MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 11 The Age of Janpadas and Mahajanpadas
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 11 Text Book Exercise
Answer the following questions (very short answer type):
What are Janpadas?
Aryans were organised into Tribe or Janas. The territory where the tribe or janas had settled was known as Janpad. In the beginning only the people of particular class lived in Janpad.
Give the names of two “Gana Sanghas”?
The two Gana Sanghas were:
- The Vajji of Mithila
- The Shakya of Kapilavastu.
Who established the Magadha empire?
Bimbisar established the Magadha empire.
Give the names of four cities of Mahajanpada age?
Rajgriha, Mathura, Kausambi and Kashi were the famous cities of Mahananpada period.
Who was Ajatshatru?
Ajatshatru was the son of Bimbisar.
Answer the following in (short answer type):
What are Mahajanpadas?
The big and powerful Janpada are called Mahajanpada. Most of the Mahajanpadas were to the north of the Vindhyas and spread from the western border area to Bihar.
What are marked Coins?
In this period, regular use of coins (i.e., money) is seen. Coins were usually made of silver and copper. Trade also became easier. These early coins are known as marked coins.
What are Ganasangha and Janpada?
At this time there were such states where there were no dynasties like Janpadas and Mahajanpadas, these states were called Ganasangha. The people of the state elected the kings just as we elect our government, The different tracts of the land which were cleared of forects and where people had settled by about 600 BC were called Janpada.
Who was Bimbisar? How did he expand his empire?
Bimbisar was the king of Magadha. He ruled Magadha in about 542 B.C. He helped to make it into a powerful kindgom by various methods. Two features of his kingdom are:
- He maintained friendly relations with other kingdoms.
- He made good use of large iron deposits by making weapons and implements.
Write three main reasons of expansion of Magadha empire?
The three main reasons of expansion of Magadha empire were:
- The land was fertile enough to produce crops.
- The area of Magadha had ample amount of iron, which was used to make weapons and equipments.
- Trade through boats was done in the Ganga river, so the merchants could go abroad through the ports.
Answer the following questions (long answer type):
Write about the life and teachings of Gautam Buddha?
Mahatma Buddha was born as prince Siddhartha in Lumbini near Kapilavastu. He taught that world is full of suffering and this is due to desire for wordly things. Mahatma Buddha taught that the world is full of suffering and this is due to desire for worldly things. According to Mahatma Buddha a man should free himself from desire by following eight fold path. Man should follow these five morals:
- Do not kill any creature.
- Do not steal.
- Do not tell a lie.
- Do not take toxic drugs.
- Do not be a lecher.
Write about the life and teachings of Mahavir Swami?
Jainism was founded by Mahavir Swami in the 6th century BC. Mahavir Swami supported the teachings of twenty – three earlier teachers called, Tirthankaras and added his own thoughts to theirs.
Mahavir Swami emphasised on good deeds. He said it was better to lead a good life and not to do wrong. He told his followers that their deeds should be based on three jewels called Right Faith, Right Knowledge and Right Action. These three jewels would lead to a virtuous life. People were forbidden to kill any living being, whether man or animal or insect.
Mahavir swami believed that if a man led a good life his soul would be made free and he would not be born again in the world.
Give details about the administrations style of Mahajanpadas?
Most of the Mahajanpadas were to the north of the Vindhyas and spread from the western border area to Bihar. There were dynasties in Janpadas and Mahajanpadas but in Gana Sanghas, the kings were elected by the people. Though the various Janpadas and Mahajanpadas has a marital relationship among are another yet they aways fought with one another. Out of the 16 Mahajanpadas, 4 Mahajanpadas became powerful.
Fill in the blanks:
- During Nanda Dynasty …………… invaded India.
- Sishunaag was the ruler of ……………
- Mahavir Swami was born on ……………..
- 6th century BC.
Fill in the blanks from the words given in the bracket:
- Bimbisar belonged to the …………………… Dynasty (Hiranyak/Maurya)
- Chand Pradyot was the ruler of ……………… Mahajanpada (Avanti/Anga)
- Buddha was born at ………………… (Lumbini/Vajji).
Find the odd one out:
- Pur, Nagar, Mahanagar, Basti
- to take toxic drugs, do not be a lecher, do not tell he, do not steal.
- carpenter, blacksmith, goldsmith, brahman.
- to take toxic drugs