MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passages
In the new syllabus, two unseen passages are to be solved. They will be of two kinds :
- In the first passage after reading, you will be asked to answer some questions and vocabulary shall be tested.
- In the second passage, you will be asked to make notes and vocabulary questions will also be given.
आपके पाठ्यक्रम में दो Unseen passages पूछे जायेंगे। प्रथम में प्रश्नोत्तर व शब्द भण्डार पर प्रश्न होंगे व दूसरे में सामग्री पर Notes बनाने होंगे व Vocabulary पर प्रश्न होंगे।
Section : A-1
हम यहाँ पहले सरल व सामान्य Passages दे रहे हैं व आगे उच्च स्तर के Passages होंगे।
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 1
Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions given below:
Ecology teaches us the interdependence of all life forms, yoga goes a step further and teaches us the unity of all life forms With the wider and deeper understanding of Ecology, man has come to understand his link with nature better. He has shed his anthropocentric arrogance. It is hoped that he will take a step further and (pome to the ‘Amrit of Yoga as many ecologists have already done.
Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose noted the ability of plants to react to its environs. That was in the 1920s. After his demise, the research was given up. It was left to the modern day scientists to produce irrefutable proof that plants can not only establish ‘Yoga’ with living things around them, including man, but also can read our minds and intentions. The doyen of these living researches, Cleve Backster says, “There is no doubt in my mind that we are all one”. Most of the top scientists of the world echo these sentiments, or rather, this conviction. All say, “We are Unity”. And in the spectrum of‘ we’ every living thing on this earth is included. The language of the theory of the hoary ‘Yogis’ may be unintelligible: the ground trod may be ‘terra incognita’ to us. Now, however, scientists are speaking in scientific parlance, which we can comprehend. But shall we heed even them?
We have the various traditional paths to yoga: Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Tantra Yoga and others. For the scientifically inclined modern man, a new path has been discovered. Let us name is “Ecology Yoga”.
[Word Meanings: Ecology = Branch of Biology that deals with the habits of living things पारिस्थिति विज्ञान। Anthropo Centric = मानव केन्द्रित। वातावरण = ARRUTI (Surroundings) I doyen = वरिष्ठ कूटनीतिज्ञ]
A. (a) What does Yoga teach us?
(b) What is expected of a man?
(c) What was observed by J. C. Bose?
(d) Mention the two things that plants can do?
(e) Name the various traditional paths of Yoga.
(f) Give a suitable title to the above passage.
B. Find out the words from the passage which have the opposite of the words traditional, include & heed.
(a) Yoga teaches us the unity of all life forms. 
(b) It is expected of a man to come to the Amrit of Yoga.
(c) He observed the ability of plants to react to its environs.
(d) Bose’s research was given up because he died.
(e) (i) They can establish yoga.
(ii) They can read minds and intentions.
(f) Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Tantra Yoga.
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 2
Strength is essential. Strength is one thing, awareness of strength is another. It is not enough. If we are strong, we should also be aware of our strength. It is not enough. If we are rich, we should also be aware of our richness. Our strength and wealth will be useless if we are not aware of their existence in us then it makes no difference whether we have them or do not have them. Ramesh is a rich person. He has cash in his pocket. On the way to a hotel his pocket is picked and his cash is lost. Ramesh has no knowledge of the loss. He goes to the Restaurant, sits with confidence and eats like a lord. Praveen is a poor person, he has no money. He is hungry. He stands near a hotel. Somebody related to him goes close to him and thrusts into his pocket a thousand rupee note folded in a piece of paper. Poor Praveen is not aware of the cash in his pocket. He stands on the pavement and begs for alms. Though he can afford to eat like a lord sitting in a Restaurant. It is the awareness or ignorance that causes the feeling of the richness or poverty. A rich person may be poor for want of awareness of his wealth and a person without money may behave dike a rich man on account of his ignorance of the strength of wealth.
Awareness of our culture, glory and heritage is sure source of strength. This awareness of our country’s wealth is called National Pride. It makes us hold our heads high with confidence and self-esteem.
[Word Meanings-Aware = having knowledge of जानकरी होना Existence = अस्तित्व। Thrust = push with force घुसाना। Pavement = फुटपाथ| Afford – to be able to buy क्रयशक्ति होना Heritage = inherited विरासत में प्राप्त I Esteem = respect आदर भाव Alms = भिखी]
A. (a) In what condition our strength and wealth will be useless?
(b) What is the comparison in two instances of Ramesh and Praveen?
(c) How did Ramesh behave? On what basis did he behave so?
(d) How did Praveen behave?
(e) What is the real source of strength?
(f) What is called national pride?
B. Do as directed :
(a) Find out a word from the passage that means—a lack of knowledge.
(b) Give the adjective form of ‘poverty’.
(c) Give noun form of ‘hungry’.
A. (a) If we are unaware of our strength and wealth, they will be useless.
(b) The comparison between the two instances of Ramesh and Praveen is the ignorance of poverty and richness.
(c) Ramesh behaved like a lord because he thought he had money in his pocket while it was picked by someone.
(d) Praveen behaved like a beggar because he did not have the knowledge that he has money in his pocket.
(e) The real source of strength is awareness of our culture, glory and heritage.
(f) The awareness of our countiy’s wealth is called National Pride.
B. (a) Ignorance, (b) Poor, (c) Hunger.
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 3
The blessings which the reading habit confers on its possessor are many, provided we choose the right kind of books. Reading gives the highest kind of pleasure. Some books we read simply for pleasure and amusement e.g., good novels. And novels and books of imagination must have their place in everybody’s reading. When we are tired, or the brain is weary with serious study, it is healthy recreation to lose ourselves in some absorbing story written by a master hand. But to read nothing but books of fiction is like eating cakes and sweet-meats. As we need plain wholesome food for the body, so we must have serious reading for the mind and here we can choose to our taste. There are many books on history, geography, philosophy, religion, travel and science which we ought to read, and which will give us not only pleasure but education. And we can develop a taste for serious reading, so that in the end it will give us more solid pleasure than even novels and books of fiction. Nor should poetry be neglected, for the best poetry gives us noble thoughts and beautiful imaginings clothed in lovely and musical language.
[Word Meanings: Provided on the condition बशर्ते Confer give, bestow प्रदान करना। Amusement = entertainment मनोरंजन। Weary = tired थका हुआ। Absorb = take or suck in सोखना। Fiction = novel उपन्यास।]
A (a) What is the condition for getting blessings of the reading habit?
(b) Which books do we read simply for pleasure?
(c) Which is the healthy recreation when we are tired or weary?
(d) How is reading only books of fiction like?
(e) Which books give us pleasure and education.
(f) What does poetry give us?
B. Select words from the passage which give the following meanings :
(a) give an honour or favour.
(b) beneficial for you.
(c) to give not enough care or attention.
A (a) The condition is the choice of right books.
(b) We read good novels and the books of stories simply for pleasure.
(c) When we are tired and weary the healthy recreation is to lose ourselves in some absorbing story written by a master hand.
(d) Reading only books of fiction is like eating cakes and sweet-meats.
(e) Books on history, geography, philosophy, religion, travel and science give us not only pleasure but education also.
(1) Poetry gives us noble thoughts and beautiful imaginings clothed in lovely and musical language.
B. (a) confer, (b) wholesome, (c) neglect. [2009, 10]
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 4
I love India as the birthplace of the highest and best of all religions, as the country that has grandest mountains, the Himalayas, the country where the homes are simple, where domestic happiness is most to be found, and where the women unselfishly, unobtrusively, ungrudgingly serve the dear ones from early morn to dewy eve.
India is above all others, the land of great women. Wherever we turn, whether history or literature, we are met on eveiy hand by those figures, whose strengths she mothered and recognized, while she keeps their memory eternally sacred.
I believe that India is one, indissoluble, national unity is built on the common home, the common interest and the common love. I believe that the strength, which spoke in Vedas and Upnishads, in the making of religions and empires, in the learning of scholars, and meditation of the saints, is born once more amongst us; its name today is ‘Nationality’, I believe that the present of India is deep-rooted in her past, and that before her, shines a glorious future. O! Nationality, come there to me as joy or sorrow, as honour or as shame! Make me thine own !!
[Word Meanings : Unobtrusively = not easily noticably अप्रात्यक्ष Ungrudgingly = wholeheartedly पूरे मन से Indissoluble = unbreakable अट् टू Thine = your तुम्हारा।]
A. (a) Why does the author love India?
(b) How is national unity built?
(c) Why does the author call India the land of great women?
(d) When we turn to history or literature, what do we find?
(e) Whose memory is kept eternally sacred?
(0 Give a suitable title to the passage.
B. Do as directed :
(a) Give the opposite of ‘sacred’.
(b) Give the word from the passage that gives the same meaning of ‘graceful’.
(c) Give the noun form of ‘belief’.
A. (a) The author loves India as the birth place of the highest and best of all religions, as the country that has grandest mountains, and the country where homes are simple, where domestic happiness is most to be found and where the women serve the dear ones.
(b) National unity is built on the common home, common interest and common love. •
(c) The author calls India, the land of great women because here women unselfishly, unobtrusively, ungrudgingly serve the dear ones from early morning to dewy eve.
(d) When we turn to history or literature, we are met on every hand by those figures, whose strengths India mothered and recognized.
(e) The memory of great women of India is kept eternally sacred.
(0 India : A Great Country.
(a) corrupt, (b) honour, (c) belief. 
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 5
Discipline means obedience to the established rules of conduct. Certain rules have been laid down in every society to control and regulate the life and activities of its members so that the society as a whole may progress in harmony and peace. If any of these rules is broken, there is trouble and society suffers. In fact, discipline is the very basis of progress in every sphere, public or private. A man without discipline is like an engine without a brake. A society that has no rules or whose members do not conform to its rules soon falls into pieces. In games too, discipline is, necessary. Every player has to obey his captain and carry out his commands, whether he likes them or not. In army discipline is more necessary. An army without discipline is no better than a lawless mob. In the same way a school or a college cannot run if the boys do not observe the rules and regulations of the institutions. Teaching is impossible if the boys do not keep discipline. Discipline cultivates a spirit of respect for elders and superiors, teaches gentlemanly behaviour in society and meek submisson to any punishment that may be inflicted due to indiscipline. It is the duty of every student to observe them if they want to build their character and prosper in life.
[Word Meanings : Harmony = oneness in opinions समान विचारधार Conform = adapt oneself to अनुरूप बन जाना। Inflict = impose (दण्ड) देना।]
A. (a) What does discipline means?
(b) Why are certain rules of conduct laid down by the society?
(c) What happens to society without discipline?
(d) What is an army without discipline?
(e) What will be the result if boys do not keep discipline?
(f) What does discipline develop among the students?
B. Do as directed :
(a) Give the verb form of ‘obedience’.
(b) Give the word from the passage that has the same meaning as “a disorderly crowd”.
(c) Give the opposite word of ‘punishment’.
(a) Discipline means obedience to the established rules of conduct.
(b) They are laid down by the society to control and regulate the life and activites of its members so that the society as a whole may progress in harmony and peace.
(c) A society that has no rules or whose members do not conform to its rules soon falls into pieces.
(d) An army without discipline is no better than a lawless mob.
(e) If boys do not keep discipline teaching is impossible.
(f) Discipline develops character among students.
(a) obey, (b) mob, (c) reward. 
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 6
Getting a good night’s sleep can help you cope with stress more effectively. But not getting enough sleep causes more stress. Insomniacs have higher concentrations of hormones than others.
Women are prone to sleep disturbances. Their sleep problems frequently interfere with their daily activities.
Experts believe that sleep, especially deep sleep, enables our nervous system to function well. Without it, we lose our ability to concentrate, remember or analyse. Some experts speculate that during deep sleep, cells manufacture more proteins, which are essential for cell growth and repair the damage from things like stress and ultraviolet rays.
Scientists believe that activity in the area of the brain that controls emotions and social interactions lessens during sleep and that deep sleep may help people be emotionally and socially adapt when awake.
Sleep may also help our brain to store a newly learned activity in its memory bank. In a study in Canada, students deprived of sleep after learning a complex logic game showed a 30 percent learning deficit when tested a week later compared with students not deprived of sleep.
The effects of lack of sleep on other bodily functions are just as alarming. In studies from five medical centres across the country, researches established that individuals with insomnia were also more likely to have poor health including chest pain, arthritis and depressions, and to have difficulty accomplishing difficult tasks.
[Word Meanings : Cope = to get along सफलतापूर्वक संबलना निपटना Stress = strain तनाव Insomniac = person suffering from want of sleep अनिद्रा रोगी Concentration = deep thinking गहन चिन्तन Hormone = internal secretion that passes into the blood and stimulates the bodily organs रक्त में मिलकर शरीर में उतेजना पैदा करनेवाले तत्व Prone = having a natural inclination or tendency to something प्रवृत Frequently = often happening अक्सर होने वाला Speculate – to make guesses अनुमान लगानाI Ultraviolet = of the invisible part of the spectrum beyond the violet colour = पराबैंगनी किरणें। Deficit = loss हानि। Deprive = take away from वंचित करना। Arthritis inflammation of joints जोड़ों का दर्द।]
A. (a) How does good sleep help us?
(b) Who have higher concentrations of hormones than others?
(c) What effect does deep sleep make on the nervous system?
(d) What do scientists believe about deep sleep?
(e) How does sleep help our brain?
(f) Who are prone to sleep disturbances? What is the effect?
B. Find words from the passage that mean :
(b) good at doing something difficult,
(c) to prevent from being done.
(a) Getting good night’s sleep can help us to cope with stress more effectively.
(b) Insomniacs have higher concentrations of hormones than others.
(c) Experts believe that sleep, especially deep sleep, enables our nervous system to function well.
(d) Scientists believe that activity in the area of the brain that controls emotions and social interactions lessens during sleep and that deep sleep may help people be emotionally and socially adapt when awake.
(e) Sleep may help our brain to store a newly learned activity in its memory bank.
(1) Women are prone to sleep disturbances. Their sleep problems frequently interfere with their daily activities.
(a) speculate, (b) adapt, (c) deprived off. 
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 7
The Gita is not aphoristic work, it is a great religious poem. The deeper you dive into it, the richer the meanings you get. It being meant for the people at large, there is pleasing repetition. With every age the important word will carry new and expanding meanings. But its central teaching will never vary. The seeker is at liberty to extract from this treasure any meaning he likes, so as to enable him to enforce in his life the central teaching.
Nor is the Gita a collection of do’s and don’ts. What is lawful for one may be unlawful for another. What may be permissible at one time, or in one place, may not be so at another time, and in another place. Desire for fruit is the only universal prohibition. Desirelessness is obligatory.
The Gita has sung the praises of knowledge, but it is beyond the mere intellect, it is essentially addressed to the heart and capable of being understood by the heart. Therefore, the Gita is not for the these who have no faith. The author makes Krishna say ”Do not entrust this treasure to him who is without sacrifice, without devotion, without the desire for this teaching and who denies Me. On the other hand, those who will give this precious treasure to My devotees will by the fact of this service assuredly reach Me and those who, being free from malice, will with faith absorb this teaching, shall having attained freedom, live where people of true merit go after death.”
[Word Meanings : Aphoristic = नीति वर्णन करने वाली। Dive गोता लगाना। Expand = make or become large विस्तार करना। Vary- change बदलना। Extract = take out with force बलपूर्वक निकालना। do’s and don’ts = कर्त्तव्य व अकर्त्तव्य । Prohibition = restriction पाबन्दी। Obligatory = compulsory अनिवार्य। Sacrifice = बलिदान, त्याग। Devotion – समर्पण। Malice = evil intent द्वेष, दुर्भावना। Absorb = सोख लेना।]
A. (a) What type of a work is Gita?
(b) What do you understand by do’s and don’ts?
(c) What has been recognized as the only universal compulsion?
(d) Why is the Gita beyond the mere intellect?
(e) Who will certainly reach to Lord Krishna?
(f) Give a suitable title to the passage.
B. Do as directed :
(a) Give the opposite word of ‘Malice’.
(b) Give the word from the passage that gives the meaning “Compulsory”.
(c) Give the verb form of the word “Prohibition”.
A. (a) Gita is a great religious poem.
(b) Do’s and don’ts means works that should be done and works that should not be done.
(c) Desire for fruit has been recognized as the only universal compulsion.
(d) Gita is beyond intellect because it has been addressed to the heart and capable of being understood by heart.
(e) Those who will give this (Gita’s) precious treasure to His devotees will by fact of this service assuredly reach Him.
(f) Gita : A Great Religious Poem.
B. (a) Good will, (b) Obligatory, (c) Prohibit. 
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 8
Paulo is a boy who lives in Brazil. Every Wednesday an aeroplane comes to Paulo’s town and every thursday it flies away again over the hill, to a very big town called Manaos.
Paulo likes aeroplanes very much. He wants to be a pilot when he is a man.
Every Wednesday Paulo waits to see the aeroplane come in. He wanted to help the men clean it and put petrol in it. But the men always said, “Go away Paulo. Only men understand aeroplanes.”
One day his father said to him, “Paulo, every year, the best boy or girl goes away to Manaos to a big school. Perhaps if you work hard, you will be the best boy in the school and go to Manaos in the aeroplane.”
So Paulo began to work hard. And at the end of the year all the teachers said, ‘Paulo is the best boy in the school, The next thursday he said good bye to all his friends and got into the aeroplane. Then the aeroplane took off and began to climb. Paulo was sitting by a little window, and he could see the roads and houses of his town. He saw some fields and a river, and then only a lot of trees. They like very small.
Paulo was very happy.
[Word Meanings : Town = an area larger than a village but smaller than “a city क़स्बा]
(a) When does an aeroplane come to Paulo’s town?
(b) What does Paulo want to be when he is a man?
(c) Where does Paulo live?
(d) What did the teachers say at the end of the year?
(e) What did his father say to him in order to fly in aeroplane?
(f) What could he see from the aeroplane?
(g) Find out a word from the passage which is opposite meaning of dirty’?
(h) Find out the word from the passage that means ‘see’.
(i) Give the noun form of ‘speak’.
(a) An aeroplane comes to Paulo’s town on every Wednesday.
(b) Paulo wants to be a pilot when he is a man.
(c) Paulo lives in Brazil.
(d) The teachers said at the end of the year, “Paulo is the best boy in the school.”
(e) His father said “Every year, the best boy or girl goes away to Manoas to a big school. Perhaps if you work hard, you will be the best boy in the school and go to Manoas in the aeroplane.”
(f) Paulo could see the roads and houses of his town, some fields and a river and a lot of trees.
(i) speech. 
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 9
There is a story of an old man who thought he had a right to do what he liked. One day this old man was walking along a busy road with his walking stick spinning round and round his hand, and trying to look important. A man walking behind him objected, “you ought not to spin your walking stick round and round like that.” The old man replied, “1 am free to do what 1 like with my walking stick.”
“Of course you are”, said the other man,” but you ought to know that your freedom ends where my nose begins.” ,
The story tells us that we can enjoy our rights and our freedom only, if they do not interfere with other people’s right and freedom.
A. (a) What was the old man doing?
(b) Why was the old man doing that?
(c) What did the man told the old man?
(d) What did the old man reply?
(e) What did the man told the old man in the end?
(f) What does the story tell us?
B. Do as directed:
(a) Give the noun form of ‘argued’.
(b) Give the same meaning word from the passage “being involved in other’s affairs.”
(c) Give adjective form of‘freedom’.
A. (a) The old man was walking along a busy road with his walking stick spinning round and round in his hand.
(b) The old man was doing that to show that he had a right to do what he liked.
(c) The man told the old man that he ought not to spin his walking stick round and round like that.
(d) The old man replied that he was free to do what he liked with his walking stick.
(e) The man told the old man that of course he was free, but he ought to know that his (old man’s) freedom ends where his (man’s) nose began.
(f) The story tells us that we can enjoy our rights and our freedom only if they do not interfere with other people’s rights and freedom.
B. (a) argument, (b) interfere, (c) free.
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 10
We have been brought up to fear insects. We regard them as unnecessary creatures that do more harm than good. Man continually wages war against them, for they contaminate food, carry diseases, or devour his crops. They sting and bite without provocation, they fly uninvited into our rooms on summer nights, or beat against our lighted windows. We live in dread not only of unpleasant insects like spider or wasps, but of quite harmless ones like moths. Reading about them increases our understanding without dispelling our fears. Knowing that the industrious ant lives in a highly organised society does nothing to prevent us from being filled with revulsion when we find hordes of them crawling over a carefully prepared picnic lunch.
No matter how much we like honey, or how much we have read about the uncanny sense of direction which bees possess, we have a horror of being stung. Most of our fears are unreasonable, but they are difficult to erase. At the same time, however, insects are strangely fascinating. We enjoy reading about them, we enjoy staring at them, as they go on with their business, unaware (we hope) of our presence. Who has not stood in awe at the sight of a spider pouncing on a fly, or a column of ants triumphantly bearing home an enormous dead beetle?
[Word Meanings : Insects = sorts of small creatures कीड़ा मोखोदे इत्यादि Regard = consider सोचते हैं। Contaminate = make impure अशुद्ध करते हैं। Provocation = stimulation उत्तेजना उकसाना Dread = fear भय Industrious = hard-working परिश्रमी Revulsion = disgust घृणाI Pounce = swoop on something suddenly झपट्टा मारना। Triumphantly = in a victorious manner विजयी भाव से। Enormous = very big विशाल]
A. (a) What is our attitude towards insects?
(b) Why does man try to exterminate insects?
(c) Why does the writer say that knowing about insects does not make man change his attitude?
(d) Do you think that the attitude of man towards insects as described here in is right?
(e) What is our horror about bees?
(f) How have we been brought up about insects?
B. Do as directed :
(a) Find a word from the passage that means make ‘dirty’ or ‘impure’.
(b) Give noun form of ‘possess’.
(c) Give opposite word of ‘reasonable’.
(a) Our attitude towards insects is based on fear and revulsion towards them.
(b) Man tries to exterminate insects because they contaminate food, carry diseases and ruin his crops. They also sting or bite without provocation.
(c) Reading or knowing about insects doesn’t change our attitude towards them. No doubt, it increases our understanding but in no way (Joes it dispel our fears and revulsion against them.
(d) The attitude of man towards insects as described in the passage by the writer is not scientific but based on facts therefore, it is right.
(e) Our horror about bees is that they may sting us.
(f) We have been brought up to fear insects.
(a) contaminate, (b) possession, (c) unreasonable. 
MP Board Class 11th General English Unseen Passage 11
I swept the recitation room three times, then I got a dusting cloth, and I dlisted it four times. All the woodwork around the walls, every bench, table and desk, I went over four times with my dusting cloth. Besides, every piece of furniture had been moved and every closet and comer in the room had been thoroughly cleaned. I had the feeling that in a large measure my future depended upon the impression I made upon the teacher in the cleaning of that room. When I was through I reported to the head teacher. She was a “Yankee”- woman who knew just where to look for dirt. She went into the room and inspected the floor and closets, then she took her handkerchief and rubbed it on the woodwork about the walls and over the table and benches. When she was unable to find one bit of dirt on the floor, or a particle of dust on any of the furniture, she quietly remarked, “I guess you will do to enter this institution.”
A. (a) How many times did the author dust the recitation room?
(b) What were the items in the room he dusted?
(c) What did he feel while dusting the room?
(d) What kind of woman was the head teacher and how?
(e) How did she check the room?
(f) “I guess you will do to enter this institution.” Who does ‘you’ here refer to?
B. Do as directed :
(a) Find the word from the above passage which means ‘visit officially to check.’
(b) Find the word opposite in meaning to ‘loudly’.
(c) Write the verb form of ‘ impression’.
A. (a) The author dusted the recitation room three times.
(b) He dusted all the woodwork around the walls, every bench and desk, he went over four times with his dusting cloth.
(c) He had the feeling that in a large measure his future depended upon the impression he made upon the teacher in the cleaning of that room.
(d) The head teacher was a Yankee woman who knew just where to look for dirt.
(e) She went into the room and inspected the floor and closets, then she took her handkerchief and rubbed upon the woodwork about the walls and over the table and benches.
(f) You here refer to the author. (Booker T. Washington)
B. (a) inspect, (b) lowly, (c) impress.