MP Board Class 12th General English Composition Based on Visual Input
Visual और Verbal Inputs की सहायता से अच्छा Paragraph कैसे लिखें-
Hints : परीक्षा में किसी घटना (event), दृश्य (scene), कार्य (action) अथवा किसी नियमित रूप से होने वाले कार्य (habitual action) के सम्बन्ध में दो पैराग्राफ लिखाये जाते हैं। प्रत्येक प्रश्न में पैराग्राफ लिखने के लिए कुछ शब्द दिये होते हैं। इन शब्दों की सहायता से दिये गये विषय पर 80-100 शब्दों का एक पैराग्राफ लिखना पड़ता है। छोटे एवं सरल वाक्य बनाकर पैराग्राफ लिखना चाहिए। Paragraph के विषय तीन प्रकार के होते हैं-
1. भूतकाल की घटना (event), दृश्य (scene) अथवा कार्य (action), जिनका वर्तमान से कोई सम्बन्ध नहीं होता है।
2. नियमित रूप से होने वाले कार्य (habitual actions) या किसी संज्ञा की विशेषताओं का वर्णन। जैसे
Habitual actions My Daily Routine, The Morning Assembly in Our School, The Recess Period in Our School आदि।
Describing a Noun-The Teacher I Like Most, My Best Friend, Our New School आदि।
इनके लिए निम्न का प्रयोग करते हुए छोटे सरल वाक्य लिखने चाहिए।
- There का प्रयोग।
- Be का प्रयोग।
- Have का प्रयोग।
- Present Indefinite Tense
- उपयुक्त Structures का प्रयोग।
3. भविष्य की योजनाओं (Future Plans) का वर्णन। जैसे-How I shall Spend My Next Summer Vacation?
4. सबसे पहले यह देखना चाहिए कि प्रस्तुत घटना, दृश्य अथवा कार्य भूतकाल की घटना है या नियमित रूप से होने वाला कोई कार्य है। फिर दिये गये शब्दों की सहायता से छोटे और सरल वाक्य इस प्रकार लिखने चाहिए कि घटनाओं का वर्णन क्रमबद्ध हो जाए।
1. Watch the visual input very carefully and write an article in about 100 words on‘Water Pollution’. 
आगे दिये गये चित्र को देखकर उसका संक्षेप में वर्णन कीजिए :
Environment pollution is one of the major problems that our country is facing today—water pollution being a part of it. It has come as a result of rapid industrialisation. Industrial waste and sewage are freely discharged into rivers and lakes. Harmful chemicals and other unhygienic materials make their water unfit for drinking and other household purposes. The polluted water is also not suitable for irrigation and fishery or other allied activities. Efforts should be made to create awareness among people and check water pollution.
2. Give a short description covering the details of the picture given below:
नीचे दिये गये चित्र को देखकर उसका संक्षेप में वर्णन कीजिए:
Last month, I celebrated my birthday with great pomp and show. The house was beautifully and colourfully decorated. Pictures were hung on the walls. The floor was washed. Chairs and tables were arranged in a big hall. The party started’at 6 pm. with joy and laughter, I cut the cake and put out the candlesticks. The guests sang in chorus, “Happy Birthday to you”. They blessed me. They gave me good gifts. Then my brother served tea, biscuits and sweets to the guests. My father thanked all the guests for their kind visit and good wishes. In this way, we had a jolly good time.
3. Give a short description covering the details of the picture given below:
नीचे दिये गये चित्र के आधार पर एक संक्षिप्त पैराग्राफ लिखिए:
Unity Is Strength
A king had three sons. But the king was not happy as his sons were always quarrelling among themselves. One day the king brought a bundle of sticks and asked his sons to break it. Each of them tried his best but could not break it. Then the king untied the bundle and asked his sons to break the sticks separately: They broke the sticks very easily. The king told them that none of them could break the sticks when they were tied together. But when they were untied, they were broken easily. Remember, ‘united we stand, divided we fall’. Real strength lies in unity.
4. Give a short description covering the details of the picture given ahead.
आगे दिये गये चित्र के आधार पर एक संक्षिप्त पैराग्राफ लिखिए।
Save Trees, Save Life
As we all know that trees are very useful for us. They provide food and act as a shelter for human beings and animals. They keep the environment clean and healthy by taking in harmful carbon dioxide gas and exhaling life-giving gas oxygen. Thus, they maintain the balance of these gases in nature. They also help in bringing rain, which fulfils our need of water. Hence we can say that trees are very essential for life. Yet, today trees are being cut numberlessly and mercilessly for personal and commercial benefits. Big forests are now cleared at one shot. This mass clearing of trees is called deforestation. The rate of deforestation, today is highly increasing without caring about how will life be possible on earth without them. We can imagine what will happen without oxygen and water. Thus, we must save trees from being cut if we want life on earth. Hence, we must always say—Save Trees, Save Life.
5. The picture below shows the various forms of child labour. Write in about 150 to 200 words describing the picture and give at least two suggestions how to educate these children continuously. 
Childhood is the best period of life. It is tragic that millions of children are forced to work instead of enjoying this period of life. It is ironic that while the youth is at large unemployed children are forced to work. Bare footed lean and thin children can be seen working at dhabas, industries, construction sites and even houses. Others can be seen selling newspapers, assisting motor mechanics & masons, working in factories and even begging. They are forced to work in unhealthy conditions for even fifteen to sixteen hours. They are ill fed and ill clad. They are beaten on trivial issues. They are ill-treated and underpaid. They are engaged in firecracker, match factories, chemical factories, carpet industry, silk industry and mining.
Moreover, they are bought and sold like commodities. Poverty and lack of education are the chief causes of it. Girls are more likely to be kept away from school, made to do the household work and. fall prey to child trafficking. The child labour act 1986, The Juvenile Justice of children Act 2000 and Right of children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 besides the efforts of NGOs like Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Care India, Pratham are not sufficient to tackle this problem. It requires an effort from all the people. People should be made aware of the problems of the deprived and exploited children. The defaulters should be punished.
Exercises For Practice
1. Write a short description based on the picture given ahead :
आगे दिये गये चित्र के आधार पर एक संक्षिप्त पैराग्राफ लिखो: