MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Miscellaneous Questions 3
Choose the correct alternatives:
The Third Battle of Panipat was fought between:
(a) The Marathas and Ahmedshah Abdali
(b) Aurangzeb and the Turks
(c) The Sikhs and Ahmedshah Abdali
(d) The Sikhs and the Marathas
(a) The Marathas and Ahmedshah Abdali
During the reign of Akbar the Mughal Empire was divided into:
(a) 20 subas
(b) 22 subas
(c) 18 subas
(d) 11 subas
(c) 18 subas
The major tribe of Andhra Pradesh is:
The world Conference on Human Right was held in Vienna in the year:
Fill in the blanks:
- Europe is the ……………… largest continent in the world.
- The density of population is …………….. in Africa.
- …………… was die founder of Sikhism
- Jamia in Chhindwara district is a ……………. tourist place.
- There is a Chief Justice and ……………. Justices in the Supreme Court of India.
Match the columns:
1. (b) Sparse population
2. (a) Desert
3. (d) Sursagar
4. (e) Buland Darwaza
5. (c) Toda tribe
MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Miscellaneous Questions 3 Short Answer Type Questions
Write the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the continent of Asia.
- Latitudinal extent – 10’s and 80’N.
- Longitudinal extent – 25’E and 170’W.
Write the main features of the continent of Europe.
- The continent of Europe is centrally situated between the continents of Africa, Asia, North America and South America and connected with sea route.
- Most part of Europe lies in the temperate zone. The climate here is favorable throughout the year.
- The sea coasts are very long and uneven which is favorable for the ships to reach the harbors.
Write about the climatic features of the continent of Africa.
Africa is avast continent from North to South extending between 37° 14’N to 34°50’S latitude. The major part lies within die tropical zone. There are marked variations in the distribution of rainfall. For example near the equator, rainfalls all the year round, but in the Sahara desert it does not fall at all.
Near the Equator there is only one season, the hot wet summer but in the northern and the southern parts of Africa climate varies. There are regions in the South Africa where rain occurs in the winter. There are regions where rain occurs only in summers.
Between whom was the treaty of Purander signed?
The treaty of Purander was signed between the Mughal and Shivaji.
Write any three rights of Child.
Three rights of child
- Right to live.
- Right to education.
- Right to protect against exploitation.
Describe the main crops cultivated in Africa.
The main crops cultivated in Africa are wheat, barley, maize, cotton, groundnuts, coco, rice, cloves, etc.
MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Miscellaneous Questions 3 Long Answer Type Questions
Describe the physical division of the continent of Asia.
1. The North Lowlands:
It is a vast plain which extends between the Ural Mountains in die west, Lena river in the east and the Central Mountains in the south, known as the ‘Siberian Plain’, it is drained by rivers like Ob, Yenisei and Lena Lake Baikal, die deepest lake of die world is located in Siberia.
2. The Central Mountains:
The folded mountains and plateaus lie in the south of the northern lowlands. The Pamir plateau is a meeting place of several ranges, which form the Pamir knot This plateau is known as die ‘Roof of the World’, because it is the highest plateau in the world. The Tibetan plateau lies to the east of the Pamir plateau. Himalayas are the highest mountain ranges of the world. Mount Everest is situated in the Himalayas.
3. The Southern Plateaus:
To the south of the central mountain belt, there’ are some plateau which form the major part of the peninsula projecting southwards from the mainland of Asia. These plateaus are the plateau of Arabia, the Deccan plateau and the plateau of Yunnan.
4. The Great River Valleys:
To the east and south of Asia are found riverineplains. In the south are the Sindhu, Ganga, Brahmaputra plains, in the southeast are the plains formed by rivers Irrawady, Salvin, Yang-Tse-Kiang, Sikiang, Minang- Mekong and Amursar.
5. The Island Groups:
Some groups of islands are situated to the south-east and east of the continent of Asia. There are three major island groups-Indonesia, Philippines and Japan.
Write the important Human Rights.
Human Rights are those rights which every human being must enjoy. These Rights make it possible for us to lead a good social life. The United Nations Organisation promoted worldwide respect to these Rights and basic freedom and its implementation without any discrimination of caste, sex, language orreligion. The Economic and Social Council of die UNO established the Human Rights Commission in its first session in Feb. 1946.
This Commission after long deliberations put up a draft for the world wide declaration of Human Rights in 1948 which was approved by die General Assembly of the UNO. In the world wide declaration of Human Rights, the civic and die political freedom have been mentioned.
It also includes the economic, social and cultural Rights, The Human Rights are considered to be the most important documents of the world. These rights form the foundation of the society. These Rights are also used to strengthen the feeling of brotherhood.
Describe the physical division of Europe.
Europe has been divided into four physical divisions:
- The North western Highlands
- The Great European Plains
- The Central Plateaus
- The Southern Alpine Mountains
1. The North Western Highlands:
In the North western part of Europe there are mountains and plateaus. Their extent is more in the countries like Norway and Sweden. The coast line of Norway is indented, ragged, long and narrow and the deep arms of the sea between high cliffs penetrate into the land. Here the land is not fit for cultivation. Hence population is very thin.
2. The Great Europe Piains:
They are spread from France at the Atlantic coast to the European part of Russia at Ural Mountains. They are widest in Russia and go on narrowing towards the west It extends from the white sea in the north to the Southern plateaus and mountain in the south. There plains are very fertile. The important rivers are Volga, Danube, Seine, the Rhine, the Alvin, the Order etc.
3. The Central Plateau:
A series of mountains and plateaus are spread to the Southern part of the European plains. They are notoriety high. It is not fit for agriculture.
4. The Southern Alpine Mountains:
To die south of the old mountains live a chain of young and high mountain. These mountains extend from Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Caspian Sea in the east The most important among them is die Alps Mountain. Mount Blanca is the highest peak of the Alps.
Explain the important features of Shivaji’s administration.
Shivaji was not only a great general but also a good administrator of top order. Shivaji’s administration was of high order which inspired by ideals of public welfare. Though Shivaji was all in all, in all matters, he kept a committee of 8 persons to advise him on the affairs of the state. This committee came to be known as Ashta Pradhan. This was file main feature of Shivaji’s administration.
The main source of income was the tax on the land which amounted to two – fifths of file land produce. Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were also levied on those living outside Maratha kingdom. Chauth was one fourth of the tax which farmers paid such kingdoms by their peasants. Sardeshmukhi was over and above this tax. It was one tenth of the total revenue, from which these taxes were collected, remained free from the Maratha looting’s and attacks.
For the smooth and efficient administration, Shivaji divided his kingdom into a number of provinces known as prants, and each prant into districts and parganas. In this way Shivaji proved himself as an able administrator.
How far is right to blame Aurangzeb for the decline of the Mughal Empire? Justify.
Aurangzeb’s responsibility for the decline of the Mughal Empire can be stated as under:
- His fanatic religious policy sowed the seeds of the Mughal’s decline.
- His Deccan policy wanted not only his energy, but was responsible in emptying his treasury as well.
- Aurangzeb’s was responsible for annoying flie Rajputs who had become die Mughal friends during the reign of Akbar.
- Aurangzeb policy towards the Sikhs made the latter his enemies.
- He himself was man of suspicious nature. He would set his detectives after the officers appointed by Jahangir himself.
Describe the social situation during the Mughal Empire.
The Mughal Emperors were great lovers of architecture. The buildings of this period reflect the fusion of Hindu – Muslim – style of architecture. The tomb of Humayun is an excellent piece of architecture. Akbar built the city of Fatehpur Sikri in which besides Buland Darwaza many beautiful buildings were also constructed. Noorjahan built the tomb of her father Itmad – ud – daulah that was decorated wife precious gems.
The Tajmahal built by Shahjahan in fee memory of his Begun Mumtaz is fee best example of architecture of Mughal period. It has been included in fee World Heritage Site. Shahjahan also built – Jama Masjid at Delhi and Agra, The Red Fort of Delhi, Shish Mahal etc. The Moti Masjid was built by Aurangzeb. Thus we can find magnificent buildings during fee Mughal period.
Write a short note on Public Interest Litigation.
Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a mechanism devised by the Supreme Court of India in the early 1980s to increase access to justice. Under this mechanism any individual or organisation is allowed to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights are being violated.