion explosion are the serious problems India is facing at present.
3. What stimulates thinkers and sociologists to write about India? The contrasts, contradictions, and ironies in Indian society stimulate them to write about India.
4. Our young men and women writers are moving to western countries because-
- They find those countries interesting.
- They find better prospects there.
- They find a lot of subjects to write there.
- They don’t want to stay in India.
5. What sort of India does the author dream of?
He dreams of a casteless secular society and adequate space for trees to flourish.
6. What made India less clean after seventies?
The implanned industrialization and continuous discharge of wastes in the rivers have made India less deam after serventies.
7. What attracted Western philosopheres to India?
The intellectual atmosphere of India had attracted philsophers to India. They came here in search of spiritual knowledged.
8. What, according to the author, is the most striking feature of India?
Its warmth and fellow feeling that people have for one another Is, the most striking feature of India.
9. Give a suitable title to the passage.
B. Find out the words in the passage, which mean the following:
- Left in its original condition pristine
- A description that makes something larger, better, worse or more important than it really is exaggeration
- An aggressive and unreasonable belief that your caste or religion is better than others mind-blowing
- Make somebody interested and excited about something fascinate
See Workbook Page-128-129
A. Encircle the correct spellings of the following words :
- advicor, advisar, advisir, btgqcp
- dmpk jjw. formelly, formaly, farmally
- pleij, njcbec. plej, plege
- setilite, satelite, q rcjjgrc satilite
B. Fill in the blanks with one word each :
- Dr. Kalam taught Just for a year at Annamalai University.
- The largest gathering Dr.Kalam addressed was 50,000 students in Adichunchanagiri, Karnataka.
- Dr. Kalam has set out with the task of Teaching with a million students.
- Dr. Kalam especially interacts with students belonging to the underprivileged sections of the society.
- Dr. Kalam makes children pledge to achieve global peace.
- ‘Penguin India’ says that Dr. Kalam’s books are runaway bestsellers.
- Dr. Kalam wants that the textbooks should be relevant to the 21st century.
- Dr. Kalam sharply focuses on the utility of education and its developmental values.
- The translations of Dr. Kalam’s books in regional languages .have brisk sales.
- Dr. Kalam’s gift to Africa was a satellite, which would link 53 countries and provide distance education.
C. Find the words for the following meanings in the text :
- to communicate with somebody while you work interact
- to give attention to one particular subject focus
- an important moral, social or political idea target
- a serious promise pledge
- usefulness utility
D. On the basis of your reading the passage answer the following questions :
- What task did Dr. Kalam take-up after his retirement as Chief Scientific Adviser to the government of India?
Dr. Kalam took up the task of interesting with a millions of students.
- Students from which sections of the society does Dr. Kalam especially address?
Dr. Kalam especially addresses the students from under priviledges sections of the society.
- What is the ambition towards which Dr. Kalam wants students to work?
Dr. Kalam wants student to work towards the ambition to achieve glabol peace.
- Who does Dr. Kalam admire as a universal teacher?
Dr. Kalam admires St. Augustine as a universal teacher.
- What is the opinion of Penguin India about Dr. Kalam’s books?
Penguin India says that Dr. Kalam’s books are runaway bestsellers.
- What does Dr. Kalam expect from educationists, Principals . and teachers?
Dr. Kalam expects from them to produce books relevant to 21st- century to reach to the poor in slums and to adopt modern technology to teach children
- What was the purpose of gifting a satellite to Africa? The purpose was to link 53 countries and provide distance education.
- Give a suitable title to the passage.
Dr. Kalam : A visionary Man.
See Workbook Page-131-132
A. On the basis of your reading the passage answer the following:
- Which is the most important aspect of our constitution? Secularism is the most important aspect of our constitution.
- What, according to the author, is secularism?
Secularism, as per the author is the belief that one’s religion should not intrude in matters which are public or political unit.
- How is equality spelt out in our constitution?
In our country everyone enjoys the same equal constitutional right and privilege despite any difference of class, caste, religion or anything else.
- How can we achieve the objective of a secular state?
We ought to have secular spirit and secular outlook in order to promote secularism
- What, according to the author, is true religion?
True religion is that when you are dealing with public affairs with civic matters and with questions of policy, your approach should be as an Indian and not as a member of a particular community.
- Why did the author’s friend say “there were so few Indians in this country?
Because he was too harsh in his criticism.
B. Look for words or phrases in the test which are similar in meaning to the expressions given below :
- an area of a city where many people of the same race or religion liVe, separately from the rest of the population ghettos
- not connected with spiritual or religious matters secular
- connected with the people living in towns or cities intimate
- without considering some or being influenced by it irrespective.
See Workbook Fase-133-134
A. On the basis of your reading the passage, answer the following questions:
- What did the man, carrying the cattle, expect to get by sacrificing the cattle?
The man would be blessed with a sqn by sacrificing the cattle.
- Who was the man to question the man,taking the cattle to sacrifice?
Swami Dayanand was the man to question the man taking the cattle to sacrifice.
- What did Swami Dayanand begin after acquiring the knowledge contained in the Vedas?
Swarjti Dayanand began his erusade against-those who were fooling the illiterate masses in the name of religion, What was the orthodox view regarding the study of the Vedas ’ before Swami
- Dayanand discovered the knowledge of Vedas? The orthodox view was that the study of the vedas by women and the debts was not allowed.
- What was the condition of women before Swami Dayanad revealed the true knowledge of the Vedas?
The condition of women was deplorable. They were not given any right to education or public life.
B. Given below are the meanings of some words in the text. Find those words.
- to forbid or prevent prohibit.
- in the way of a straight line passing through a circle diamerically.
- exceeding bad deplorable.
- fundamental truth or personal code of conduct Scriptures
- to go beyond the range of human experience transcend
- lofty or noble tutelage
- following the tradition in the matters of life, religion and morals crusade.
- religious songs in praise of God hymns.
C. Say whether the following statements are true or false :
- Dayanand Saraswati invented the Vedas. false
- The guru of the man, carrying the cattle, was a scholar of
the Vedas. false
- Dayanand Saraswati taught Vedas to Swami Virjanand. false
- The Vedas prohibit their study to women and dalits. false
- The Vedas permit equal status to all irrespective of caste, faith or geography. True
See Workbook Page-135-136
A. On the basis of your reading the passage, answer the following questions :
- When were the first modern Olympic Games held.?
The first modern Olympic games were held 15,000 years ago.
- Who pioneered the idea of modem Olympic Games?
Baron Pierrede coubertin pioneered the idea of modern Olympic Games.
- Who was persuaded to fund first modem Olympic Games? George Averoff a wealthy Greek philanthropist was persuaded to fund it.
- Which stadium was repaired to host the first Onympic Games? What was its capacity?
The Pan-Athenaic stadium of Herodis was repaired to host the first Olympic games. Its capacity was 70,000 spectators.
- When did Greece become independent from Turkey? Greece become independent from Tukey on April 16, 1822.
- How many nations particpated in the first modern Olympic Games?
13 nations particpated in the first modern Olympic games.
- Where and when was a congress of nations convened to organize the first modern Olympics?
A congress of nations was convened in 1894 at sorbanne is paris to organize the first modern Olympics.
- Why did the first modern Olympic Games have periods of sheer farce.?
Because theme was no considesable achievenment now were the participants well equipped.
B. Look for the words or phrases in the text, similar in meaning to the expressions given below :
- an event so badly organized that it becomes ridiculous force
- the fact of being more interested in money than in the quality of things dapper
- a person who takes part in sports or other activities for enjoyment, not as a job or career amateur
- a date that is exact number of years after the date of an important event anniversary
Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B as used in the text.
Column A – Column B
- epic – (a) currency of Greece
- commemorative – (b) a Sunday in March/April when Christians remember the death of Christ and his return to life.
- track – (c) honouring an important person or remembering an event in the past
- Drachmas – (d) very great and impressive
- Easter – (e) a piece of ground with a special surface for running.
- Philanthropist – (f) a rich person who helps’ by donating money.
1 (c), 2. (d), 3. (e), 4. (a) 5. (b), 6. (f)
See Workbook Page-137
A. On the basis of your reading the passage answer these questions :
- How did Vishwanath Dutt provide for his family? Vishwanath Dutt commanded a very good practice and prodigally spent all that he earned to surround his wife and children with every kind of comfort and luxury.
- What qualities does the author attribute to Swami Vivekanand as a child?
Swami Vivekanand was extremely naughty child yet very loving and devoted.
- Give some examples to prove that Narendranath was generous. Narendranath gave whatever he had be it a dhotitor a gold ornament-to wandering Sadhus.
- What was Narendranath’s favourite pastime in this childhood?
Narendranath’s favourite pastime was to worship the clay images of Rama and Krishna, Shiva and Kali.
- Which God did he like in the beginning? Which God became his favourite later on and why?
In the beginning Rama was his favourite but later he was replaced by Shiva.
- Which sentence in the passage proves that Narendranath believed in palmistry?
Narendranath used to ask his friends “See this line of my palm”
B. Find out the words in the passage which have the following meanings :
- extravagantly – prodigally
- feeling of ease – comfort
- of religious worship – ascetic
- God or Goddess – deify
- a thing experienced in mind and not in reality – imagination
C. Say whether the following statements are true or false :
- Swami Vivekanand’s father was not a rich man. – false
- Narendranath was headstrong in his childhood. – false
- He disliked sadhus. – false
- He was extremely generous. – true
Read the poems given below and answer the questions:
A. Answer these Questions
- What lines in the poem show the poet’s sensitiveness towards the feeling of frogs?
The Lines are—”Be kind and tender to the frog”/”No animal will more repay”
- Pick four names from the poem that describe the frog and write the explanation pointing out why the poet says that we should not call the frog by these names.
The names are “Slimy Skin”, “Polly wog”, “ugly James”, “gap a grin “, The poet says so because there names show insensitiveness and harshness.
- Why does the poet say that the frog will repay more than any other animal and how does he do this?
Because he finds the frog justly sensitive.
- According to the poet what type of people are extremely rare? The people who keep a frog are extremely rare.
- What qualities of frogs are most appealing to you and why? Write at least two.
Its colour and its jump appeal me for they are very funny but attractive.
B. Use the Following expression in sentences of your own:
- be kind We should be kind to all animals.
- tended have a tender feeling for small birds.
- justly sensitive He is justly sensitive to dogs.
- kind and fair Be kind and fair in your treatment with animals.
See Workbook Page-140-141
A. On the basis of your reading the poem answer these question
- In the first stanza of the poem there are two asides. What do they refer to?
They refer to a garden full of flowers and a mango tree laden with richness of fruit. One dry out before they bloom while the other were eaten up by parasite long ago.
- The poet describes flowers is the first two stanzas. Write about the flower mentioned there in. Why does the poet refer to them as ‘crossbred sweetpeas’ and ‘grafted roses’? The flowers dry up before they bloom. They cluster together patches of colours splashed all over, They are crossbred sweetpeas and grafted roses.
- What does the poet say about the fruit tree?
The bark of the mango tree is peeled. One a few remain. Sun shines through the Layers of the tree.
- What are the things that the poet can see from his backyard window?
The poet can see a garden of flowers and a mango tree laden with fruits.
B. Explain the following two expressions:
- man made fetters on God made land fetters are men made artificial while land is god gifted man makes alterations
- The temptation of killing time in sight seeing.
As nature has provided a lot of beautiful sights for us to enjoy we can’t resist our temptation for sight seeing.
C. Note the use of words.’web’ and ‘water’ as verbs in the following lines:
‘Spider web over thorny bushes’ ‘who waters it all’
Now write sentences using following words as verbs and nouns: people, dust, stare, gutter
- People (V) The auditorium was peopled by men from all over the world.
People (N) We are proud to be people of India
- Dust : (V) Dusting is necessary once a week.
Dust : (N) Dust is the main course of allergy in big cities.
- Stare (V) Don’t stare at me like this.
Stare (N): His stare was very ferocious.
- Gutter : (N) He has guttered all his old works.
gutter : (N) most of the gutter are open in our town.
D. Write the central idea of the poem.
there the pot focuses on the ways how and what god has given to us and what do we do with them, man distorts the gifts of god, his own self. It makes the world troublesome
See Workbook Page-142-143
A. On the basis for your reading the poem answer the questions given below:
- Who is “We” referred to in the first line of the poem? “We” refer to the palanquin bearers.
- What is ‘palanquin’ compared to in the poem? Find at least four comparisons (Similies).
Palanquin is compared with foam of stream, laughs from the lips of a dream a pearl on an string, brow of the tide.
- The poetess says ‘ in the wind of our songs’ Here ‘winds’ and ‘song’ are compared without using the word like. Find four such expressions form the poem. Other such expressions are on the foam of a stream, the lips of a dream, in the dew of our song, on the brow of the tide.
- Question No. 2 and 3 are based on two figures of speech Simile and Metaphor. Read the explanation for these and write two examples of each one.
Simile: He fights like a tiger. I was hanging like a swing.
Metaphor: He was a ball of fire with anger, our soldiers where hunger lions is the battlefield.
B. Use the following words in sentences of your own to bring out their meaning as used in the poem.
sway, skim, float, glide, hang, spring
- Sway—My kite swayed in the air.
- Skim—She skimmed in her bed.
- Float—My boat was floating on water.
- Glide—He won a medal for gliding.
- Hang—Don’t hang like this on this beam.
- Spring—The baby was springing on the bed of foam.
See Workbook Page-145
A. Now on the basis of your reading the poem answer the questions:
- What are the cloths of heaven referred to by the poet? The night and light and the half light are referred to as the cloths of heaven.
- What does golden and silver light refer to?
The golden and silver light refers the bright and dim light.
- Why does the poet think that he is poor?
Because he has no such cloths.
- Why does the poet say ‘tread softly on’.?
Because dreams are extremely tender.
- What do you think are the poets dreams?
The poets dreams are his wishes to comfort his beloved.
B. (i) Write sentences using the following words.
enwrought His clothes are enronght. with lightened pearls, enrich He was enriched by some hidden treasures, enthrall I was enthralled by my sons success, encourage Encourage your child always. engulf Our city was engulfed by a sudden flood, encircle The is always encircled by his psychophants.
(ii)find out the difference in the meaning of these pairs of words and use them in separate sentences:
1. cloths—These cloths are sold 50 Rs per metre.
clothes—My clothes are dirty now.
2. Breath—Hold yours breath for a few seconds.
Breathe—Now breathe easy.
3. Teeth—My front teeth were damaged.
Teethe—Teethe them out.
See Workbook Page-146-147
A. Now on the basis of your reading the poem answer the question that follow:
- What ‘baby show’ is the poet referring to?
‘Baby show’ refers to the kittens of a cat.
- How is the fall to leaves described?
Withered leaves fall one by one from the old lofty fifty tree.
- Write out the stages of die kitten’s movement as described by the poet. The cat crouches, stretches and paws and darts. It attacks is prey like a tiger. I work hard. It shout and stare. It is playful and enjoys all happiness.
B. (i) Explain the following expressions in your own words.
- Tiger leap tiger leap indicates the cat’s attack on its prey like a tiger.
- Indian conjuror It indicates the India labour
- feats of Art variety of action.
- standers-by one who works
- Withered leaves the leaves that are faded anyway.
(ii) For which words does the poet use the phrases given below and why?
lofty elder, calm and frost, bright and fair.
- lofty elder — trees,
- calm and first — air
- bright and fair — morning
See Workbook Page-148-149
A. One the basis of your reading the poem, answer the questions given below:
(a) Why does the poet call the poem ‘encroachment’?
Because sprig, twigs and eggs are spread inside his mailbox a bird has occupied it. So it is a case encroachment.
(b) Why does the bird encroach the mailbox?
Because its is not in regular case. Its is an abandoned place.
(c) Does the poet think that human beings are responsible for this encroachment? Support your answer by quoting the relevant lines from the poem.
A nos one drops or sends any message from anywhere to the poet the poet feels them responsible for this encroachment. The line is messages and letters from now where.
(i) The following words have been used as verbs by the poet. They can be used as nouns also, use them in sentences of your own as nouns.
- nest The bird has built nest in my courtyard.
- balance try to maintain a balance between your income and expenditure.
- wreck This wreck did our ship to an unknown island.
- nail His nails are very dirty.
- head he has a head injury.
- encounter A dreaded animal” was killed in this encounter.
(ii) Choose the words from the poem that match with the.meanings given below:
search for groping graceless incongnious.
vague Clumsy displeasure Annoyed
(iii) The poet says ‘balancing in its yellow beak’. The word yellow describes the word beak. Can you find some more phrases like this from the poem, incongnious nest, Slender sticks, heavy showers escaped prosecution, slow prosecution.
C. Read the poem and fill in the gaps to bring out the central idea of the poem.
The poet was groping in the mailbox. He found some sprig twigs and eggs. He was annoyed at this and cleared it all. Later in the day there was a maina in the garden and the poet saw the bird trying to rebuild the nest. This conveyed’ the message that we have encroached the habital of birds leaving for them to nest except in wooden mailboxes.