MP Board Class 12th Special English Writing Short Composition
1. Robert of Class XII is not coming to school because he is suffering from fever. He wants you to write an application to the Principal to excuse his absence from school for a week: Write this letter on his behalf. (M.P. Board 2009)
Sr. Sec. School
19th December, 20xx
Subject: Leave application due to fever.
I am David of Class XII. I am, on behalf of Robert writing this letter to you g. to inform you that he will be unable to attend the school from 17 Dec. 20xx as he has been suffering from typhoid fever. He is taking strong medicines to relieve himself of the disease but it will still take him about one more week to get well. At present he is unable to even write, so I am writing this application on his behalf. Please grant him one week’s leave. He will make up for the classes. I am sure you will understand his plight and grant him leave.
2. Abhishek of 8, Indira Nagar, Bhopal is not happy with the sanitary conditions of his locality. He decides to write a letter to the local sanitary Inspector of the town to look into the sorry state of affairs. Write a letter on his behalf. (M.P. Board 2009)
The Sanitary Inspector
Bhopal Municipal Corporation
27th November, 20xx ,
Subject: Complaint regarding poor sanitary conditions.
I am Abhishek, a local resident of 8, Indira Nagar, Bhopal. It is unfortunate that the local civic bodies have remained indifferent towards the cleaning of Indira Nagar locality. Our area presently is in a sorry state of affairs. There are no sweepers to clear the heaps of garbage that lie unattended and start emitting foul smell. The garbage also attracts street dogs and pigs who are keen on rolling over there. The drains of our locality are perpetually blocked and this creates totally insanitary and unhygienic conditions. Installation of dust-bins in the locality has not really helped to improve the situation because even if people make use of these dustbins to dispose of garbage, these dustbins are rarely emptied. It is advisable to supply big polythene litter bags, instead of dustbins, which make the disposition of garbage easier. The water-logging in the locality has proved an ideal breeding place for mosquitoes. The need of the hour is to have regular visits of officials from your department to inspect the locality and to have meetings with the residents of the locality in order to make our locality a better and hygienic place to live in.
I hope you will personally supervise this situation and we hope to hear from you soon.
3. Srishti has been asked to write an information brochure for her classmates who plan an excursion to Fatehgarh in summer. She has made the following notes. Use these notes together with your own ideas and write the brochure.
|What to see : Palaces, waterfalls, gardens
Palaces galleries : Maharani’s Palace includes Wax Palace—540 AD—Whispering Sculptures—ancient rulers—limbs missing in a few.
Waterfalls : Varsha—500 feet, stream on the outskirts
Gardens : Rose gardens—Orchards—Vineyards
This summer, as usual, we have planned an excursion for the class—a visit to FATEHGARH which is not only beautiful but also has a historical significance. Fatehgarh lies in the State of Uttar Pradesh. It is an eight-hour journey by bus; On reaching Fatehgarh we will be lounged in a Government Guest House. From there we shall proceed to visit the most famous place in Fatehgarh, the Maharani’s Palace, which includes the Wax Palace. It was built in 540 A.D. and it is known for its whispering galleries and the beautiful sculptures of ancient rulers. These sculptures are ancient, so it is not surprising that the limbs of a few rulers in some of these sculptures may be found missing. This palace is indeed one of the few examples of ancient Indian art and gives us a peep into the glorious and rich cultural art of ancient Indian history.
To cool you in the summers, we shall visit the Varsha waterfalls which fall from a height of 500 feet. It is a splendour to watch the water as it lashes down on to the ground and presents the most delightful sight. We also plan a visit to a stream which lies on the outskirts of Fatehgarh. Besides this, our excursion will include a visit to the beautiful rose gardens, fruit orchards and vineyards to view the flowers and the fruits in their full bloom. It promises to be an excursion which should not be missed and I can assure you that Our visit to Fatehgarh will be the most exciting and informative.
4. Sumit lives in a village. The entire village is worried about the degradation of Nila Lake in the village. He writes an article for publication in the local newspaper highlighting various factors responsible for the degradation of the lake. Use the information given below and write the article.
|Construction of roads and bridges||Deforestation of catchment area||Illegal occupation||Pollution|
|1. Flooding||1. decrease in water level||1. blockage of canals||1. loss of water organisms|
|2. Disturbing the natural drainage||2. increase in the growth of weeds||2. flooding||2. fewer visiting birds|
|3. shortage of drinking water||3. reduction cf fish|
I am being compelled to write this article to voice the concern of our entire village, Rampur, regarding the degradation of Nila Lake. This lake has been a part and parcel of our lives for numerous years and so it is very natural that our entire village is concerned about its degradation.
To provide an easy access to our village the construction of numerous roads and bridges has been taken up in recent years. Unfortunately, this has led to flooding almost every year during the rainy season and has also disturbed the natural drainage system. Due to deforestation of a large portion of the catchment area around the lake, the water level of the lake has decreased and there has been an increase in ’ the growth of weeds. There is also a considerable amount of reduction of fish in the lake. Illegal occupation of land around the lake has led to blockage of canals and shortage of drinking water. The lake water has become very polluted and there is a loss of water organisms. The number of migratory birds visiting the area has also decreased. So, it is indeed pathetic to see this slow but sure degeneration of Nila Lake which has been a major source of sustenance of our entire village.
We sincerely hope that after going through this article in your esteemed newspaper, concerned environmentalists will surely come forward to save Nila Lake from total degradation and effective measures will be taken up to improvise upon the present situation.
5. You are required to write an article for your school magazine on ‘Importance of Music in Life.’ Write it with the help of these notes in about 150-175 words.
Music, be it vocal or instrumental, has indeed assumed a place of importance in , our complicated and hectic lives. It acts as a stimulant which activates our body ’ and mind. Music is also regarded as a fine art which attracts people of all age groups to pursue it not only as a hobby but also as a profession. A person endowed with musical capabilities regards this attribute as a natural gift which provides food for his soul. Some of the great musicians are held in very high esteem irrespective of the kind of music they propagate, whether Western, Oriental, Classical, Pop or Light. These musicians organise their concerts which attract people from all walks of life. These concerts can also be of great benefit to the children, who are interested in pursuing music as a hobby or career in their lives and receive musical training at the school level itself. By receiving training in music from a very young age, the basics of music will be instilled in a child and he will be able to relate to music very easily at a later stage in life. Therefore, each school should have the facilities needed .to give proper musical training to children. It is true that life these days is full of tensions and worries at every age. If there is no stimulating diversion in the form of music for a person, his life will become dismal and monotonous.
6. John writes a page of his diary recording his first experience of a public exami-nation. Below are listed his experiences. Write out a page of his diary.
5th March, 20xx, 2 p.m.
On entering the examination hall/1 was appearing for my first public examination, the Science Olympiad, I had an extremely nervous feeling. The examination hall presented a rather dreary look. The only saving grace, in my opinion, Was a beautiful and enchanting portrait of Virgin Mary With Baby Jesus in her arms, hung inside the examination hall, to invoke a sense of confidence in the students and to remind us that we had the guidance and blessings of the Lord. I prayed to God fervently uncaring about the noise around me. The other students were rushing towards the examination hall and were busy in finding the correct seats in a hall that looked huge and overwhelmingly frightening. Once everyone had been seated, the examiner gave us some instructions regarding what we were required to do and what we were strictly prohibited from doing.
Then I received the Question Paper and I sat thoughtfully reading and reflecting on it. After I had giveh a thorough reading to the Question Paper, I began to answer it keeping in mind the fact that I had three hours to complete the paper. I managed to complete the paper fifteen minutes before the stipulated time and then began revising my paper. I spotted and corrected the few silly mistakes and errors that I had made and re-wrote some lines. After being totally satisfied with all that I had written, I finished my paper, took God’s name for yet another time and finally submitted it to the examiner.
7. Gopal of 12, Raja Ki Mandi, Agra, wants to express his displeasure to the Newspaper Editor regarding the news that the bus stand near the railway station is being shifted to a new location. He feels that this would cause great hardship to the passengers. He made these notes for writing a letter to the Editor, The Times of India, New Delhi.Write that letter with the help of given notes.
The Times of India
19th December, 20xx ,
Subject: Regarding the news of bus stand near railway, station.
Through the medium of this letter I wish to express my displeasure at the news that the bus stand, which is near the railway station, is being shifted to a new location. This will indeed be a cause of great hardship to the passengers who are commuting daily by bus and train. The present location of the bus stand is very convenient for the people who have to travel by train from their homes to their place of work. These daily commuters find it extremely easy to board a bus from the near by railway station where they disembark from the train. If the bus stand is shifted, the common « man will be forced to waste his time, energy, and money unnecessarily. Many shops have also come up in the vicinity of the bus stand. These shopkeepers will also lose their earnings if the bus stand is shifted because their regular customers are those people who commute daily by bus and the tourists who come to visit Agra in order to see one of the seven wonders of the world, The Taj Mahal. Even the commuters have An easy access to the market from where they can purchase the goods for their daily needs easily.
I suggest a solution to this problem. If the urgency is felt, it is advisable to add one more bus stand at a distance instead of shifting the present bus stand to a new location and causing a great deal of inconvenience to all.
8. Special repairs are required in your rented house. You have to write a letter to your landlord asking him to undertake the repair work immediately. Take the help of these notes and write a letter in not more than 100-125 words. (M.P. Board 2014,16)
A-394, XYZ Colony .
11th June, 20xx –
Dear Mr. Dev,
I had written to you earlier also to get some repair work done in your house, which you have rented me.
Now since the rainy season is at the onset, I reiterate my request to you to undertake this repair work immediately. The roof is leaking at various places and the wall’s ‘ plaster has also come off. Not only this, the floor has pot-holes, which cause a lot of inconvenience. The window panes of three windows are broken making the house an easy prey to the warm winds and dust from outside. The switches too are loose and there is a danger of short circuit. The premises also needs white-wash and paint on the doors and windows. The house is indeed in a pathetic and appalling state and requires urgent repairs. I am willing to share the cost of the repairs with . you. With your permission I can get the repairs done myself and the expenditure can be later deducted in the rent in monthly instalments.
I request you to give priority attention to this matter and hope to hear from you at \ the earliest.
9. You had sent a Money Order of ? 100 to M/s Subroto Publishing House, 36, Tagore Gardens, Kolkata as per the details given below. But it has not reached them till date. The details are: Money Order Registration No. 119 dated 2-l-20xx. Your address is 11, Teachers’ Colony, Naraingarh, (Punjab).
Write a letter of complaint to the Post Master in about 100-125 words.
The Post Master
31th January, 20xx
Subject: Complaint regarding delay of money order.
I would like to give in a written complaint regarding a misplaced Money Order that I had sent from your Post Office to Kolkata.
The Money Order Registration No. is 119 dated 2nd January 20xx. I had sent this Money Order of ₹100 to M/s Subroto Publishing House, 36, Tagore Gardens, Kolkata for a book that I needed urgently. On enquiring from them yesterday I found out that they had not dispatched the book because they have not received the required payment yet, whereas I have already sent ₹100 through a Money Order to them almost one month ago. Due to some negligence on the part of the Post Office Department, my Money Order has not yet reached them. I need the book urgently to prepare for my exams scheduled to start in the middle of March. So, it is my earnest request to you to look personally into the matter and make sure that my Money Order is received in Kolkata as soon as possible.
I hope you will ensure that my complaint is attended to at the earliest.
a sincere effort to keep our city clean, as a beautiful and clean city beckons the tourists.
By making these simple, but significant things possible, I am sure, tourism in our city can be improved.
12. In an inter-school debate you have to speak in favour of the motion ‘Modem Gadgets have made us slaves tp machines’. Write a speech in favour of this motion,
‘Modern Gadgets have made us slaves to machines’. Respected Principal, dear – teachers and my dear friends, today I am here to speak in favour of the topic ‘Modern Gadgets’ have made us slaves to machines’. I am endorsing the following points in favour of the given topic.
Modem gadgets have made us slaves to machines, without which it is as if our lives will undoubtedly come to a standstill. They have made the world jump forward with a leap, built up a glittering civilization, opened up innumerable avenues for the growth of knowledge, and added to the power of man to such an extent that it is possible to conceive that man could triumph over and shape his physical ! environment. Through the astonishing discoveries of these modern gadgets, man has been able to give a definite form to his imagination. It is indeed a fact that as a result of the invention of modern gadgets the tone and temper of life has changed beyond recognition. Through wireless telegraphs and fax machines messages can now be easily sent to any part of the world.
Modem gadgets incorporate all fhe comforts and highest standards in engineering innovation and reliability that have greatly contributed tp man’s welfare. New equipment for navigation, data-processing, computer-controlled radar system providing information on a variety of new products for use at construction sites are only some of the advantages of the modern gadgets. They have also greatly contributed’to our entertainment as radios, televisions, compact discs both audio and visual—are now no longer considered as luxury items but have assumed the status of being referred to as necessities. Indeed the advantages of these gadgets ate so many that they appear to have revolutionised every phase of life.
13. Anite johri of class X has just returned from a visit to Ooty which is in the grip of a severe water crisis. She finds that her hometown is also facing the same problem. She had picketl up th e following pamphlet from her hotel room and wants it tp be publicised.
WATER IS LIFE
|Washinghamd and face||Half fill basin-2 litres||Wash under running tap for 3- minutes-27 litres|
|Brushing teeth||Use a glass of water-reuse-1/2 litre||Let tap for 5 minutes-45 litres|
|Showering||Turn off tap before soaping, then rinse down-20 litres||Let tap run while soaping-90 litres|
|Bathing Leaky tap||Take a shower instead Get it repaired||Fill bath tub-110 litres Let it drip
Slow drip-400 litres a day
Fast drip-3000 litres a day
She decides to write a letter to the editor of the local newspaper highlighting ways and means of saving water.
13, Baird Road
11th June, 20xx ‘
Subject: Pamphlet publication regarding water crisis.
I have returned from a visit to Ooty recently, which was in the grip of a severe water crisis. On returning to Pune, I found that the water problem is equally pathetic here. So, I would like to sugges* certain measures to save water. I had picked up a pamphlet from the hotel where I was staying at Ooty which highlighted the ways to save water and I want it to be publicised through your esteemed newspaper. Washing our hands and face under a running tap for only two minutes wastes about 27 litres of water whereas a half filled basin can do this work with only 2 litres of water. While brushing our teeth, if we let the tap run for five minutes, we waste 45 litres of water but if we use a glass of water, we consume only half a litre of water. If we turn off the tap while soaping our body before bathing, we use only f. 20 litres of water, whereas if we let it run we waste about 90 litres. We should avoid using bath-tubs as a filled bath tub wastes 110 litres of water. A leaky tap must be j repaired immediately because if the tap is allowed to leak slowly, it wastes 400 litres of water a day and a fast drip wastes 3,000 litres of water a day.
If each and every one of us understands it and decides to follow this simple but very important rule, we are sure to remedy our present water crisis to a great extent.
14. Read the following extract from an article in a magazine and then using your own ideas as well, write an article for your school magazine on the Delights and Usefulness of Walking.
The saying aptly goes, ‘A healthy body has a healthy mind’. So, it is imperative for each one of us to keep good health if we want our mind to be alert. In today’s hectic and busy life, it may, at times seem difficult to devote time for activities that keep us fit. This is where walking proves to be the most useful and easy activity.
Walking not only keeps our body healthy by the circulation of blood but also provides a delightful respite for us by the sheer delight it gitves. However, it is indeed a pity that some people who are most interested in walking refrain from it because in India walking is associated with deprivation and poverty. The false pride and wrong thinking then make them travel by car for even the shortest of distance. They would prefer to miss out on the delights of walking and prefer not to care about the good it would do to their health so as not to endanger their false prestige. It is high time that the educated lots of Indians put aside these petty notions and live their life for themselves and live it according to what they feel i s the best for them. Walking does not indicate deprivation and poverty and it is only the thinking of certain narrowminded people who have categorised the people walking or pedestrians as second class people.
Walking should be enjoyed as it gives pleasure and provides a wonderful opportunity for us to be in direct contact with nature, unlike at times the irksome ahd suffocating journey in a closed vehicle.
15. Read the following summary of a study conducted titled, ‘The Impact of Television Advertising on Children’. Write an article for the school magazine titled ‘Children and TV Advertising’.
Children and TV Advertising
Television has become a very popular mode of entertainment which is unfortunately also making children more and more addicted to watching it. The television programmes pose to dominate their daily routine and many a time children do not even hesitate to ignore their studies because of their passion to stay glued to the television sets.
Almost seventy-five per cent of the children, who watch television most eagerly, are essentially interested in seeing various types of advertisements on the television. Children in the younger age group, below ten years of age, view the advertisements with more interest and enthusiasm than they watch any other programme on television. This is so because they see these advertisements as wonderful and short pictures with story lines and their inquisitive nature is so impatient that they can easily endure these short ad films with a lot of patience. These young children are totally taken in by the vibrant and glorious world shown in the various ad films. Also sometimes the content of an advertisement is not apt for children which further takes a toll their innocent minds.
It is only the older and mature children who understand that the ad films’ mere intention is to lure the consumer into buying their products by elevating their goods to a high scale where they appear most appealing and attractive. So, it is our moral responsibility to make sure that the young children’s innocent and ignorant minds are not impressed by what the ad films have to offer, but they view them solely for their entertainment.
16. Maria of 7, Gandhi Road, Jaipur, is very interested in sports and concerned about the state of sports in the country. She decides to write a letter to the editor of The Herald, Jaipur, on Why can’t we win an Olympic Gold? Write out the letter on her behalf.
12th September, 20xx
Subject: Letter regarding India’s poor performance in Olympic Games.
I write this letter to you as a concerned sports enthusiast to express my anguish at the poor state of sports in our country, as a result of which we have been unable to win only a gold medal in the Olympic Games held so far.
I feel that there is no sports culture in our country, in general, and so we are not able to nurture and groom the plenty of talent that our nation has. When the sportspersons of our country have to play and compete with international players in the World Olympics, their training and coaching should also match to that of their international counterparts, whereas in ctur country, the facilities for training and coaching are lacking and to a certain extent expenditure to enhance these fa cilities is sometimes considered as not necessary., We may fail to realize the importance of coaching centres in our day-to-day life but our inability to win a gold medal at the Olympic Games so far should make us realize the importance, of trainirig centres. It is also very unfortunate that the funds and sports scholarships available to budding sportspersons are very few. Political intervention at the time of selection also at times prevents the selectors in selecting the better players to play at the international level. Last but not the least, the public in general and the selectors and trainers in particular, do not seem to be affected by the lack of this’sports culture’in our country. Through your esteemed newspaper, I wish to appeal to the sports enthusiasts as well as people in general to boost up the sports culture in our country.
17. Vi jay witnessed an accident near theschool gate where a child fell down and was hurt quite badly. Many people were standing around but did not knoVift what to do. Finally, , someone who had a car quickly took him to hospital. However, Vijay felt that at least some of the students should have been able to render first-aid. He decided to write a letter to the editor about the importance of knowing first-aid. Using your own ideas write out Vijay’s letter in not more than 100-125 words.
17th October, 20xx
Subject: Indias regarding importance of knowing first-aid.
Last week, I witnessed an accident near the school gate where a child fell down and hurt himself badly. The people standing around were unable to do anything except look on helplessly. It was at this moment that I realized the importance of knowing first-aid.
I feel that it is imperative for students specially and the people in general to at least ’ have the basic knowledge of rendering first-aid in case of an emergency. The use of first-aid often helps us to sustain a life till proper medical aid is available. The knowledge of first-aid will prove helpful not only in case of an accident but also to treat a burntictim, help a drowned casualty, and at times just to stop one from bleeding. The importance of first-aid should be instilled into the minds of children : at the school stage itself so that they do not panic in an accidental situation but cautiously and sensibly put their knowledge about rendering first-aid to the person who requires it into practice. Nothing is more precious to a person than his life and if timely use of first-aid can help someone till the time professional medical help is : available, it can prove to be the life-saving remedy.
Hence, everyone must have the knowledge of first-aid.
18. Gaurav read the following in a newspaper article:
At the heart of the literacy campaign is the volunteer, who as instructor, resource person or local organiser, gives freely of her or bis time and puts in enormous effort to make the campaign succeed. He decided to speak at the school assembly on the experience of students who volunteer to take literacy classes. Write out his speech.
Respected principal, dear teachers and my dear friends, today I wish speak on the problem of illiteracy in our country and the role of volunteers, organisers, who put their enormus efforts to eradicate this problem. You all are humbly advised to contribute your spare time to make this literacy mission a success.
Illiteracy is one of the major problems that confront our country. This problem assumes alarming proportions because of the democratic rule in our country. Democracy, which postulates enlightenment, is by and large a blessing, and illiteracy, which implies ignorance is therefore a curse.
To eradicate illiteracy to some extent, various students volunteer to take literacy classes and feel proud to help their unfortunate countrymen who have been deprived of the privilege of being educated. These voluntary workers, after receiving certain incentives and being provided with the requisite facilities ensure better results in the social arena. They have adopted new paths and motivated a large section of – masses towards their literacy classes. This voluntary service on the part of students has proven to be an effective measure for reaching out to the uneducated masses and thereby, further helped the illiterate persons to eradicate their constant exploitation and humiliation at the hands of society. The students have helped these people to become aware of the benefits of being literate/educated. They have also helped the illiterate people to move towards a positive change.
By undertaking this creditable but herculean task, these students feel a sense of pride in being able to make their contribution to take their country on the path of fast growth and progress.
19. You are required to speak on the subject ‘Pollution’ in the school morning assembly.
You may use ideas contained in the unit ‘Environment’. Write your speech.
Environmental pollution is one of the major hazards that are threatening the ecological balance. The air that we inhale is polluted, the water we drink is contaminated and noise pollution has managed to take away the calmness and serenity from our otherwise hectic and tense lives. One of the main of pollution is the heavy and congested traffic which causes concentration of smoke and harmful particles in the atmosphere which is a permanent or chronic cause of various respiratory disorders. The incessant felling of trees, building of dams and the upcoming unplanned congested localities have disturbed the ecological balance to an alarmingly high level. To remedy this situation the urgent need of the hour is to plant as many trees wherever possible and to shift the factories and mills to places where their effect of pollution of the environment is minimum. To control traffic, car pools must be made so that the emission-levels from vehicular traffic can be reduced to the desired levels.
20. Write a letter to your friend inviting him to spend his vacation with you.
56/4, Nehru Nagar,
26th April, 20xx
Hope your examinations are over by now. What do you plan to do during the coming summer holidays? If you are hot going anywhere else, why don’t you come and . stay with us duringihese holidays? It shall indeed be of great fun. My Mummy and Daddy have been insisting me to invite you. Now, that you will be free, you must plan to visit Delhi. We shall move about and see various historical places in the capital. You would love to see the Red Fort, the Qutab Minar, Jama Masjid, and other places which attract numerous foreign tourists. You must be interested in watching these tall buildings. Don’t disappoint us this time. Do come down.
Your best friend,
21. Write a letter to your father requesting him to allow you to go on an educational tour.
Govt. Boys Sr. Sec. School
Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
8th May, 20xx
I am fine here and hope you all to be well. You will be glad to know that I have done very well in the First Terminal Test which was held last week. I hope to get very good marks in all the subjects. Our school is organizing an educational tour to South India during the coming Autumn Break. Most of the students of my class are joining this tour. I, too, wish to join it. I am a student of history, so this tour will be of great practical advantage to me. This tour will be of about two weeks duration. We shall travel by a special railway boogie which is being reserved for us. Two senior teachers of the school will go with us on the tour. Each participant is to contribute ₹ 2,000 to meet the tour expenses.
With respect to mother and grandfather and love to Diplo.
22. Write a letter to the Editor of a local daily complaining about loudspeakers’ nuisance in yoUr area.
E-49, Model Town
27th February, 20xx
The Hindustan Times,
Subject: Complaint regarding nuisance caused by loudspeakers.
I shall feel grateful if you kindly publish the following few lines in the columns of your esteemed daily. I wish to draw the attention of the public through your daily about the nuisance of loudspeakers in the city. Loudspeakers have become great nuisance in the city of late. I wonder why some people do not bother about other’s convenience. They have no right to disturb our peace by constant noise made by loudspeakers. The Police – authorities appear to be silent about this nuisance. Not>ody can play loudspeakers after 10 pm but the loudspeakers fitted on the religious places continue to disturb the public throughout the night. In the interest of studies of- students, I pray to the public not to play loudspeakers at a high pitch during the night and early in the morning so that the students can prepare for their examinations well.