MP Board Class 9th General English Note Making and Summarising
Q. 1. Read the following passage carefully, supply a title, make notes and prepare a summary of it.
In democratic countries, any effort to restrict the freedom of the press are rightly criticized. However, this freedom can be easily abused. Stories about people often attract far more public attention than political events. Though we may enjoy reading about the lives of others, it is extremely doubtful whether we would equally enjoy reading about ourselves. Acting on the basis that facts are sacred, reporters can cause untold sufferings to individuals by publishing details about their private lives. Newspapers have such a great influence that not only can they bring about major changes to the lives of ordinary people but can even overthrow the government.
(a) Title—Power of the Press.
(b) Notes—Freedom of the Press—sacred in Democracy.
(i) easily abused.
(ii) people more fascinating than politics.
(iii) misreport causes sufferings; newspaper have great influence on private lives.
(c) Summary—Freedom of the press can’t be restricted in democracies. False reporting may cause untold sufferings to individuals. Newspaper can bring about major changes to the lives of individuals.
Q. 2. Read the following passage carefully, supply a title, make notes and prepare a summary.
On one hand, the cinema is a source of enjoyment and entertainment and on the other hand it is also a source of knowledge and information. It also informs us of the happenings around us. There are cinemas for all tastes and for all types of people.
There are religious movies. These movies attract more people in towns and villages, and are most popular among ladies. Historical cinemas have their own style. They tell us about the past society, culture and life style. Social films awaken the public about illiteracy, dowry system and casteism. Some realistic films expose rich people and politicians who exploit and cheat poor people. The popular commercial cinema is meant for entertainment of all people. Cinema also helps in awakening the public on social issues and offers solution of various social issues.
(a) Title—Cinema For All.
(a) source of entertainment.
(b) also source of knowledge and information.
(c) caters to tastes of all types of people.
2. Types of movies—
(a) Religious Movies—More popular in villages and among ladies.
(b) Historical Cinema—reveals past society, culture and life style.
(c) Social Films—awaken public about illiteracy, dowry system and casteism.
(d) Realistic Cinema—exposes rich people and politicians
(e) Popular Commercial Cinema—entertains all.
3. Cinema—awakens the public.
(c) Summary—The cinema is the cheapest source of entertainment. It is also a source of knowledge and information. It informs us of the happenings around the world. Various types of movies awaken the public and make them conscious of many concepts.
Q. 3. Read the following passage carefully, supply a title, make notes and prepare a summary.
All vehicles should keep to the left and leave the right half of the road free for those coming from the opposite direction. This is the traffic rule in all parts of India. In some countries in the west, however, vehicles have to keep to the right and not to the left. It does not matter whether it is right or left, but everyone should obey the rule. Cyclists should always keep to the edge of the road and not get in the way of other vehicles or of pedestrians We often see two or more cyclists riding together side by side right in the middle of the road. Traffic rules do not allow this.
(a) Title—Traffic Rules
(i) In India vehicles should keep to the left.
(ii) In some countries vehicle keep to the right.
(iii) Traffic rules should be followed.
(iv) Cyclists should move on the edge of road and not in the middle.
(c) Summary—Everyone should obey traffic rules. Vehicles should be kept on the left side of the road. Cyclists should move on the edge of the road. They should not move in the middle of the road in groups.
Q. 4. Read the following passage carefully supply a title, make notes and prepare a summary.
Travelling is a means of education. The real aim of education is character building. When we travel, we have to put things in order. We have to buy our tickets and catch the train at the right time. The rich men, can indeed, get all this done by their servants, but India is a country of the poor. In journey we have to help ourselves. We learn many new things by seeing different places and by conversing with people of all kinds. In Europe education without travelling is considered incomplete. In ancient India great importance was given to pilgrimage. Travelling in this country is a great pleasure.
(a) Title—Travelling, a means of Education.
(i) Travelling educates a person.
(ii) Education is character building.
(iii) Travelling makes one punctual, disciplined and self depended.
(c) Summary—Travelling is a means of education and education without travelling is incomplete. By travelling one learns new things and also becomes punctual, disciplined and self dependend. Travelling is also a great pleasure.
Q. 5. Read the following passage carefully, supply a title, make notes and prepare a summary.
Socrates was a simple man. He walked about barefooted, always wearing an old coat. He was a philosopher who believed that everyone should learn to think for himself. He spent his life in search of truth. He liked discussing questions relating to politics, religion, how life ought to be lived. Many people liked and respected him, but a few hated him. They hated him because he told them that they were wrong. His enemies were powerful. They arrested and condemned him to death. Socrates faced death calmly and cheerfully.
(i) Socrates led a simple and austere life.
(ii) He was a philosopher and thinker.
(iii) He had both followers and enemies.
(iv) His enemies led him to death.
(v) He faced death boldly.
(c) Summary—Socrates, a philosopher and thinker led an austere life. He taught people to think for themselves. He pointed out people’s wrong doing which made people his enemies. They led him to death. He faced death calmly.